Wooden grilles for the arbor: how to make it yourself?

The gazebo on the summer site is a very useful and necessary thing: she decorates the landscape, you can relax in it, dinner with your family or cook kebabs and barbecues. This household structure must be not only durable and convenient, but also beautiful, for this you can use various decorative elements. Next will be considered how to successfully make wooden lattices for the arbor do it yourself.

Features and advantages

Consumer gazebo can be built of various materials: wood, metal, brick or decorative stone. Regardless of it, it will always be harmonious to look for decorative wooden lattices. Usually, they are inserted into unfortunate free opening on the side walls, fixing into rectangular frames, but they may not fill the entire wall made in the form of a fence or carved insertion elements under the roof.

The most common examples of such lattices for street buildings In the form of oblique rails located cross on the cross to each other. They are very easy to do, it takes a minimum of tools and cheap materials. But there are more time-consuming projects with carved patterns, real works of art. Created from high-quality dried wood and reliably bonded, such elements of the decor can serve in the country area not one dozen years even if adverse weather conditions.

The advantages of homemade wooden gratings for arbors are:

  • simplicity of manufacture, low cost of material;
  • Aesthetic value – the appearance in front of the country house immediately will be changed for the better;
  • Inside the arbor will always be shadow and coolness;
  • versatility for any type of arbor design;
  • Since the walls are not deaf, then inside there will always be a flow of fresh air;
  • If the gazebo is preparing food, a furnace, a brand or barbecue is installed, then smoke will quickly disperse.

To create really reliable and durable decorative elements for the future gazebo, you need to choose the right source material.

Selection of material

To the material to create such lattices there are some specific requirements. It should be beautiful, well-protected from moisture, temperature and sun rays. Since in most cases, thin rails are used for the crate, the strength is the determining factor.

Oak is good because when the desired strength is well bended. Expressive structure with pleasant shades of this tree are known to everyone. Oak wood is easily processed, perfectly polishes and painted, and due to the large concentration of tannins in the composition is little susceptible to rotting. Mony oak with noble black coloring can look at the country area just gorgeous.

Beech is also durable, relatively simply processed and bends. Wood texture has a yellowish-red shade with well-pronounced annual rings. Details from this tree are widely used for the manufacture of outdoor structures, including for decorative elements of the arbors.

Links from Axena may have a yellowish-brown or red coloring with pleasant textures. This wood is dense and viscous, when drying is well bent and not cracks, does not breed. In addition, the ash practically does not rot.

Details made of birch for the manufacture of decorative lattices to successfully choose, due to the fact that this wood is very easy to cut, polished and drilled, and it is excellent. In order for the material not rot, it must be treated with an antiseptic and cover with varnish or transparent paint. Most successfully choose to decor Karelian birch with a pleasant and expressive texture.

Osin’s lamp will have a pleasant reddish tint. The advantage of this breed of wood is that it practically does not have bitch, it simplifies the processing process, and the view in the context will be more beautiful. This material quickly dries, perfectly polished and painted.

You can choose other wood breeds with beneficial properties and beautiful textures: Alder, Lipa, Pine, Cedar. With proper processing, they will all be strong and durable. Actually, not even so important which kind of breed is selected, you can take any available, the main thing – gently and reliably spend all carpentry work. Reviews It is said to be the most popular in the manufacture of gratings for arbors are oak and beech.

Types of partitions

The most common type of decorative partitions of this type is a grid of intertwined thin rivers fixed on a wooden frame. Options for manufacturing the main frame may be several. She must fit exactly in the side opening, with her own hands it can be made of bars, for example, with a cross section of 20 by 40 mm.

So that the rectangular design is rigid and durable, the sides are best fixed by a thorns “In the post”, “in Polterev”, “in the end” or “nest-spike”, you need to choose depending on your capabilities and skill. Some make a frame from old furniture or door boxes, the advantage is that there is already a ready spike connection.

Decorative opening lamp inside the frame is made by thin slats of the same thickness. You can use part parts with a cross section of 5×10, 10×20 mm or other. They are nailed with nails or bolted with self-draws to the frame along its side sides or under an inclined angle at the same distance cross-crosswise. The easiest way, when one row of rails is superimposed on another perpendicular first.

Another way to connect elements on the crate – “In Putoy”, when the rails are not superimposed, but as if they are taken to each other. To do this, in places of joints, the grooves are made in half a rack and in its thickness. Receptions can be done manually using a hacksaw or a chisel.

Such a method is quite painstaking and significantly increases the time of assembling the arbor, but as a result, it is possible to obtain a one-piece neat lattice, in addition, its strength increases.

The partition may not be a national team from individual plates, but made of solid sheet plywood, chipboard, laminated plate or board. For creating a lattice, openwork patterns are cut into them, as a result, a chic carved grill may turn out. The advantages of this method in strength, the absence of the need to build, the originality of the pattern, but the mass of the design can be significantly greater than that of the collected from the regions.

Independent manufacture

If there is a desire to make decorative elements for a gazebo of a tree with your own hands, then you first need to choose wood for frame and ridges, calculate the area of ​​openings and make the drawings of future openwork lattices. In the figure, you can immediately calculate the number and length of the rail, as well as the required number of fasteners.

For assembly of design, the following tools and building materials may be needed:

  • hacksaw;
  • a hammer;
  • nails;
  • Roulette and pencil;
  • bars for frame;
  • Reiki for crates;
  • Varnish on wood and brush.

Initially, the lattice frame is assembled according to the dimensions of the measured opening of the gazebos. It is possible to bore it into the junction of nails or thorns, for strength to use carpentry glue. Then the pieces of the desired length are peaked out of the rails, placed on the frame of the connection location, elements are naughted alternately. When the lattice is ready, you need to carefully treat it with varnish, give dry and mock in the opening on nails or screws.

You can cover the lacquer of the rails before you decide to frame, so the hard-to-reach places will be processed, and the process itself is simplified. But then the dried coating can collapse in places of fastening to the tree with nails, so after the assembly it is worth painting these sites again.

Decorative techniques: ideas

Diagonal lattices that are often found on wooden gazebos, give the original and stylish image. Most often apply an angle of inclination at 45 degrees, the rails intersect with each other at right angles. Only a step of individual elements can differ. If it is frequent and does not exceed 10 – 15 cm, it creates a rather dense screen, perfectly protecting from the Sun, which allows to hide the internal environment. A wider step of rails 15 – 25 cm can create an atmosphere of lightness and openness, then the interior of the arbor is almost merged with the surrounding landscape.

The direct location of intersecting rails will look more original, You can combine them with inclined, for example, on adjacent walls. Even such structures are very successful for supporting climbing plants, then instead of the walls in the gazebo, there will be a real live fence. You can use several rivers of different widths to create and a non-standard complex pattern with a different step and openings, it is enough just to show your imagination.

Bonded racks for the crate, they are also called trellis, can be connected by different schemes. The technology of connection and fixing on the frame will not differ much, but the choice of drawing is the most diverse, it is practically not organic. Already mentioned lattice schemes with inclined rails are called “diamond”, with straight – “square”, divergent from the bottom from the center of the Toplar – “Mill”, inclined with alternation of the direction – “Chevron”. There are other schemes, you can create your own design.

It should be borne in mind that the lattices of wood are appropriate not only on the walls, but on the roof of the arbor. If you make the top of the construction of massive bars, crossing at right angles, and on them to put the curly plants on them, then such a project will look just fantastically. From the rain and the scorching sun, such a “roof” will not protect, but will add ease into any architectural solution of the household arbor. Often such lattice upper floors are made in the preges that have become particularly popular in recent years.

In order to ensure maximum openness in the nursery gazebo, it is not necessary to make her lattices in the whole wall. It is enough to make openwork fences with trellis, they can simultaneously serve as the backs of internal benches, and on the top under the roof to launch beautiful carved skates.

Often caring owners on their country plot make glazed arbors. Their advantages are obvious, they are perfectly protected from cold and rain, they can be prepared in them and arrange family gatherings in any weather. A good example of glazed gazes are Finnish closed options with 6 or 8 walls and with an inner stove. Internal decorative lattices can be glazed with ordinary mineral, organic, tempered glass or transparent polycarbonate.

Often the question arises about painting the carrier elements of the arbors and its decorative lattices. Many owners, especially looking at the arrangement of modern courtyards, choose bright catchy colors for their suburban buildings. This is not entirely correct, as any wood itself has a pleasant natural color and does not need mandatory painting.

Another question in its protection, so that the tree does not rot, did not swell and retain the integrity of its surface is enough to treat transparent varnish or mastic.

Beautiful examples for inspiration

Elegant example of the simplest pattern with inclined slats. The appearance of the gazebo is immediately transformed.

Pragola with straight rails. Simplicity of manufacture gives, however, stylish design.

A complex combination of several patterns on wooden lattices.

Different types of patterns on wooden lattices.

Stunning design of gazebo from prefabs and with a carved tree.

About the simple making of the lattice from the tree, see the following video.

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