Calves are divided into 3 main types. We are talking about metal, wooden and combined rooms. However, if it is planned to make them living, it is necessary that inside it was warm and comfortable. Need to take into account that When selecting insulation, you should pay attention from which material the framework is made, and take into account its technical characteristics.
Materials for insulation
Insulated firewall can be an excellent option for winter accommodation. The spectrum of its functions and tasks will significantly expand. Therefore, this issue is very important. The choice of material for insulation becomes one of the main points. It should be noted that today there are no problems with the assortment of materials on the market. However, the most popular options should be considered.
This insulation is used mainly when equipped walls of economic premises. Especially relevant use when working with wooden cabins. This material is well tolerates the impact of moisture. With its installation, no difficulties arise. However, the disadvantages in this case also have. First of all applies to them rather short life.
In addition, the insulation was really high quality, the material must be used in a large volume. Its low quality can lead to serious heat loss. It is also necessary to take into account that the foam imposed in several layers will significantly reduce the internal area of the household.
Mineral wool and fiberglass
In contrast to the previous version, these insulation Different fire safety. If you put them correctly, Thermal insulation properties will be at the height. When placing in several layers, acoustics will increase. However, experts recommend to choose this insulation with caution. The fact is that A number of components contained may harm human health.
The basis of the material is the rocks of the basalt, which were thoroughly recycling. In construction, plates are most often used, which can be easily cut into the necessary parts, and simply installed. Insulation is distinguished by resistant to fire. It is able to maintain his form for a long time. The material is compact enough, so it will not reduce the area of the room in which it is located. However, when it is installed inevitably Significant number of seams, some of the consumers consider it a minus.
If you plan to insulate the economic structure, users often choose polyurethane foam. It can be both hard and liquid form. In order to increase the heat capacity of the outer decoration, it is advisable to use hard. It becomes an excellent insulator for walls and roofs. In addition, it becomes possible to also disguise some defects made in the construction process.
Polyurethane foam can also be sprayed on the surface inside the structure. It helps fill all the holes in which the cold air can penetrate, which serves Excellent thermal insulation.
When it is installed, you do not need clamps, and the seams are not formed. Material is environmentally friendly, resistant to mechanical impacts. If you do not allow rude mistakes in operation, it is able to serve over 30 years.
The main function of the material is to make the room temperature comfortable for year-round accommodation. Accordingly, certain requirements are presented to it. Even at high temperatures you need to exclude the possibility that the insulation will turn around the open flame. It must be compatible with the frame. Wear-resistant material quality should be at a high level to provide a long service life.
In addition, if it is planned that the room will be intended for permanent housing, products should be fully safe for people, their lives and health.
Warming with their own hands
In some cases, the procedure can be carried out independently. Special skills for this are not required, even a person who has no relation to construction may even consolidate the insulation. However, the main subtleties should be considered.
Heat insulation Outside
The sequence of work is very important, because it depends on it, whether the isolation will pass well, and additional costs will be required. As for the outer part, first of all follows Strengthen vaporizolation. It can be plastic film, foil and other materials. The main condition is the facade ventilation. On an unnecessarily smooth surface, you can fix vertically rails, they will hold the material for vapor barrier.
Next, the insulation itself is mounted directly. Most often the choice is made in favor of mineral wool or fiberglass. To reliably protect the room from the cold, it is enough to put the material in 2 layers, each of which is a thickness of about 10 centimeters. If it is planned to accommodate in the winter, an additional layer will be required.
Fix mineral wool is not particularly required. She is perfectly held on vertical rails. Gaps and solid joints must be absent.
A special film is placed on the insulation, which will provide protection against moisture. The waterproofer is stacked by 10 centimeters and is fixed with a stapler for furniture. In order for the protection to be the maximum, the junction should be sealed with scotch.
Heat insulation inside
This stage is no less important than the previous one. What way to insulate the room inside, each owner decides individually. Very often preference is given to cotton material. This is due to its safety and environmental friendliness. However, it is very poorly cutting, which is capable of take a long time when installing.
In some cases, you can use the same materials that were selected for the exterior trim.
We must not forget that it will be necessary to make it thought to be able to quickly remove condensate. They are placed on the wall on top and bottom. If it is required to enhance thermal insulation, it is advisable to use foam.
Thermal insulation with foam
In order for the material to perform the qualitative functions assigned to it, it should be fixed by solid parts. This will help reduce the number of joints. Special scotch is used for gluing. It will help ensure tightness. Warm requires not only walls, but also the floor and ceiling. Special differences in the technology of work is not observed. After the work is over, It should be equipped inside.
To do this, the drywall is placed on top of heat insulator and fixed on a dowel and self-tapping screws. You can also use wood-fibrous plates. Decorative decoration itself can be diverse, and its principles are based solely on the preferences of the owner.
In some cases, there must be mobile. With this scenario, they often move, respectively, the use of furnaces on a liquid or solid fuel is impossible. It is best to give preference to electrical heaters. However, if the building is not supposed to be transported, you can use the stove on firewood or briquettes. The furnace is surrounded by a heat shield.
In order not to happen random fire, it is necessary to follow the basic safety requirements. To begin with, you need to put a metal plate. The distance to the walls should be more than half a meter. The air screen screens are installed around the perimeter. A chimney pipe will also need. Heated cabins are very convenient for both accommodation and temporary location in it.
Overview of warmed cabins for accommodation with air conditioning and tambour is shown in the following video.