Recently, many people wonder how to insulate the veranda and make it suitable for use at any time of the year, because everyone wants to relax from urban worries in nature, to get together with family or friends and sit for a cup of tea or coffee. It wants to do not only in the summer, but also winter evenings, looking through the glazed windows on nature.
Features of the extension
The veranda at the cottage or in a private house is a glazed from all sides or partially a room that is either built immediately or attached later to the finished house. In the summer, when he is warm in the yard, – this is the best place where you can relax, relax or arrange family gatherings.
Due to the fact that the veranda has many large windows, the whole circle will be like on the palm – it will allow to admire the nature, sitting in a chair or on a comfortable stool. And if the veranda is insulated, then this kind of rest can be extended in winter. Plus everything else, you can organize a wonderful winter garden or a greenhouse.
What is better to use?
You can do the insulation of the veranda at any time of the year. However, it is better to do it in good weather so that the selected material is not damaged. To begin with, it is necessary to determine the materials, as well as make all the necessary measurements. The range of insulation in the modern world is quite extensive and depends first of all, from finance owners.
Choosing materials, you need to pay attention to their properties. Any insulation must be non-toxic, resistant to ignition and to any weather conditions of nature. For insulation, the veranda will suit such materials such as foam, mineral wool, crumples, foam and other types of insulation. In order to facilitate the choice, you can consider in detail the quality of these materials.
- Mineral wool. Such material is used in the construction of a long time, because it has many positive qualities. This is primarily affordable. In addition, cotton wool is inhabited, keeps well, is not exposed to temperature differences and chemical. This material is perfect not only for insulation, but also for sound insulation. It is pleasant to the fact that any person can lay it. However, cotton has its drawback: over time, there is a loss of thermal insulation properties, which affects the further operation of the construction.
- Polystyrene foam. The material has a low price, and is also durable and easy to use. The most used material is an extrusion polystyrene foam that best protects the room from heat loss. However, it has such a disadvantage, as high flammability, besides, during ignition, toxic substances are thrown into the air.
- Styrofoam. This material is also very easily flammable, besides, it loves small rodents. However, such a heater has virtues. For example, it is easily mounted both with a frame, and without it. Also, the foam has a very high heat shield that does not lose its properties throughout the material. It does not need additional stages of the coating, as it has a small vapor permeability.
- Penophol. Such products can be used both with other heat insulating materials and independently. Material has low vapor permeability and high degree of ecology. In addition, the Penophol has such quality as non-combustible.
- Ceramzit – This is a material consisting of burnt clay and having a view of porous granules. It is used mainly for ceiling and floor insulation.
You can also use a portable heater veranda or even install the electrocoon. But to install such equipment it will be necessary to fulfill the project agreed in different instances. Therefore, the easiest way to use the heater. It can be the most common, but if finance allows you to spend money on a model with additional features.
The insulation of the veranda can be made both outside and inside. And in that, in another case, it is worth doing everything neatly, so as not to spoil the appearance of the room. First you need to determine which of the parties to insulate. Help Define a choice will help a detailed overview of each option.
Most often insulate the outer part of the veranda. This process is quite simple, the main thing is to determine what materials it is better to deal with.
Such work should be carried out in good and warm weather. It is necessary to perform the ceiling thermal insulation using mineral wool or foam. Then you need to make the walls of the walls using polyurethane foam or other similar materials and close it with any finish.
External insulation has a number of advantages.
- All work on insulation are held on the street, which is very good, because the whole garbage remains outside and cleaning takes less time.
- Working with materials does not interfere with households to engage in their affairs.
- The sizes of the veranda are not reduced by any centimeter.
- By finishing the walls with special materials, you can save heat for a long time on the veranda. Plus to everything, it will not be cooked, which makes it possible to extend its service life.
The only flaw will be weather conditions, because in rainy weather it is impossible to warp.
From the inside
Internal insulation can be carried out at any time of the year, as well as with any weather, and with their own hands. By choosing this option, you can carry out work on insulation quickly and in one stage. It is convenient if you don’t want to spend too much time for repair work.
There are also disadvantages:
- The need to dismantle the already existing coating is;
- Reduced area;
- DISTRIBUTY – Wall assumes all weather conditions, which can lead to its destruction.
How to warm up?
Highlighting your home, it is impossible to take into account everything at once, so the question of using the veranda for winter accommodation is not worth. Often such additional buildings or extensions are made as temporary housing for the season. But sometimes the plans are changing, and there is a question, how to warm the room.
Many people use a veranda for a winter warehouse or as summer kitchen. However, only units are thinking that a displeasted veranda with temperature drops almost always forms condensate, and therefore indoors increased air humidity. So that this does not happen, you need to warm up the construction correctly.
First of all, it is necessary to insulate the walls, as well as the floor and the ceiling. It does not matter what an extension is wooden or brick. Many heat is lost through windows. So they need to be done double or replace new.
It is also necessary to insulate the doorway. You can make it double so that between the doors there was an airbag, leveling the temperature difference.
The correctness of the insulation depends, first of all, from the material used, and on what kind of facilities will be used. For example, if this is a wooden house, insulation is worth doing inside, which will avoid the depth of moisture. And vice versa, if the house is brick, then the walls need to be insulated outside, and the ceiling and floor – from the inside.
If there is a need to insulate the veranda for the winter, then it is best to start working from the floor. After the foundation is made, we set the strapping from the bars on the supports.
Before it needs to be treated with protective means. Then install the crate and secure the overlap. You can make the floor even from unedged boards with a thickness of 25 mm. Such gender is also called “Chernov”.
And only after that the material for insulation falls on the boards. To protect it from moisture, perform a layer of vaporizolation. For reliability, you can put a double or triple layer of the insulation, laying it in different directions at an angle of 90 degrees. For thermal insulation, it is advisable to use solid materials. For example, clamzite on which the beams are stacked. And only after that make the floor covering.
If such a process was not performed initially, the first thing to do is dismantling the old floor covering. At the same time, you should see what way the boards – nails or self-drawing. This uses such tools such as a nail and screwdriver, with which they neatly pull out or drill screws. If the blacks is present, then immediately proceed to insulation processes. Everything is performed by the same principle that is described above.
The next stage is the insulation of the walls. You can warm up a full veranda, and an extension that has not been actively used before. It is necessary to be prepared for the fact that the walls of the walls will need to be completely replaced.
With the help of such a tool, like a nail-cutter, removed from the walls of the board. So that there are no traces left on them, it is better to put a piece of cardboard. It must be accurately done, because after insulation, they should be mounted on the previous place.
After the disassembly is made, you need to check whether steam barrier is available. In the case of its absence, the material is attached between racks. This can be performed using stapler. The insulation can perform a foam, since it is not afraid of temperature drops and resistant to the effects of different microorganisms.
And vice versa, if the walls are brick, it is necessary to make a crate of wooden boards or bars, which will ensure air circulation. Outside the walls need to be seen by the material of any kind.
It is also very common method of insulation with a foam, which is cut into pieces of the desired dimensions. It is attached to the walls, and the edges are fixed with scotch. Followed by foam, and very tight. The final stage is painting.
For the insulation of the ceiling, it is necessary to mount the hydrobarrier, after which it is 2,7×2.7 cm to strip it, while leaving the gaps of not more than 8 mm. Seams should be sealed with a metallic scotch. Between the boards insert a penplex attached to a dowel with a big hat. Then the heat transferman is styled, which is covered with a block chamber or clapboard.
Many heat goes through the roof, if it is cold. Therefore, deciding to insulate the veranda, you need to work on it. In fact, insulation can be carried out both from the inside and outside.
In a private house, it is usually on an extension of a single roof, despite without a attic. So, it is impossible to move on it. You can dismantle the roof or insulate it from the ceiling side.
Examined which materials for the insulation of an extension, as well as the places that this require, can be considered almost a professional and move to practice. And in order for repair work to be crowned with success, you need to listen to the advice of specialists.
Selection of time and tools
First of all, you need to be able to guess the perfect time to repair. It is believed that the insulation of the veranda can be carried out at any time of the year. To do this, you can use in two ways: outdoor and inner. The first option is suitable for work only in good weather, the second – for any weather.
You also need to stock all necessary before the start of work. Choosing materials, first of all it is necessary to assess the amount of work. To do this, make measurements of all insulated elements: ceiling, walls and floors. Then should decide on the choice of insulation. Recommended options are a foam and mineral wool that are most popular, because with their help you can make a cold extension warm, while saving a family budget.
It is also worth considering the size of the veranda. If it is very big, then you can make combined insulation. To do this, the rolled mineral wool is mounted on the wall and only then foam sheets.
The choice of tools also plays an important role, and the selection of all necessary on what kind of finishing method is selected. The most reliable and durable can be called a frame method, because it will allow not only to put on the walls any insulation material, but also helps to hide it both under the lining and under the plasterboard.
To do this will need such tools, Like nails or self-tapping screws, a shurtpers, a level that allows you to do everything smoothly and neatly, a pencil to mark the necessary points, a stapler for fixing the insulation, an antiseptic for surface treatment, mounting foam and other necessary building attributes. Without such a set of tools, insulation the veranda is pretty difficult to spend.
Since the extension is a glazed room, then you need to take care of the windows and doors on the veranda.
Be sure to pay attention to the quality of windows, Considering how long they were in use. If, after inspection, the result was not entirely as I wanted, then the first thing it is necessary to replace the glass windas on new, which should consist of two or three glasses – this will remain not only heat in the room, but also improved noise insulation. For a better result, it is necessary to control the places of all compounds to be processed by foam.
Doors also require attention. They can be wrapped with felt or other insulation on both sides, and you can make a door frame for receiving an airbag.
Special attention should be paid to the floor. The easiest way is the laying of the insulation right on the floor. To do this, it is necessary to smear the slit resin so that it does not make a creaking solid floor, and put the insulation with a thick layer. You can attach it with nails in the corners of the room, and then glue all the seams by construction tape. From above you can lay linoleum or carpet.
Warm the veranda and residential premises can be in different ways. If you wish, it can be done, without informing a serious blow on the wallet. The main thing is to adhere to all the rules and advice, and the result of the work will not disappoint or its quality or appearance.
In this video you will find tips and master class on insulation veranda.