Many gardeners build small greenhouses for spring landings of vegetables and greenery on their summer cottages. Such structures allow plants from adverse external influences, as well as grow cultures in the most suitable conditions. Today we will talk about how you can make a greenhouse for cucumbers from polycarbonate with their own hands.
Polycarbonate cucumber is an arched type design. It includes the foundation, right and left parts. Hinged parts allow you to ensure the movement of the sash towards up and down. This makes it possible to control the microclimate within such a garden facilitation.
But most often the greenhouse under the cucumbers do so that the design is with a one-way discovery. In this case, the entire sash opens up. In this case, the hinges are fixed only at the bottom of one hand. To install the frame, as a rule, a durable wooden timber is used. At the same time, he should be cut on the end side.
The cucumber made of polycarbonate can be of different designs. The most common options include the following models.
“Breadbox”. This design has the kind of architecture greenhouse. It will be completely closed. At the same time, one of the parties with special hinges should be able to open so that the user has access to plants. The roof of the “on the contrary” is thrown, thanks to which there are small gaps that serve as a ventilation system.
The most complex parts in such a design are the side offices. For their production often use pipe bender. In this case, no welding is required, no lathe. Between themselves, the side departments are connected using the profile pipe. The base can also be built of metal. At the end, all the construction is trimmed with polycarbonate sheets.
Such designs can be represented as mini-cucumber.
“Butterfly”. This option is also quite common among summer residents. The variety of greenhouses “Butterfly” is universal. It can be placed both in extensive territories and on small gardens. The design is made with a roof that opens in both sides of the sides. This allows you to control the temperature regime inside the structure.
As a rule, such structures are created from a lightweight metal profile and transparent polycarbonate sheets. Wooden frames can also be used.
Step-by-step instructions for creating
There is a wide variety of detailed schemes for the manufacture of cucumber greenhouses from polycarbonate. If you need to make a greenhouse for growing vegetables with your own hands, then some of the rules of manufacture and a certain sequence of the structure should be adhered to.
For homemade jetty, the foundation can be built from a metal or wooden basis. The first option is most often accompanied by the fill of the concrete mass, while the fill is made to the depth below the level of the soil freezing.
When building a foundation from wooden elements, many bypasses the fill with concrete of wood columns. Metal pipes can also be concreted. For the manufacture of a suitable mixture should be used cement, fine sand and gravel (instead you can use broken stones and bricks).
The foundation of the future greenhouse from two sides is better to fall asleep by manure, dried herbs, straw. The organic material will hide and highlight heat, which will create a natural soil heating.
The frame department is collected according to individual parts, which will further connect to each other. To create the main part, metal profiles will be needed. They need to be previously cut according to the design sizes with the help of a grinder.
Details of 42 or 50 mm are suitable for creating a greenhouse.
For the correct creation of a frame design, it is better to turn to the ready-made scheme. All individual details are fastened with self-draws. All horizontal parts are tightened by transverse elements for greater strength and rigidity design.
So that the framework in the future is not deformed, did not break, you can additionally strengthen all the angles. To do this, make a beveled bar from the remaining cutting of a metal profile.
If a standard simple manufacturer’s scheme has been chosen, then in the end there should be 5 identical flat blanks made of metal. And it is also necessary to make 2 more workpieces, which will act as end departments.
When all parts of the frame will be fully prepared, they are fixed to the foundation. Fixation occurs with metal corners. Then all this is tightened by transverse planets in the joints of the roof and walls.
After full assembly of the frame and its fastening to the base of the future greenhouse, you can start finishing. For this take transparent sheets of polycarbonate. To work with such a material it is better to use a simple screwdriver. All self-tapping screws must have a special thermosa. Otherwise, polycarbonate can burst in the process of drilling or operation.
Polycarbonate sheets are cut in accordance with the sizes of the frame of the greenhouse. If the site is located in the region exposed to heavy snowfall, then in this case it is better to use wooden blanks – a thin profile metal is unlikely to be able to withstand high due to snow masses. It is simply deformed.
For the construction of greenhouses, it is recommended to acquire special sheets of polycarbonate that have protection against ultraviolet radiation. Such a base will be much longer held heat, while protecting young plants from overheating.
How to make a cucumber from polycarbonate with your own hands, look in the video.