When it comes to the Russian bath, the first association that comes to mind is a birch broom. It is an indispensable attribute of this place that you love to enjoy avid buyers and sophisticated steambags.
To birch broom brought the maximum benefit, it is necessary to properly prepare.
Time and place of collection
Birch – Power Tree. The wonderful aroma of the birch crust is able to raise the mood and restore health. Separate attention deserves birch juice. Nice to taste, he is able to return the fighting mood.
Birch is actively used for the manufacture of brooms. But not everyone can guess how to collect branches, prepare them and store them to get the required result. Therefore it is worth considering this question.
Beyond birch twists must be sent to the sacred day – Holiday Trinity. It is usually held in mid-June, about the 50th day from the moment of Easter. It doesn’t have an exact day, because Easter is a floating date holiday.
Going behind branches for a broom need a couple of days before the Trinity and the holiday itself. It is easy to explain from the point of view of biology. In June, nature blooms in full force, in the trees the amount of juice and nutrients increases.
In the first days after the onset of the Trinity, we engage in a variety of raw materials, including birch spots. The best period for this will be mid-June.
In the first days of June, you should not go over the branches. During this period, trees are weak, therefore they are not enough nutrients. Broom will not last and weeks – quickly come into disrepair.
What branches need to collect?
Birch broom can rightly be called a symbol of a Russian wooden bath. Everyone who at least once used them immediately recalls the solar heat and summer greenery. This is achieved at the expense of his saturated and pleasant fragrance.
You can enjoy the use of birch broom in the bath only if it is correct to prepare it and collect. Properly chopped branches, as well as a high-quality knitting of products will help not only extend the service life of a broom, but also to get a pleasant sensation during the breaking of the body.
When choosing a prutikov, preference gives birch wets. These are high trees, from which durable and reliable brooms are obtained. The optimal option will be branches in which flowers have not yet had time to appear.
Rods of young birch more elastic and have velvet leaves. It is easier to harvest, as they are more elastic.
Another advantage of such branches is that they have a large amount of nutrients.
Experienced knitters of brooms recommended to give preference to birchings located near the reservoir. Their branches and leaflets are considered the most juicy and gentle. During the collection, you do not need to cut the entire birch bunch. You should choose several trees, so as not to make it serious damage.
Additionally, it is recommended to take into account the following tips:
- No need to cut branches on which flowers have already appeared, since they are more stringent and almost unsuitable for use;
- The maximum length of the twist should not exceed 60 cm;
- branches must be straight;
- Cut the rods follows a sharp movement to apply the minimum damage to the tree.
Sharp scissors are suitable for cutting. If you choose a knife or saw, the tree bark will be damaged during the branch separation. Cutting material for brooms can be as before the Holy Trinity holiday, so a couple of days after it.
Before the workpiece you need to make sure that the surface of the leaflets is smooth and gentle. Good broom must have strong leaves. If this is not provided, then after a couple of blows on the body in the bath there will be a sheet of husk in the bath, and the bunch quickly falls apart.
Today to buy a birch broom can be at every turn. However, it is better to make it with your own hands, because with this approach the product will last longer.
Another fact to be taken into account when collecting branches, – brooms of them should not get too thick or rare. This moment should be taken into account. It is also worth tracing that the leaves of the product had a saturated dark green shade. If they are black and brown, then it’s better not to cut such twigs.
How to knit?
After the required material was assembled, it is necessary to dry it. Only after that it will be possible to start the main process – knitting. Drying branch branches is carried out in the prepared place with a low humidity and lack of sunlight.
Dried branches unfold in bouquets, in the middle of each place the most durable and thick copies. Binding is carried out in two stages:
- First of all, the “half-sized” knit from thick rods is the basis;
- Then the base is made by thinner branches.
During mating, it is necessary to place the cut elements of the front side down. It is important that during the assembly of a bouquet the form of the future broom reminded the fan, but he was not similar to the broom. The handle must be left without foliage, so that it is more convenient for her to take. Extra sprigs or knots can be cut off using a secaterator.
When both parts are collected, it will only be to tie them together, and on this broom is considered ready. To the fastening of both parts was correct, they need to be put on the front side of each other and tie the branches as much as possible.
This is explained by the fact that in the process of subsequent drying, the broom will noticeably decrease in volume, so it is important that the rope touches the basics.
Mounting the rope should be on two sections:
- at the base;
- slightly closer to the center.
The last step is to cut off the broken branches and alignment of Niza. Work can be performed by the same secateur or other sharp fixture. When the birch blank will be collected, it will need to additionally add.
How to dry?
To properly prepare a broom to the bath, the material for it needs to be sent to dry. It will ensure the durability of the product and will help achieve the necessary form. Drying is carried out quickly and does not require much effort. To carry it out:
- Select branches for the future broom;
- decompose them in a dry place, placing on purified fabric;
- It is recommended to give branches for a week, while it is recommended to periodically change their position so that the foliage acquires a flat green color;
- Collect branches in a bundle and tie them.
The last step is to suspend the associated bouquet of foliage down foliage. It is important that the place in which the drying of the brooms happened was dry and dark. Leaves should not be soaked with other odors and exposed to direct sunlight. The optimal option for ligaments will be the garage or shed.
In such position, the product must be stored for two weeks. At the end of this period, they should be removed, After preparing that brooms really dried. To do this, it is recommended to tear one sheet and hold it in the mouth. If it is dried enough, it will taste sweet.
How to store?
Store birch brooms recommended in a dark and dry place. It is desirable that it is cool. The room must regularly ventilated, To foliage and bark sprigs are not soaked in various smells. An ideal option for storing such products is a haystone.
Collected ligaments must be put in the leaves inside. Product handles must stay outside. Place bouquets should be in a circle.
Second storage option – attic. However, it must be practically not illuminated. You can also store brooms:
- in a pre-banker;
- in Saraj;
- on the veranda.
An alternative to them is a glazed balcony, but it will have to additionally attach a dark cloth to reduce the amount of sunlight penetrating inside. If there is no such possibility, you can put the products in the boxes.
To ensure high-quality storage It is recommended to hang brooms on the rope, strengthened them by the handle. This will help secure a bouquet from damage and breakdowns. So that brooms do not “suffocate” and did not absorb unnecessary flavors, the selected room should be keen.
If storage is organized incorrectly, the product will lose its shape, and the foliage will quickly come into disrepair and fall. Such brooms will look ugly and they are unlikely someone wants to use, as in addition they will lose their properties.
It is not always possible to make a broom from the first time. If the design quickly broke up, or the leaves in the process of use flew literally for two strikes, then an error was made during the workpiece of the product or storage. The main reason for the emergence of such consequences is the lack of experience or negligence to the procedure for creating a birch broom.
Common errors include the following.
- Selection of inappropriate time for collecting rods in the forest. You can determine the optimal time on the leaves. If the collection will be made earlier than the time, then the leaves will quickly fall. Experienced masters recommend choosing the gap from mid-June to mid-July. During this period, the tree is only gaining strength and does not bloom.
- Wrong organization of drying. A bad version of creating a broom will be his drying in the sun. Brooms should be stored in dark rooms in which the optimal moisture mode is installed and constant ventilation is carried out.
- Bunch of raw barks. After collecting the rod before the start of the mating, you need to add them. When using fresh or not until the end of the dried twigs, brooms will acquire an unpleasant rotting smell, and the twigs themselves will become hard, turning literally into the harnesses.
Before harvesting does not need to wash the branches, as many think. Dust with them will wash off in the bath during use. In addition, in the bath during brewing of brooms, their additional disinfection will be held.
In the video video you will learn how to prepare a birch broom for a bath.