Many people prefer natural vegetables and fruits, so if possible, try to grow them independently. But for this you need to create conditions that meet standards and requirements. Therefore, the thought of erection of greenhouses, thanks to which you can achieve the desired result. The greenhouse can be made of wood, in the amount that is suitable for the parameters of the site. This is a simple design, so you can argue it with your own hands.
Natural wood is the material that is often used to build such structures, and the greenhouse is no exception. To begin with, it is necessary to decide whether the greenhouse is summer or winter. Seasonality plays an important role, since this indicator affects the choice of material from which the framework will be erected.
The consumer is offered not only natural wood, because you can also use metal, brick or polypropylene.
As for the plating the greenhouse, it will be necessary to think about it after the construction of the frame, as there are also several options – glass, polyethylene and polycarbonate.
If you are interested in building from a bar, the dimensions of which reach 50×50 mm, the work will not take much time. The tree is considered a pliable material that is easy to process, and when it is properly operational and care is able to last for many years, without losing attractiveness and former quality. In addition, it copes with constructive changes, if you need to update something. After selecting the material, it is necessary to decide on the scheme of the future greenhouse, so you have to view a rich assortment, among which there is something that meets the requirements and wishes.
Tools for work
Before construction, you need to purchase materials, and also stock tools in order not to be distracted while working in search of equipment. An indispensable in solving such a task will be hammer with nails, plans, hacksaw, as well as screwdriver with self-draws. You can not forget about the roulette to check all the parameters of the structure, as well as to purchase a building level in advance, since not everyone may rely on the eye.
In this area, a rich selection is provided. You can pay attention to such options as a double or single design, a flat roof structure, or angarial or dome unit. The simplest is considered a single-table model, which is an extension to the wall. If there is a desire to connect it with a barn or other construction, you can get a lot of advantages. One of the advantages is the simplicity of connecting the heating system, as it is mounted quickly and without complications. As for a single greenhouse, this is a capital construction that can also be attached to the wall of the main premises.
How to choose?
If you correctly treat the material, it is able to serve for more than five years. This indicator comforts, in addition, the cost of wood is small. It is not necessary to acquire valuable breeds, because even from pine wooden bars you can build a sturdy and strong structure.
The main thing is to impregnate the material with special means, which will improve its operational characteristics.
After selecting the breed, it is necessary to determine the size, and this is one of the most important tasks. A detailed construction scheme is indicated in the project, which can be made independently, or seek help from qualified professionals who have experience and knowledge in this area.
The cross section of a bar 50×50 mm is best suited. It is important to make sure that the wood is dry, does not have defects in the form of rotting or curvature. The cleaner will be the material, the faster it will be possible to complete the construction, and achieve a qualitative result. For the base you will need a timber twice. Bruks are used to lay the bottom of the greenhouse, the dimensions are selected according to the perimeter of the structure. If you are interested in a design of 5 meters long with drawings, you can consider several options.
Bar is one of the main components, so it is necessary to consider the recommendations for the choice of timber. The material must be smooth and dry, and also not have defects. It is worth paying attention to the section, and make sure that the structure of the wood is not damaged and is not amazed by insects, as well as there are no emptiness in it.
Often greenhouses are rectangular.
Therefore, with such a choice, it is necessary to ensure the reliability of the structure so that the edge does not resist, and withstand its own weight.
For this, racks are used, which are mounted perpendicular to the base. It is necessary to take into account the number of material that will go to the windows and the door.
Recommendations for self-building
Once all the tools and materials are bought, you need to start following a step. It will be necessary to prepare a greenhouse project in advance, as well as decide on its parameters. If there is enough space, but there is a desire to grow in pleasure and in small quantities, then we can make a construction with an area of 3×6 m. The playground should be even so that the design is sustainable.
The preparation of the foundation plays an important role, since it will stand on it all the construction. In every corner pit digs. If the greenhouse is long, you need to put bricks around the perimeter, and then use cement for fill.
Thanks to this base, if desired, it will be possible to build a more serious building or make a massive framework.
As soon as the base froze, it is necessary to prepare all the components, of which will be made frame. Bar is cut under the size of the structure. To protect the material from destruction, as well as improve its properties, it is necessary to process it with an antiseptic, as well as to cover the oil.
Under hand there must be hinges, nails, as well as a fastening corner with a perforator. All these tools will be indispensable during operation, so it is important to prepare them in advance. In some cases, greenhouses are installed without a foundation, and it will be more difficult to fix it to Earth. But for sustainability, it is better to pay time and make the basis that will keep the construction in strong wind.
Installation of carcass
After cutting all the details the following stage comes. Corners are installed with fasteners on a dowel-nail. They can be replaced with anchor bolts, which also perfectly copble with their task. Then the overall bar is attached to them performing the task of the lower strapping. This is a carrier part of a solid design. During the frame assembly, construction corners are used, which are attached to each other.
Installation of door and window designs
Installation does not take much time, but it will be necessary to use the trim, the role of which performs polycarbonate. After arranging the upper strapping, you need to attach rafters for the roof. It is recommended to observe the slope at an angle of forty-five degrees so that it is either cool, nor collects a lot of snow in winter. After that, we can assume that the construction of the frame is completed.
Final part of the work
The most simple task is to cover the greenhouse. The best material of the masters is called polycarbonate when it comes to such structures. Unlike polyethylene, it has increased strength, so it easily copes with mechanical impacts, oppresent to them.
In addition, the material is easy to install, so you can figure it out without additional help.
Polycarbonate is cut into the plates, the dimensions of which must be specified in the project scheme. Parts are fastened with the help of a sealing gasket, this will not damage the material. Such work does not take much time and effort, the main thing is to prepare everything in advance, develop a project and follow recommendations.
What to use as a covering material?
This is an important point, since the covering material performs the problem of thermal insulation, that is, due to it, the corresponding temperature must be maintained in the construction. This contributes to the good development of plants, creates optimal conditions for high-quality and rapid crop. You can use a film that is lightweight, and at the same time copes with the task. Some prefer to apply glass, but it will be necessary to pay attention to the installation of a reliable support. Or purchase polycarbonate, with which you have to tinker a little, because you need to cut on the plates of the required size and correctly attach.
It can be paid to this particular attention, because I want the structure to be not only effective, but also looked at the site presentable. Wooden structural elements can be covered with paintwork of any shade depending on personal preferences. The best choice will be a water dispersive coloring emulsion.
It is important to comply with the application instructions to get the desired result.
For the frame you need to use impregnation, which will extend the life of wood.
Observing these simple rules, you can briefly assemble the greenhouse in the short time. Materials that will be required for the facilities are inexpensive, it all depends on the dimensions of the structure, which is plans to build.
How to build a greenhouse from a bar with your own hands, look in the video below.