Rest in the fresh air is necessary for a person, while I want to spend it with full comfort. The exit will be the construction of the arbor, which is worth to connect with the house. Make such a structure is easy and on your own, because it does not take a lot of money, but the result will certainly please, and the work process can delight.
Options and advantages
Arbor resting at home has a number of benefits.
- Compactity. Usually such a building takes not so much space as an independent structure. This is a good way out for small land plots.
- Multifunctionality. A closed type gazebo can serve as a summer kitchen or an extra room for guests.
- Ease of operation and easy care. Due to the fact that the gazebo is located close to the house, it is very convenient to use it, because you can bring water from the kitchen, and this opens up additional possibilities for the use of such a room.
- Lower building costs. Due to the fact that this building has one ready wall (wall of the house), construction costs automatically decrease.
- Simple montage. It is always easier to make an extension than an independent structure.
The gazebo attached to the house can be performed in several options.
- Open. It requires quite a bit of building material and time. Another question is that such a design practically does not protect against wind. Therefore, you need to carefully choose, on which side of the house to make such an extension. Also lack of closedness can be compensated by tight curtains.
- Closed. Costs both physical and material for construction will be higher in this case, but it is possible to use such a gazebo to a longer time than the open. Sometimes this room is turned into almost a real room in which you can spend time to deep autumn. Thus, additional square meters appear in the country or rural house.
- With mangalom. A bonnet to house can be performed in the form of a canopy over a furnace or mangal. For a large company that loves to spend rest with kebabs and other joys, it will be an attractive place.
There will be no precipitation on the furnace, which is very convenient. But it is necessary to keep in mind that under such a gazebo it is necessary to provide a decent square so that people do not crowded near the focus.
Yes, and the device of such a “heater” provides for the creation of a competently thought-out system for the removal of smoke and a special foundation.
Even in order to make such a lightweight constructions, as a gazebo, attached to the house, you need to carefully approach the preparation of a project that defines not only its appearance, but also the durability of the design.
Be sure to consider a number of factors:
- The features of the soil;
- the size of the structure;
- the state of the house selected for the extension;
- Materials for construction;
- Features of the foundation;
- way of extension arbor;
- the presence or absence of a fireplace, furnace, mangal, washing and other elements of life in it;
- View: open or closed gazebo.
Simple performed will be a draft arbor of rectangular shape with a single-bedroom roof. You can restrict ourselves to creating under one roof with a house design in the form of a canopy or to build something like a veranda or terrace. Any of these options will be a good output for cottages or just a small country site.
In the choice of forms no one limits. Unusualities can be achieved by creating an original roof or choose for a gazebo not a simple design, but a polygonal.
If the soul is eager for something unusual, it makes sense to consider numerous photos of attached arbor and drawings available in the open access. You can choose a design project from the material with which it will easily work.
Tools and materials
To create a gazeboo, a variety of materials can be used: from new-fashioned to traditional.
Glazed option although it reminds its kind of greenhouse, but here you can spend time almost all year round. And if it makes a transparent roof in it, then it can be used as a greenhouse. In such a botanical garden, it is nice to spend your free time, enjoying flavors of flowers.
You can make a gazebo of polycarbonate. It is durable, flexible, durable, inexpensive, while also outwardly attractive. This allows you to use it for construction and walls, and roofs (canopy) design.
Wall arbor can be tightened even with polyethylene. This is quite simple, but is such a durable design, a big question.
The most common material in the construction of such structures is a tree.
To such choices of owners of country sites pushing the positive qualities of the material proven in centuries: Its environmental friendliness, low weight, excellent performance indicators of construction, as well as availability.
In the labor lessons, any boy is taught to handle the tree, so the construction of the construction of it does not frighten the one who in principle can handle the tool.
More often than other materials in construction used pine. This is a convenient to use, affordable in Russia. Apply boards, rails, wooden timber.
As for the foundation, it will take concrete here, anchors for creating racks, bricks or piles. Also need fasteners and material for the roof device for the choice of the owner of the future gazebo.
From the tools you will need:
- circular saw and saw for cutting corners;
- a hammer;
- Electrrowank and electrolybiz;
- Drill with drills;
- Roulette and level.
Construction with their own hands
The device of the wooden extension, for example, to the country house begins with the work on the creation of the foundation.
You can pour a common foundation with the house in advance, and if the idea about the construction of the arbor came after the construction of the main building, it remains to build a pile or a bar base, although no one interferes in the form of a solid concrete screed.
For a small arbor, you can perform a column foundation.
For it, various materials are used:
- Brick. Is a good option for dry sandy soil.
- Logs, pre-burnt or antiseptic treated.
- Monolithic concrete requiring formwork from a tree or rubberoid.
- Pipes from Asbesta. Perfectly suitable for rolling soil.
- Steel pipes. These are used, the thickness of the walls of which is at least 4 mm. Have a big bearing ability.
The process of performing the work on the creation of a foundation may be as follows.
To start a platform for an extension you need to clean from garbage and grass, then align. Note the installation locations of the supports – usually it is done using pegs and ropes.
At the corners of the future design, pits dug poles. The crushed stone layer is poured onto the bottom, and after – the sand is 20 cm. On top there are a piece of rubberoid and poured 10 cm concrete. After that, you need to wait two days until the mixture hardens, and then start laying bricks in two rows. Bricks fasten with cement mortar, each new layer is placed perpendicular to the previous one.
To make the base for a gazebo size of 3×3 m or 4×5 enough 4-6 pillars. After all the pillars are installed, the first crown of construction is created.
The bottom strapping makes from the bar. For further formation of the floor, lags are laid, which can rely on the columns. Corner and intermediate racks are made from the bar. Those of them that are adjacent to the wall must be half a meter above the rest so that the roof is subsequently had a slope.
Top strapping is done. Then at a height of 1 m is installed railing. Stringe beams are at the top mounted on the bar.
When creating a floor, it is recommended to use the same material as on the porch. You can also make wooden flooring or cement coating.
Single roof Arbor in the form of an extension should rely on the wall beam. A slate, ondulin or similar material is mounted on a haughty truss design. Well, if the roofing coincides with the floor of the house itself.
Drain is ensured by naturally due to the inclination of the roof, Although it is better not to be lazy and arrange a special gutter for which in the case of heavy rains the water will be organized to be applied to the arbor.
At the end of all works, the design is covered with varnish. It is necessary, first of all, in order to ensure its durability. In addition, a tree covered with varnish in several layers, acquires a pleasant sampling that pleases the eye.
When decorating the arbor, it is better to adhere to the stylistic unity of this extension with the main building. In the event that the structure is wooden, then the gazebo should also be wooden, and if the house is selected by brick, then in the gazebo, this material must also be present.
The arbor can be awarded with rails, which will grow a floral binding or any other garden culture. Her fruits will be pleasantly assembled without going off. In any case, this plant will provide the desired shadow on a hot summer day.
Arbor can be seen with wooden veneer or eurry – So the construction will acquire protection against wind, and at the same time a noble modern view.
With a transparent roof, the design will seem easier, more light can penetrate into it. If you need this option, you can use all the same polycarbonate or, for example, to arrange in the roof of the window.
It is not bad to foresee the option of turning a closed gazebo in an open option.
This is done by the use of removable wall structures, which will allow the use of a building for a sufficiently long period and, regardless of which summer issued: in hot time, you can use an open gazebo, and if the warm season has not been such a fact that there will be a closed design.
Removable can be made and canopy. Awning out of plastic or dense, waterproof fabric completely replaces a full-fledged roof in summertime. Sometimes the cloth is attached to the carbines in the area of the ceiling under rafters and the crate. She shifts and moves away at the request of the owners who get the opportunity to regulate the access of sunlight into the gazebo, as well as close the space of extends from precipitation or in severe heat.
Just and beautifully can be decorated with an open arbor with the help of Roman curtains. Help behind their canvas from a cool breeze summer evening will be very nice.
For a comfortable pastime, it is better to take care of creating a comfortable and stylish interior in an extension. You can put the benches and a table, made using wood threads and taking into account the size of the structure. Wicker chairs and the table will also be here to the place – such furniture is well combined with the open version of the gazebo.
It should be carefully taken to the issue of lighting on this site. Here you can use various scaves or table lamps.
There will be a well-aged structure in the light of a decorative lantern, which can simultaneously illuminate the yard and the inner space of the arbor, creating an intimacy atmosphere of the summer evening.
Especially picturesque and cozy an extension will be able to look surrounded by flower beds. Therefore, it is necessary to competently approach the issue of external floristic design. If the funds allow, then in this matter you can resort to the services of a landscape designer.
You can make such a structure and a deaf wall, and the one on which there is a window or doorway. The second option is more profitable to the fact that the hostess will be much more convenient to serve meals to the table guests gathered in the extension.
The gazebo itself can be positioned not only at one wall, but also to extend it onto the second.
An extension erected on the site near the entrance door can also play the role of the porch, flashes the house from the weather in the cold period.
Making a rendered gazebo with a single-sided roof too large is unprofitable – it will look at the background of an ordinary home too cumbersome. The optimal size is the design of 3×6 m.
If the gazebo is built with a brand or furnace, the wooden elements are better to handle fire makeup, since otherwise it is possible to lose not only an extension, but also to lose the whole house.
About how to attach a gazebo to home, look in the following video.