Installation of the furnace – the most important stage of the construction of a bunny space. Effective steam warning can only be achieved with a competent approach. To understand the process, it is necessary to consider the details of the installation of the furnace structure, as well as the algorithm for all works.
Bath furnaces are manufactured taking into account the following parameters:
- minimum dimensions;
- warming speed;
- minimum fuel;
- Optimum price.
An important feature of the bath furnace – the rate of heating the room. Therefore, attention is paid to the compliance of the dimension of the unit with the settings of the construction. It must be borne in mind that the steam is an important component for the wage, and for the whole building.
The heating rate is directly interconnected with the proper preparation of the furnace space. Its classical location in the bath should ensure heating of all the premises of the building. Features of these events imply a mandatory equipment of the remote fuel channel.
The unit layout requires extremely thorough insulation of structures. This work should be prepared with the fact that the highest temperatures rise. Especially hot in the chimney of the aggregate.
The choice of space for the stove in the bath should be due to the following factors:
- Stove structural features;
- Principle of device.
Several limits the ability to choose a seat Iron bath stove with remote furnace. But modern options have equipped in the form of a telescopic fuel. If necessary, the length of such a firebox is permissible to increase, so the selection options also expand. For uniform heating, the stove is installed, taking into account the spread of convection flows. The optimal accommodation option is in a steam room, with a firebox in a pre-banker. So you will achieve heating of two rooms at once.
The optimal cost of the device can be achieved by the independent manufacturer of the stove for the bath.
In the process of planning the installation of the bath furnace, it is necessary to take care not only about efficiency, safety and functionality, but also about the necessary tools.
To improve the quality of installation, pre-prepare:
- steel sheets (8 mm thick);
- a pipe with a circle of about 50 cm;
- rods from metal, cross section 100 mm;
- Gear, coarse, the doors pondered;
- Cranes for hot water;
- Tank for water in volume up to 1 m cubic.
For the installation of the design, the welding machine, Bulgarian. All components are important to choose in accordance with existing SNIPS and PPB. For example, not recommended for the use of galvanized asbestos pipes.
How to install with your own hands?
Choosing the correct location of the stove, take into account the location of the components that must be available for periodic control. Reliable and high-quality pedestal will serve a screed with insulation, filled with a primed base, at a simultaneous stage of construction with the foundation. If the floors in the bath are non-combustible, for example, from cement or concrete floors, no additional protection. Fireproof materials are used only for wooden floors.
If the ground is poured on the plot, do not need to lay for a stove that is not associated with the foundation on the screw piles of the slab pedestal. It can be associated with the base of the bathhouse, if the device is finely breed. For a ligament, anchoring of bases and stoves is performed, and a bath.
Rules for the arrangement of the pedestal for the stove
Base dimensions must be larger than the size of the metal stove with protective screens by 20 cm. The height of the base should be equal to the depth of the bath foundation. Free part is permissible to fill in brick masonry.
The technological step-by-step process involves:
- Preparation of catlovana.
- Installing formwork.
- Stacking ARSETSET.
- Pouring cement mortar.
- Covering the base base of the waterproofing layer.
- Laying bricks in several rows.
You can avoid installing a separate pedestal under the heat exchanger, if the lag and the floor base is sufficient strength to hold the weight of the structure.
- laying sheet metal over basalt sheet;
- laying a brick or stone base under the stove;
- Laying ceramic or porcelain tiles.
Vertical parts that will touch the design, protected by heat-resistant sheet material. Specific parameter values are indicated in the instructions of the bath stove manufacturer. Values are interconnected with a real thermal level of the stove and its structural nuances.
Furnace with remote fuel canal
Consider the installation of the factory stove-heaters with a remote fuel channel, as it is impossible to suitable for a rustic bath.
Standard instruction involves the following stages of work:
- arrangement of opening in the wall;
- thermal insulation of the stove;
- fire protection of the walls;
- Installation of chimney design.
The platform near the design is covered with clay, cement solution or liquid glass. On this basis, it is already allowed to put the stove. Place for the stove is accurately coordinated with the direction of the chimney. In the wall, next to the place defined for it is prepared by the opening. It should be more than ash bar.
The surface of the wall is protected by mineral insulation of bulk type. The heat-resistant material is fried by a wall adjacent to the stove case. In frame baths, as well as in designs from a bar, the adjunct area is laid out by brick. Thermal protective tile is glued over the masonry. For fixing the furnace uses special loops screwed by anchors.
The perfect chimney should not have turns and knees, and the first meters are necessarily made of heat-resistant steel. For pipe, it is desirable for the presence of a housing from the heat insulating material. Standard straight pipe is output through the roof. Therefore, in the roof, in the reserved points, the assembly openings are prepared. Space near it is filled with minvata and asbestos list. The pipe is closed by a casing.
In general, with the right approach, the installation of the stove will take two or three working days. However, it will be possible to use at least seven days. It is necessary that laying under the foundation, protective systems obtained the necessary degree of reliability. Filling the stones of Kamenka is possible only after 14 days. During this period, the pedestal under the furnace will give the laid shrinkage.
Metal furnaces for steamroom are on the popularity wave. Iron models are wood, on the corner and other types of fuel. One of the positive design qualities is a small size. Aggregate – optimal for location in small baths.
For a purchase oven, even cast iron, often does not require a monolithic plate under the base. Another positive moment – in a small metal design faster heated. Brick oven, for example, will warm up 3-4 hours. But the brick stove provides more uniformized premises.
Metal stove forms are:
- barrel and other interesting configurations.
The design implies the mandatory presence of a tank for hot water and a mesh for a heater
Kamenka with a separate parillers create an ideal microclimate for visitors. Therefore, the construction of the Kamenka is given to maximum attention.
She must be:
The rules for the arrangement of the Kamenka, imply a mandatory availability:
- Metal bases;
- Guides for the dissection of steam stream.
Bath stones usually stacked waterproof base.
Kamenka stoves belong to the type of permanent firebox. Unlike other types of stoves, the stone laying is better accumulating heat, as it acts a peculiar evaporator. The surface of the stones poured a liquid, which under the action of heat turns into a bath pairs.
At the same time, if the waterproof plate is installed above the furnace, steam can be obtained in the process of burning firewood and they will not be covered with water. If the Kamenka is located in a simple crate, you can only get steam after full combustion of fuel.
The temperature of the stones in the first embodiment can reach up to 600 degrees, and in the second embodiment up to 300-350 degrees. It is believed that with optimal location, the soft pairs should not give burns and make breathing.
Tips and recommendations
Despite all the limitations of fire safety, the location scheme of the bath furnace inside the steam is allowed to different. For example, if the device is shifted to the corner, you can free up the sufficient volume of the workspace. Placing the furnace in the middle of the wall will allow you to install shops and shelves on the sides, increasing the number of seats. However, the last option is not very convenient to maintain and during bath procedures.
Guidelines for installation of the furnace in the bath suggest the maximum approximation of the aggregate to the wall. At the same time, the distance to combustible wall materials should be at least a meter. The rules for installing the unit in the finished bath involve the markup of the place relative to the lag. Thus, a uniform distribution of load on support.
Wooden surfaces are covered with a protective basis, which will provide high durability of wood to temperature differences. Warming up the efficiency is better if the furnace part will be very close to the base. Some craftsmen even specifically install the oven, deepening it in the floor by 10-15 cm, so that the boards become warm. With the floor installed below, the furnace is inconvenient to lay firewood in the furnace.
Manufacturers and reviews
Separate companies usually specialize in the production of heating and bath furnaces. For example, “Thermosphere” Known with its aggregates that are sold on the market for more than four years. Products are made from thick-walled materials using innovative technologies.
The best option for a bath from this Bashkir company “Gorynych 3”. The model is equipped with a longitudinal combustion system, which ensures the warming of the entire bunny building without an additional boiler and heating radiators.
Another well-known manufacturer in the domestic market – the company “Teplodar”. The most popular model of this company “Taigink 16 T”. A small design of the design will warm up a steam room up to 16 cube. M. At the same time, the system is designed so that the shower and lounge can be warm and the lounge. Reviews about the stove in most positive.
Stove “Ermak” Presented on the market with a number of structures with different features. Heating equipment can work on firewood, electricity, gas.
- “Ermak 12” – designed for 6-14 cubic meters. m pair;
- “Ermak 16” – 8-16 cubic meters. m;
- “Ermak 24” – 12-24 cubes. m;
- “Ermak 30” – 15-30 cubic meters. M.
Users celebrate a special attractive design of the furnaces of the domestic manufacturer “Varvara”. These devices provided themselves with stable demand and have no complaints. Quite good reviews from the company “HEFEST”, producing solid aggregates for baths up to 120 cubes. M. The main advantage of these devices is high quality, reliability and good performance.
Successful examples and options
The furnace placed inside the steam wage, with benches and shelves on the sides.
The furnace installed in the corner of the steam room, equipped with a heater to create a soft couple.
Metal bath oven with a metal fire screen, which is mounted in the wall itself.
Bath stove lined with brick. Such an option will fight burns. The heat furnace will not decrease due to the air layer between the case and the finishing material.
Furnace installation tips in the bath Look below in the video.