With the most advantages of the Russian bath there are advantages and its Finnish analog. It is necessary to approach its creation thoroughly and clearly to prevent errors in designing and building. Consider the features of the Finnish baths and the choice of the furnace.
What it is?
And Finnish, and Russian baths are subordinate to one task: they are intended for cleansing the body, relaxing in a relaxed atmosphere. But the Scandinavian tradition implies that the air in the bathroom should warm up to 70 – 100 degrees, with its humidity cannot be more than 20%. Such a combination will help to feel real pleasure, as well as get rid of physical fatigue, without difficulty cleaning the pores of the skin, opening them.
Difference from Russian
Finnish bath – the hottest and most dry among all national analogs of buildings. Normal condition for it – warming up to 90 – 100 degrees. Fear some negative consequences are not worth. If there are no medical contraindications, low humidity will allow you to safely transfer such an impact. Russian approach different: air in such a wet room. Sitting or lying on the upper shelves, it does not warm more than up to 80 degrees. Nothing surprising in this, humidity and temperature in the baths should be inversely proportional.
If the heating of air in the Finnish bath reaches the boiling point, and the humidity will rise to 25% (only 1/4 more than the maximum permissible value), the burns of mucous membranes will inevitably appear. And if the conditions are worse, in addition help will be rendered too late, then a lung burn can be obtained, a fatal outcome can be. It is for this reason that one should not water the stones in the Finnish bath, except that in microscopic doses to improve the underwent air or the need to give him some kind of fragrance. The slightest slip is able to increase air humidity to a critical, threatening life.
Features of the device
To guarantee the special parameters of the Finnish bath, you have to do it in an unusual scheme (not as Russian). Stones are not placed inside the oven, they put on the surface of it. As a result, the room is heard rather, but also cooles accelerated. The ovens themselves are also different. Russian tradition implies Kamenka, in which solid fuel burns. Scandinavian approach relies on electric foci.
Changing the sauna starts from the floor, then go to the ceiling, the final stage is working with walls. It is impractical to decorate the floor with a tree: it rotates too quickly. Only for rarely visited baths can be preferred wooden flooring, and only from the most resistant water and heat water. More often as an outdoor coating, the tile is chosen, a concrete base is poured under it. Through the veil, water is redirected to the pouring pipe (the hole must be with a bias in 1 – 2 degrees).
Clinker tiles are better than ceramic varieties, it does not slip even when floting. On the walls and the ceiling are mainly applied. Lipa gives an attractive pinkish color, it is not bad flavored the room, it is quite strong. Abashi (lumbering breed of wood) is expensive, but it does not contain a single bitch or resin pocket. This wood is relatively easy and does not burn the skin with severe heating. There are advantages at the cedar massif. These include:
- ease of mechanical processing;
- zero risk of rotting and clogging with fungus;
- Pleasant appearance and luxurious fragrance;
- Medical properties.
Applying larch is not recommended: there are too many resins in it, which create an increased load on the body when evaporated. Aspen is relatively cheap and able to serve for many years, which allows it to be considered a decent decision in an economical class.
Wall and ventilation
Walls often separate Canadian and Baltic fir. When choosing wood, it is recommended to use areas that do not contain the inclusions of the resin. For work, approximately the sixth part of the whole varietal tree is suitable, and only from the bottom of the trunk, with the exception of Komel. The heat treatment of wood is suitable for the walls, the service life increases noticeably.
Whatever tree is used in the sauna, its quality can only manifest themselves with the qualitative execution of other requirements for building. Among them is an important place for ventilation. Quite a logical step is to use the Basth system, as it is necessary to venting the Finnish bath at that moment when it warms up. Stoves the furnace supports air circulation throughout the procedure. In the least hot rooms you can do the simple natural circulation of air, this is quite enough to maintain a pleasant microclimate.
Choosing a furnace
To visit the parley delivered one only joy, you need to choose the right furnace for the sauna. Electric stones for the most part make stainless or galvanized steel high grade. Due to this, environmental and sanitary indicators of structures are always at a high level. Such furnaces can quickly warm the air, to manage them use consoles (built into the case or separate). It is worth paying attention to the versions in which there is a built-in steam generator, which allows not limited to the traditional Finnish regime (it will be possible to steam as in the Russian bath).
As for manufacturers, the first line of the rating occupy products from: Helo, Harvia, Sawo. Product quality of these three firms stable, and attracting leading designers allows you to create a unique appearance. If the purpose of choosing a furnace operating on firewood is set to focus on products from expensive steel grades, containing a significant amount of chromium. Due to this additive, the design is distinguished by increased resistance to heating, serve very long and do not supply consumers.
Firm “Castor” Produces chicken housings with a thickness of 0.5 – 0.8 cm, and the device is capable of reaching an efficiency of 70% (subject to compliance with the rules). Serious competition they can make goods issued under the brand “Harvia”, The furnaces of which are cast-iron, and the body is made on the basis of multilayer steel. The emission of gaseous waste is 80% less (this will delight ecology connoisseurs).
The furnace for the Finnish bath should be equipped with a convective casing. Only such a fixture allows you to provide the necessary heating rate of air. It should continuously circulate, otherwise it is not possible to support the very mode that glorified Finnish baths. To prevent burns and weaken hard radiation, users have two ways: the installation of special grids filled with stones around the furnaces, as well as cladding the entire surface of the body carefully selected stone slabs.
The project must be drawn up, there are no little things in it. Finnish bath of a barrel type can be done even with his own hands. First you need to select the boards (fir or pine width 9 cm and 4.5 cm thick). In most cases, dimensions range from 250 to 400 – 450 cm, the exact size is determined by the required capacity of the structure. As a base, it is necessary to use strong coniferous beams connected to the highest strength. When laying the floor, you need to create a small slope, with which water will be better.
It must be supposed to provide openings for the input of electrical wires. More often in Finnish baths, a roof of bituminous tiles is applied, attached by nails and glued inside. It is important to think about the waterproofing and an additional finish of the roof from the inside so that it looks more attractive. But it is not enough to make a good project, it is required to choose a high-quality bar, because attempts to save on materials will turn out to be completed with additional problems. As for beauty, it is necessary to navigate on your own taste.
Build a sauna with a terrace is not so difficult. The roof can be made with two unequal skates, internal insulation. For the construction of 7.65 x 7.65 kV. m should be focused on the following parameters:
- coating roofing of flexible tile;
- heating system;
- preparation of steam and washer;
- selection of toilet and rest room;
- Separate technical premises;
- Foundation with a small bunch of tape type (over the sand pillow);
- cladding of the base and chimney with natural stone;
- closing the ventilation holes with decorative lattices;
The main structural material is the glued bar with a polished outer side. Mineral wool rolls are used as insulating material (10 cm in thickness). For thermal insulation ceiling and walls of a washing, steam room choose aluminum foil. Create ceilings in other rooms there is no need: there they successfully replaced the lining of the rafted. This solution will help to make space in the bath more, make it original. Paul put out of a natural tree, the exception is made only for the washing, where the full-fledged warm floor is performed on the base of foam concrete.
Build a Finnish bath in the house no worse than offline. However, you will have to create a smaller steam room than usual because it should keep the temperature for a long time and not to spend a lot of fuel. The furnace will have to warming constantly and intensively, which is poorly reflected on its performance and service life. In most cases, the bath in the house do no more than 6 kV. M. If you can easily equip the steam room, 3-4 people will be able to visit it at the same time.
The ceiling is located at a height of about 200 cm: This will allow you to withstand the optimal proportion to door openings. The upper shelves must be about 1 m below the ceiling, the lower tried to do. The sauna in the house is always without windows, scraps are used as lighting devices. Some designers recommend choosing backlight systems designed to relax the nervous system. Walls are better to create from a bar or logs. For ceilings, the beams of a slight section are selected, set up at 0.65 – 0.85 m from each other. The floor in the home sauna is usually formed of three layers:
- Bitumen-based felt;
- Cement screeds;
- Cafe or Ceramic Tiles.
When the tiles are selected, you need to pay attention to the fact that they as little as possible slid. To do this, when buying it is necessary to select a material with an anti-skid, which is characterized by a rough or slightly embossed surface texture. The opening of the hoods make 0.3 m lower than the ceiling level. Cold air is required to be organized opposite the outlet. Regardless of this, the sauna built into the house will not allow the pool to use. It simply does not have a suitable place for him. However, nor the floor nor ventilation will help support a good microclimate if the ovens used in the oven.
It is recommended to use only four types of rocks:
- Rasian quartzite;
To simplify work, you can purchase a fully finished Finnish bath, which is made from a vertical timber and a wooden shield with thermal and steam insulation. However, the size of the typical block is not always suitable for a specific home.
Benefit and safety
It’s not enough to build a Finnish bath and staffing it: a pair of this kind requires an unusual appeal. You can not use brooms, allowed only to sit and relax as much as possible. Honey masks, scrubs and humidification for the skin are valid, but no more. If you even apply a cautious birch broom, you can provoke a skin burn.
Usually visitors of the Finnish baths take shower without soap and other detergents, and when entering the steam room, sit and rest. The first approach is limited to a maximum of 5 minutes even for healthy and physically strong people. It is impossible to perceive this time as a certain rate. If negative sensations arose earlier, it’s time to leave the steam room immediately and go to the defendant. In the first minutes you need to stand under the cool shower or immerse yourself in the pool.
As after any other bath, it is worth refraining from drinking alcohol, coffee, sweet soda, cocoa, chocolate bars and the like products. In the sauna sweat strongly, drinks more. Each subsequent approach to the pair allows an increase in the time of stay, but you can not go there for more than six times and stay longer than 15 minutes. No physical shape and excellent well-being justify violations of such a restriction. Just at once it is worth spending in a sauna (even in a relatively cold part of it) a maximum of 3 hours.
Sitting in a rest room, worth drinking:
- Pure warm water (non-carbonated);
- tea (not too strong);
- kvass or other natural drink.
After the final exit from the steam room, you can use shampoo, soap or shower gel. Benefits from staying in the sauna is no doubt. Such a procedure strengthens the heart, develops the lungs as efficiently as intense exercise on the street. Any organs and fabrics are better supplied with oxygen, weight loss is possible (the resistant effect of the sauna only in combination with a decrease in the diet and an increase in physical activity). Leather and muscles are rapidly restored, there is a general relaxation of the body.
It is important not to forget about contraindications for a visit to the sauna. It is impossible to go there if:
- body temperature is higher than normal;
- confirmed infectious disease;
- disgraced non-infectious disease;
- there is an oncological disease;
- Serious problems with heart, vessels, leather and light.
Only with the permission of the doctor can visit the Finnish bath all who turned 60 years old who suffers from chronic inflammation or increased pressure. Up to 4 years old in the sauna is unacceptable, for older children, a full-fledged survey and the consent of the doctor is required. Observing recommendations on the construction of the Finnish bath, the arrangement of its internal space and the use of the sauna, one can achieve a good result in construction and improve health.