Specific grid for greenhouses and canopies – unique sought-after material with a wide range of applications. From this article you will learn what it is for what is used. In addition, we will tell you how to choose to choose and install.
Description and appointment
Light beam grid for greenhouses – faux cellular material, designed to protect plants and increase yields. It is an alternative film, displaces the wear-resistant polycarbonate, polyethylene and polyvinyl, not protecting plants from ultraviolet from the domestic market.
She has a cellular structure that makes her breathable. This is a lightweight material of different width, length, cells. Differs on a nodule weaving of artificial fiber. It has a small percentage of foil, due to which it can effectively reflect and disperse solar rays.
May have a different shading coefficient, therefore suitable for different cultures and types of landing.
Shading mesh is distinguished by a varied color palette: it can be gray, light green, bright green, pale blue, red. Its density may vary in the range of 35-185 g / m2. Provides for use on top of a film or tension inside structures.
The grid is not just hiding plants from the sun, it evenly distributes ultraviolet and dispels heat on a certain space. This eliminates the overheating of plants, the water consumption used for watering is reduced. The canvas are ideal for growing vegetable crops.
Based on the size of cellular holes, in addition to sunlight, it can delay and moisture. This allows you to maintain the necessary conditions for normal plant growth, raise yields (10-30% of the usual volume).
Shading grid bought for large farms and compact greenhouses of private houses. Material retains up to 25% heat while reducing ambient temperature. It is placed inside and outside the buildings, applied on an open soil when arranged a protected space in which shrubs, seedlings, vegetable crops and fruit trees grow.
Printing grids are used in commercial activities instead of enclosing decorative designs.
Also, the material is suitable for the arrangement of balconies and loggias of city apartments and private houses. It is used as vehicles for vehicles. Used when reconstructing exteriors of structures.
Pros and cons
Specific grid for greenhouses and greenhouses has a number of advantages. Its distinguishes:
- Environmental safety and lack of toxins;
- ease of care and ease of installation;
- bandwidth variability;
- low weight and resistance to dissolving;
- lack of sailness with proper installation;
- resistance to burnout and stretching;
- simplicity of folding and packaging;
- Compactness during transportation and storage;
- creating conditions for accelerated ripening of fruits;
- High resistance to mechanical loads and damage;
- resistance to drying, rotting;
- Durability and acceptable cost.
It contributes to the creation of optimal conditions for the growth of greenhouse plants.
Is an effective protection of crops from hail, sunburn, mold, birds. However, with all its merits, it is not capable of preserving elasticity and strength, if used under conditions of low temperatures.
Review of species
The material varies with the color, shape of the cellular holes, the density of the used raw materials and its composition. Classify the dialed grid can be different featured.
By the degree of shading
Material shaders parameters vary from 45 to 90%. The density is selected, based on the characteristics of the climatic zone and the culture itself. Sun grids are divided into 2 types: For outdoor and internal use. At the same time, the linen with the largest cells is distinguished by a greater light-brain ability.
The first group products have a shadension density equal to 70%. They are suitable for growing cabbage, eggplant, tomatoes, lettuce and other greenery. The light-protective canvas for shading in light-loving crops has a density of 45%.
The camouflage grid has the smallest cell size. She hides objects from curious outsiders.
However, for plants, it is better to take options with average density values (from 45 to 60-70% depending on the site of use). If the shading grid is planning to use for a fence, the shading indicator should vary in the range of 80-90%.
The main scope of application of the protective lighting grid – Agriculture. Reflective, sunscreen, camouflage mesh. Based on the destination, its use can be based on different principles. She is bought for:
- partial reflection of direct sunlight;
- reducing the volume of thermal radiation;
- savings moisture in the ground;
- optimization of the process of photosynthesis;
- uniform distribution of light in the greenhouse;
- Scattering solar radiation.
In addition, the grids decorate the territory landscape. They are used to decorate the garment areas, with their help create floral compositions in places of recreation. They decorate summer gazebos, settling flower beds, verandas, terraces. Materials obtained practical fences for poultry.
Also, this material is used to mask unsightly places at the local area.
For example, it is masked by the walls of the cells, making them up with letters. In addition, the shading mesh with greater density is taken to protect the scaffolding and fences of the facades of buildings.
By type of packing
Packing material diversified. Products have a wide range of width (1-10 m), lengths (up to 100 m). Thanks to this, the observer mesh can be used in large greenhouses. It is on sale in the form of rolls and packages. In addition, it can be bought by a metro.
Sell material wholesale and retail, while there is a variety of dimensional row for products of each density. For example, a grid with a density of 35 g / m2 are presented on sale packages 3×50, 4×50, 6×50 m. Material 55 g / m2 may have parameters of packing 3×10, 4×10, 6×10, 3×20, 4×20, 6×20, 3×30, 4×30, 6×30, 6×50 m.
More dense modifications weigh more. However, they may have exactly the same packaging. The most common packaging options have parameters from 3 to 6 m.
In this case, the length of the canvas may vary from 10 to 50 m. In addition to the running size, item on sale is products with larger parameters.
Many domestic and foreign companies are engaged in the production of light generic greenhouse grids:
- Agrichoztorg is the largest supplier of products for agriculture and construction;
- Aluminet produces a two-layer light-protective network of red and white coloring, distinguished by heat resistance and special strength;
- The shading network from the manufacturer Premium-Agro has optimal characteristics, it is suitable for growing zucchini and cucumbers;
- TENAX SOLEADO PRO network is capable of filtering the volume of ultraviolet rays, products evenly distribute shading;
- Optima grid is made of polypropylene fibers, it is high strength, it is considered a reliable protection of plants from the impaired wind and weather precipitation;
- Products of the German supplier MetallProfil GmbH is designed to optimize the yield, this network is particularly durable and durable;
- Armataks LLC offers customers with high-quality shadowing net for agriculture, covering grown cultures from excess solar radiation.
Tips for choosing
Before you go to the shop behind the shadow mesh, you need to study a number of nuances. This will allow you to take a good strength material for specific crops and conditions. For example, first determined with the purpose of the acquired material. It is important to choose an option for growing specific plant species, taking into account the climatic features of the region.
Considering the different density of the material, to use the grid inside the greenhouse take the material with a shading of 45%. For applying on the street you need a more dense mesh. If it is bought to decorate the landscape, they choose less dense varieties. Also for fusing cucumbers are not good for too small cellular cloth.
Heat coatings have 60% shading. For fences and hedges take options with a density of 80%. Shading grid 90% density is not suitable for plants.
It is bought only to arrange arbor. You need to buy material, taking into account the required shelter size.
As for color, it is better to choose a green cloth. Dark green tone material better than other shades refracts, reflects and absorbs the sun’s rays. Such a grid heats up in the heat, but at the same time protects plants from heat.
Blue-green grids are optimal for greenhouses in which vegetables are grown year-round. They contribute to optimizing the internal microclimate, support it at the desired level. In addition, providing protection of foliage from burns and mold.
Practice shows that when using a gray-green mesh, the ripening of fruits is accelerated and their size increases. At the same time in the greenhouse more sunny rays.
Gray grids are taken to care for decorative colors and plants. Gardeners believe that this tension material contributes to the rapid growth of leaves, stems, kidney formation. However, they do not affect fruiting. But they can hide cultures from small frosts.
Red meshs are considered effective for the formation of a large number of barriers. When using plants bloom before. However, the color provokes an increase of not only cultivated plants, but also weeds.
Shadow meshs produce polycarbonate and polymers. Options of the first type are more expensive, have durability and resistance to different negative surrounding factors. Polymer counterparts are characterized by less density and low cost. They are cheaper, but also durable and durable. Varieties from fabric are impractical.
Before tightening protection for plants, you need to decide exactly how the shading will be. Fix the mesh for dimming should be reduced (from the base of the greenhouse). In the absence of special fasteners, we use wire or rope.
If the windows have a reinforced edge with wire holes, it is equipped with a cape cord or non-peculiar rope. They are used to fix network. Install the grid easier together.
Molding material is performed with an equal step, not allowing network sagging.
If necessary, use a building stapler. If the purchased cloth does not reach the ground, you can hang small weights for stretching rings. Do it need it with an equal interval.
Depending on the type of installation, it can be installed on top of the film or stretch inside the greenhouse. Installation time may depend on climatic conditions and destination. For example, in the southern regions of the country, the shading is made at the end of May, and they are removed in September.
If the greenhouse is made of metal, it is possible to mount the material around the perimeter by means of thread and plastic screeds. If it is wooden, it is better to use narrow planks or nails. In this case, these fasteners will be more reliable. Depending on the situation, you can choose special reusable clips.
The grid is fixed to the supports (for example, the elements of the greenhouse frame), the pillars of the fence. Depending on the type of need, it is sewn. Fastening should be durable, otherwise the material will lead and will not serve for a long time. For greater reliability, it is recommended to fix the grid every 10-15 cm.