House-slab is a building with a two-tie roof that starts from the foundation line. Reminds such a house with your letter A, for which I received my second name – A-shaped house. This style of the building does not leave anyone indifferent. He or really like it, or causes negative emotions. Now such buildings are becoming more popular. The modern possibilities of the external and interior decoration make it possible to realize the most unusual fantasies and create your own unique house for the soul.
Advantages and disadvantages
House-slash, or, as sometimes called it because of the bizarre roof shape, a-house (house tent, triangular house), build easy. Smooth walls in such a building. Instead of them – a cool twin roof. Such projects are popular with country construction. Original country houses began to build back in the 70s of the last century.
For some time they lost their popularity. And in recent years have become newly very popular and fashionable.
Such technology building buildings has both pros and cons.
The advantages of using such construction technology can be attributed:
- Unusual, fabulous appearance;
- a significant reduction in the material costs of the housing;
- Not required large area for home;
- Easy collection;
- You can make a two-storey house.
The disadvantages of such a building include:
- inclined walls;
- If the house is two-storey, find a place for the stairs and the heating system is quite difficult;
- strong susceptibility of building to wind load (sailboat);
- During construction, it is necessary to use scrambled beams – rafters are too large in length, so one is not suitable.
Such houses are suitable for a small family of 2-3 people. They are used both for permanent residence and for seasonal. You can build such a modular structure yourself, not attracting hired workers. This significantly saves the budget. House-slash is a frame house. He is assembled from triangular frames. The design of such houses is known for a long time.
Most often, the basis is taken sizes 6 on 9 m. Height – up to 9 m. This is a standard option. In addition, there are many projects of houses-shades of other sizes: 6×6, 8×8, 4×4, 5×5 m, as well as 7 by 9, 6 to 8 m. The price of such a dwelling will depend not only on its size, but also from the bar. If the natural humidity bar is used, and not chamber drying, then the cost will be below.
Houses-chalashi from sip-panels are still quite rare. They can be purchased in a specialized construction company. Such buildings were invented in the USA.
Make houses-shala and with an extension. It helps to increase its useful area. In the extension you can place a bathroom or even the kitchen. It is interesting to look a house with a panoramic extension on the shore of the pond, among the trees.
If you plan to use a house-slab as an additional guest, it is important to pay attention to the size of the main living room. It can be collected with friends, celebrating holidays. It would be nice to make it with a sauna. The layout of such a structure should include the following premises: Hall, directly waters, steam room, technical room, bedroom. The latter is usually placed on the second floor.
Winter House-Chalash is characterized by the fact that you need to take care of heating. Simple heater will not be enough. In addition, the walls must be insulated additionally.
It is also worth noting the Swedish version of the triangular house. It has an extra entrance located on the roof. You can get there through a balcony and a staircase.
There are projects and garage. This is a very convenient option.
Often equip such a building and terrace. Looks very romantic. Such a solution increases the space and functionality of the house. You can install a heating system there. Sometimes on the terrace make summer kitchen.
Regardless of whether a person is going to build housing independently or in plans to order the construction of the house “turnkey”, You need to choose the appropriate option in advance: a small house-shala of standard modification or “Extended version”.
Modern cottage house-shala can be built independently. By area, it can be very small. For example, if the house is used only in the summer. And in the event that the area in the country is small in the area. Such structure is a good alternative to the standard option.
If the house is planned to build on sites with a slope or simply with poor soil, you can easily solve this problem. To do this, do the base to raise the house.
One-story building will not entail significant financial investments in building materials. No fill and foundation.
Since the roof of such a house is high above the ground, it can be done by two-story. A good option for installing a staircase in a two-story cottage house-hood – outside the building. The choice can also be stopped on the screw staircase. It is worth only to take into account that it is unsafe for kids and the elderly. If the house is two-storey, it is advisable to make 2 room inputs.
For permanent residence
If you plan to build a house for year-round use, you need to take care of heating. Usually install the bourgeois or fireplace stove. If the structure is designed for accommodation throughout the year, it is worth paying special attention to the conduct of thermal insulation work. In the house should be comfortable to live even in frost.
Need to position the stairs correctly. Space in such a house is limited. So she should not take a lot of space. On the second floor of the house usually have a bedroom. You can also make panoramic windows.
If necessary, the size of the house and the number of rooms in it can be made other. For example, equip a children’s room – and even make a small balcony.
How to build your own hands?
To build a house in the form of a shala with your own hands, you need to follow clear rules. Step-by-step instructions for the construction of a-shaped building will help even a person who does not have any attitude to the construction of various kinds of buildings. Construction of a house-shala is much easier and faster than an ordinary house with walls. When planning housing accommodation, it is worth considering the location of fruit trees and other green plantings on the plot. The house should not interfere with the roots and create a shadow for vegetable landings and shrubs.
The most important thing is to carefully prepare for the construction process. Need to develop a project and not deviate from it during construction work. First of all make the necessary drawings. Calculate the number of necessary material so that in the process of construction does not waste time and do not bother missing materials, especially if construction is carried out in a short time.
The foundation make the pile or column. Before it needs to be held on the preparation of the construction site. For this, if necessary, the old stumps are uprooted, disassemble the garbage on the site. And only after that begin to bookmarke the future home. The pile type of foundation is much more reliable. It is suitable for a full-fledged cottage house. If there is a material opportunity, then you can fill the slab foundation. This will make warm floors.
The base of the house should be reliable. To make accommodation more secure, in the ground items should be caught in waterproofing material. All items that come out of the foundation must be taken out of the slots in the rubberoid and make the fill with hot bitumen. Bearing runs are installed above the waterproofing.
Around the perimeter It is necessary to make a breakdown of about 70 cm wide. The foundation with the scene must be about 25-40 cm in height.
When the foundation is ready, you can begin to build frame blocks. In accordance with the planned height, there is marking of inclined blocks. The beams are in the form of the letter A, the angle is formed by the skate. The gaps are aligned, the bolts are tightly tightly. Brussia is installed at equal gaps from the sides to the center. They are pronounced, check verticality using a plumb, conduct fixation of beams using backups. Temporary backups are cleaned when wind ties are fixed in the upper part of the design.
Based overlap in the two-story house.
For the construction of the house use a warmed frame. It is preliminarily desirable to handle the composition protecting against fluid exposure.
Often for frames use OSB-stoves. This allows you to make a design more resistant, simplifies installation work. In order to indoors the ventilation, it is good to make an air layer.
After that, begin finishing procedures: the objects of the facade and the conduct of internal works. Install windows, doors, floor floors.
Standard length boards (6 m) used for construction, usually have to spare.
You can also purchase a framework already prepared for construction.
Roof can be made from different materials. To do this, slate, leaf from bitumen, metal tile, professional list. So that the roof is durable and less missed moisture, it is covered with rubberoid before installing the roof.
- Metal tile roof – not the most suitable material. When you raid, the sound of droplets drowning on the metal will be too annoying.
- The optimal solution usually becomes the roof from professional flooring. His advantages – durability, ease of installation. Although there is a minus – it is very heated in the sun.
- Slate – Pretty light material. It is durable and inexpensive. But when transporting can break.
- Leaf from bitumen Reminds Slate. His pros in diversity of material colors, ease of installation.
Snow load on the roof of the house-shala is very small. Snow will go like a sleigh from a slide, with a cool-gauge roof. This is the advantage of this type of buildings.
During the construction of the roof you need to lay 3 layers of insulation. This is protection against wind, hydro- and thermal insulation.
Interior design options
So that the structure pleased the eye is not only outside, but also inside, you need to carefully think about the design. The unusual form of construction of such houses requires an unusual interior. From styles recommended – Loft, Provence, Scandinavian and minimalism. Very relevant will be the use of furniture made of natural wood. She will emphasize the features of the A-shaped house. Equip the room can be in retro style.
Most often on the ground floor there is a living-kitchen and a bathroom. And on the second floor there is a bedroom. Can be made on the first floor of the studio.
To inside the house there was light, you need to think about what windows will be. Most often they make panoramic or stained glass.
Experienced builders recommend to make several doorways. An additional exit is convenient, and thanks to him in the summer, the house will not be so hot.
Furniture for such a home is better to order individually, Because standard cabinets, shelves, kitchen headsets are not designed to feature a hut. Do not save on designer services. This will help avoid mistakes in the internal design of the house. Also, the specialist will tell you what options to choose.
Such houses are very interesting and attractive look. Photos will help you choose a suitable home for yourself, learn ideas for building and arranging interior. The house should be not only strong and beautiful outside, but also cozy inside.
For the external finishing of the building it is better to choose light colors – warm shades of brown in combination with white. It also applies to the inner design of the room: the color of the walls, gender, ceiling and furniture. Light colors will allow visa to enlarge space.
At home in dark shades are not suitable for everyone, but they look stylish and strictly. Despite the presence of two floors, the place in such a house will still be not enough, so it is not recommended to overload it with furniture.
The unusual shape of the roof in combination with panoramic windows not only visually increases the structure of the structure, but also expands the ground floor area.
With the help of the photo you can choose the appropriate option. Beautiful examples of houses-slags will help to realize fantasies into life and in the shortest possible time to build a small dream house for rest in the summer in the country, and perhaps even for long-term accommodation.