Dimensions of polycarbonate greenhouses: selection criteria

Greenhouse is a great place to grow greens, tomatoes, cucumbers, strawberries and even flower crops. In the spring, it helps to get an early harvest, Autumn – Save summer weather. The quantity and the quality of the cultivated crops depends on the size and design.

Features and Benefits of Material

Greenhouses can have a different coating – film, glass, polycarbonate, plastic. But greenhouses from polycarbonate – monolithic polymer with a different structure are gaining great popularity.

  • Honeycomb – This is a sheet inside which there are cells of different sizes, allowing you to perfectly dispel light and keep warm, very durable.
  • Monolithic sheet – This is a simple flat sheet of polymer, resembling glass, but much easier, has excellent flexibility and light-resistant ability.

Consisting of foxes of such layers as:

  • Solid is a durable sheet that protects against external influences;
  • Cells that create heat insulating properties. Due to them, the material is light and durable, since the ribs of honeycomb attach rigidity;
  • Dense solid sheet, which has a coating with moisture protection.

This material conquers consumers with the following advantages:

  • ease;
  • impact resistance;
  • high transparency;
  • high thermal conductivity, and also heat support;
  • misses UV spectrum;
  • flexibility, which allows easy transportation and construction of arched or angular greenhouses;
  • ease of care – it can be washed, clean from leaves remnants, disinfect;
  • Fireproof – the material does not have flammable properties;
  • durability.

Minus lies in the rapid scratch. However, it does not affect the main function, but the appearance suffers. There are different sizes and thickness of polycarbonate. However, the optimal thickness for the greenhouse can be called 6-8 mm. 6 2.1 m – this is a standard size. Length can be 12 meters, but for work such sheets are inconvenient, so users prefer six-meter.

Dimensions: Standard and Optimal

Size range of greenhouses diverse. They are big, small, under fruit, flowers, berries, vegetables.

The size division is carried out on the following types:

  • standard manufactured by the manufacturer;
  • optimal suitable for certain sites.

The standard of greenhouses has the following dimensions, depending on the size of the sheet of 6 meters: height 1.9 m, and, accordingly, the radius of the greenhouse, as it has an arc shape or arch. It is easy to understand that the width will be two radius – 3.8 m, and length – 6 m. The optimal size is dictated by a special document – application number 85 of construction rules and norms (abbreviated spin) from 02.10.2004, on which the maximum for the width is 260 centimeters, and at least two meters fall on the height.

The size of the greenhouse depends on the landing crops and, accordingly, the future design is built.

  • Width. When calculating the width, you should consider the following necessary parameters. The door width is the minimum value corresponding to the width of the arm of the average gardener – 56 cm. The width of the racks is 97 cm, and the passage between them is at least 60 cm for convenience when working. Thus, the minimum width is 2-2.5 m, all other calculations are individual and based depending on the functionality.
  • Length. It depends only on the wishes of the owner. We take into account that the width of one sheet of polycarbonate is 120 centimeters, and then a simple addition and construction of the required length. But be sure to note that the longest structure, the hard to maintain the optimal temperature. Especially difficult to do it in winter.

  • Height. It depends on the user’s wishes. The design may be low if there is no person to enter there, and you can work from above, removing the lid. High, if planning to plant tall cultures, and those that need constant care. Consider for this parameter needed that plants should have a maximum of space for favorable development. Standard Height – 1.8 m. It is sufficient and optimal. But if the greenhouse is equipped with her own hands, it is better to choose an integer value – 2 m.

2×3, 2×2 m are small, compact greenhouses that are perfect for small landings: for seedlings and berries. Later can be used as flower beds or for a small amount of fruit crops. However, in a small greenhouse, it often becomes very hot in summer.

In this case, it is necessary to provide fresh air access to maintain optimal temperature values. If it is planned to grow cucumbers, tomatoes or any high-pressure vegetables, a rather width of 2 m. 2×10, 2×4, 2×8, 2×6 m – this is the optimal dimensions. Especially these options are good for plots long but narrow.

If planning a large number of plants, you need large sizes – 3 to 4, 3×6, 3 to 8, 2, 4 meters, 3×4. They are suitable for zucchini, eggplants, strawberries, peeling cucumbers. If the owner of the farmer grows cultures in large volumes, it is better to choose large and wide greenhouses – 6×3, 6 by 12 meters. Basically, all sizes depend on the number of building material and prices for it.

Parameters: Interconnection with components

When installing polycarbonate greenhouses, you need to consider all the nuances and binders. Width and Length may not benefit, if you do not calculate the design, foundation, materials and their interaction.

Material carcass

Frame can be wooden, metal or plastic. Each material has its pros and cons. The tree is environmentally friendly and inexpensive, however, it is very dependent on temperature drops and humidity. With elevated moisture, it rotes, swears and cracks. And for greenhouses such flaws are unacceptable. The service life is a maximum of two years with a permanent ruler and repairing.

Metal is durable and durable material. However, work with it is more difficult. Here you have to apply and welding, and pipe bender, and a grinder. However, such a frame will be eternal. Corrosion from humidity can be simply tinted with paint.

Plastic is a lightweight material for work. However, its ease can play a keen joke in winter. Such a design can simply break down, and from the busting of the wind and to operate at all. When installing it is worth taken into account the size of the frame and add it to the drawing.

Foundation

Staging the foundation depends on the size of the greenhouse. If it is a low greenhouse-bread bed, then there is no need for it. But if it is planned to build a high greenhouse, then it must be associated with the Earth through the foundation. It can be wooden, brick, filled. Often the manufacturer offers the use of pins to hold greenhouses in place.

The method of strengthening depends on the size. For medium greenhouses, point strengthening of pins or wooden timber. But high greenhouses strengthen concrete foundation.

List sizes

From the size of sheets depends the distance between the arcs of the frame. It should be borne in mind that sheets must have a minimum amount of joints when connected. They need to be installed so that the excessive water is easily flowed through them.

Form of Greenhouse

There are several types of greenhouse form.

  • Arch. The most convenient and economical option. It is easy to install. This design is convenient because the snow does not accumulate on it, hence the time of operation. Weak side is a narrowing to the edges, which limits landing of some cultures.
  • With a scope roof. This is a classic shape of a house. With such a design will have to work longer. However, the convenience of planting plants and the absence of restrictions will be its strength. Skat can be both on both sides and with one.

  • Greenhouse-Khlebnitsa. It is presented in the form of a low greenhouse-semicircle with a shift lid. It is convenient for planting low-grade cultures, often used to grow seedlings.
  • Dome. Complex in the installation, but has a beautiful appearance, which will help you to decorate the site. This design is well covered.
  • According to Mitlider. This is a popular form, but complex in installation. In the greenhouse, the northern side is above forty centimeters. This design has high ventilation and does not give cold air to get into the greenhouse.

Taking into account all these nuances, you can start building the drawing and install the greenhouse. All work begins with drawing construction. The first is to designate the foundation, namely calculate the width, length and height of the design. Next, all leading from it – frame, doors, windows, while considering all components.

Installation and installation

When installing it is worth paying attention to the place where the greenhouse will be located. Ends should be directed to east and west. In this case, the lighting will be uniform and maximum during the day. It is worth choosing places illuminated by the Sun all day so that nothing bothered and did not shade, it is a guarantee of heat and rapid crop shoots. And also need to avoid places with draft. Mandatory condition is a compliance of sizes and a plated greenhouse.

DFor lading need to prepare the basis – level the land, remove excess vegetation. The foundation is installed from knocking out the pegs in the corners and the filament stretch is calculated at right angles. For measurements worth using roulette. Next, the foundation is stacked from the selected material. Then the framework is installed depending on the drawing. It must be associated with the foundation using brackets. For frames should be stock profiles.

Next, you need to start connecting polycarbonate sheets with frame. The most important point is the installation of the first sheet, because everything is the rest of the connection. It is necessary to install it with the release of 5 cm below. Attachment uses screws with a hat or rubber seal.

The following sheets are installed with inquiry to the established. Karbonate sheets are attached to the base, so that you can adjust the position. You can sew the joints with a sealant or aluminum ribbon. This is especially necessary if the greenhouse is all-season.

You can install drains to better get rid of moisture between gaps. At low temperatures, water can freeze, and polycarbonate from narrowing.

To install windows and doors, the sheet is cut to the desired size. You should not neglect additional ventilation holes, as the polycarbonate does not miss the air.

Make it you need to last from the remaining materials. In case of shortage, it will be possible to purchase. Interior arrangement depends on the wishes of the gardener. There will be a bed and a shellf for flowers, pins for curly or special threads – solves only the owner, well, and the culture for which a greenhouse is built. In all-season greenhouses it is necessary to bring electricity and make a socket.

Successful examples and options

Classical arcuate greenhouse is always welcome in areas. Despite its shape, it is roomy and allows component of different cultures. And also create small greenhouses seedlings for seedlings.

Cone greenhouse will decorate the site. And if you install it in the yard, it will be a wonderful flower bed. This design allows you to create whole ensembles.

Diva and single greenhouses are comfortable for tall plants.

For greater capacity and decoration of the plot create polygonal greenhouses. Their top can be five-, six- or octagonal.

Successfully completed design will be not only the heating component, but also to the decoration of the garden. The greenhouse is a necessary object on the site. The harvest depends on its design. Holding light, warmth and moisture, it allows you to collect more cultivated crops. Big plus in self-installation – independently you can choose the form and dimensions, which is important on non-standard sites.

In this roller you will find the installation of greenhouses from polycarbonate.

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