The car requires the attention of its owner, special care. In urban conditions, motorists leave iron horses on open parking or in parquets of apartment buildings. But much more difficult to protect the car from external factors, being in the country where there is no parking space. Those who use the car as needed to be elevated on the site separate garages. But easier to put a special canopy.
Each owner of the car understands his vehicle needs to be protected from different weather conditions. Bright rays of the sun, heavy rain and even a snowstorm can cause irreparable harm to the appearance of the car. And his restoration today is not cheap. Under such adverse conditions, the canopy is considered the best way to protect, especially in the country.
And what is the most pleasant, you can put it alone. It is only necessary to prepare a drawing of the structure corresponding to the dimensions of the car and the size of the site.
At the same time, you can choose any material that is considered the most convenient in a particular situation.
Review of varieties
To date, there are several varieties of canopies used in country areas that are divided by certain criteria.
- Place Installation. In this case, we are talking about a separate and attached building. The design of the separate type is set close to the house. For the attached canopy, supports on one side will be a fence or wall.
- Mobility. Automotive canopies are divided into stationary and collapsible structures. Stationary are equipped with durable supports, collapsible canopies can be taken with them on a journey and put in any convenient location.
- Frame support. For any canopy, it is important to decide on the framework of the frame. Designs with wooden supports are installed near the house. Metal canopies can be located on the other end of the section.
- Form of roof. It is important that the roof of the canopyave. If there is an inclination on the roof, rain puddles will not accumulate, and with the arrival of the spring winter, the winter is baptized neatly.
The roof for a canopy can be a single, double and arched. Arched structures are mainly cured with polycarbonate, since this material is easily lightning. Double roof is familiar with everything, in shape resembles a triangle. Single roof is a form of a rectangle, but without bends.
Arched and semi-day
Today, most summer cottages have a small size where residential house is already located, a leisure gazebo and a bath. It remains only to highlight a parking space.
Many modern subsidiaries prefer arched canopies, trimmed polycarbonate. For frame framework, you need to use a thick aluminum profile.
Most often, it is impossible to build an arched design. It is necessary to invite specialists. They will make a scheme of work, will make the foundation, will prepare a flat concrete site, after which they will be supplied. The semi-hour canopy is much easier, but even for these works it is necessary to invite professionals.
Without a solid foundation in this case it will not work out. Ideally, for the construction of visor canopies, a tree and bitumen tiles should be used. Unlike the metal version, the bitumen tile does not publish high-profile sounds during the rain.
By the way, speaking, Similar structures need to be placed on the hill, where the land is reinforced by plants. Under such conditions, there is no need to carry out additional concreting part of the floor. It will be enough to fall asleep the area of pebbles.
Some motorists believe that the best protection for their machines – the leaves of living plants. However, not all areas have such trees that can hide cars. And if suddenly the strong gusts of the wind will pass the branch, she will fall on the car and can damage it. So that this does not happen, manufacturers offer customers canopies-pergolas.
In a classic representation, it is a wooden design of massive beams, crossed together. Initially, the lattice frame served as support for curly plants.
However, a few years later, it was decided to use this basis as a canopy for cars, only instead of wooden bars apply welded grids.
Nearby you need to plant curly plants, and after a few years pergola will turn into an unusually beautiful design decorated with alive leaves of plants.
Deciding to install on its site a canopy for the car, it is necessary to think through which material will be made of a frame. Today many use metal. Relative to the tree this material is more durable. It is not subjected to mechanical damage, transfers high loads and other impacts.
The second place in demand is forged metal. This material not only creates a feeling of increased strength, but also complements the canopy beauty.
Also as a frame for a canopy, a tree is selected. Collect bars and to connect to a single design can even amateur. Also, the frame can also be built of bricks, but in this case it is necessary to be as neat as possible so that after the construction of the racks did not have to process them.
The simplest way to create a canopy involves the use of PVC pipes. Such structures can be installed on the summer, and before in winter, disassemble and deposited in the barn.
For the roof of the canopy, you can use a variety of materials. For example, fabric professional flooring, wood, polycarbonate and even reed.
Worn canopy always looks presentable and effectively. Especially in the form of arches. Instead of round or square pipes, wrought racks are taken. They are mounted on a concrete base prepared in advance. To hide the connection locations, it is enough to cover the concrete surface by a paving or natural stone.
A distinctive feature of forged canopies lies in universality. They perfectly fit into the atmosphere of the yards of rich mansions and ordinary cottages.
Stationary canopy is, of course, good. However, if you have to travel to the mountains or traveling by car, you need to take a mobile analogue from the fabric.
You can find fabric canopies from awning and PVC film. They can be transparent or tinted. All these characteristics affect the cost of the product.
The only drawback of the tissue canopy is ease. With strong wind, the likelihood that blows it.
From professional flooring
Inexpensive, but at the same time one of the most reliable materials for the construction of a carport design for cars. Most often, professional flooring is attached to a metal frame. But this does not mean that it is impossible to use a wooden bar or boards as analog.
The only cons of the material is the lack of external beauty and noise during the rain.
Wooden canopy and according to his principle resemble pergola. However, instead of thin rails, a thickened timber. There is no waterproof roof in such structures. The foliage of trees is responsible for scattering sunlight.
For most regions of Russia, such structures can serve as defense only in the summer period of the year, and even not under all weather conditions.
Important advantages of this material is reliability, strength, beauty and price. Yes, and working with polycarbonate is easy. Each dacket can arrange a roof of a carport with his own hands.
Choosing a sheet of polycarbonate, it is necessary to consider extensive samples. Thin sheets are suitable for greenhouses. Ideally, you need to consider the thickness of the sheet of 8 mm, but if suddenly the parking place is calculated on 2 cars, you need to purchase a polycarbonate with a thickness of 16 mm.
Another eco-friendly material used to cover the roof of canopies – reed. Some call him cane, other straw. However, the principle of the same.
Design cap is not just beautiful, but also waterproof. Rightly laid material protects the car from the bright rays of the sun, but at the same time it will seriously hit the pocket of the owners.
Canopy is a facility to protect the car. It has a simple design in the form of a frame and roof. So that the car easily got up in the place allotted him, you need to calculate the size of the future canopy. According to the standard for a regular passenger car, a fairly covered area of 3×6 m. Making the design of smaller dimensions makes no sense.
The height of the canopy ideally should be 2.5 m. Under such a visor will be able to drive a jeep equipped with an expedition trunk.
However, in order not to get to be encouraged, it is necessary to measure the length of the car from the front to the rear bumper and the width from the right to the left edge of the wheel.
Materials and tools
In the dacket inventory, there will be necessary tools for the construction of a canopy. If suddenly there is no something, you can ask for a neighbor.
- For land, you will need a shovel, a sledgehammer.
- To carry out the correct measurements of the design and the creation of a smooth surface, you will need a roulette and level.
- To connect structural elements, you will need drill, screwdriver and bits. If metal or reinforced concrete frame is installed, you will have to find a welding machine.
- You also need to stock fasteners.
For the construction of a metal framework, round pipes with a diameter of 1 inch and metal corners will be required. To build a design of wood, you will need a wooden bar.
To cover the roof, you can use different materials, such as professional flooring, metal tile or plastic plates. It all depends on the desire of the owner of the site.
Stages of mounting
The creation of complex structures of canopies is desirable to entrust professionals, and in reality, a simple idea of protecting a car can be done with your own hands.
Primarily, It is necessary to choose a good place for car parking. OBut it should be located near the entrance to the territory of the cottage. The selected land plot must be cleaned of garbage, snatch large plants. Next, measure the length, width and height of the car, after which the project of the future canopy. Then the foundation is filled, the framework, the support is put, the platform is made and the roof is mounted.
To create a foundation, you need to mark up, dig a trench, make a formwork. Concrete poured on the prepared foundation.
If the car is small, it is quite enough to prepare a pile foundation. It is done very simply, the piles are boiled under the supports, piles are placed there, they fall asleep with rubble and sand, cement mortar is poured on top. If the machine has a lot of weight, it is necessary to screw the piles into the ground to the depth of 1.5 m, and on top of welding pipes.
The skeleton of the canopy is put on the frozen concrete. Supports are attached to pre-installed in the foundation details. The distance between the supports should not exceed 1.5 m.
Further, the site with a mounted frame is poured with concrete, on top of which the paving slabs fit.
The roof is mounted on a pre-installed metallic or wood base clamp. Initially, long beams are installed, crossbars are screwed to them.
From above the canopy is covered with several sheets of metal tile or other material. Sheets should be put on the lower point of the scope to the top to avoid leaks through the rainwater slots.
Read more about building a carport for a car, see the video below.