In Russia, always loved to bathe in the bath. Time goes, but the tastes do not change. Almost every dacha or country house owner dreams of a bath, but not everyone decides to build it. This article will tell about how to make a dream by making the process of designing and building less complex.
6×3 meter banner
Bath of such sizes is 16.8 kV. M. Useful Square, 21.8 – total area, 23.2 – building area under the foundation. It can simultaneously be four people. This is quite enough for a family or a small company of friends. Bath 3×6 meters consists of a steam room, shower, relaxation rooms and a tambura (pre-bankers).
The construction is divided into three sectors, 2 m each. On the right there is a steam room, in the center – shower, left – rest room. Shower is divided into two parts, 1/3 of its square is given under the tambour. The entrance to the room is erected by a porch with a visor protecting from the sun and precipitation. There are other options: sometimes a bath is 6 by 3 meters, lined up with a veranda under one roof or combines a terrace. In the warm season, a person can, coming out of a steam room, relax in the fresh air.
Often the bath make part of the house or summer kitchen. Such a neighborhood can lead to high humidity of adjacent buildings. That this does not happen, it is necessary to clean the waterproofing of the room and the ventilation system.
Starting construction is needed from the design of technical documentation, drawing up a project with a reference to the plan plan. The project includes the construction scheme, designation of water supply, sewage, ventilation and materials list.
Material for building
It should be declared from what you will build a bath, because it must be comfortable, durable, have a pleasant appearance. Most often a timber, brick and various blocks. Each of these materials has its advantages and disadvantages.
In the construction of logs or bar is very cozy. From the walls there is a pleasant aroma, they skip air and steam, keep warm. The cost of heating in such cases is small. The disadvantages include the forced care for the construction, without which it will lose its attractiveness under the influence of the external environment.
Bath of brick will cost more than a version of a bar, but it will be more durable and can serve up to 150 years. Such buildings have good thermal insulation properties, they look great and do not need in special care. However, brick buildings are more heatheam than wood, have a smaller pair conductivity. This means that you will have to pull such a bath longer, besides, you will need a good ventilation system.
Modern buildings are often elevated from ceramzite concrete blocks. It is very durable, light, non-toxic material. It almost does not absorb moisture, has good thermal insulation. One block weighs up to 8 kg, which makes it possible to engage in the construction yourself.
Foam blocks – lightly porous material, it can be formed by large blocks, so objects are built very quickly.
Sometimes slag blocks are used to build. They have good thermal insulation, weigh a little, it’s easy to work with them.
Foundation and walls
If the project of the bath is already compiled, the drawings are approved, and the materials are chosen, the foundation starts to build on the prepared level. It is lowered to the level of soil freezing, given the finding of groundwater. The foundation is erected from brick and concrete. He must rise by centimeters on 20 above the ground so that the wooden walls do not bother. A few months later, when everything is good, you can start building.
Before the construction of walls, it is necessary to pave waterproofing (Process the foundation of mastic or put Ruberoid). Then, on the waterproofing along the contour of future walls, the mounting foam is applied and the first row of timber is attached. During this period, you need to be particularly attentive, because from the first crown, however, the walls will be. The bar is impregnated with an antibacterial mixture before the construction of the bath. Then build the remaining rows of a log cabin, making each of them Jute insulation.
Final stage of work
At the final stage of construction, the roof lies, install doors and windows. To build the roof in the last bruster of the walls laid beams. They are attached rafters with a distance of one meter. Then under the roofing material install the crate. The frame is cut by metal tile or straw. Under the soft tile of the stealth Phaneur.
It should be remembered that the finished structure from the log houses during the year gives a natural shrinkage, so many construction work is postponed for this period. The bath from a bar has a slight shrinkage, in this case, for finishing works, such a delay is not required.
By installing the door frame, you need to set it relative to the floor and walls as possible, otherwise the door will not open. It should be left between the wall and the door of 80 mm for a building shrinkage. The door frame will need to fasten, and the gaps are treated with mounting foam.
For a bath 6 for 3 meters there are several small windows. After shrinkage of the window building and the door frame insulate.
The perfect bake for the bath should be safe and well to cope with your duties (warm water, stones and warm the air in the steam room). The choice of the furnace itself remains for the customer. It can be a furnace-heater, electric oven or gas boiler. Savings on buying a furnace can do it more expensive, because cheap Chinese analogs quickly fail. Also, it is not necessary to take coal as fuel, it is better to use firewood.
Not only the appearance of the structure, but also the arrangement of space indoors. Quality materials help create a very attractive design.
For internal work, a tile is used, a wall-tank of natural wood, a weaving of the vine and beech, the material, imitating the timber. You can shelter wood floor, walls and ceiling. In such a room it will be easy to breathe and nice to be. To work with the clapboard, the framework is installed and the crate is mounted. It is worth considering that from high temperature wood heats up, therefore, there is a gap between the wall and trim, which affects the total area of the room.
The pre-banker is a small room in which. In this case, she plays the role of the tambura between the room and the external environment. Here you can locate the hanger, a narrow bench or stool.
In the rest room I install the table, chairs, bench and even TV. You will also need a cabinet or dishes.
The main premises in the bath is pair. It needs to ensure good air circulation. Materials for this compartment choose high-quality and durable. For example, Lipa has proven well well. It smells with honey, easily installed and not deformed. Wood pine and other coniferous plants in rooms with high temperatures can not be applied, because they highlight a sharp specific smell. They can be left to finish the tambura.
A small room should be so equipped with sun beds so that everyone has enough space. Benches, shelves, benches It is more convenient to make a rounded form of especially durable wood. You cannot use flammable wood and linoleum, which at high temperatures can be released toxic substances.
If there is a need to increase the steam room, it is combined with a shower room. Although specialists are not recommended to unite them, such a project makes it possible to be in pairs more people at the same time.
Washing (shower) – room with a large moisture concentration. Circulation of air should be well debugged here, moisture-resistant materials, such as ceramics. Wet tiled floor becomes slippery, so it should be covered with rubber mats or wooden trap. In the washer can be installed a shower cabin, put a bench or sun bed, suspend a wooden bucket with cold water. Also need hooks for towels and shelves for hygiene.
So all the places of the bath are drawn up, there is nothing complicated. Many owners of private sites cope with such work on their own, because to wash and relax in the bath built with their own hands, especially nice.
On how to make a foundation under the bath, see the following video.