TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

Any housewife will say that the washing machine is one of the most important things in the household. This makes sense, because this adaptation allows you to significantly simplify the life of any mistress. An important element in the washing machine is a heating electrical element that is commonly called TEN. If it broke, then the device is simply impossible. Let’s try to figure out what it is for the item that she does, what are the signs of her breakdown and how to fix them.

TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

Device and principle of operation

TEN is an electric heater that heats water, which goes out of the hose connected to centralized water supply, in a washing machine. It is usually made from the tube in the form of the letter V or W. It contains a conductor element that has a large resistance that can withstand heating to very high operating temperatures. In addition, the heating helix is ​​surrounded by a special dielectric-insulator, which has excellent thermal conductivity. It serves to absorb heat, which comes from the heating element and transfers to the outer part, which is made of steel.

TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

The working helix usually exhaust tips soldered to contacts where there is a voltage while using. Nearby is usually located the thermoweell, which measures the level of water heating in the tank. When the command is submitted via the control unit at any TEN mode receives a command to start work. It begins to heat up much, and due to the return of heat, which is formed, is heating water in the drum for washing to the desired temperature, previously selected by the user.

TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

It works all this complete with a thermal sensor. This element tracks the heating level of water in the drum and turns off the working element at the right moment, which makes it possible to use electricity as much as possible. When water is heated to the desired level, The sensor transmits this data to the control unit, after which its heating stops.

TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

Where is?

The question of the location of the Tan is extremely important, because The subtleties of the typewriter and malfunction determination depend on it. To find out where this item is located, you should look at the back and check what sizes has a back cover. If it is big, in the whole wall, then the likely the probability is that the heating element is right behind it somewhere under the washing tank. Then get to the Tan will be easy – just just unscrew the back wall.

If the lid is small, then, most likely, it is a hatch through which you can access the device’s belt. Then Ten is located behind the front panel. Disassemble such a model will be significantly more difficult.

TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

The manufacturer’s brand of a specific device model can help in this issue. Devices Electrolux, Ariston, Atlant, Whirlpool, Beko, Zanussi, Indesit and Candy, the heating element is usually located behind the rear lid. But in the models of the brand Hansa To remove the Tan required Remove the basement. The models of this brand with vertical loading the heater is located on the side. And washing machines such brands like Samsung, Siemens, LG, Bosch, to replace the heater, you will need to dismantle the front panel.

It should also be added that before the removal of the part under consideration, it is necessary to drain the water from the machine, for which the container should be prepared for the collection of liquid and rag.

TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

How to pick up?

Choose a TEN to replace the typewriter on the basis of a number of factors. Among them should be selected as follows:

  • landing place;
  • The presence of a boil;
  • a hole for the sensor;
  • length;
  • Tan coating;
  • form;
  • power;
  • manufacturer.

TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

Now about each criteria will say more. Most importantly when choosing a heating element – so that the planting place is as much as possible. They have almost the same. Exceptions will be elements installed on old devices whose age is from 10 to 15 years. If we talk about the presence of a boil, then this should also be taken into account. If you replace the TEN without it to an element with him, he simply flies out of the tank when washing.

The next moment – a number of models have a special hole for the sensor. On all such models, the sensor can be dismantled. Then the location of the sensor can be simply closed by applying a special glow.

An important physical parameter of the Tan will be the length.

According to this criterion, they are long, medium and short. Length will not be superfluous to take into account, but if the new spare part will be longer or shorter than the old one, then it is not scary. You can install a short analogue instead of a long one, but it may be impossible to do vice versa due to the fact that the new item simply does not fit in place.

TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

    Another characteristic will be power, Although its value is not so great. If the device is more powerful, then it will simply heat the water somewhat faster, and if less powerful, then a little longer. In general, there will be no big difference here.

    TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

    Important is I Form of device. As a rule, all thenesses are straight, but there are curved models. This should be taken into account so that the selected device gets into a washing machine and not in contact with other elements.

    TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

    When selecting will not be superfluous to pay attention and on the coating. There are devices with ceramic or some other coating. But it does not have a fundamental importance.

    TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

    The last moment is recommended to pay attention – Tan Manufacturer Firm. If it is released by a brand Thermowatt, then this is the most qualitative option. Slightly less high-quality models made IRCA. True, their advantage is the presence of a fuse. Another category of Tan is made by a brand Blackmann. Their quality is not very good, but they are not very often.

    TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

    Causes of breakdowns

    There are only 2 reasons for Ten’s malfunction:

    • manufacturing defects;
    • scale.

    TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

      Now we will analyze every little more. Factory marriage is not very common, but still takes place. Its essence is that with constant watering and cooled, the Spiral of Tan simply loses its properties and burns out. It can also happen that the dielectric burned down. But in this case, he will start skipping the current on the body of the washing machine. Here you have to say that Nobody insured from the factory marriage and it can even be in expensive models. That is, this is a matter of the case.

      TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

      But scale as a cause of a malfunction is most common. It settles on the body of the device made of metal, and has a negative effect on the heating element, because of which it can simply break. The reason for sedimentation of scale is the low quality of tap water and its high rigidity. And even the installation of a special filter does not save from the formation of scale.

      Usually, first the device simply warms well due to the fact that the scale interferes with the transfer of the heat generated water, and it overheats. In the end, at some point it simply finds that Ten broke.

      TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

      Here you need to add that Skip forms on the surface of the detail conditions for the formation of corrosion. After a while it becomes the cause of the deformation of its metal case. And the element that lost hermetically becomes very vulnerable to the effects of external factors and increases the risk of short circuit.

      TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

      By the way, one more reason can be called Incorrect operation of the washing machine by the user. We are talking about the fact that the TEN fault may be due to the inclusion of unsuitable detergents. It is either about the exceeding the amount of powder, or in the use of manual washing compositions. In this case, a very dense film from the concentrate of the soap solution may be formed. It becomes an obstacle for the right heat exchange, which creates the risk of overheating by the Tan and his breakage.

      TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

      Diagnostics

      To recognize the presence of a malfunction, it is not necessary to analyze the washing machine and use the multimeter. The following phenomena may indicate problems:

      • The washing machine is gaining water, but very quickly completes washing and after 5-7 minutes completely turns off;
      • Water with washing is not heated until the specified level program;
      • Almost immediately after the machine turns on, plugs in the room;
      • The quality of washing is significantly reduced;
      • The case when touched to it beats the current;
      • In the room during the use of the device feels an unpleasant smell of burned.

      These signs indicate that the device needs inspection and subsequent repair.

      TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

      If you have a multimeter at hand, it will not be superfluous to check the efficiency of the dielectric and spiral. You can do it by checking the resistance of the element according to the formula:

      R = U² / P

      The resistance of the heating element will be equal to the square of the voltage, which goes to it, which should be divided into the power of the device itself. That is, for example, the voltage that goes to the heater is 220 volts, as in a regular outlet. And the power of the Tan is 2000 watt. As a result, it turns out a just over 24 ohm, and it will be normal resistance. If the heating element is correct, then the tester will show this value.

      TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

      To measure resistance, such actions should be made:

      • translate the tester to resistance measurement mode by setting the switch to the 200 Ohm mark;
      • Touch the multimeter knobs to the heater terminals;
      • View the obtained value on the device display.

        If on the device screen you see the numbers 1 or 0, then the relay in Ten is defective.

        TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

        If you want to check the TEN dielectric, then the following actions should be made:

        • Switch the tester to the call mode by setting the switch to the “buzzer” mode;
        • One dipstick to touch the Tan Termina;
        • The second probe to lean to the grounded terminal or the case of the Tan.

        If the device begins to publish a squeak, then the dielectric skips the current on the device body – this means that Ten is Poloman. And if there is no sound, the heating element is correct and the breakdown should be sought elsewhere.

        TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

        Repair

        So, suppose that we need to repair the Tan, because it was found that it is faulty. We will try to figure out how to implement it. The only thing you want to know is the repair of the Tan to produce almost impossible. As a rule, we are talking about replacing it to a new. Suppose you already know where the heating element is located in a typewriter. Then you can start disassembling the case. To do this, turn off the device from the network, after which disconnect the pipe of the drain and the hose by which the water enters the machine when washing. You also need to drain the remnants of water that remained in the washing machine after the last use.

        TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

        After that, dismantle the back cover, and if the Ten is located behind it, then remove it and change it to another. If in your washing machine it is necessary to dismantle the front cover, the following actions should be made:

        • dismantle the top cover;
        • pull out the waste tray;
        • From the seal on the hatch to remove the hoop made of steel;
        • unscrew the sealant itself and the door block;
        • unscrew the front panel.

        After that, access to Tan will be opened.

        TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

        TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

        so, To replace the Tan, you will need to unscrew one nut that keeps it. Before this, you should disconnect the power terminals, grounding and cables that go from the temperature sensor. Unscrew the nut best with the face type key. If it is not, then you can make it a horn tool. Unscrew it almost to the end, after which we press the hairpin inside, which will give the opportunity to pull the heating element from the landing place. After that, unscrew the nut to the end and carefully loose item to carefully pull it out. Now it remains to insert a new heating element to the place of old and make an assembly by performing all the above steps in the reverse order.

        TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

        Recommendations

        To begin with, it will not be superfluous to compare the broken item with the on which you are going to replace it. The greater the number of criteria and characteristics by which they will coincide – the better.

        TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

        In addition, it will not be superfluous before starting the repair armed with a scheme of a particular washing machine. It will help to figure out the element you are interested in faster, and understand how to get to it easier.

        TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

        If you do not have experience in the analysis and replacement of these parts of the washing machine, then You can seek advice from the Master from the nearest service center. It will give you the opportunity to fill the gaps in knowledge and make an independent replacement of the Tan at home without much effort.

        Besides, Required when checking the heating element for faults, you should have a tester at hand. Without it, there is no possibility to verify the performance of the dielectric and evaluate its health, which may cause an incorrect assessment of the situation and replacement of a workable in.

        TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

        How can you make sure that the independent replacement of the Tan washing machine looks relatively easy.

        At the same time, this process requires an understanding of its own actions, certain knowledge in the field of electronics and the skills of using a multimeter, as well as some simple tools.

        TEN for washing machine: characteristics, selection and repair tips

        In the next video you will learn how to change the TEN in a washing machine yourself.

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