After working in the country ends, it becomes necessary to wash your hands, and even better – take a shower. For this purpose, the baths are built or installed summer shower cabins. If there is a water supply or well, a problem with warm and hot water is easily solved by installing the water heater.
Main benefits of use
When working or resting in the country area, it is hard not to stain the body and clothing. This problem is especially relevant if there are small children in the family. Swimming and washing in cold water are not always pleasant and, as a rule, do not make a result. In addition, domestic animals in nature are also recommended to bathe.
To ensure universal comfort, it will be worth thinking about the presence of hot water in the country. If the plot is located on the site, the question can be solved by installing the water heater.
The types and models of these instruments are a great set, so it is necessary to determine for what purposes and tasks, and which device is needed in each case.
Water heaters differ in several characteristics. Consider the main ones.
Method of installation:
Water fence method:
Source of power:
- on firewood;
- on solar panels.
Each species has its own distinctive features and principles of work that must be studied when choosing a suitable model. Consider the differences depending on different parameters.
By installation method
With this type, you need to decide in advance depending on the size of the room, in which the water heater is planned, as well as on which tasks are in a specific case.
Wall water heaters are more compact, they can be installed both in the soul and inside the house. Usually they apply in cases where a large amount of water is required. This is the perfect kitchen option. Included with a tank go fasteners. Install the water heater is necessary on a solid surface. Depending on the volume may be installation restrictions. For example, a volume model of more than 50 liters can not be held on the walls of drywall and hypsobetone.
Outdoor water heaters are more voluminous, they can accommodate an average of 80 to 200 liters of water. In some cases, you can choose models that accommodate up to 1 thousand. Lithrov. These aggregates are very steady and are well fixed on the surface, as they have a smooth base. The housing is quite narrow and suitable for different rooms. The material from which the walls are made, when using outdoor models, it does not matter.
In the case when the lodge is spacious and durable, you can install water heaters of both species. In this case, it is recommended to pay attention primarily to how much water is necessary to the consumer, and make a choice depending on this.
According to the way of fence water
These models are focused on consumers who can enjoy both water supply and well. Depending on this, you need to choose flowing or bulk water heaters. Distinguish accumulative and flow devices.
The accumulative electric water heater differs in that the water is heated at the moment when it is inside the tank in a special compartment. The more fluid you need to heat, the more time it will take. The undoubted advantage is that the water temperature in the container is the same, and you can adjust it at the output using the mixer.
The bulk water heater consists of a tank, a crane or a shower watering can and water heating element. It is pretty mobile and does not require a certain place to install. The tank can be very small, and maybe a volume of 50-100 liters.
Water into these models is poured both from the buckets and with the pump. It is heated from the heating element, and simply from the sun, if they do so that the tank will be installed outside the room. It is very profitable for consumers.
Gas storage device perfectly copes with work with a weak water or its interruptions. Burning gas heats the water collected in the volumetric tank. In this case, a reserve of hot water remaining such a long time. From the disadvantages, you can call a large volume of the tank and for a long time for which it heats up.
If you need to install a shower cabin, you can buy it together with a bulk water heater. In this case, the design will consist of a device itself with a shower watering can, bases, pallet and curtains. You can purchase an additional tank, which will help less often make them filling.
In the presence of water supply, it will be convenient to use a flow water heater. It differs from the bulk by the fact that the water heats up at the moment when it passes through the device. The temperature is adjustable by water pressure, which is heated under pressure.
In flowing water heats up with a gas burner. The disadvantage of such models is that they are quite noisy work, and also do not guarantee the same water temperature.
Electric water heaters enjoy the greatest popularity in the market. They do not noise, do not have an unpleasant smell, there is no need to use gas cylinders. Among them, there are also flow and accumulative.
As follows from the name, the flowing water heater is heated due to energy consumed. Water moves inside the tank and due to this heats. On the temperature of it at the output also affects the pressure – than it is stronger, the cooler will be water. Such models are small in size, but despite this, they need power from 6 to 27 kW.
Inside such models, a heating element is installed, which contributes to the heated water in contact with it. Prices for various species can be very different. It depends on the presence of a thermostat or a digital control panel and, accordingly, from the accuracy of the setting.
Flowing water heaters can be non-pressure, that is, inside their pressure is lower than atmospheric. For water outlet, a special nozzle is provided. Such models have small power and are relevant for installation in the summer soul. They do not create problems when installing and used, do not require heavy load.
With pressure running device more difficulties. It is infrequently installed in the country. It is distinguished by a large amount of energy consumed, relatively high price, a more serious load on the wiring, as well as the absence of nozzles. More popular for use in apartments.
By power source
Water heaters can have different power supplies. The simplest of them are Titans running on firewood. In the compartment, located downstairs, firewood is stacked, and at the top there are pipes and water itself. For heated water there is a crane.
Water heaters on solar panels are more interesting option. They turn into heat energy of the sun. The main feature is that the process of water heating does not depend on the temperature on the street and weather conditions. Maximum water heats up to 100 degrees in the summer, and up to 70 in winter.
One of the most widely used models is considered gas water heaters. They can work both from the gas pipeline and from the ordinary cylinder, which is especially relevant in the country areas.
How to make it yourself?
If there is no possibility to purchase a water heater, but there is a need for warm water, you can try to get out of the situation on your own.
You can independently make some types of water heaters, for example, solar. In this case, the heating element is even optional for the tank – in good and hot weather, water will quickly become warm. To enhance this effect, the tank can be painted in black. In the presence of experience with electricity and certain skills, you can try to assemble an electric bulk device. In this case, a liquid container and heating element will be required. As a tank, you can use even the usual bucket, and for heating – a powerful boiler.
If there is a furnace in the country house, you can make a solid fuel water heater. Water tank connects to the heating system and heated from it. The device will work on the principle of an additional battery.
Tips when choosing
If the consumer is still ripe for purchase, first of all it is necessary to determine the type of water heater. Wall-mounted or outdoor option to choose, given the dimensions of the house, the strength of the walls and the required amount of hot water. An important factor is what type of food will be more convenient to the consumer. Depending on the availability of water supply and use purposes, you need to decide, flow or cumulative water heater will be advisable to use.
The material from which the tank is made is very important. Stainless steel device is suitable for reliable and long-term use. It should be noted its resistance to the emergence of corrosion, as well as the longest service life. An anti-corrosion effect also possess enameled tanks.
Depending on the amount of water necessary to the consumer, you need to decide on the size of the tank. We must not forget that volumetric tanks require greater power than small.
How to make a simple solar water heater for giving with your own hands, look in the following video.