Although the bathroom is not a residential room of your apartment, all the same its dimensions play a significant role in the convenience of using it. In addition to the personal comfort of using this space, there are also lower standards, which must fit the bathroom. Each bathroom has a certain minimum in area, it is recorded by special rules and affects the ergonomic use of this room, since each bathroom must accommodate all the necessary amount of equipment and furniture.
Features and regulations
Before planning a bathroom, it is necessary to take into account how communication and plumbing devices will be placed.
The main parameters of the bathroom in residential buildings, offices or in the apartment:
- If the bathroom is located in the attic room, then independently of the area it is necessary to stick to the distance from the inclined surface of the roof to the toilet should be at least 1, 05 m.
- The output from the restroom should not be located in a residential or kitchen area, and should only be in the corridor or hallway.
- Doors should only open out.
- The height of the ceiling of the room, located before the toilet entry, should be at least 2.1 m.
Regulatory bathroom sizes:
- The width must be at least 0.8 m;
- Length is not less than 1.2 m;
- The height is necessary at least 2.4 m.
There are such types of toilets that can visit people with disabilities.
Standards of bathrooms for disabled:
- The width must be more than 1.6 m;
- Length is at least 2 m;
- With a combined version of the room there must be special handrails for baths;
- Doors should open out.
There are certain standards for a small bathroom. The problem of the lack of space in the restroom pursues many residents of the houses of Soviet layout, where the toilet was paid to the minimum of space. However, now there are many ways to solve this problem.
It is recommended to embed all communications into special niches in the walls of the restroom, the shelves for various kinds of accessories can be equipped in them.
All plumbing needs to choose the most compact. It is easy, for example, many modern toilet bowls are partially embedded in the wall.
Sink need to choose a small and having a drop-shaped. Instead of a bath you can install a shower cabin that takes significantly less space. Space under the capped shell It is worth using the maximum, in an empty place you can place the shelves, a laundry basket or washing machine. Still should not forget about the visual expansion of space. To do this, the bathroom should be equipped with mirrors, glossy and light tiles, as well as good lighting.
Bathroom can be different types: combined (bathroom and toilet are in the same room) or separate.
Typical bathrooms can be minimal sizes about 150 x 80 cm in homes with an old layout and 100 x 150 cm in panel houses with improved layout. The size of a separate bathroom must have a size of 165 x 120 cm.
Bathrooms, in which there are both a bath and toilet, also have a certain minimum size. The size of this type of restroom should be 200 x 170 cm. With such an area, it will not be possible to place some kind of dimensional bath, however, in this case there will be an optimal installation of a shower.
Basically, such a minimum size is provided in “Khrushchev”, in the houses of the new planning, this room has been allocated from 5 kV. M. Optimal in ergonomics and convenience, the option will be combined bathroom size of 8 square. M and more. Under such conditions, complete freedom appears in placement and layout.
Distance between Plumbing
There are also certain standards of accommodation in sanitary ware, all necessary distances must be observed.
SNiP provides such standards to location:
- Before each sink, the minimum distance to other plumbing devices is not less than 70 cm.
- Before each toilet, free space – from 60 cm.
- On both sides of the toilet – from 25 cm.
- Before the shower and bathroom should be an empty space of at least 70 cm.
- The bidet should be placed at least 25 cm from the toilet.
Norms Snip other countries (Belarus, Ukraine) may differ from the norms of the Russian Federation.
How to determine optimal dimensions?
For each optimum bathroom sizes can be absolutely different, but most importantly is to find a golden middle. Because small rooms for such a large accumulation of plumbing, technology and various household appliances will not fit and will not correspond to ergonomics, but also spend a huge number of square meters on the restroom – also not very correct decision. In order to find this necessary mean to consider absolutely all factors and features.
For the shower cabin, it will take the area of about 2-2.5 kV. m, for bath – 2.5-3.5 kV. m, for the sink you need about a meter, for the toilet – 1.2-1.8 kV. M. It turns out that for a conventional family consisting of 4-5 people, the optimal size of the bathroom is about 8 “squares”.
If there is a need to use the guest bathroom, then the frequency, the number of visitors and the possibility of using disabled with disabilities is taken into account.
Should be considered:
- There are different model of toilet bowls on average 40 x 65 cm.
- The size of medium baths make up 80 x 160 cm. Corner baths are usually about 150 x 150 cm. The average height of the baths – about 50 cm, the height of the bed with legs – 64 cm.
- Shower cabins are absolutely diverse, but the main dimensions are 80 x 80 cm, 90 x 90 cm, 100 x 100 cm.
- The heated towel rail must be located in 70-80 cm from the bath.
- Optimal bidet size – 40 x 60 cm.
- Optimal washbasin size – about 50-60 cm in width.
It is still necessary to take into account all the features of the optimal dimensions of the bathrooms for people with disabilities. Dimensions are taken into account based on wheelchair dimensions. The minimum bathroom size should be at least 230 kV. cm, toilet about 150 kV. cm. Thus, the width of the restroom should be 1.65 square meters. m, length – 1.8 kV. M.
There is no maximum size of the bathroom, so with legal redevelopment you can choose myself with a size and 7, and 8, and 9 kV. M.
Examples and options: Recommendations
The planning of its own bathroom is a very important occupation, because it is necessary to adjust all for your own convenience. It should be engaged in redevelopment only with the help of specialists, otherwise changing the planning with their own hands threatens the impaired structure of the house and further problems with the walls. The option of the wall collapse is not excluded, so such redevelopment is illegal and unsafe.
At the beginning of the planning it is necessary to take into account all the factors in advance, because in the future it may not fit plumbing and communications. Next you need to consider all finishes and placement options. Then you need to choose exactly the option for you from possible.
Minimum room size from 2.5 meters
Depending on the feature of the use of the room, you need to select alignment or separate rooms you need. With such sizes of the bathroom, it is better to use a combined bathroom and a toilet, as a partition wall takes place, which, so, little. Here you need to use compact plumbing, angular bath or shower, partially built into the wall of the toilet.
The washing machine must be placed near the entrance or under the sink. Bathroom should not clutch up adaptations. In such a room, it is better to have medium-sized mirrors so that the room seems more.
4 kV sizes. M
Such a room is already considered spacious, so all the plumbing and washing machine can be located at the walls on their own. In such a room, it is desirable to set the exhaust, as couples can accumulate in such a room.
Bath should be located in the far corner, departing it by a splash protection screen, it will add some privacy. In the adjacent angle should be located small lockers for household accessories. The washing machine can be placed near the entrance and cabinets.
7 kV size option. M
Such a bathroom is very spacious, so here you can “create” and create all the conditions for recreation and life. Here you can install both the bath and a shower cabin. In the first case, the font should be cut down by a translucent screen so that you can use a few family members to simultaneously use the bathroom.
In such a restroom you can install two sinks and bids. The washing machine is also better to place in a niche, next to it can be placed drying. All free space is used for various useful lockers.
Bathroom is a very important room for each apartment, houses or public space. Since the size of this room can be diverse, it is worth choosing the options for finishing and use all square meters to the maximum. If necessary, a small bathroom can be redeveloped, but it is necessary to do it under the control of professionals. Also do not forget that with any decoration of the restroom you need to adhere to all the standards.
Choose the bathroom to taste very important to be able to use it with the full benefit and the possibility of a good rest. If you take advances above, it will be very easy to do.
About how to plan a bathroom, look in the video below.