What is tiles and what kinds they come?

Tiles are popular traditional decoration, they are often used in modern types of interior. Bright ceramic elements particularly appropriately look at the decoration of fireplaces, a kitchen or a bathroom, however, other options for using tiles can be found.

Often painted tiles are crap enough – they will noticeably stand out in the interior atmosphere, so the design of the room with a similar decor should be thought out thoroughly.

    What it is?

    Tiles are vintage clay painted clay tiles with traditional patterns, simple images of landscapes, people or animals. In different countries, various ornaments were characteristic of such decorations.

    Russian ties usually decorated with flowers and vegetable elements, oriental – small pattern and images of animals, and in Dutch tiles depicted household scenes from the life of the peasants.

    In antiquity for the manufacture of decorative tiles, shapes were made from a separate material, in which the clay was then laid out, after which the tiles were burned. Modern masters who create hand-made tiles, make such forms from plaster. Also in modern stores, you can now find a set of typical tiles made in factories – they are not inferior in the quality of traditional options, but it will cost you much cheaper.

    If you like to work with your hands, you You can try to make tiles yourself. First the one tile flies down, then it is placed in liquid plaster, and when the gypsum freezes, with the help of the resulting form you can make so many tiles as you need. At the same time, remember that the usual modern oven has an insufficient heating temperature for clay firing.

    The painting of the tapes in the old days was carried out manually. Unique tiles with unique handmade patterns you and Now you can order from private craftsmen or try to perform painting yourself. Usually, the tiles are covered with glaze for ceramics, or use acrylic paints in combination with acrylic varnish. At the same time, handmade will cost expensive or will require you from your own time and effort. In hypermarkets of goods for home or online stores, you can purchase accessible to the factory production – they will not be unique, but it will cost much cheaper.

    If you are going to purchase tiles in the store repair shop, Prefer European, Belarusian manufacturers, as well as factories from Russia. Models from India and China may have a more attractive price, but not always similar goods will be high quality – it is especially possible to face poor painting, which is unevenly applied or quickly erased. Often tiles are sold with whole sets of several pieces.

    When buying such sets, make sure that all products are high-quality – without cracks, chipping and defects pattern.

    Features and advantages

    Interior decoration with tiles was used for a long time. Clay painted tiles with relief images were an important part of decorative and applied art in many countries of Europe and the Middle East. Now decorating the home in this way again became fashionable.

    Decorative tiles in the interior have the following characteristic features for design:

    • Most often, modern tiles are decorated with traditional ornaments. At the same time in different countries, elements of patterns, relief and color gamma differed significantly, so you can find very diverse tiles that will fit almost any interior. Fireplaces, window sills, kitchen and bathroom in country houses in Country style, in classic and neoclassical interiors, in the furnishings in olive-style, are most often decorated with tiles. Even in combination with modern elements of furniture and fashionable unusual finishing of ties with traditional ornaments, it is successful – such a solution is suitable if you appreciate the eclectics in the interior.

    • Now they make tiles and with modern abstract patterns – they are much smaller, but such options can be found. Very often, modern tiles do not have paintings and painted in one color – at the same time there is an interesting embossed pattern. Similar models are perfectly suitable for fashionable interiors with concise design. Unlike painted products, they will not be overwhelmed in a minimalist interior, however, make a highlight to the usual decor.
    • In traditional interiors, the entire fireplace portal or the whole wall along the kitchen could lay out in the traditional. In most modern rooms, such a solution can look overly extravagant. Often, the tiles are combined with an ordinary ceramic tiled – glossy or matte with monophonic staining. In this case, the tiles will become only a bright emphasis in the room atmosphere and will fill the interior.

    The decor of the room with tiles has a number of advantages. In particular, this is a fairly simple and effective way to make a variety of familiar decor, if the former room design is bored. To make the interior interesting, it is not necessary to start the overhaul – Such bright accents like tiles will allow the usual room to wake with new paints.

    Another advantage of tiles is definitely a variety of products with a variety of decor. You can find bright or discreet options, model with relief, or smooth painted tiles. Practically, any interior will be able to choose a suitable ornament for tiles. Finally, the big advantage of decorative ceramic tiles compared to many other decor options is their practicality. High-quality ceramic tiles with a properly made relief without sharp corners are quite difficult to smash if they are already laid out on the wall.

    In addition, the glaze on such tiles is also very resistant – it can remain in its original form for decades, not cracking and not losing color brightness.


    Tiles can be extremely diverse. Some of them may have a natural terracotta color as the main one, and a concise painting will be made on it. At the same time, there are also irrigated decorative tiles – these are glazed products that are first covered with a one-photon color, and then on top of painting with other colored glaze.

    In addition, you can encounter the most diverse patterns on the tiles – for example, Zoomorphic or plant ornaments are especially popular. Among other things, painted tiles can have a different relief and size. When choosing suitable products you need to take into account all these characteristics in the aggregate.

    Types of painting

    First of all, tiles are distinguished by their design. In different cultures, such decorative clay tiles were decorated in a special way, so there is a huge variety of types of samples with a particular style of design. If you are going to place a room using colored tiles, you will be useful for you to familiarize yourself with various traditional motifs.

    In one room, it is better to use products with the same type of painting – so the decor will look harmonious and will not be overloaded in diverse details.

    Consider the following types of traditional painting characteristic of ceramic tiles:

    • Yaroslavl painting On the tiles includes a large light flower in the center with a square framing. Most often for similar tiles used glaze of white, red and green colors. The relief on such products is expressed slightly, but it repeats the painting – elements of the image are usually quite large and contrasting with respect to each other. Similar bright and catchy drawings are great for traditional interiors, which lack accents.

    • Gzhel – This is a special painting that combines only two colors – white and rich blue. Usually depict flowers and leaves, however, they are fairly minimalist and decorative. White-blue simple painting is perfect for decorating a fireplace or kitchen – such tiles will look low on, exquisitely and stylish. You can create an interesting design if you combine tiles and dishes with such a painting – you can find kettles, cups and vases that create a good set.

    • Kaluga tiles stand out among the others – as they are not square, but a little elongated rectangular shape, painting also to the vertical. At the same time, images on such tiles are quite concise: they usually have a bright frame, an extensive white space inside and a miniature drawing in the center. Most often it is stylized plant ornaments – the forms are as simple as possible and painted with one color. At the same time, sometimes you can face the image of houses, people and landscapes on the tiles performed in a similar technique.

    • Marasey tiles They are tiles covered with saturated green paint – more often it has herbal shades, but there are emerald options. The painting of such tiles is extremely minimalist – the image is transmitted to a greater extent due to a pronounced relief with carefully worked parts. With the help of painting, this relief is isolated by contour, using slightly darker and brighter shades of green.

    • Decorative ceramic tiles with oriental painting covered with fine light ornaments applied on top of a deep dark glaze layer – often it is blue, brown or green tiles. For plant ornaments are characteristic of beige and golden colors. Also depict animals, horse riders or fruit branches – all ornaments have many small parts, and the painting is performed by a thin brush. It is usually used no more than two or three colors, which allows such tiles to look very stylish.

    • Dutch tiles – these are smooth tiles without relief, but they have a complex painting. White background and blue color drawing prevails, occasionally you can find separate details of yellow and terracotta color. On such tiles, scenes from the life of the peasants are usually depicted. The painted is worked out to the smallest details, so the tiles resemble small pictures – such a decor will decorate the exquisite and restrained interior.

    • Italian tiles Maitolian’s technique is distinguished by bright and cheerful color scheme. Yellow, orange, terracotta and gas shades prevail, and the ornaments are simple enough, but elegant – usually it is floral large patterns. Contrasting shades in Italian painting is made to avoid, therefore, despite its brightness, it does not look too catchy.

    Rumpa: Definition and types

    Rumpa is a convex frame along the contour of the tile on its back side. It gives strength to the tire. In addition, for the decor of RMSpa stoves was especially important – it allows you to better save heat.

    Mostly, the presence of RMSP was characteristic of traditional tiles, but some modern models have it. Rumpa can have any form. Sometimes it is a round frame, and sometimes a kind of grid is made with recesses.

    But most often Rumpa square or rectangular – it repeats the shape of the tie and protrudes on the contour by 1-2 cm.


    The form of traditional tiles did not differ in a great variety. This is usually square tiles of small size – from four tiles can be added to the surface equivalent to standard square tiles in measurements. Thereby Tiens In the absence of them, RMSPs can be very easy to combine with conventional ceramic tile masonry.

    However, you can encounter tiles of non-standard sizes. Most often these are rectangular products – they can be oriented both horizontally and vertically. Similar products are easiest to insert into a brick or stone masonry, as well as they are suitable in case you decide to decorate the stove or kitchen wall in whole.

    Structure and type of surface

    Tiles call any painted tiles. Most often they are embossed, but this is not at all a prerequisite. You can find individual products that transmit an image by form, as well as products on which there is an exceptionally painted.

    Smooth tiles are primarily characteristic of the Dutch tradition, as well as you can find similar modern samples – most often these are options with a complex painting, which is difficult to emphasize with relief. If the image is massive and simple, it is emphasized by smooth streamlined protrusions.

    There is a third option when reliefs make a thin contour around images, and the ornaments themselves remain flat and allocated only by color.

    Availability of drawing

    Not always on decorative tiles there is a drawing highlighted by color. You can face options that imply exclusively relief – more often it occurs in samples with modern design, rather than in traditional products.

    If we consider tiles that were used in ancient, the relief is usually accompanied by color changes. These may be shades of the same enamel color that will be barely noticeable. In addition, only two colors are used very often: the main color of the background and the second color for the drawing – for example, it is characteristic of Gzhel.


    Possible ornaments on the tiles are extremely diverse.

    Consider the following popular options:

    • Floral and vegetable Ornaments are most common in all cultures. At the same time, sometimes images are made almost naturalistic, and sometimes patterns are so decorative that it is possible to distinguish between in them. It is possible for hints on flowers and leaves.
    • Abstract Ornaments are characteristic of both traditional and modern tiles. Roma, triangles and squares create interesting compositions or complement other drawings.
    • Animal images can look at the tiles very interesting. For the Russian and European tradition, ornaments are characterized by real animals, and on the eastern tiles you can see mythical creatures.
    • Scenes from domestic life, images of peasants at work or horse riders can very often meet on European tiles.
    • Landscapes meet on decorative tiles less often. Nevertheless, you can find options with the image of the sea, mills, houses or trees.

    The size

    Traditionally, miniature tiles were made in size 15×15 cm, and larger – 22×22 cm. Nevertheless, now you can encounter with other sizes – in particular, Small tiles make the size of 10×10 cm so that they can be combined with conventional ceramic tiles.

    If you are looking for unusual solutions, you can find extended products with a size of 10×15 cm.

    Manufacturing technology

    Production of tiles that you see in stores are established in factories – on typical shapes the icing is applied by a machine in the form of a print. Such modern products can be called imitation of tiles, since the initial tiles were made manually. Now you can also purchase handmade models, but they will be more expensive.

    Some try to make tiles for your own house with your own hands.

    The technology of production of tiles is relatively simple, although this is a laborious process:

    • First you need to cut out the product with the desired relief. For this, the usual sculptural plasticine can be approached – if you wanted to make tiles yourself, this material is most accessible.
    • The shape of plasticine needs to be put in a larger container or box. The front side of the tie should be directed outward.
    • In the container, you must neatly pour the plaster and allow it to frozen.

    • After that, the gypsum blank is turned over, and the plasticine is removed – it will no longer need.
    • In the workpiece lay out clay and burn. At home the desired temperature for firing does not achieve, but some workshops offer the service of using their stoves.
    • After burning, the tiles are covered with glaze, you can draw any patterns.
    • Then, together with the icing, the tile burn again, and the product is ready. With the help of one plaster form, you can make a lot of typical tiles.

    Application and examples in the interior

    In modern interiors, you can widely use decorative ceramic tiles. Consider the following interesting options for decorating the premises:

    If you have a private house, you can decorate the facade of the house. Before the tiles were actively used in architecture.

    You can successfully decorate decorative ceramic tiles Fireplace, a brazier or stove. Portal can be fully postponed with tiles or combine the decor with conventional tiles or masonry.

    Tiles can be interested in using modern cuisine. Most often the wall along the countertops and plates lay out tiles for the convenience of cleaning. Such a finish will be quite successful to diversify and painted.

    Decorative ceramic inserts are extremely successful to fit into the bathroom – usually they are inserted into the intervals between the masonry of the ordinary tile or lay the vertical and horizontal stripes from the tiles.

    More about tiles you will learn from the following video.

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