What is the difference between latex and acrylic paints?

Not all people, planning repairs, pay special attention to the choice of material. As a rule, for the majority they become important in the store, during the purchase. But the premature analysis of various options would help you save a lot of money. For example, if we are talking about paints for wallpaper, it is necessary to know what the latex and acrylic paints are different, what their difference is in order to not allow this issue to catch you surprise already in the store.

Comparative characteristics of materials

Latex

It is impossible not to mention that latex – natural material obtained from the juice of rubber plants. And this immediately provides latex paint non-toxicity and safety. Of course, there is also an artificial latex, which is polymers (as a rule, butadiene-styrene acts with polymer) with gluing properties. In general, if we say trimming, the latex is not the material, but a special state of matter or mixture of substances. This condition is called aqueous dispersion, in which particles of the substance are weighted in water for the best clutch with the surface.

Latex paint dirt resistant and does not accumulate dust, Moreover, forms a dust-repellent surface. Passes air, “breathes”, which is particularly relevant if the tenants suffer from light diseases, for example, asthma or if they have small children, or family members suffer from allergies. This property of the material positively affects the appearance of the coating, because in this case, oxygen bubbles are not formed on the surface.

By the way, the paint has a high degree of elasticity, which allows you to apply it on the surface with a not very smooth relief.

It quickly dries, which is important in conditions of limited time (the second layer can be applied already after a couple of hours) and it is easy to clean, including a wet way. Therefore, the removal of even the strongest pollution usually does not give any special difficulties.

Latex paints are widespread: they are used both for staining walls, floors and ceilings in home and for facades of offices of companies, major manufacturing firms or factories.

Of course, it is impossible not to mention a huge palette and a large selection of textures. For example, you can find both matte, without brilliance, the ideal-smooth canvas on the surface of latex paints and with a fairly noticeable shine.

Acrylic

Acrylic paints are divided into several varieties. The first is pure acrylic (acrylic resin), which has a number of benefits: here and increased elasticity, and excellent strength, and physical characteristics, resistance to ultravioletiolet and leaps of temperature, protection against corrosion and other “diseases” of walls. This option is quite expensive, but can be used in any climate and even for staining facades.

The second – paints made on the basis of copolymers acrylic with the addition or silicone, or vinyl, or styrene. They are called acrylate. Have reduced cost and not so universal.

Consider each option in more detail:

Acrylic-polyvinila acetate

We found use on the ceiling, so if you are going to purposefully paint it, we advise you to pay attention to the paint based on acrylic with the addition of vinyl. This paint has a different name – water emulsion. If we speak quite simple words, the paint is made of PVA.

It does not smell completely, it is easily mixed, has a liquid consistency and easy to apply, And the main difference is its clutch with the surface. She is simply awesome, however, at the same time short-lived: with time, the paint is washed off, especially if you often use wet cleaning. With high humidity, this paint has a cleaning property, even if it has already dried. Moreover, in this case, it can leave footprints and objects, so it is not used for staining facades, most often used in staining of hard-to-reach or invisible places.

It also does not tolerate frost, from which it follows that the perfect climate for using such paint is dry and sunny. This paint is perhaps the cheapest option from all acrylic paints. And the most popular precisely because of its low price, but quite capricious.

Acrylic-butadiene-styrene

Unlike its vinyl analogue, butadiene-styrene acrylic paints easily carry wet climates and increased humidity. If you carefully look at the name, it becomes clear that this paint is a symbiosis of the acrylic basis and an artificial analogue of latex – styrene butadiene.

The price of the latex substitute here gives paint enough democratic cost, And the base from acrylic gives an increased wear resistance, which, in turn, increases the possibilities of using paint. From the shortcomings, you can allocate exposure to burnout – the acrylic and latex symbiosis does not tolerate ultraviolet and can only be used in rooms where there is little sunlight, for example, in corridors or bathrooms.

Acrylic Silicone

Are a mixture of acrylic and silicone resins. The most expensive of the presented acrylic paints and not just so. Perhaps the price / quality ratio is quite justified here, because, unlike acrylic vinyl and acrylic-latex, this species is not subject to burnout, nor high humidity. It is even a vapor-permeable, water-repellent and can “breathe”, the appearance of mold and other microorganisms on the surface covered with silicone paint, minimally.

Perhaps this is one of the few species that are suitable for painting buildings facades. Due to its elasticity, it can be used to mask small (about 2 mm) cracks. Larger to wait should not, it is so one of the best indicators of elasticity. Of the disadvantages – a specific smell of an unrestal mixture and a long drying time.

More information about properties, features, acrylic paint applications, you will learn from the following video.

What to choose?

Of course, the main difference between these two types of paints is their composition – acrylic is actually acrylic polymers with the addition of certain substances, in latex – or rubber base, or artificial styrene butadiene.

Acrylic paints are often called more resistant and high quality than latex, but also the price of them higher. In fact, the performance characteristics of both paints roughly coincide: acrylic, except that, a little better, but quite slightly. The main difference is in coloring and price.

Moreover, it is likely that, looking after the operational characteristics of latex paint, you decide that acrylic you do not need – there is no need for such a long service life or you often change the situation in the house and you are more important than the appearance. And the beautiful design you, of course, is ready to provide the latex paint with its huge variety of textures. Perhaps this is this diversity and highlights latex paint among the analogues.

Also on the market there is another interesting option, such as an acrylic latex mixture, Another famous called “Acrylic Butadiene Styrene Paint”. It is an acrylic emulsion with the addition of latex. This option will be cheaper than ordinary acrylic paint.

When buying, be sure to pay attention to the manufacturer and feedback on his goods you can find on the Internet. For example, the most popular firms are considered: Turkish company Marshall, German Caparol, Domestic Empils, Finnish Finncolor and Parkerpaint from states.

Also, do not leave the noticeable information on the label – allocate the main thing as applies to the properties of the paint, the method of application and application, shelf life and precautions, not paying attention to attractive epithets.

For rooms with high humidity, especially kitchens and bathrooms, it will suit the acrylic (not acrylate, and the composition of which includes only the hair acrylic) paint or latex, as well as acrylic-latex. For residential rooms (especially children’s and bedrooms) or premises where allergy sufferers are often located and people who suffer from light diseases will suit environmentally friendly latex paint, the best production of Finland, Denmark or Norway. It is in these countries that are clear control over the use of safe dyes. If the climate in your bedroom is not wet, you can purchase a waterway – acrylic in a mixture with vinyl.

For living rooms and corridors, you can choose any of the proposed options, Focusing on the climate in the premises. If it comes to rooms with high patency (kitchen, corridors), it is better to stop your choice on acrylic-latex paint. Although pure acrylic, although it will seem too expensive, will perfectly cope with the most difficult conditions, including mechanical damage.

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