For the full design of your own building you need to know what it is – Planken. It is also required to find out the nuances of the walls of the walls by Planken from the Termodeva, to deal with the optimal size of the boards. Separate moment – Features of direct brash plankin and other types of this material.
What it is?
Plankin’s description – the most important thing in getting acquainted with this material. This design appeared relatively recently and with a full basis may be called an innovative solution. However, it is not necessary to fear that it is some kind of harmful synthetic panel. Strictly on the contrary – the main characteristic of the plaquena is that it is completely natural. This decision will fall to taste to all who taught one-eyed plastic with his dubious advantages.
Do not confuse this material with a clapboard. It does not require any framework for fastening. However, the external similarity is undoubtedly.
Replacing a separate element of the plaquena is not difficult, unlike the replacement of the lining. It does not need to disassemble the wall completely.
Scope of application
Planken is widely used For wall decoration. But this is not the only area of its use. Such material is widely used in the design of floors, ceilings. Possible layout both in horizontal and vertical plane. It is used not only in the interior, but also when facing the facade. It is permissible to use this material and when placing floors, walls in arbors. Similarly, it is used in decorating balconies, indoor glazed loggias. Experts note that Planken has not only excellent finishing properties, but also perfectly protects surfaces from adverse environmental impacts. Original and beautiful solution can be a fence of plaquena.
Most often for this purpose apply larch material. The reason is simple – in terms of strength, it is only a little inferior to the oak. Flexibility at the same time significantly higher than that of pine. By compression, bending and elasticity, larch material is significantly better than hardwood products.
In general, this solution is different:
- affordable cost;
- resistance to wear;
- Simplicity of installation.
Along with the facade trim, the plaquen can be used in the format of a terrace board. Officially, such a product is referred to as a wood-polymer composite. Such modifications operate perfectly at temperatures from -50 to +70 degrees. Most (70%) composition of the substance are wood flour. The rest of the mass is represented by binding components. Planken can be applied in the apartment almost unlimited, even in the bathroom. A similar solution is characterized by exceptional environmental cleanliness – at least at the same level as a good ceramic tile. In the bathrooms are used both smooth, and having a pronounced material.
Planken on the basis of thermal extension in any case perfectly transfers moisture. Such material can be completely calm even on the floor.
Review of species
Distinguish several platken varieties.
This type of Planken resembles a rectangle rather. When installing it will have to follow the standard functional clearance. Usually a edged board is used for the manufacture of such structures. It is definitely grinding. A typical feature is also the formation of rounded champers.
This option is similarly Round edges are formed. They are cut at an angle of 60 degrees. Installation of the attached structures occurs with the adhesive panels to each other. The appearance of the surface resembles rather monolithic massive pieces. It looks like this product is impressive and organically; With it, you can equip the ventilated facade.
Both previous species may have Special fasteners. But more often this design has a direct type. Thanks to the special execution, fixation is greatly simplified. An important feature is a mandatory care of ventilation. If this moment is not thought out, the external impact can provoke mechanical destruction of products. Gradation of Planken is made by other criteria. Wide comparative distribution received a brash option. Artificial formation allows you to significantly improve the appearance of the product. From nature it has antiseptic characteristics. Even the most active parasites do not affect it.
Exclude moisture absorption and subsequent rotting. The material is completely clean from an environmental point of view. Under the condition of competent staining, it will surprise the extraordinary diversity of drawings and natural wood. The space for original design searches is extremely expanding.
The prevailing procedure is “big rigidity”. In the sense that the wood is actively crying with metal brushes. This process and releases the deeply hidden layers deeply hidden from appearance. They are just surprised by the unique texture. The connoisseurs of old-fashioned interiors and lovers are emphasized by the connoisseurs of old-fashioned interiors and lovers of the romantic mood.
The painted type of material also uses wide demand. Professional factory staining allows you to achieve, really, the original appearance. The choice of coloring palette does not limit customer capabilities.
It is also allowed to also apply original solutions selected by their own taste. Modern technology allows you to cope with this task efficiently.
Special attention deserves Heatroocked by Planken. Special chamber creates very high pressure and temperature to 190 degrees. This processing mode contributes to the removal of both liquid moisture and wood sugar. Along the way, the structure in the molecular level changes. Significant properties of the plaquen processed in the thermal chamber will be:
- increased resistance to moisturizing;
- minimal water absorption;
- zero risk of swelling and deformation;
- mechanical fortress;
- excellent surface density;
- bacteria resistance;
- stable sustained dimensions;
- Impressive aesthetic qualities.
The most expensive variety of such material is recognized “Extra”. However, a similar grade is characterized by the highest quality. On beauty such a solution is also very attractive. Saturated smooth color will impress almost everyone. Almost completely lack of bitch and resin pockets. No mechanical production defects are allowed. Category “Prima” is somewhat worse. In this embodiment, there can already be 1-2 resinous structures, from 1 to 3 healthy bitch. It is allowed to have whiten or blusted areas. At the same time, blue stains must be absent. Cracks and production defects may be, but only unbearable and in small quantities.
Grade “AB” presents much smaller requirements. In this case, any wagons may be attended, if only they did not fall out. Planken similar category may contain a variety of resinous pockets. The presence of small cracks and mechanical deformations in the production process is allowed. The least qualitative product of the class “BC” can have any deviations that do not lead to loss of strength and a different boards.
There are many wooden materials suitable for creating plaquena. But the most stable result traditionally demonstrate the designs of thermoderev. They are noble in appearance and very beautiful visually. The level of thermal conductivity after heat treatment is 30% less than in conventional coniferous and hardwood. As for the inner, and for street finish, the Canadian cedar tree is widely used.
Such material due to saturation of resinous substances is very well manifested in baths, saunas. Even the high cost of this breed is not particularly reflected in its popularity. Often also produced products:
- from ate (in pure form or with a pine additive);
- from oak;
- from alder.
On the plaquen of any type set GOST 26002-83. This standard describes the requirements for coniferous northern sawn timber. In thickness, they are divided into:
- relatively thin (minimum 16 and a maximum of 22 mm, most often 20 mm);
- medium (from 25 to 44 mm);
- Tolstaya group (at least 50 and no more than 100 mm).
There is graduation and width. It is customary to be narrow billets of 7.5-12.5 cm. If the size is from 15 cm or more, then this product enters the discharge of wide sawn timber. Because the width is 140 mm means that this is an intermediate non-imaging pattern. The length in the short variant ranges from 45 to 240 cm, and in long – 270-630 cm.
By default, first mount the crate. After that, lay a layer of heat shields. Lastly establish a facing coating. The ventilated facade of this type ensures the inner drying of the walls and their skin. In some cases, the plaquen is put directly onto the wall, the insulation is used only in places with a complex climate. The crate is selected according to the width of the plate insulating material. Typical mineral wool size is 60 cm. In this case, the distance between frame rails will be 58 cm. But always focus on the maximum tight entry of the insulation. The lamp must be the thickness of the insulating layer.
If this can not be achieved, you will have to launch auxiliary rails. This will create a ventilated area of 2-3 cm. When the lamp is installed, in the intervals of the RESEKs put insulation. It should be covered with waterproofing material and a layer of wind barrier.
Recommendation: Preliminary marking and installation of fixtures make it easier to produce on Earth.
Dense cellophane can be used to deter water and wind. When it is installed, “Pie” is fixed with dowels through. This work is performed using pre-drilled holes. So that the drills did not wind up mineral wool, use hollow tubes from plastic or metal. Planken fixation is often made on the “snake” – That is, on a simple bar from the metal, in which the holes for the self-tapping screws are done.
The closed method of fixation implies the use of a special plank with a length of 14.5 or 19 cm. In both cases, the width is compiled 1.5 cm. The length of the plank must correspond to the width of the plaquen itself. Possible cross way installation. Closed installation implies first the layout of boards on the ground either on the floor in accordance with the height of the trimmed wall. Next, the sizes of the crate to which the boards are fastened to this surface.
Tip: Small serfs are not suitable. It is better to accumulate every time the general circuit of the bar. Then the workflow will be substantially simpler, and the confusion will not.
Metal planks are put on oblique larch plankers with exit for the edge of 1 cm and more. When everything is laid and fitted, it is necessary to fix the product at least than a pair of self-tapping. Facade board is easier to fix the open method. Then screws are screwed from the facial surface. This method is also more reliable than the closed method. There are no situations when such a mount would be destroyed. First, a couple of boards attach each other at an angle of 90 degrees, and then put them on the angle of the wall.
Planken can be fixed on the ceiling. In this case, the crate is created from wood bars, the step of which is approximately 50 cm. Brous thickness is selected individually. In the overwhelming majority of cases, a cross section of 5×5 cm. Like the wall, the mount is made according to an open or closed scheme. Open way is bad because the ceiling looks ugly. This is characteristic even if technological norms are met. It is often practiced to drill the deepening for the drowning of the self-tapping screws with the subsequent camouflage of wood chips or putty. But it is much better to simplify work, choose a closed technique. Inside buildings, the “Wave” type fasteners are used.
Tips for use
Just to obey the plaquene surface is not always enough. To change the appearance, it is necessary to paint. It is recommended to combine this operation with antiseptic wood processing. Acrylic and alkyd-urethane varnishes can be used. Also in demand sometimes polyurethane varnish. For antiseptic impregnation, both water and organic solvents containing organic solvents are used. Additional use in some cases oil and oil-wax. In demand as well:
- varnishes for tinting;
- oils for tinting;
- Opaque paints and enamel.
Washing planken with detergents undesirable. Apply solvents also do not. Strong wetting of the surface adversely affects this material. Updating the brightness of the surface layer is achieved by applying wax and varnish. Such methods are enough to maintain the appearance of the planken as much as possible.
In the next video you are waiting for the finish of the facade by Plankinne from larch.