Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

Know the varieties of galvanized profiles and other nuances of their use are necessary to every home master and not only. There are steel profiles for frame construction and other species 20×20, 40×20 and other sizes. The production of construction profiles for roofs and other designs is also organized – all this is also to explore.

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

Peculiarities

A high-quality galvanized profile is becoming more widely used in construction and other fields. Recently, in the early 2010s, it was believed that such material is suitable only for minor, obviously unassuming in appearance of buildings. From him did hangars, warehouse complexes and so on. However, the use of increasingly advanced technologies has changed the situation, and now this raw material is in demand when building even capital residential buildings.

In favor of galvanized profiled products, testify:

  • Comfortable price;
  • long service life;
  • reliability even with intensive mechanical impacts;
  • convenience of transportation;
  • variety of shades and basic colors;
  • minimum risk of corrosion changes;
  • ease of installation;
  • Fitness for a subsequent connection with the most different materials.

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

How profiles do?

Professional production of profile designs for further galvanized can only be conducted on the basis of high-quality raw materials. It turns out to be steel with a high carbon entry either with the addition of alloying components of various kinds. In some cases, for example, an alloy ST4CP or ST2PS is used. But there are situations when steel brand is needed 09G2S-12. It perfectly transfers the effect of negative temperatures or sea water.

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

The process of manufacturing the profile involves the use of large warehouses and impressive lifting equipment. The minimum width of the crane lifts is 9 m. There must be a platform for unloading trucks or even railway cars with roll rolls. Basic Work Equipment – ProfileGe.

In most cases, the metal bended cold, because it is economical, and allows you to achieve a higher quality surface; However, the hot method has its advantages, and the final decision is better to accept after agreeing with the engineers.

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

The materials of the production lines themselves comes in the form of extended steel tapes. The thickness of these bands should be at least 0.3 mm, otherwise quality and reliability are not guaranteed. The width is selected according to the category and intended purpose of a particular batch of products. There are no unambiguous standards here, and the main parameters are almost always consistent with customers. But still practice has shown that the ceiling profile should be made from components 120 mm wide, and for guides, you need 80 mm width.

Galvanized can be produced:

  • cold (painted) in the way;
  • with a galvanic bath;
  • by hot processing;
  • zinc spraying on a gas-thermal technique;
  • thermal diffusion method.

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

The service life of the protective coating is directly determined by how the amount of zinc is introduced. Of course, the selection of the method is taking into account how the product being processed can be used. Sometimes the same profile can combine several different types of coating (on the edges, on the ends, on the lengths along the length).

Hot dip galvanizing is environmentally unsafe and uneconomical, but it allows you to achieve phenomenal quality and durability. Before completing this operation, the surface must be covered with a special flux and thoroughly dried.

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

Review of species

Guides

This type of profile elements has long and consistently proven itself in the market. His name itself speaks for itself – it is the basis for attaching the main part of the profile elements both horizontal and vertical surfaces. That is, exactly what “directs” them and asks the general work vector. The usual length of one section is 3000 or 4000 mm. But, of course, to order the modern industry can make products with other dimensions.

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

Ceiling

This type of special bent products are often referred to as T-shaped profiles. Contrary to the name, they are fixed not only on the ceilings, but also on other surfaces. Such a metal construct is used mainly in the format of the crate under capital finish. Since special decorative characteristics are not needed, the assessment of profile parts by their reinforcing properties, by the ability to transfer mechanical load and impact.

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

Rack

Alternative Name – P-shaped Metal Products. So called the frame created for bearing walls. Sure, According to the strength characteristics, such a product should also meet the most stringent requirements and standards. The rack modules attach to the guides, and the quality of their docking is one of the most important parameters in normal operation. Most often, this profile is obtained by cold rolling to provide the highest quality surface.

Special corrugated shelves add no vain on the rack. They provide an increased carrier ability. The length of the design is chosen according to the height of the wall. In standard rooms, apartments can be simply limited to this consideration.

In the case of other premises, they are focused on the dimensions in which there are less cuts.

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

Corner

Using such structures are trying when mounting drywall sheets. They help effectively decorate the corners of the capital construction. In some cases, an additional grid is glued to the surface of cold-made products. It is designed to provide full adhesion when final finishing. The difference between models is due to whether they are designed to wet operating conditions or not.

U-shaped profile element is most often produced by cold rolling. The method guarantees the safety and high quality surface. The usual length reaches 2000 mm. Thickness is most often 2 mm. Finally, a warm profile is mainly used for windows and doors.

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

Materials

Steel metal profile in demand with mechanical engineering and various other spheres of production. This is a relatively cheap material. In most cases, the products are still prepared from steel with a zinc layer. She is much more reliable and more stable. Compared to aluminum it is a stronger material.

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

Sizes and weight

Parameters strongly depend on product dimensions. So, the profile material with a cross section 20×20 and a thickness of 1 mm weighs 0.58 kg. The modification of 150×150 according to GOST has a mass of 22.43 kg (with a metal layer of 0.5 cm). Other options (kilograms):

  • 40×20 to 0.2 cm (or that the same, 20×40) – 1,704;
  • 40×40 (0.3) – 3 kg 360 g;
  • 30×30 (0.1) – 900 g;
  • 100×50 (with a thickness of 0.45) – exactly 2.5 kg.

In some cases, 100×20 profiles are used – and this is a completely acquitted option. Other versions:

  • 50×50 with a thickness of 2 mm – 2 kg of 960 g per 1. m;
  • 60×27 (Popular Knauf product, weighing 600 g for 1. m);
  • 60×60 at a layer of 6 mm – 9 kg 690 g.

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

Scope of application

The profile with an external zinc layer is widely used for frame construction. Specialists appreciate primarily that this material is not sitting. As you know, the problem of shrinkage is characteristic even for the best varieties of wood. Processing only reduces this danger, but does not exclude it. The profile is like a building frame of the house and the material for the device crate for GVL, drywall, chipboard and fiberboard, cement-chipped plates are attractive:

  • simplicity of installation;
  • lack of risk of rotting and organic damage;
  • excellent wear resistance;
  • excellent combination with other building materials;
  • the possibility of use in a wide variety of architectural and investigation projects.

Often it is also taking galvanized profiles for the roof (in the format of professional flooring). They are environmentally friendly and can provide a variety of decisions.

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

Opportunities for coloring at the modern level of technologies are very high. Professional confidently huses slate. It is much stronger, more reliable and more durable, you can walk perfectly calmly.

Galvanized variable sections beams in demand. They are used in the construction of prefabricated buildings. Light steel structures are created from metal from 1.5 to 4 mm thick. The LSTK technology is unacceptable for structures of warehouses, but it is used as temporary options for emergency cases, for light private buildings and in the shopping equipment. It is quite logical to apply the same material in structures that are constantly in contact with the external environment:

  • greenhouses;
  • Racks of open warehouses;
  • Light or truck trailer frame.

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

Varieties of galvanized profiles and their use

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