The question of what a trowel (Quelma) is, what the tool looks like, it often occurs in people who plan to begin construction or repair work. Without this device, it is impossible to correctly perform the masonry of the brick, concrete blocks, cope with the distribution of plaster. How to properly make a choice of construction tools for a bricklayer and a concrete machine, for liquid wallpapers and other materials, it is worth telling more detail.
What it is?
Kelma is a building tool that looks like a flat blade fixed on the handle. The spacious name “Taste” is used in everyday life quite often, replacing the traditional name. Kelmma is used when creating a stone, brick, other construction masonry, distributing with its help fastening solutions horizontal and vertical surfaces. In the home source, it is also used for small repair, plaster finishes, working with liquid wallpaper.
Differences between different types of workshops are determined by their appointment. The main structural elements remain common:
- work part in the form of a flat blade;
- cervix connecting it with the holder;
Externally, Kelma looks like a blade with a rectangular, rounded or cone-shaped platform. Its parameters are determined by the type of tasks solved. It is manufactured by a working part of durable sheet steel with stainless or galvanized coating. The neck plays not only the role of attachment, but also breeds a platform with a handle in different planes. This Kelma is different from similar to the appointment of a spatula.
In addition to determining the corner of bending, the neck in the trunk plays another important role. It determines how hands will be grip when working with a tool. The handle that is fastened to the neck is usually made from a rough surface material. It may be wood, plastic, rubber or combination of different materials.
Heavy steel and lead handles are rare, but have significant advantage – impact resistance.
Obukh in the design of Kelma also plays a rather serious role. It is made of durable materials, located at the end of the handle. This element is performed tapping on a masonry stone to ensure its proper installation. Obukh must sit firmly in place, its displacement during work can lead to a split handle.
Application Sprinkle Sprinkle. Kelma is considered a specialized tool for masonry with concrete solutions, other construction mixtures. An even smooth and smooth platform is convenient to distribute tile glue and plastering compositions. The work part of the tool can create original chips on the surface of the stone and ceramic tiles. As well as Kelmum is sometimes used as a scraper.
Being a professional masonry tool, Kelma has the appropriate GOST standard that determines its basic parameters. This document indicates dimensions, characteristics, purpose of workshop. It is very important to take into account all these factors when selecting a suitable tool for performing specific types of work.
For concrete machine
Metal Kelma, which a wizard works in this case, slightly resembles a bucket due to the rounded front. Myself The tool has a triangular working platform 120-180 mm long. The main purpose of the workflows for concrete is the resurrection of the solution in the screed, the stirring of the prepared composition.
Do not confuse them with a tool for foam blocks: the glue on them is applied by other types of Kelm.
Working with concrete solution with the help of a workshop is often associated with the use of mechanized means. When using special mixers, it is precisely this tool that can easily and quickly consider excess mixture from the walls. Distinctive features of the workshops of this type can be called massive, as well as the smooth stainless surface of the working platform.
For aerated concrete, special Kelma-bucket with gear edge is most often used, Reminder bucket excavator. The width of its blade varies in the range of 100-400 mm. The main difference of the instrument lies in its multifunctionality. Such a trowel can simultaneously capture the mixture, to participate in its application and form a relief.
Used to masonry Kelma – classic tool option.
Bricklayer’s trowel, the cook has the following characteristic signs:
- triangular shape (closer to trapezium);
- rounded corners;
- dimensions 120-180 mm;
- indirect cervical bend angle.
Such cells are used for masonry of various solutions on mineral or cement basis.
In construction, they are used for installation of gas blocks, bricks, foam concrete, natural and artificial stone. It is believed that the tool for the bricklayer and the concreteer is quite interchangeable, but the practice shows that there are still differences. Specialized adaptations work is much more convenient, moreover, the difference in the arrangement of the handle can deliver a certain discomfort to the experimental master.
Tile trunks have a wide range of sizes, the working platform can reach a length of 17.4 cm. All of them differ in a drop-shaped form with a rounded nose. For the batch and other types of work that do not require a large amount of adhesive composition, special models are used. Little brable to fill the seams is much better suited than a spatula, it is quite possible to choose a universal tool, convenient for use when laying with different gaps size.
Classic Kelma’s appointment when performing tile work is also quite obvious. With it, it is cleaned with a prepared solution or adhesive composition on the tile. Typically, such tools have a slightly rough paintwork, guaranteeing good adhesion. Sounded with a trowel, a tile solution distributed by a comb.
For finishing work
Stretch in the form of a trapezoid with sharp corners also finds its application. He is indispensable in the work of the finishing. With this tool, plastering formulations are buried and attacked. Work with them is done by a trowel with a smooth surface, allowing the mixture to be easy to go from the blade. For smoothing and leveling, this type of product is not used.
Stretch with a wide pale base and a pointed tip also enters a group of non-masonry, and finishing tools. Its form is chosen, taking into account the features of the work performed. Stuccoaster is used for moving blends over the walls of the walls. This option is not bad for classic compositions, Venetian coatings, and special spatulas are much more suitable for the kororad.
In general, Kelma today is rarely used in the work on the plaster. They were replaced by a variety of variants of spatulas, allowing not only to align the surface, but also give it a certain decorativeness. Trunks apply less frequently, but provide wider surface coverage, which may be significance when working with quick-conchive mixtures.
For the primary stage of plastering, they use Kelma resembling a bath bucket– with bottom and cone-shaped walls. It produces splashing of a liquid solution to the surface. This tool has almost no neck – the handle is fixed right on the ground.
If the toothed surface of the spatula is considered optimal when working with decorative plasters, then Where it is necessary to hover the perfect smoothness, it is an indispensable brande. The rapid tool has noticeable differences from the classic Kelma. Its working platform has a square or rectangular shape, and the neck and handle are not located in the rear, but in the center. Such a combination allows you to make a “smooth” convenient for finishing surface finishing.
Cold culms are used when finishing ceiling and wall surfaces. They are convenient to apply Venetian plaster and other compositions requiring the perfect smoothness of the finished coating. When ironing, it will not be possible to do without the use of a cloud brand. Surface treatment with such a tool allows you to compact the decorative coating, make it glossy.
Grouting with comb
Unlike classic “ironing”, Kelma with a comb has gear protrusions on two edges. The length of their parties varies, can reach 8 mm. Such square teeth are designed to work with adhesive compositions that need not to be applied with a solid layer, but by strips. Cold Cologges with a comb are considered a special tool for Tiler. They are easily replaced by spatulas, and also suitable for ironing surfaces.
Narrow and long extender Kelma also has its own specialization. It is used when filling the seams in masonry between construction blocks, natural stone. The width of the flat platform with a rounded end is determined by the type of material with which to work. Expanding trips are an alternative to the soldier, allow you to carefully and quickly make filling voids and failures in the seams of masonry. They are also called rustic.
For inner and external corners
Cells used during plaster works may have a narrow specialization. Cornering their variety is used in cases where it is necessary to ensure the right and accurate finish in places with difficult access. The special form of “books” with an angle at 90 degrees allows you to apply a solution that evenly distributing it.
Corner Kelma is divided into outdoor and internal.
For liquid wallpaper
When working with modern finishing compositions, the tools have to choose the corresponding. Traffic machine for liquid wallpapers is designed to meet the peculiarities of this material.
- adjust the coating without damaging it;
- see the result (culma transparent);
- reducing the pressure.
Tools of this type can be made of polymeric materials, and not metal.
Most often neat tools are taken from acrylic, solid or combined. To them, you can take the appropriate spatulas. Metal Kelma is better to take stainless steel, ironing and angular. Acrylic models often have a plastic ergonomic handle that allows you to make a job more comfortable.
Transparent brands for liquid wallpapers are particularly well proven when working with decorative coatings. They not only allow to see the result of labor, but also make it possible to control the thickness of the layer, immediately detect defects.
Plastic Cologves are safer, do not damage the grabbing coating. They do not stick together with the composition like metal analogs, well slides.
For slopes, corners, areas around the sockets will be useful to Kelmaya trapezoidal form. When processing niches, arches, rounded elements completely indispensable will be brally in the form of ironing. Preparing everything you need to apply liquid wallpapers on the walls, it is worth taking care that the necessary tool is at hand.
How to choose?
The main criteria for choosing the right trowel concluded not only in its functionality or appointment. Much more attention should be paid to materials from which the working part of the Kelma is manufactured.
- Stainless steel. This is the most durable form of base, resistant to corrosion, shock loads, mechanical damage. With polished shiny surface, solutions are moving as easy as possible. The tool from this material is imperative, but when working requires greater care and accuracy.
- Black Steel. As in the case of stainless steel, this material is reusable by stamping on the preparation of the desired size. To protect against corrosion, the surface is painted or covered with galvanized layer. The solution to the surface of a conventional steel brake sticks quite well, which leaves more space for maneuvers when aiming, aiming. Clean the tool from the black metal is more complicated, but for newcomers in masonry, it suits much more.
It is worth paying attention to the features of the handle design. The best solution is the combined version of plastic with rubberized coating. It keeps the balance of lightness and convenience in work.
Handles from combined materials are well balanced, they are comfortable to keep in the palm of palm.
How to use it?
Working with a trowel when laying a stone, grouting seams or smoothing the surface always has its own characteristics. Master the fineness of the art of ownership of Kelma will be useful absolutely to all. Especially since even the home master periodically has to carry out repair or plaster work.
Here are the basic rules when working with a trowel.
Technique. When working with cement solutions, the mixture pumping to the surface of the masonry is carried out exclusively by the hand brush. No need to use elbow or shoulder, otherwise fatigue will come too fast. It is worth considering that each set of material adds weight to its own mass of the Kelma in 400-600 g.
It is impossible to allow the hand too quickly to feel the load, otherwise performing the work quickly, it is unlikely to come out.
- Acceleration. This moment is very important when working with plastering compositions. At the time of the sketch, you must dial the mixture on the trowel, and then perform a sharp movement from myself with a stop. In this case, the solution will easily come down from the Kelma working platform, being on the surface of the inertia.
- Individual adaptation. The bending of the tool cervix determines the comfort in working with cells when performing a certain circle of tasks. But it must comply with the anatomical features of a particular person. If there is no discomfort when the solution of the solution in the brush hand is permanent, it is worth experimenting with the angle of tilt the neck. Properly configured Kelma will provide maximum speed and convenience in.
- Work with liquid wallpaper. This type of compositions is fundamentally different from classic plaster. One and the same grouting can be used for sketch, and for smoothing the coating. At the same time, the mixture is applied to the surface of the instrument, then it is applied to the wall, the material rubs the circular motion.
No need to observe a single direction of movement of the workman – it may well move unsystematic.
- Application at masonry. On the building stone, the brick solution of the Kelma is applied from the bog. There is also a technique at which the layer of the mounting mixture is applied to the base with excess, so that when it is laying part it turned out to be on the side. Surplus cement must be immediately removed by the same trowel. Upon completion of the masonry, narrow cells are taken, the extension is performed.
Given all these recommendations, it is possible to provide convenience when using Kelma in carrying out construction and repair work.
This tool is still requested and relevant. The ability to own them will make it possible to do without any assistance in performing simple masonry, sticking tiles or plastering walls.