Not any family to build a house from a bar. But each wants him to be beautiful. Implies the imitation of the bar or Falchbus – building material for the design of facades and interior premises of low-rise houses and cottages. In fact, this is a cladding planed board, treated with four sides and profiled under the timber. Externally, it is practically no different from the bar, but significantly cheaper. Produce a falsebrus from coniferous wood and combine themselves with a spike-groove system.
Dimensions for exterior decoration
In order to obtain the facade, indistinguishable from the walls made from the profiled timber, use the material not any, and strictly defined sizes, otherwise it will look like a house as if it were separated by clapboard.
In the Russian market, the Falchball is offered various sizes. Its length reaches 2-6 m, the width varies in the range of 90-190 mm (under the profiled timber – 150 and 200 mm), the thickness is 19-35 mm, the most popular – 20 and 22 mm. Falxtrus is also offered on the market and even 14 mm thick, but such dimensions are not standard, and find them more difficult.
The choice of the thickness of the board also depends on the conditions of future operation, that is, from the climate, because it is on the outside of the buildings all the impact of the elements. From this point of view, choosing the thickness of the board for finishing the external walls of the house in the middle lane of Russia, it should be borne in mind that it should not be less than 19 mm. Experts recommend for this purpose to choose the size of 25-30 mm. It is not surprising, so the house after the decoration seems more in size.
For facing facades of houses usually apply the boards width 185-190 mm. Length determines the width of the house, usually 6 meters. But if it is not enough, the joints are closed with a film that is chosen under the color of the house or paint. Most often for the external finishing of houses, a timber imitation is used with the following dimensions: width -190 mm, thickness – 35 mm, length – 2-6 m. But during the installation, the material of such a length causes difficulties due to the high weight.
The finish of ventilated facades is often carried out by imitation of a bar made of pine 18x190x6000. It does not need special skills, special tools and knowledge – the design of the spike-groove is extremely simple. The main thing is to set exactly by the level of the lower row of Falsebruss. If this is not done, there is a breakdown, which will require alteration of the entire sheathing.
Imitation of a pine bar with dimensions of 20x140x6000 has a view of a natural bar of beautiful pinkish color. This is a popular material having a high-density wood structure, characterized by a moderate price. The disadvantage of this material is high flammability due to its resininess.
Longitudinal recesses in boards provide ventilation of the premises and reduce the voltage in the overall array of finishing material, preventing the appearance of cracks.
We must not forget about mechanical strength: the width and thickness should be proportional to each other. The existing standards declare the optimal ratio of the width (W) and the thickness (T) of the board: W / 5.5 = T. Based on this, the imitation of a bar with dimensions of 180×30 mm, which can be found on sale, does not have the necessary strength. This must be considered when choosing.
In order not to make a mistake, choosing a timber imitation, you should know how the correct designations look like. Imitation of a bar of a working area of 185 mm, 20 mm thick is written as – 185x20x6000. Spike size is not taken into account when calculating.
If there is a task of external finishing of the house, imitation of a bar with dimensions of 185x20x6000 can not be applied! The thickness of this material is not suitable for such works. Even taking a special processing board under the influence of the environment – rainy or hot weather, the change of seasons – may be swallowed in the middle or snatch spikes from the grooves, because of which it will have to go through the wall.
Dimensions for internal sheat
Internal premises of premises with a tree makes the interior of the house warm, luminous and very cozy. For the inner suspension of the premises, experts advise to choose the thickness of the falsebrus 16-22 mm, the width – 140 mm. Material of such dimensions looks significantly better than, for example, a 180 mm width of the width: when using a wide falsebruss, the room visually decreases. In addition, experts note that, if you separate a small room, a link (winding location of wood fibers), which determines the beauty of the material, becomes minority. The texture of the tree ceases to look winning and, accordingly, to felt the effect of decoration made of wood, its warmth and comfort.
The following sizes of timing simulation are most popular for the finishing of premises: width – 135 or 140 mm with a thickness of 16 or 20 mm (135×16 and 135×20 or 140×16 and 140×20 mm), and for small rooms – 11×140 mm. Discontinued by Falchball of such dimensions of the room is difficult to distinguish from the 150×150 mm constructed from the profiled bar. In industry, the material of this width has a thickness in the range of 16-28 mm, the economical solution – 16x140x6000. Making a calculation, it should be borne in mind that the working width of the falsebruus with a dimension of 140 mm – 135 mm (5 mm falls on the width of the groove). If you doubt what thickness to choose with a given width, remember that the ratio of thickness to the width of the panel 1: 5-1: 8 with sufficient strength will greatly facilitate the board, and hence the entire design. At the same time inside the room, the high strength of the board, as when facing the facade, is not needed.
Also boards with dimensions of 150x20x6000 mm are also suitable for interior decoration. Falchbus working area 140 mm, 20 or 16 mm thick is designated as: 140x20x6000 or 16x140x6000. In this case, the spike in the test of the board area is not accepted in analogous to the calculation of the material for the exterior decoration of the walls.
To save material, the calculation of its number is done so as to reduce the number of joints when finishing. However, it is not so important for decoration of the walls, since the joints can always be hidden for furnishing objects, paintings, other decorative elements. But on the facade of the joints do not hide and on the ceiling too. In order for the joints to look artistic, carefully choose the length of the simulation of the timber – for the premises preferably 2-4 m, and the installation should be calculated from the window. If you plan joints, then mount the boards need to be a ladder or a Christmas tree, alternating seams and the middle of the next board.
If it is necessary to separate a large section of the wall, it is recommended to use a timber imitation with dimensions of 20×190 mm (20x190x6000). The material of such sizes today is most popular by buyers, as it allows you to install on different configuration walls.
When finishing a large section of the wall minimize waste allows such dimensions:
But the most demanded is the length of the falsebrus 4 meters. Boards for finishing ceilings should be relatively light, small thickness, optimally – 13 mm
The thickness and width of the timing of timber and their ratio affects the natural processes inherent in wood material and occurring in nature – swelling and dermisk when changing humidity and temperature differences. For the external cladding of the house of the board width of 190 mm perfectly proven itself with a thickness of 28 mm (198×28). So, the use of a pashbruss from pine 190×28 AB when facing the facade of the house will postpone repairs for several decades.
If you do not follow the ratio of thickness and the width of the timing of the timber, their deformations are possible in the finished coating in the form of a torsion and wiggle by the “boat”. Russian enterprises produce a rashbrus with a width of up to 250 mm.
What size to choose?
Summing up the above, you can note the following nuances.
In the external cladding of houses, experts recommend choosing boards with a cross section of 185x25x6000. They are durable and look like a real timber. It is necessary to have them horizontally to protect the seams from moisture. The thickness of the boards 30 and 40 mm is also possible, but it is noticed that under the action of natural phenomena, the profiled board of this size is usually cracking. And the processing of the material will not exclude with special septic, but only derete this trouble.
The inner lining of the walls looks beautifully when using material with dimensions: thickness 11-20 mm, width 135-145 mm, length 4000 mm. Save the dimensions 20x145x6000 or 20x146x3000 mm. Possible arrangement of boards – horizontal and vertical.
For trimming ceilings in order to reduce the weight of the structure and reduce the number of joints, it is better to use small-dimensional boards – thickness up to 13 mm and 2-3 m long. Of these, you can create a unique drawing – Christmas tree, ladder and other. Fantasy is not limited here.
For the sizes of imitation of timber, see the video below.