Subtleties of wall finishing with clapboard

Modern technologies in construction and repair are constantly being improved, many new materials appear. GLK, OSB, plastic are in demand and extensively apply, but wood still does not learn their own positions. In particular, the lining is very popular and popular, it is practiced when wearing ceilings, walls, window and door slopes. Material can be used for internal and external work.

Features and destination

Lining is natural and environmentally friendly material. The following characteristics can be attributed to its positive features.

  • Pleasant appearance. Never repeating original wood drawing makes it possible to create an extremely interesting finishing material. The variety of colors, shades and contrasts makes it possible to actively apply it to designers in own projects. Through this material, you can not only change the appearance of the interior of residential premises, but also make the facade of any home more attractive.
  • Wear resistance. Clapboards are thoroughly impregnated with all sorts of protective agents, the treated surface will serve not to serve as a decade. Boards are tightly docked with each other when laying, as a result of which an extremely strong surface is formed, perfectly protecting internal or exterior walls from the influence of negative factors.

  • Easy mounting. Styling can even carry out those who are completely different meaning in construction. Easy styling strongly attracts consumers, since spending a minimum of time to master the most important rules for finishing, you can save significant funds for the remuneration of specialists.
  • Good sound insulation. When installing the lining between it and the wall of the house, a slight air layer is formed, which counteracts the penetration of third-party sounds and provides silence in the house.
  • Affordable price. The cost of material fluctuates in a relatively wide range, which makes it possible to choose the most cost-effective option. It should also be noted that the laying does not require careful preparation of the foundation, which helps to reduce the estimates of finishing.

Lining is a practically universal product, Used to cover a variety of surface types, ranging from walls in a room to ceilings. It can be used to finish the bathroom in the apartment, baths, saunas, office space, log cabin logs, brusal, frame, brick houses, or aerated concrete construction. You can enhance the roof of the roof, since the used puzzle compound makes it possible to make a cladding type of monolithic coating.

Views and characteristics

The lining can be made of wood, MDF (wood waste), as well as PVC (plastic lining).

From wood

Wooden lining is the generic team of the whole lining, which has not lost its popularity and in our time. Wood lining finds extensive use of both in external and in the inner lining of structures. It in particular respectfully looks in the hallways or saunas. Of course, the lifestyle period is long, even in places with high humidity the basis for making it must be the corresponding species of trees, such as Lipa or Alder. Other wood breeds (pine, spruce) are suitable for use in more acceptable temperature conditions.

This material can also be different in shape. There are several types of profiles.

  • Standard profile – facial side with equal depths both on the side of the groove and side of the spike. In this case, the outer corners and the edges of the profile are straight and look somewhat rough.

  • Profile with the name “Soft-Line” gives a lined surface more smooth species, which is promoted by rounded squeezes. The lining brand “CHTIL” looks like smoothly. But unlike the “Soft Laina”, it has a less deep groove and a shorter thorns, which significantly reduces the performance of the material, since the profile locks can be dispersed with temperature and humidity fluctuations.

  • If in the standard profile additionally make grooves on its back, then it turns out the so-called Eurovanda. Such grooves are performed to prevent the accumulation of condensate for the mounted profile, since the circulation of air masses occurs between the base and profile.

  • Lining “American”. Due to the virtuoso copying of a massive board is the most successful substitute for solid wood. Its in demand contributes to an acceptable value, which is significantly lower than the value of the array. She is also owned by its popularity, which managed to assume the hearts of designers, and resistant to the influence of high humidity and precipitation, which makes it possible to use it for an external finish.

From MDF

This material to wooden can be attributed, but relatively. Raw materials for its production – finely chopped wood waste or wood dust. Thanks to the specialized heat treatment of raw materials, a fairly strong and relatively lightweight material comes out, the environmental characteristics of which make it possible to use it even in children’s and bedrooms.

The undoubted advantages of the profile of the MDF include almost infinite color gamut. Due to the ability to externally reproduce not only the patterns of the tree, but also drawing stone, marble and other materials, the profile has acquired its special popularity in people with humble material wealth.

Walls, lined MDF, look comfortable and stylish.


Plastic profile, or PVC panels – this is a strong competitor for the first two types of lining. Often the plastic version is chosen due to its relatively low cost, low weight and all the same ease of mounting and reliability in operation.

It is safely used both in external and in the interior of the house. Although this material is environmentally friendly and can be applied in almost any premises, it is necessary to realize that the interior of the interior of the premises does not add such material. Walls look good (or their some sites), lined with plastic clap on the balcony or in the bathroom. Nevertheless, in the living room or bedroom, such a design can look somewhat awkwardly. Where PVC panels are particularly attractive looking, so it is on the ceiling, and that exclusively in public premises, such as kitchen, bathroom, corridor.

When deciding whether to mount the PVC panels on the ceiling and walls, make sure that there will be no open flame nearby, nor just hot, since such a material is freely deformed from high temperatures, loses color and after that it is not amenable to restoration or Repair.


Immediately it should be noted that the size of ordinary and eurvagra is different. The length, thickness and width of the ordinary profile installs the manufacturer.

The greatest demand is the lining of wood, which is characterized by typical dimensions.

  • The smallest boards length – 0.2 meters, the largest length – 6 meters. Similar dimensions make it attractive for those who intend to carry out the bath, balcony or residential room.
  • Profile width can be from 76 to 200 millimeters. This size makes it possible to perform high-quality cladding and inside, and outside the house.
  • The thickness of the board is from 12 to 40 mm, the size of the spike is from 4 to 5 mm.

If wooden profiles are analyzed along the length, then they are divided into two classes: long use for cladding, short – to cover the roof cornices. Short boards cost cheaper due to the fact that the blanks are made from the remnants of production of long boards.

The dimensions of the Euro woman can be from 1.5 meters to 6 meters along the length. Thickness can be 13,16 and 19 millimeters. In the width of Eurooval, there are 80, 100, 110 and 120 millimeters. Such width is flawlessly suitable for plating spacious rooms. Spike size – from 8 millimeters to 9.

For Eurovantia, the following discrepancies are allowed in size:

  • in length +/- 5 mm;
  • in thickness 0.7 mm;
  • in width – one millimeter;
  • Schip size may have +/- 0.5 mm.

Subtleties of mounting

Usually for cladding on the bases, wood frames are created with a distance between carrier profiles from 40 to 60 cm. Analogously to the subsystem can be made of galvanized metal products, only to attach kleimers instead of cloves (for premises with high humidity, anodized or copper), it is necessary to use screws for metal or rivets with a small hat type LN 9 mm.

Lamaders can be directed both vertically and horizontally. In the horizontal direction, the compensation channels on the back are perfectly removed by moisture (very good for pairs), and with a horizontal direction of the casing, the moisture penetration into the lock (excellently for the facades) is excluded.

I must say that the lining of wood mounted horizontally can be practiced for plating wooden and metal partitions. Sometimes the walls of frame structures. A good decorative effect can be learned if you install the boards diagonally, although there are difficulties with cutting and planning of the economical use of the material.

Examination boards to enclosing structures are better to install with a compensating gap (up to 10 mm). After mounting, the external and internal angles of the adjunctions are closed by wood. Similarly, for these purposes, you can use a rope from jute, hemps or flax, which is superbly combined with wood and reliably seal technological gaps, since all sorts of curvilinear surfaces are extremely repeated.


In order to separate the facade in the horizontal direction, it is recommended to carry out work from the bottom up. The first bar is mounted in spike down and attached to the crate. The second panel is installed so that its spikes enter the groove first, after which it should also be fixed on the crate. Similarly, all subsequent panels are mounted.

Fixing the lining on the crate can be made by means of screws, nails, brackets Building stapler, as well as specialized fasteners. Would not hurt that the fasteners passed through the groove bar when installing the board, then it will be impaired. When installing each panel, it is necessary to hardly control the accuracy of its location – it should stand in parallel to other boards. Drying and displacement are not allowed. It is also important that the boards are located strictly in the same plane, that is, should not be higher or lower relative to each other.

For door and window openings, wall joints, specialized plinths are used, profile angle and planks. The second option – installation of slats perpendicular to the basis of the facade. Boards are installed and fixed in a vertical position. For wall joints, two strips are applied, which are installed at the right angle. The doorways and windows are made in the same way (the plank is covering the slope, the second basics the platband).

In some cases, it is required to use a double frame for EuroND. For him, bars are nailed in two layers, the top is perpendicular to the bottom. Strengthening the frame required on large facades, where the own mass of the facing is large, and the load on the carrier construction is increased.

Laccination and staining of the lining is better to produce after the installation is completed, and the processing of protective means both from the inside and the outside should be carried out before installation.

When the facade is trimmed, the lining can be applied together with other materials. It will give the appearance of the house a more expressive appearance. You can also use the lining of various colors.

Interior decoration

The lining, of course, can be selected directly to the ceiling or wall, but only if they are smooth and of the wood, which happens extremely rarely. As a rule, on the surface, the framework is first built (rails are fixed), and then the facing material is already nailed. There is a small, but very significant nuance. If the lining will be mounted in a vertical position, it is necessary to fill the rails horizontally on the wall in increment of approximately 0.5-1 meters. If a horizontal position is selected for the trim, then the rails are located vertically.

It is carried out for a more reliable frame clutch with clapboard. Naturally, the wall must be smooth, because all the rails in the frame must be at one level. To do this, you need to use a plumb and level when working. Upon completion of the preparatory work, you can proceed to the trim. Experts recommend starting from the corner and move on the rail rack.

In rooms that do not require impeccable beauty (in particular, household buildings and subsidies) can be used for fixation and nails. Of course, not ordinary nails, and special – with small hats.

You can nourish the planks just in the center, but for the formation of a decent appearance, it is better to score cloves in the grooves, then they will not be noticeable. But if the surface requires a pleasant aesthetic look, it is better to use special brackets for fixing.


Mounting of the lining required, holding the rules. At this stage there should be no omissions or defects, otherwise the cladding may turn out to be fragile and will last long.

Between the planks and the basis (wall, facade, ceiling and the like) MUST MUST BE VENTSORS BY 1-2 centimeters. Often, when mounted it, it is overlooked, closing the space for ventilation with thermal insulation. For normal ventilation between the installed clapboard and the ventilation layer, it is necessary to leave an empty place. If this is not done, then the material will begin to mock, crack, curvatched.

If during the work of the work there was no space for ventilation, the trim should be dismantled. In the presence of insulation, there are 2 ways to create a ventilation gap: you can remove part of the insulation or “increasing” frame, thereby increasing the distance between the base and the trim.

In the process of mounting, with your own hands, when aligning alternation planes, you need to act extremely gently. In order not to spoil the material while climbing their ends, it is necessary to correctly calculate the force of impact. Actually, because of the fear, split the groove often when mounted, leave small skeys of slats. This can not be allowed – the material should be laid flawlessly smoothly, precisely parallel to the initial bar. Otherwise, the skew will only increase, because of which all the cladding will be a curve.

If the boards are already mounted with distortion, it is necessary to find the one with which the inconsistency went. All the skin set after it need to dismantle. Then the uneven bar is aligned and the mounting of the wallboard is performed first.

When heated, the tree is expanding and compressed when cooled. To reimburse the transformation of its dimensions during the laying of the sheat, it is saved by several millimeters space. If the laying is made without gap and boards rest in the walls, the trim over time is exposed to deformation. To correct this error, you need to dismantle the plinth and cut a little strips from the edges. So, when cladding the walls, extreme planks should not reach the corners by 5-6 mm. Same thing – with joints with ceiling and floors.

Often the lining is fixed to the frame through kleimers (Special configuration brackets). Meanwhile, it is possible to use conventional brackets only when you need to sew inner and dry rooms. With external facing, as well as when wearing premises with high humidity, it is better to use nails or self-tapping screws. Standard brackets in similar episodes provide not very reliable fastening and trim deforming as wood reforms, as well as under the influence of sharp fluctuations in temperature.

If the premises of the room with high humidity or the facade is implemented using not very durable brackets, it is necessary to strengthen fasteners. The easiest option is to end-to-end fixation by nails or self-tapping. It is necessary to take into account that in this situation their caps will be noticeable on the surface of the sheat. If it is unacceptable, then the lining should be removed and put again using more reliable fasteners.

In accordance with the Rules of Euroovaga, after mounting should be covered with protective equipment. In fact, this is not always produced, as a rule, the material performs its functions without a special coating. The result of this becomes the appearance on the surface of fungal neoplasms. If the tree did not have time to spoil, it is necessary to apply a protective substance as soon as possible. If the fungus has already been formed, the surface of the boards is required to treat special safety from fungus, and then apply protection. In some cases, before applying protection, the surface is cleaned with a skin to remove spoiled wood.

Examples of facing

  • It is the opinion that the lining is more suitable for the bath or dacha than for the apartment and the cottage. Such a misconception is successfully refuted by designers who harmoniously enter the wood facing into a wide variety of directions and styles.
  • Wood lining in the interior is harmoniously connected with wallpaper, cafeter, plaster. With a professional combination of textures, you can form a stylish and elegant interior.
  • The lining can be an integral part of the interior in the Scandinavian stylistics. In this design, it harmonizes with artificial or natural stone and large beams on the ceiling.

  • The one who is in love with Provence will definitely fit the design of the walls of the wood of natural tones. In this option, a mix of wood with plaster and floors from a rough board looks pretty and naturally.
  • Another style that requires the use of natural cladding from the wood – Russian. Walls lined with a block house look like a chub walls.

    • You can use the lining and in the style of Hi-tech. In this embodiment, materials painted paint into neutral white or gray colors and are used as a background for saturated accessories.
    • Minimalist fans Most likely, the connection of the molding with strict cladding from ceramics and stone will be likely.

    See below.

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