Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

The basics for inter-storey floors and roofs in our country are made mainly from reinforced concrete or wood. For the construction of the roof, inter-storey and attic floors use lags and rafters from a cutting board 150 by 50 mm. The material for them is cheap species of wood (pine and fir). Maurylalat is put on brick and aerated walls of the building, which serves for attaching rafters and lag. They are attached to each other with the help of grooves made in the castle and fix their rail brackets.

The modern type of fixation consists of reinforced iron corners and plates screwed by self-proofs or nail nailed. Maurylalat can be made from the same edged board or from a bar, most often the size of 150×150 mm or 150×200 mm. The same size may have lags.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Often lagows have a view of a rounder, especially in rural areas. For household buildings in the country or in the village, in order to save and availability, the material of the rafter can also be made of not very thick round. The perfect quality of evenness in such a design is difficult to achieve, but you can significantly save financially.

Wooden material should be used after proper storage so that there is no distortion and the board did not led the screw. Rounds need to be cleaned from the bark.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Peculiarities

At the new building, if he is not spontaneous, everything goes according to plan and according to the drawings. Questions arise when repairing or redevelopment of an existing room. Especially if it was built without your participation.

Build a new one is always easier than repaired old. But this is not always beneficial from an economic point of view, and also requires a large amount of time.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Difficulties may occur if the room is used as a permanent. For repair, it is necessary to maximize the space where work will be. That failed to be taken, carefully covered with polyethylene film or sheets. Dismantling is performed.

In a single-storey building of the old building over the ceiling, most likely there will be a dry screed of crumbs or straw with clay. There will be a lot of dust.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

In a two-story building, dismantle the overlap for the first floor is not completely unnecessarily, if a good floor is on the top floor. It will be just more difficult to mount heat-soundproofing from Minvati. It is inserted in stages as the ceiling sewn, for fasteners, use special plastic dowels with wide hats or tightening. The length of the dowels is cut down slightly less than the thickness of the insulating material and is screwed to the floor of the upper floor with screws, approximately 1 cm more than the length of the dowel.

Foam heat insulation is mounted in this situation much easier.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Materials

For this type of work, any kind of materials will be suitable. You can combine several species at the same time. Ceiling can be done completely or partially smooth. On this surface, wallpaper or ceiling foam tile are placed. And as an option paint oil or water-emulsion paint.

Also use:

  • DVP. These sheets lie so that their ends passed through the middle of the beam. For fastening transverse ends between beams Mount wooden bars 20×40 mm. Customize them can be flush with lags, cutting into them the recesses or in the releasing with the help of an additional bar or metal corner. When working you need to follow the list of fiberboard does not resist. Nail it nails. Mounted sheets in a checker order or simply with a seam offset.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

  • Plywood. If it is not a pity to lose the texture of the tree, then they nourish or attract the plywood sheets in the same way as the Fiberboard. The difference consists only in the thickness of the transverse bar, since plywood is heavier. More thickness depends on the distance between the beams. When installing with self-draws, pre-drill 2.5mm and splitting holes to drown a screw cap. Sews put on a mastic or putty on a tree. For paint, ground and put the entire surface. Primer use universal, sweat hypership.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

  • OSP Plates (OSB). Inexpensive material with durability, fastening and processing the same as plywood. It has good moisture resistance. The disadvantage is considered to be in resins gluing wooden chips, such a substance as formaldehyde. But if the material is made qualitatively, the emission of formaldehyde is small. There are pinned plates with a groove edge on the edge, thanks to which they are going like lining. High-quality stoves are practically absent.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

  • Plasterboard. The most common material for these purposes. It is easily mounted both on wooden and aluminum frame. Thanks to this, you can make a multi-level ceiling. If you need a small insert, it is easy to attach directly to the rough ceiling. The feature of his decoration is in the sealing of the seams. For this use strips of thin mesh. It happens moisture-resistant from 10 mm thick for unheated premises or rooms with small humidity. But for outdoor work and premises with high humidity, it does not fit. For warm and dry rooms there is a ceiling drywall with a thickness of 9 mm.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Pour the ceiling can be aerated concrete.

  • Sandwich panels – Good insulation. This option is used very rarely, because panels are allowed using a X-shaped plastic connector, and they are screwed to the lags with painted white paint screws with presses that have nothing to cover. But they are very suitable as small inserts. There are glossy and matte. Do not require additional processing. Mixed on a rough ceiling with liquid nails with the help of vertical struts from the floor to the ceiling.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

  • The most popular material for a private house is Wooden lining. It is natural and environmentally friendly. The ceiling, which fed, breathes, absorbing the surplus of moisture indoors and giving it to the lack of. In addition to the beautiful view, it is durable and performs the role of heat and sound insulation. The variety of wood textures from which it is manufactured, gives a large selection for design solutions. Make it from coniferous and hardwood trees: oak, beech, ash, birch, linden, alder, pine, cedar. It varies with a profile, varieties and sizes. Width happens from 30 mm to 150 mm. For the ceiling there is enough thickness of 12 mm. Standard Length can reach up to 6000 mm, which makes it possible to overlap the room with whole racks without splicing. There is a large selection of Morilok, with the help of which from cheap woods make the color analogue expensive.

It is possible to play the texture of the tree and with varnish. For example, that the lining is not a jewel, it first covers the nitrola layer. It dries quickly, without soaking the base, and creates a film. Top of apply two layers of alkyd or water-fastened varnish.

With varnishes, you can make a glossy or matte surface. The crest crest is attached to the groove, and to lags with self-draws or nails, using Dobochnik, at an angle of 45 degrees in the groove of lining.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

  • As a cutting material uses a cutting board. But it is rather a rough ceiling, because it will not be possible to avoid gaps. Treat usually inch (25 mm thickness) for the entire length of the ceiling. It is possible to mount at 45 degrees in the sidewall of the rails on the tie or through.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

  • Beautifully Looks Stretch Ceiling (French). Installation of such a coating is done after the construction and finishing works. Do it yourself to make it easy without the use of gas equipment and heating cannons. Although the temperature in the work room will have to raise in any way. Of the special tools, only a spatula and construction hairdryer will be needed. Household or professional hair dryer will also suit. Color and texture of the canvas are chosen to taste.

Purchasing components for mounting, you need to buy superciles. Using other glue can damage the canvas.

First, it is carried out and attached to the black ceiling of the electrician. Then the installation is made according to the instructions that are purchased with the components.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

  • Easy mounted on the ceiling plastic panels. They have a form of a width of 50-100 mm wide. As a collected form, they have among themselves suture, so they are called rack. For the ceiling, lining with very thin walls. It is frozen even with hands and is afraid of mechanical loads, but light and does not require a reinforced fastening frame. Usually it is white. Such material can be attached to the wooden beams even with a building stapler. More dense plastic without suture panels. The standard width 250 mm is wider than 350 mm and 450 mm. They have a large selection of colors, from white glossy and matte to imitation of different wood breeds.

Well fit for bathrooms, but not for a bath. You can apply them not only for residential premises. They laid the ceiling on the veranda, gazebo, terrace, garage. Lagged lags and beams leaving the wall like a trump card.

They are attached to the tree with small nails with a wide hat, and on a metal profile with self-draws. They are easy to clean. High-quality panels do not fade under the sun.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Siding and straightening can be seen street buildings: gazebos, garage, terrace, fence. Suspended ceilings, such as French, Armstrong, aluminum racks to the beams do not have any relationship. But they can come in handy for the design solution – the device of such ceilings can be combined with other materials.

Design schemes

We looked at the materials attached to the beams and covering them completely. To increase the space and creating a special design, beams can be left open. They can be decorated with manual carvings and lacquered.

If they are solid, then you can leave them without additional machining. When they are prefabricated or ugly look, they are sewn to another material. Old beams are cleaned of fungus and mold, treated with flame retardant and bioprotective impregnation.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

The circuit of inter-storey and roofing overlap is one:

  • ceiling. It happens black and finishing;
  • Paro- and waterproofing. Apply nonwoven films, films with foil having a polymer reinforcing frame. It prevents the appearance of fungus and mold, prevents the absorption of moisture insulation, improves thermal insulation;
  • insulation. Polymeric material is used: foam, polyurethane foam, polystopoldirol. Organic: peat, straw, sawdust. Inorganic: Keramzit, Perlit, Vermiculitis, Mineral Wat. It allows you to maintain heat and serves sound insulation;

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

  • Waterproofing. Polypropylene films, rubberoid, pergamine, polyethylene are used. It prevents moisture penetration into the insulation and on wooden structures;
  • Paul or roofing. For the floor use sexual or cutting board, chipboard, osb, lining, plywood. For roof: slate, metal tile, professional flooring, flexible tile.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Design features – using a draft ceiling or without it. It is obligatory if organic material is used as insulation. It is necessary and when the ceiling is trimmed with sheets. If he is a curve, it should be aligned.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

How to stripe?

As a ceiling, you can use the floor covering of the upper floor. The selected material is processed by a pre-antiseptic and placed on top of the beams of inter-storey overlap. Thus, the ceiling becomes higher, and the beams become part of the interior.

At the ceiling (floor), a doomle under the finishing floor of the upper floor is mounted. Further everything is going on technology: vaporizolation, insulation, waterproofing, floor.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

To leave the beams outside and save the space of the upper room, the top of them is a quarter, the depth of which will consist of a thickness of the material of the ceiling plus the thickness of the insulation. Quarter can be made in advance with a circular saw before mounting beams or using chainsaws at the place. The ceiling material is cut into place and put on a quarter between the beams. Further work is carried out by technology.

If you do not want to mess around with a quarter, You can bother on the beams of a bar in the form of a baagate (ceiling plinth), and on it already putting the ceiling material. The lining can be attached to a bar from the end at 45 degrees, and OSB, Phaneur and Gypsum – Thrust.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

When you need to isolate the lower room for interior decoration, and the material on the ceiling is not yet, you can insulate it with mineral wool. For this, tight polypropylene film to beams, using a building stapler. 50-50 cm bentovers, wrapping the edges on the wall, and the seams pass metallized scotch. Downstairs make a counterclaim for the future ceiling. Minvatu cut and put between beams on film. Top closed with waterproofing.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Designer ceiling binder solutions can be expressed in combination of various types of material that can be given unusual forms using electrical lighting in different levels and directions.

It looks very beautifully the ceiling with elements of mirror coatings. Such a solution allows you to increase the illumination of the room, to highlight some part of the interior: chandelier, bed, writing table, corner, track.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Materials having a reflective surface:

  • Glass-based ordinary mirror. Installation of such elements expensive, material is fragile and has a certain weight. But the mirrors better than other materials reflect light. Glued on liquid nails.
  • Stretch mirror leather. Maximum film width 1.3 m, hardly mounted because it does not stretch. Excellent reflective coefficient. For small sites on the ceiling perfectly suitable. There are still stretch glossy PVC films covered with varnish. They only reflect the surface without clean mirror.
  • Orcseklo. It is done using the technology of ordinary glass, instead of which is used transparent acrylic plastic. There are plastic sheets with a glued mirror film. They are lung and durable. Must as a suspended ceiling.
  • Aluminum Rush and Cassette Ceilings. Unfortunately, the rails are easily scratched.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Useful advice

If there is no special antiseptics, the tree can be soaked. This is a machine oil that has spent its time. Such impregnation protects the tree, saves oil paint when used.

Polyethylene film for steam barrier ceiling in the roof is ineffective, because it creates a complete tightness. Because of this, there is a greenhouse process that contributes to the accumulation of the fluid, which due to the temperature difference destroys the properties of the insulation and provokes the damage of the tree. Polypropylene film having a foil coating must have space between the insulation 1-2 cm for ventilation. She creates foil outward.

To avoid mistakes when installing, it is better to use the material isosan. He is inexpensive and can close to the insulation. Single concern – Do not purchase isesan hydro-insulating. You need to pay more attention to the tightness of the joints of the film strips. To do this, use a wide tape, and the locations of the junctions are preferably choosing on the lags.

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

Subtleties binder ceiling on wooden beams

How to rinse the ceiling on wooden beams See next video.

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