Start Putty: Features of Choice

Today, the market has a variety of starting putty. Pick up the appropriate option is often quite difficult not only to novice masters, but also specialists. In order not to be mistaken, you need to understand the types of materials, the features of the choice and use of the starting (it is also called the base) putty.

What it is?

Starting putty apply to do different different surfaces. Such materials are well suited for the following bases:

  • stone;
  • concrete;
  • Brick.

Such putty can also be used for arched openings, door, window slopes and so on.

They are suitable for plastered ceilings, walls. With the help of such materials, align the basics with potholes, chips, cracks – they allow you to eliminate a variety of defects. It is worth noting that the starting putty is different from the finish material: it is cheaper and is characterized by a more dense consistency.

High-quality starting putty have the following characteristics:

  • resistance to cracks (however, it is necessary to take into account certain recommendations in the preparation and application of the material);
  • The ability to quickly become dry;
  • Ecology.

Manufacturers offer putty materials specifically designed for external or interior finishing works. So that the putty is better to fit with the base, you can first apply primer to the surface.

Many people going to use the starting putty are interested, whether it is possible to glue the wallpaper on this material (without using additional coatings). Different situations are possible. If the wallpaper is thin, it is better to apply a finishing solution to the surface.

If the coatings are sufficiently dense, they can be used immediately.

The consumption of putty largely depends on what type of the processed base refers. When going to acquire the putty material, you need to explore the entire surface: so you can take into account each nuance and correctly calculate the required amount of solution.


Manufacturers that create starting putty are usually used for this:

  • gypsum;
  • polymeric binders;
  • cement;
  • lime.

The proportions depend on the various nuances, as well as from what manufacturer has produced a specific putty material. Today, many companies specialize in the production of basic putty: this is Knauf, “prospectors” and so on.

Choosing the appropriate material, you can read consumer reviews, familiarize yourself with the ratings. It is recommended to give preference to known manufacturers who have won a good reputation.

Materials in which a lot of cement are very resistant to fluid. For this reason, they are well suited for both domestic and external finishing works. They are used to process surfaces in rooms with high humidity. However, such materials also have disadvantages: they differ in saturated gray, which is very difficult to hide using thin wallpaper, and after a while they are significantly seated.

Dry gypsum spacities are distinguished by beautiful white, they are more aesthetic. However, such materials should not be used in the premises where humidity is increased.

Popile materials are very popular, the basis of which are polymer binders. This, for example, acrylic materials. Such putty have the following advantages:

    • They can be used to apply to a variety of surfaces;
    • they are not sitting over time;
    • They are easy to apply;
    • they differ in high elasticity.

    How to choose?

    If you are aimed at getting coatings that will last as long as possible and over time will not cease to be aesthetic, use in one room materials from one manufacturer (and related to one series). Going to acquire putty, first learn the expiration date, learn the instructions.

    Do not use spile solutions for internal finishing works that are designed to process outdoor surfaces. Otherwise, cracked may appear on the surface, after which you will have to repair again.

    If you are a newcomer, but you want to cope with everything yourself, stop the choice on Maxi materials. Putty with such a note for a long time are frozen, so you will have the opportunity to finish work without excessive rush.

    Preparation of solution

    If you do not have confidence in putty materials that are sold in stores, or you just do not want to spend money, try creating a mixture with your own hands. So you will not doubt the material, its quality will also depend only on you. Some consider such an option to be most reliable, but it should be borne in mind that the consumption of putty, created by their own hands, is more significant.

    You can select the following varieties of homemade putty.


    They are suitable for wood surfaces that need to be made as resistant to the effects of high and low temperatures (facade walls, window frames and other similar bases).

    To create such a material with your own hands, you will need to mix chalk (2 kg) and olive (1 kg). Then add to the mixture that you turned out, Sikkativ (100 g is enough). Boil the solution on fire, let him cool. When using this mixture should be warm.

    Materials from chalk and gypsum

    They can be used in rooms that do not differ in high humidity. With the help of such putty, you can make more smooth walls of concrete, drywall.

    To make such a mixture, you need to mix in dry capacitance of plaster (one part) and chalk (three parts). Take the dishes in which a five percent glue solution (carpentry / animal) should be, pour the mixture there. In this case, it will need to gradually stir.

    Then mix everything to get a homogeneous mass. This homemade putty material will need to be applied to the surface at once, as it freezes it very quickly.


    Starting Putty Materials need to be used, given certain recommendations. In the instructions that are attached to putty, manufacturers describe how the materials should be applied correctly. Usually there are differences only at the initial stages (when the mixture is prepared).

    Polymer materials are ready for use already initially, such a putty will need to mix. Many consumers celebrate that it is very convenient.

    Gypsum or cement-based mixtures are bred with liquid. We should not forget that after breeding, the material free quickly. It will be necessary to use it immediately after cooking.

    Before using the paddle material, the surface should be carefully prepared. It will be necessary to apply the primer in advance, give it to dry.

    If the base is relatively smooth, it is necessary to apply putty as follows:

      • Using a spatula, type the material (the portion should be large enough). Wide, smeared strokes Start applying a mixture to the surface. Do it you need to make the most quick and confident.
      • Press the spatula to the wall is tight enough. The angle of inclination to the base during operation should not change.
      • In the event of a surveillance, delete them or swing using an empty spatula for this.

      In cases where the irregularities are strong, we need to apply a putty material on the surface and wait for it to frozen. Then you can already start alignment.

      Need to make grinding using sandpaper. Eliminate the traces of the tool, influx, other defects: the surface should become smooth and smooth. Specialists equalize it quickly and easily, and beginner masters will need perseverance and patience.

      Before the finishing work should not only understand the assortment of putty materials, but also learn to prepare the surface, apply the mixture. If you do everything right, you can safely start the final finish.

      About the features of the starting putty and its use you will learn from the following video.

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