In a person’s life, a number of emergency situations that threaten his health may arise. In order to maximize themselves, it is important to be able to protect the body from the potential impact of negative factors. The simplest, but the effective means of protection is the gas mask, which is capable of protecting the respiratory organs. To effectively use this protective agent, you need to know its device and rules for use.
Preparation for use
Mankind all the time seeks to progress and development, because it constantly comes up with something new. The consequences of each invention cannot be calculated completely, therefore, emergencies occur. To protect yourself from various threats, people created protective suits, allowing not allowing inside chemicals, viruses and bacteria, counteract high and low temperatures and not only. So, Thanks to the creation of a gas mask, any person got the opportunity to escape in the event of a fire, gas attack and any problems associated with air pollution.
The gas mask consists of a rubberized mask, which is put on the head, and corrugated hose connected to the filter box.
For ease of use in a mask mounted glasses, allowing you to navigate well in space, not fearing the penetration of unwanted air masses inside. To protect yourself from adverse factors, It is important not only to have at home or at work gas mask, but also be able to use them.
Operating rules can be described briefly.
- Selection Products in size. It happens 1, 2, 3 varieties: the first use those who have the height of the person in the range from 99 to 108 mm, the second – with the indicators 109-119 mm, the third – with a length of 120 mm and more.
- Check the health and integrity of the hose and masks by accurate stretching of products and careful inspection.
- Checking the integrity of glasses and buckles.
- Check the density of the adjustment of the gas mask or helmet, putting goods and blocking air access to the hose. If it is impossible to breathe, it means that the inventory is ready to operate.
- Estimate the fortress of fastening hose to the belt for the convenience of moving in gas mask.
If all the conditions are made, and the product has passed the test, it can be used without risk for life and health.
In what position can be a gas mask?
Wearing a protective product can be made in three positions. All these provisions should be studied in theory and tested practically.
In the “campaign” version should hang from the left hand, what will allow moving freely, without constraining movements. To go to the “hiking” position, the bag with a helmet-mask is worn through the right shoulder. This allows you to install a gas mask on the left, the valve from yourself to have the most fast and convenient access to it. It is important to set the height of the bag with the helmet-mask so that it is convenient to use, with the optimal position will be the level of the belt.
As soon as the bag is placed in the right place, you must remove the gas mask and Check it for strength and integrity. It is important to follow Pure glass and the state of unsuccessful films, as well as For valves of exhalation. If the product is fully prepared, it is placed in the bag and fasten securely.
When moving from “hiking” to the “Greeting” position should be Team “Air Alarm!”Or” Providing gas mask!”, After that, the bag moves forward, which will allow you to more quickly get the filter. It opens the valve for faster access to the Slem Mask.
The next action it is necessary to secure the gas mascia itself on the torso with the help of a belt braid.
If you hope for a helmet, straps weaken on it. If there are additional types of gas masks worn under the strain bag, but At the military it is placed on top of the belts of the gear.
In the “combat” state, protective equipment is translated across the “Radiation Danger” signal, “Chemical alarm” or “Gaza”. In addition, a person can take advantage of the protective agent, if for this there will be causes. When transferring from one position to another eye is well grilled, and the breath is delayed, after which the head is released from any headdress. After preparatory actions, it is necessary to extract a gas mask from the bag, then the product is taken by two hands for the lower part and placed on the chin, after which it stretches to the head.
It is important to ensure that there are no folds on the gas mask, and the glasses were exactly opposite the eyes.
As soon as the gas mask will be put, you need to exhale and open your eyes, then establish calm breath. When the process is under control, you can wear a helmet or what was previously on my head, and close the bag.
What team to shoot?
When the danger passed, or the teachings are over, the “Gas Mass Rise” team sounds!”, After which you need to perform a number of actions.
- One hand is raised by a headdress, and the other is delayed mask. It is necessary to take the valve box and pull it a bit down. As soon as the material goes away from the skin, you can remove the product, raising it forward-up.
- When the gas mask is removed, you can put the headdress again.
- Helmet mask carefully fold in the bag and closes.
If there is an opportunity, it is necessary to dry the gas mask, turning it inside out or wipe the inside before laying. The folding of the protective inventory occurs either by the “gas mask folder” command, or focusing on the situation.
What is the duration of work without a break?
At any enterprise provides for the means of protection in the form of gas masks, therefore, the exercises are regularly held in order to be able to use them correctly. Gas masks are stored in a place intended for them and are under a seal, which cannot be separated. The amount of this protective inventory must comply with the staff of the enterprise. In the event of an emergency with the use of gas masks, their number is checked and replenished after the end of the incident.
At chemical enterprises and industrial factories for each employee, its gas mask is issued, which is selected by him in size.
You need to be able to correct Store protective equipment and spend check in time. In addition to the main kit, there must be a backup.
The stay of the worker in the hose gas gas is 30 minutes, after which a vacation or a passage is needed. If you increase the duration of finding a mask in a helmet, its usefulness will expire, and a person can become bad. After completing the use, the equipment is put in order, dried and cleaned, then stacked according to the storage rules.
How to collect?
Before using the gas mask, you need to make sure of its performance and integrity. The instruction involves checking all parts of the product with subsequent assembly.
- The main part of the gas mask is taken with his left hand, and the right – the filter-absorbing box will be screwed to it. It is important to spin items tightly to failure.
- The cover is put on the filter box.
- Protect fogging and freezing glasses.
- Headband straightening.
- Laying in the bag of all components of the gas mask is carried out, and then the protective product itself.
You need to fold the gas mask correctly so that it can be quickly putting on, and the material did not deteriorate from incorrect storage.
It is necessary to take the product for the negotiation device and place the head on the inside of the helmet mask, after which you can bent the gas mask on the axial line and place in the bag so that the box is directed from ourselves.
How to store?
Storage rules for gas masks are extremely important. For quick access to protective products, they are placed near the jobs. Optimal is the preparation of a special warehouse, which will provide for ventilation, the system of main and emergency light, the floor should not be covered with a large amount of dust and dirt. The windows of the warehouse are protected by lattices that prevent sunlight from entering inside, it is important to monitor their condition, not allowing rust. There should be no rodents in the room.
The heating system can not be installed, the main thing is to maintain the temperature in the range of + 5 … 15 degrees Celsius with minimal differences so that condensate is not formed.
Place gas masks need as far as possible from chemicals, alkalis and acids, it is important to remove all flammable and easily flammable devices. If the gas mask is laid for a long time, it indicates such data: the name of the product, for which it is used when it is done and for what time is preserved. The optimal storage period from the date of production is 12 years old, filtering products and children’s protective equipment can be served up to 25 years. To avoid distressed situations, gas masks are regularly checked both by employees of the enterprise and special services.
About the rules for using the gas mask look next.