Fiberboard (or fibreboard) is quite often used in construction and repair. Often it takes as the basis for the floor, and sometimes even stacked as a finished flooring. The distinctive feature of the fiberboard is that it can be put on the surface of any material. And you can do it even on the old floor.
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Waveed panels are most often used to make the floor level, or simply as finishes. This is due to their inexpensive cost and ease of use. Using DVP, you can high quality and quickly align various surfaces, including floors.
Standard DVP sheet has dimensions of 2745 per 1700 millimeters. At the same time, its average thickness is 3.2 millimeters. The front side is smooth, and the purged – rough, sometimes with a mesh pattern. The latter appears in the manufacture of panels when they are placed on drying on a special grid with small cells. A variety of Fiberboard sheets is quite widely represented in construction stores.
There are many types of fiber sheets, and to understand which it is better to use, it is worth familiar with each of them.
- Soft sheets are distinguished by low density (up to 350 kg / m cubic meters). They indicate the letter M. Since there are three types of soft plates, that is, the designations M1, M2, M3. As a rule, similar Feds are used to make the rear walls in the housing furniture, as well as for the bottom of the boxes. Of the disadvantages it is worth noting low sound insulation.
- Semi-solid panels have a density of 850 kg / m cube. An NT abbreviation is used to indicate this type. Usually such sheets are also used for furniture. However, they are characterized by higher strength and less flexibility.
- Solid DVPs have a density of 1,000 kg / m cube. Their main difference is that they are low. Most often do the doors and various furniture items. As the designation of such sheets with a conventional coating, the abbreviation T.
It is worth noting that this species has various subspecies.
- T-S It is plates who have wood fibers on the outer side;
- T-P It is distinguished by the fact that the top of the sheets are painted;
- T-SP Combines both qualities of previous subspecies – from the upper side wood fibers are applied and painted;
- T-B not painted, but at the same place.
- Superhard plates are distinguished by an increased density of 1,000 kg / m cube. All of them are necessarily undergoing a special substance processing that increases strength.
As a rule, it is from this species of the Fiberboard that they make partitions, the floors and they are squeezing the walls. They are also suitable for various finishes in the construction and manufacture of furniture and doors. The front side of such plates can be covered with a layer of primer, varnish or painting composition. The markings of this species use the designation of Art. There are also st-C, in which the face layer consists of fine-dispersed wood masses.
Methods of fastening
Baspen focus on the basis of various ways. And you can like to navigate this material and glue it, applying glue or mastic. Also there is an option to lay the plates on the lags. Candle on a concrete base, a fibreboard can be used by Olhulo, Hudron.
On the glue, fastening sheets of fiber masses are very simple. It is enough to apply glue into one layer on one side and leave for drying for 30-40 minutes. Over the course of this time, the adhesive substance should be applied and on the base surface. And it is pre-prepared, including the primer process. After that, you can apply sheets and press as close as possible. In the process of installing sheets, the level should be used to get a smooth surface. And any corrections are important to carry out as quickly as possible until the glue starts to stick. To achieve a durable coating, shock should be shocking when laying on the side of about 50 centimeters relative to each other.
When using this method of installation of plates, it is important that loads in all seams and joints. It will warn the raising plates when drying glue.
On mastic sheets of the Fiberboard, it is best to glue to concrete. At the same time, the base is first covered with soil, and then dry. Such preliminary preparation will provide a good result. On the prepared base, mastic must be applied with a layer with a thickness of 0.5-0.6 millimeters. At the same time, the layer of mastic must be applied directly on the fibustr sheet and add a bit. Then sheets are placed on the surface and press. In the event that the mastic is taken by hot, it should be applied immediately before the plates will be laid. You don’t need to withstand on air such mastic.
Nail or screw, Using selflessness, Also very simple. However, at the same time, the method can be obtained irregularities in those places where the mount is carried out. It is possible to avoid this if the nails or screws are pre-made before fastening for hats. After the plates are laid, all the pits are easily removed by putting off.
Mounting using nails It is customary to start with the preparation of the base on which the plates will be laid. Preferably first decompose sheets on the floor to produce their fit and cutting, according to the size of the room.
Stop covering start From a long corner of the room, gradually moving to the exit. For fastening it is customary to take nails, the diameter of which varies from 1 to 1.6 millimeters, and the length is from 2 to 2.5 centimeters. It is necessary to ensure that the caps do not protrude above the surface of the panels. If the clearance turned along the walls, it can be hidden using a plinth.
On lags Installation is somewhat more complicated. Lagas are called brus from wood, which are stacked on top of a rough base. Directly on them is the fastener fiber sheets.
It is important that lags are made from the right material, then the floor will be reliable. The main advantage of this method is warmer and smooth floors.
Tools and materials
Laying of fibreboard will be easily and quickly, if you prepare all the necessary tools and materials in advance. The most important thing is directly sheets of DVP, it is desirable that their thickness be from 6 millimeters. It is worth noting that For acclimatization, it will be useful to moisten one of the sides of the plates with warm water with a brush and withstand them for a couple of days indoors.
Depending on the type of fastening, mastic, glue, nails, self-tapping screws may need, lagows. It is also worth pre-prepare a hammer, a screwdriver, brush or roller for applying adhesive compositions. For pre-processing, it is advisable to purchase an antiseptic.
For optimal placement of sheets Fiberboard need their cutting under certain sizes. This is especially important when it comes to the most extreme rows of plates on the floor. Of course, you can resort to cutting in the construction supermarket, but for this you need to find out the exact dimensions in advance. It is necessary to clarify that when trimming is better, so that the sheets turn out a little shorter. After all, the shortcomings are easier to hide the plinth than to cut the surplus during the laying.
Printbest in a special machine to the edge of the sheet to be even and with a good edge. You can also carry out the cutting of the electric bike, disk saw (preferably with a laser guide), a grinder, hacksaw or manual saw. The main thing is to make a markup in advance, using a marker or pencil and meter.
When installing sheets often accounted for holes in them, for example, under the pipes. You can just do it just a conventional knife, only before it is sharp.
Flooring from fiber sheets is quite often used when repairing floors. The main advantage of this material is that it can be laid immediately to the old floor. In this case, the material is characterized by an acceptable price. Fiberglass sheets can be aligned with floor under linoleum, under parquet or under laminate, as well as use them for cladding. Plates are characterized by good strength and the fact that they are very easy to lay.
The most important thing is to preliminarily prepare a rough base. They can be a screed or floor of a tree. It is desirable if there is a light curvature, flooring drops, a noticeable slope or any irregularities to eliminate them. This can be done, for example, with putty.
The substrate on the wooden floor involves removes all the creaking boards, as even a new flooring from the Fiberboard will not change the unpleasant sounds. Sometimes there are so many defects that the essential part of the previous floor has to be replaced.
In the event that the old draft floors are well preserved, their surface can be simply updated. It is necessary to carry out the grinding of the old base, cleaning and applying the primer, and it must dry over 8, and better 12 hours.
It is important to conduct a thorough inspection of the draft coating for mold or traces of fungus. If such places are detected, they need to be treated with antiseptic.
Lags it is advisable to do only from a bar that succeeds well. Do not take it much earlier than the term and leave stored in places where dampness is observed (garage, basement). It is also important to carry out the processing of timber antiseptic. This will protect the fungus, rot, mold on its surface. There should be no cracks and knots on good lags.
Best stop the choice On a smooth coniferous timber with a cross section from 4 to 7 centimeters. Lag fastening is carried out on a pre-processed draft base. For their compound, you can use lock nuts with a ring from a nylon, which will not allow the design to be overly separated.
When the upper nuts are tightened, they penetrate a little into the wood structure. This can lead to the fact that the surface level may not be as expected initially. Therefore, when tightening the upper counterplings, it is necessary to track the border of the level, taking into account possible errors. It is worth noting that Specialists have two levels, of which additional – for locking nuts.
Laying a base with a thickness of 40-50 millimeters is best in increasingly 50 cm. Plubs are preferably horizontally. Alignment is carried out using a building level or long line. Fixation of BRUSIV is carried out on top of the old coating. If there are no wooden boards on the basis of some places, then under the lags you can put a segment of a timber or wood.
Warm sheets are attached to the lags so that their edges and joints coincide with the ribs of bars. Sit sheets follows nails, while the step should be approximately 10 centimeters. You can also use a building stapler. It is worth considering that Sheets must fall behind the wall at a distance of at least 5 millimeters (temperature seam).
Single slabs you need so, so that they are as best you can docked each other. Between sheets should be obtained, not exceeding 2 millimeters. When laying the subsequent range of tree fiber plates is underway, shoe shift is made by 300 – 400 millimeters relative to the finished row. This allows you to increase the strength of the floor and evenly distribute the load.
After the work ended, it is necessary to make a thorough inspection of all seams. You should remove the protruding remnants of adhesive or fasteners. If the panels revealed the gaps in which the washer can crawl, then the joints should be sealing with putty. Also on the joints, you can cry the sheets of the reinforcing ribbon so that the compounds differ in high strength.
If you wish, you can carry out grinding and primer plate.
However, this is not necessary if the sheets in the form of a linoleum or parquet should be put on top of the sheets. As a rule, for painting of tree fiber plates it is better to use a special greasy composition or alkyd enamel.
Shelter the floor by wood fiber sheets is completely simple. At the same time, today designers presented a lot of interesting options, how to do it also and beautiful.
- For example, an interesting version of the floor, When wavy stripes of different shade are visible. This option looks very effectively.
- Even more original floors of floors with drawing. And they can be any subject, including marine, children or any patterns.
In the next video, it is told about the installation of fiberboard on the floor.