Neutral silicone sealant: how to choose?

If you first choose a sealant, get confused very easily. In the modern stream of a huge number of sources of information and simply useless advertising in the article, we will analyze all aspects of the topic concerning this choice. To begin with, we will give it a definition, the composition, further – its advantages and disadvantages. The article also has a description of the brands available on the market and their products, some separate products are considered slightly in more detail.

What it is?

Neutral silicone sealant is a substance that serves as a means to ensure the tightness of the seams or joints, a kind of glue. This product was invented in the 60-70s of the XX century in the US. I received the most widespread in America and Canada due to the specifics of the construction methodology for this region. Nowadays, he is indispensable in many areas.

Compound

All silicone sealants have a similar composition, which only can sometimes change to change. The basis is always alone – only color changes or additional properties. Choosing this product, of course, it is necessary to pay much attention to the additional properties on the basis of application purposes.

The main components are the following, namely:

  • rubber;
  • Coupling Activator;
  • substance that is responsible for elasticity;
  • converter substance;
  • dyes;
  • Adhesion fillers;
  • Antifungal substance.

Advantages and disadvantages

Like all building materials ever invented by humanity, silicone sealant has its advantages and disadvantages.

Among the advantages should be noted:

  • withstands the temperature from -50 to unreal +300 ℃;
  • The material is quite resistant to various external influences;
  • not afraid of dampness, mold and fungus;
  • It has various variations of colors, in addition, a transparent (colorless) option is produced.

Disadvantages are much less:

  • There are problems with staining;
  • Do not apply on a wet surface.

Following the recommendations on the package, the shortcomings can be reduced to zero.

Purpose

As noted earlier, this material is used to perform work on the insulation of seams or joints. Work using this product can be performed both indoors and outside. It is used in domestic, as well as industrial purposes, for example, the Loctite brand, the products of which will consider below.

The main directions of application are as follows:

  • Sealing joints of window frames both inside and outside the room;
  • sealing seams of waterproof pipes;
  • Used when laying the roof;
  • filling the seams on furniture and window sills;
  • Installing mirrors;
  • Installation of plumbing;
  • Sealing baths of baths and shells to the walls.

Features of choice

In order to unmistakably choose the product, it is necessary to understand exactly where this material will be used, as well as what properties, main or additional, it must have.

The main factors for the correctness of determining the characteristics forming the final result – a successful purchase:

  • It is necessary to determine the color solution – dark colors, for example, gray can be used to seal joints in the floor covering
  • Particular attention should be paid to the fact that for seams of surfaces with increased risk of fire is better to use fire-resistant sealant (“Supplements”);
  • If the repair in the bathroom is scheduled, the white color of the seal is ideal for this. In such premises, the fungus often multiplies because of humidity, which causes the appearance of mold in the shower connections or other seams – use the sanitary type of the product.

Of course, today a very large number of companies are represented on the market, brands that are engaged in the production of silicone sealant. To simplify the choice and saving time will present the most popular. Some of them have narrower use, such as, for example, flame retardant sealant.

The most common stamps:

  • Loctite;
  • “Syloter”;
  • “Moment”;
  • Ceresit;
  • Ciki-Fix.

Loctite

One of the most reliable manufacturers supplying high-quality products is Loctite. Sealants of this company – this is a present German quality, because it is herself – the division of the Concern Henkel Group. The product of this manufacturer is wider use in various types of industries.

Characterized by the presence of various colors of sealant, including black.

“Elox-Prom”

A worthy representative of Russia in the market of protective coatings is the products that are produced under the brand “Syloterm”. The main names of this company are “Syloterm” EP 120 and EP 71, these are high-temperature sealants. That is why the main directions of use are: fire-resistant insulation or cable seals when entering junction boxes. Deliveries of sealant of this manufacturer are possible both in vendors and disposable tubes.

Company assortment:

  • silicone flame retardant materials;
  • silicone heat-conducting and dielectric materials;
  • Sealed cable penetrations and other.

“Moment”

“Moment” is a Russian brand. It owns the same German concern Henkel Group. On the territory of the Russian Federation, production is represented by a factory of household chemicals (Leningrad region). Main products – glue and sealant. Products The company comes in tubes with a volume of 85 ml and cartridges – 300 ml and 280 ml.

Assortment series of this brand:

  • Contact glue;
  • adhesive for wood;
  • mounting foam;
  • glue for wallpaper;

  • adhesive tapes;
  • stationery glue;
  • Super glue;
  • Products for tiles;
  • epoxy adhesive;
  • sealants;
  • Mounting glue;
  • Alkaline batteries.

Sealants “moment”:

  • Restorer seams;
  • silicone universal;
  • sanitary;
  • for windows and stalk;
  • neutral universal;
  • neutral typical;
  • for aquariums;
  • for mirrors;
  • Silicotek – protection against mold 5 years;
  • high-temperature;
  • bituminous;
  • Frost-resistant.

Ceresit

Another representative of the Henkel Group concern is Ceresit. The company that created this brand was founded in 1906 by Dattelner Bitumenwerke. And already in 1908, she produced the first sealant of this brand. After almost 80 years, Henkel concern bought a brand. The product range of the company includes materials for cladding, furniture arrangement, paints, waterproofing, sealing, etc.

Assortment of sealants:

  • universal polyurethane;
  • acrylic;
  • Sanitary silicone;
  • universal silicone;
  • Glass sealant;
  • elastic sealant;
  • heat-resistant;
  • highly elastic;
  • bituminous.

Packaging – 280 ml or 300 ml.

Ciki-Fix

The most economical solution in terms of prices will be a CIKI-FIX sealant. Application – various minor construction and repair work. Scope – external and internal work. Colors – White and Transparent. Quality complies with European standards. Packaging – Cartridge with a volume of 280 ml.

General recommendations for applying

To begin with, it is necessary to prepare the surface for applying: Clean from dust, moisture and degrees.

The most convenient way to apply seal – using a syringe:

  • open the sealant;
  • cut the nose of tubes;
  • Insert the tube into the gun;
  • You can limit the limits of the necessary application of the sealant by painting ribbon.

How to make a neat silicone seam, look in the following video.

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