Mosaic on glue: types and features of laying

Finishing works – the final stage of repair and aesthetic renewal of the room. Building Material Manufacturers offer a huge range of your goods and new decisions in the decoration of any space. One of the options of the decor of the room – Mosaic. Mosaic composition – a bright artistic plot, laid out of a large number of small details. The variety of material used in this type of work will surprise the most demanding customers and will provide an opportunity to implement all intended projects.

Peculiarities

Mosaic is a miniature ceramic tile consisting of separate elements of 1 per 1 cm.

The same distance between the details will allow creating the illusion of the integrity of the picture and incredibly beautiful color solutions.

Creating a surface with increased strength, reliability, high performance, allowed the mosaic to take the leading position in the rating of sales of finishing materials and become an indispensable material at the design of the bathroom, pool and kitchen. Wide colors with elements of inclusion and divorces, the ability to create embossed surfaces and effects of aging, sharing materials of different types and textures – all makes a mosaic with a unique and indispensable tool in the hands of professional designers and beginners.

Manufacturers presented to the masters of modern mosaic on a polymer grid or silicone. The connection of small rectangular segments into the reservoir of the required size gave the ability to create mosaic walls without painstaking work with each fragment of the pattern.

Working with mosaic on the grid not only increased the rate of finishing, but also increased the fastening of tiles with a working surface.

Given the features of this type of finishing material, You can start working only if some conditions are followed:

  • Smooth working surface – rubbing the plaster or mounting of the base from drywall will avoid the irregularities and drops of the level of the mosaic coating;
  • lack of dust and other contaminants on the wall base;
  • Surface treatment with primer compositions with high penetration properties.

Mosaic cloth has several differences from ceramic tiles:

  • The simplicity of cutting of mosaic compositions allows you to apply it in the zones of complex relief;
  • the ability to create unique decor elements on mirrors and framework;
  • Regular cleaning against pollution will retain the initial species and increase the life of the tile surface;
  • the ability to order a grid mosaic of the desired size.

Types of mosaic

Modern technologies allow you to use in one layer elements of different shapes, size, colors and material.

Manufacturers produce several varieties of mosaic:

  • background – there is no pattern or pattern (a variety of shapes, dimensions and colors of elements enhance the effect of the visual distance of the surface when finishing small areas);
  • In the form of a panel – an image of color plots using the elements of the same shape and size;
  • Mixes – an arbitrary combination of multi-colored tiles into a single design solution.

Properties, appearance and characteristics of mosaic compositions depend on the material used and can be classified.

They are a few species:

  • Glass. Universal material for both background applications and compositions in the form of a panel. The glass masses is distinguished by durability, moisture resistance, heat resistance and high strength. Wide color gamut, the ability to apply pigments and paints, the game of light on the glass surface make the material aesthetic and attractive at the design of the bathroom, pool and facade of the building.
  • Smaltovy. Created on the basis of glass with the addition of potassium salts, have an opaque saturated structure, retain all properties of glass mosaic. Resistance to wear and destruction of the surface makes it possible to apply them in common areas, hallways and on stairs.

  • Mirror. Unusual version of a glass mosaic consisting of smooth elements of different colors and shapes that can reflect lights and objects. Compositions from this material can only be background, have a fragile structure, in rooms with high humidity acquire a muddy shade and an inesttic form.
  • Ceramic. Have properties and characteristics of the tile, but differ in a small size of the elements. Wide color gamut, patterns, reliefs and splashes on the surface,.
  • Metal. Modern and stylish facing elements with high price. Mosaic modules on a rubber-based basis consist of 5 mm thick chips, made of stainless steel and aluminum. Have a matte or polished surface of segments with a spray from brass, bronze, gold and silver, apply for cladding mirrors, furniture, photo frames and kitchen aprons.

  • Wooden. Spectacular and original decor elements in the style of “Rustic”. Making chips from solid tree species increases the strength and life of the product.
  • Stone. Interesting option for creating decorative panels and exclusive patterns. Applying modules of different shapes and stones of different breeds, designers have the ability to get a wide color gamut and a large range of shades to implement all customer requirements.
  • Ceramographic. Inexpensive replacement of natural stone. Strong, reliable and durable material with an opaque or glossy surface of different shapes and colors is used for internal and external work. Environmental safety, resistance to aggressive medium, temperature and moisture drops, low price – indisputable advantages of material.

  • Marble. Mix of marble crumb and concrete. Used for street facing in hard climate.
  • Golden. Exclusive finish finish with platinum, silver and gold. High price and technology of manual manufacture of finishing material – a sign of luxury and uniqueness of decorative elements.

On the shelves of building stores you can meet other types of mosaics, the use of which is less common in decorating the room.

Selection of glue

An important stage of the mosaic laying process – the choice of adhesive solution. It is from the quality, properties and characteristics of glue depends on the reliability and strength of the stickers of the elements to the working surface. Main parameters when choosing – Elasticity and wettability. The color of the composition does not matter if the mosaic elements are matte or opaque; In other cases it is recommended to use white tile glue.

Main criteria when choosing glue – type of material and conditions of operation of mosaic compositions.

Experts and manufacturers recommend several types of adhesive composition:

  • Cement (homemade). It includes white or gray cement, water, sand shallow fraction, modifying additives. Several types of such glue are isolated: hard, elastic and highly elastic.
  • Dispersive. Ready glue to perform small amounts of work, retaining its properties after opening capacity.
  • Reactive. Consists of epoxy and polyurethane base and hardener. Before use of glue, components must be mixed to obtain a chemical reaction. Has a high price and short time of use before harmony.

Montaja technology

The high cost of finishing works by this material may be unpleasant to surprise when calculating the estimated cost. In the presence of elementary tools, facing work can be performed independently.

To perform them, you will need:

  • building level;
  • roulette;
  • Soft matter;
  • rubber hammer;
  • double-sided spatula;
  • painting brush;
  • Construction knife.

For the rapid and qualitative performance of work, it is necessary to comply with the technological process and experience of specialists:

  • On the aligned and projected working surface, it is necessary to properly apply a planned scheme of laying composition;
  • Equally distribute the glue on the wall base;
  • The sheets are smeared on the reverse side of the sheets to glue according to the marked circuits (the distance between the sheets should correspond to the gaps between the small tiles, it is necessary to smear the surface very carefully, try not to smear the facial side of the tile);

  • rubber roller press the laid construction;
  • Soft sponge remove excess glue and leave for drying for 2 days;
  • Final stage – stood the seams with a suitable grotting composition (formulations based on liquid glass, epoxy resin and latex);
  • After 20 minutes with circular motions, rub the surface, removing all excess composition and pollution.

Before starting work on the sides of the window sill or floor with a mosaic, it is necessary to stick plywood sheets, chipboard or drywall, which will ensure the thermal insulation of the surface.

The primer mixtures will not only reduce the flow rate of the adhesive composition, but also protect the surface from the penetration of moisture and dampness.

Tips for care

Qualitatively performed works on laying a mosaic cover – a deposit of comfort and comfort in the house. To preserve the initial appearance, properties, aesthetic characteristics and reliable fixation of tile coating It is necessary to know all the subtleties for the care of mosaic compositions:

  • To clean only detergents without abrasive components;
  • To remove dirt only soft sponges and warm water, the surface to wipe dry;
  • do not apply oils, wax and agents with acid;
  • The high-quality ventilation system will avoid the appearance of mold, fungus and tile clouds;
  • apply antifungal.

On how to put the mosaic tile correctly, look at the next video.

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