Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Smalta – the oldest material obtained by mirroring glass with the addition of oxide of various metals: gold, silver, copper. By crushing the wizard, plates of square or rectangular shapes are obtained, which have a wide range of colors and a variety of textures.

Smalthy Mosaic is found in the ancient cultures of Greece, the Roman Empire, Byzantium, and even in ancient Russian temples, Saving unbelievable art objects to this day, distinguished by an extraordinary radiance, overflow of shades, a combination of glossy and matte elements.

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Dignity

Modern designers boldly use mosaic technique in interior design. Among the advantages of this option, decorating can be selected several.

  • The richest range of paints – bright and dark, saturated and transparent, which are not flexible under any circumstances;
  • The durability that the frescoes preserved to our days of the oldest temples are testified;
  • wear resistance: smalta is not subject to corrosion, rotting, abrasion, thinning, which allows it to be used both in the design of walls and gender, and this material withstands the high degree of load (thanks to this property, the smalt mosaic is used in the interior of public places);
  • Waterproof properties of material allow you to use mosaic in hamamamam, pools, saunas and bathrooms;
  • Smalta is absolutely independent of the temperature regime. These are two more important advantages – heat resistance, due to which modern designers make out the smaliest walls of fireplaces and furnaces, as well as frost resistance, allowing the use of material when facing facades and landscape design items.

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Types of mosaic

Modern art historians distinguish several types of smalt mosaic. The basis for classification is the features of the layout of the testers – pieces of glass. Several varieties of such a finish.

Byzantine

Byzantine mosaic – the traditional and the most ancient type, in which fragments are selected approximately the same geometric shapes and sizes. Slices of smalts are stacked as close as possible to each other, and the gaps are filled with a special grout.

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Florentine

Florentine mosaic on the installation technique does not differ from the previous type, but the finished canvases are a complete plot. Tessers here can be of different shapes and sizes.

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Inlay

This species assumes the layout of the mosaic on the canvas, differing in the material and texture (for example, the cutting of the smalts in the tree).

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Marquetry

Marquetry – modern view of smalt mosaic on glass or metal. As an example – design of interior items (glass table with mosaic on the table top, decoration of the entrance door).

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Application

Due to their durability, the mosaic painting can be applied in various fields. Unlike the frescoes or stone mosaic, the smalta does not crumble, does not fade and therefore will not require special care, restoration, protection. That is why the smalt mosaic is used in their interiors real art connoisseurs.

Smalta can be used when lining a variety of forms. It can be walls, floors, pillars, dome, doors, stairs, facades. The smalt mosaic acts as a separate work of art (painting) and in combination with other elements of the decor, ornamental decorations, indoors and on the street, in the cold and in heat, even under water – in this uniqueness of such a finish.

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

If you have conceived to apply a mosaic from the smalt in the interior design of your apartment or public institution, it is better to turn to a professional.

In the case when decorations are subject to premises with a large concentration of moisture (baths, saunas, bathrooms), it is advised to carry out waterproofing work. Nowadays, you can rarely meet the master who puts the mosaic manually, as there are ready-made canvas, with the use of which you only need to transfer the pattern to the decorative surface. Often the smalt is released in the form of blocks based on paper or tissue.

Qualified stackers independently perform all work on the preparation of the surface and applying mosaic, Pull the adhesive material, grout and produce styling, observing the temperature and humidity rates. But if you were lucky enough to hire a professional mosaicist artist, be prepared to lay out a considerable amount for his work.

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

How to lay out your own hands?

If you dream to issue a smalt interior yourself, you need to purchase certain skills. On the Internet, it is difficult to find a detailed workshop for decorating in mosaic technique from smalt. This work is extremely time consuming and requires high time costs and a certain extent of skill. If you still decide to try to arrange any part of your interior in this style, especially for you, we have developed a small instruction with tips.

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

For the design of the mosaic, we will need pieces of broken glass of different geometric shapes. To paint it yourself at home is unlikely to succeed – the real boat is cooked in the furnaces at high temperatures with the addition of various coloring pigments. It is more convenient to use the finished material in the form of a sheet plate.

We offer to carefully read the instructions.

  • Prepare the work area on a flat horizontal surface, excluding glass fragments hitting furniture items, corners. Limit the access of children and pets in the work room. Ship the work surface with protective material (thick film, newspaper). Use gloves and building glasses.
  • The right ring is very important. Place in the center of Wooden Pump (Colong) or Metal Cylinder. Install the blanks of the smalt and hold down the bit. Apply not too squeezed blows with a hammer (glass crumb flies quickly).
  • After performing a certain amount of work, sort the fragments along the containers according to their color, geometric shape and sizes.

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Do not hurry to discard items with uneven edges – they can also come in handy for the design of your web.

  • When the ring is over, thoroughly clean the working surface – replace the protective material, speuthes, swipe wet cleaning, change gloves.
  • Prepare a cloth or another piece for laying smalts. The base for applying a mosaic should be durable, dry and not crumbling. Its surface must be perfectly clean and thoroughly aligned – particles of dust and other garbage, irregularities and pores can contribute to chop pieces of smalt in the future.
  • Getting to the most interesting – laying mosaics. Modern masters use 2 methods of calculation: direct and reverse. With the first version, the pieces of glass are applied to the adhesive base (or mastic) face up, slightly appropriate. In this case, you always observe the result.
  • When using the reverse method of cubes, the smalts are laid out down the front side, and then poured with adhesive composition or the glue is applied to the material (fabric, cardboard, film, mesh), which are covered with a mosaic. After pouring, the canvas turn over, and then edit the alignment of Testers. This method is more difficult, however, allows you to make the most flat web and collect large parts of the panel in a short time.

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Start laying a mosaic from large pieces of rectangular shape, forming the edges of the future painting from parallel rows. It simply will not even take much time, allowing you to determine the correct direction of work with further laying.

So, we met with the technique of laying a mosaic from smalt. Laying of Smalthy Crumb – the work is creative and requires certain skills, special color, perfection and development of small motility. Remember that such a panel can be used in a variety of styles: from classic to avant-garde, as well as in the exhibitions of futurism and the design of the eastern interiors. The game of shape and color will not leave indifferent any guest.

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

Mosaic from Smalthy: Application in interior design

About how to cut a mosaic from the smalt diagonal and properly glued, see in the following video.

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