Building Materials Market offers today all sorts of accommodation options: from unthinkable color shades to new products of an unusual structure. However, many to this day are admirers of proven building materials, so to speak, classical. It is the classics that can be called Metlach tiles, which has already been decent decoration of the floor and walls of different premises for several decades. And if in the distant Soviet years this ceramic tile could not boast a rich color decision, today the fantasy manufacturers have no boundaries.
What it is?
A small ceramic tile of a variety of shape appeared in the construction market more than 100 years ago and became in those days an indispensable element of the interior decor. The tile includes porcelain, so after coloring under the roasting at a temperature of 1200 degrees, it acquires a surprisingly solid structure comparable to porcelain. In the mixture from which the tile is obtained is added pigment, with the result that the color is almost natural, natural. Then manufacturers are applied to the resulting material decorative pattern – omit the model into a container with paint or use a method resembling silk screen.
As a result, when the tile is laid completely, the drawing it becomes like a carpet. Thanks to the possibilities of the Metlah tile, it can be used in any style, but the interior with the eastern motive is the ideal “environment” for this type of type of design. It will ideally fit into the design with the predominance of geometric patterns – zigzag, tree, rhombus or squares, and in different rooms – in the corridor, bathroom, kitchen, and even living room.
History of creation
A small amount of ceramic tile appeared more than 100 years in Germany, in the city of Mettlach, having received the appropriate name. She was produced at the Villeroy & Boch factory. Appearing on the banks of the Rhine, it was actively used in the UK, and the most famous plant for its production is in France – WinCkelmans. At one time, the style when high-quality tile was used in the premises, was called Victorian. Metlah tile has been particularly popular in Queen Victoria Epoch.
His difference from competitors – small size and high strength, which allows the designers to achieve amazing drawings during saturated color.
To this day, French producers are used in the production of methala traditions of centenary presses, apparently, therefore, the number of fans of such tiles does not decrease. There is a plant for the production of Metlah tiles and in Portugal, but in Russia, Portuguese tiles can be found very rarely.
The Metlah tile fell into Russia only in the XIX century and firmly gained popularity with beauty and resilience lovers. She was decorated with palaces and apartments, and government agencies.
In the era of total deficit, the durable Metlach tile was hardly the only decoration of government institutions: it was used in hospitals, schools. The only minus of the decor was her inadequate color – it was believed that spots and dirt divorces will be distinguished on it.
Today we can enjoy the tile of Russian production. The EUROCEMIC plant, producing it, was built in Pechora even during the USSR. In quality, it is not inferior to its Western counterparts, but for the price – the Russian tile, the size of which 300x300x20 mm is much cheaper – about 200 rubles per meter.
For comparison – Western production tiles reaches 20 euros per square meter. And few of the imported producers can boast of hundreds of status status.
Many floor coverings have excellent wear resistance characteristics, but the Metlah tile has no equal. According to experts, the main reason for this is the complete sintering of the material. Therefore, such a coating is not afraid of moisture, you can put heavy things on it, as well as move the overall objects. Brooms are absolutely resistant to chemicals; they do not appear traces of corrosion. Tile is not afraid of temperature drop, frost resistant.
True, many are called “Metlah” any small tile, often even cement, sometimes a large mosaic, however In real ceramics, made in the best traditions of centenary prescription, there are the following signs:
- The composition includes clay and water.
- It is not covered with icing.
- Made from clay refractory at high firing temperature.
- She has a very low water absorption coefficient – 0.1-0.5%, whereas in Europe these norms are about 0.6%.
- Tile color – uniform, usually stained in one color.
To this day, during archaeological studies, church premises are found, the walls of which were laid by this tile, and it retained pretty decent quality. Such characteristics allow you to use the tile as a facing material of the floor and walls both inside the building and outside.
Advantages and disadvantages
The following advantages of the Metlach tiles can be distinguished:
- Amazing strength and durability of staining. In favor of this statement, the fact that a considerable number of centenary European buildings to this day are decorated with Metlakh tiles to this day.
- Perfect frost resistance – after repeated experiments, it was proved that ceramic tiles can be distinguished about 300 frost cycles at low temperature and reverse process – thawing.
- Moisture resistance of the Metla allows it to be separated by not only buildings, but also rooms with high humidity – bathroom, swimming pool and even baths.
- This facing material can also be placed fireplaces, and furnaces, as the composition of the Metlah does not include synthetic materials and when heated, the tile does not highlight evaporation, harmful to human health.
- Tile is able to withstand weight 380 to 450 kg per cm².
- Such a material is not scary scratches, over time he does not grieve.
- The price of tiles is quite democratic and accessible to everyone.
The most significant drawback of this tile is coldness. The floor covered with it is very unpleasant to the touch, and walking the barefoot on it is uncomfortable.
Another point – the tile is quite inconvenient to cut with stoveturis. Some inhabitants believe that such material is outdated, and a change of more refined analogues for replacing it.
Russian Education Plant Almost the only one in our country produces high-quality acid-resistant ceramic tiles. It is quite inexpensive and used in almost all the premises of technical purposes.
The material is used, resistant to all kinds of chemical solutions and in various car service, sanitary facilities, lobby, restrooms. Many facing materials entering technical oil or picked, inevitably lose their presentable species, in contrast to the Metla.
Tiles tests were carried out in a solution in a 70% sulfuric acid, where samples of tiles were more than twenty days, after which the experts were able to make sure that none of its technical characteristics “passed” his positions: neither color nor the form changed.
Today, many manufacturers produce tiles, outwardly very similar to Metlah, so-called imitation. Not every plant can afford to use the technology of German masters of century ago, therefore ceramics having some qualities similar to the real Metla, quite often occur on the counters of construction stores.
For example, Italian manufacturers are ready to offer customers a variant of interior design, imitating the Metlach tiles – from monophonic to decorated with various geometric pattern.
There are several types of metlah cladding. Thin – when on the line of breaking the surface of the slice of smooth and homogeneous. In the production of coarse tile, the surface consists of large, grainy inclusions.
Today manufacturers create ceramics in various ways:
- Casting. The tile obtained during the filling of the alloy into special forms and further drying and firing has a drawback – it turns out different thickness, and the manufacturer has to reject a considerable amount of products.
- Press. Clay, water and special additives are pressed under strong pressure, then the tile of the required size is cut from the resulting raw materials. As a result, it turns out porous, it often laid on the floor.
- Extrusion. Raw materials with this production process is obtained using the so-called mouthpiece and has a ribbon shape. Then it is cut and goes on the firing. Special equipment allows you to adjust the thickness and size of the tile.
Despite the familiar small format form of the Metla, the dimensions of it do not always repeat each other. Externally, the tile resembles a mosaic.
Today manufacturers are ready to offer us ceramics of sizes from 3.5 to 15 cm. Rectangle side, for example, can be 48 mm and 23 mm. As for the thickness, it can be 200, 300 and 350 mm. Width according to GOST ranges from 200 to 300 mm.
Metla shape can be hexagons, triangles, squares and rectangles, as well as crosses.
True, some manufacturers do not always adhere to guests and offer us a tile of different sizes – from 65×65 to 150×150 mm. Thickness in such tiles from 6 to 11 mm.
Colors and design
Choosing brooms, think not only about fashionable design trends, but also about the practical sides of its use:
- Light tones visually expand the room. In addition to white, it can be blue and pink tones, beige and light yellow.
- Lubility spots will be less noticeable on a dark tile, which in addition has a grain structure.
- Choosing a color, remember the lighting in the room and the harmonious combination of colors.
- If you put the elements at right angles, each of them will seem to you different shade.
- If your room is illuminated with several lamps, then completely different tones can take different tones.
- Well combined burgundy and beige colors, as well as classic – black and white.
Metlah tile will be able to surprise all lovers of sophistication and style. Independent patterns on the walls and on the floor will create a unique atmosphere. If you wish to post a panel on the floor in your cozy kitchen, then hexagons in the form of bee “cells”, covering part of the floor, will create a unique exquisite model of modern. Such a location will give an opportunity very original zoning open space.
Black and white chess pattern in the living room – classic genre. The decorative decoration of the floor of the Metlah tiles is the ability to choose both a single-quality high-quality coating and patterns of unique form. Bright geometric shapes on the floor, meeting you in the corridor or lobby, will create a festive mood.
Perfectly suitable legs and for the design of the so-called apron in modern kitchen. Bright hexagons with entered on them intricate patterns will certainly decorate the interior of the room.
Due to its wear resistance, such a cladding is suitable for the open veranda, as a result of which it is possible to “revive” space before entering.
Ceramic “carpet” from the Metlach tiles will be the perfect coating in your bathroom – thanks to its qualities and color stability, you will not need to worry about that water can get to the floor. By the way, if you really liked the floor tile, and you need to bind the walls, you can safely use brooms: it is much stronger and perfectly complement the interior of the premises.
Care for Metlah tiles easier. Moisture it is not afraid, and you can get rid of dust and dirt with warm water and mop. You can add any synthetic to water. The only moment when difficulties may occur – this is immediately after laying the tile: it is necessary to wash off the remains of cement or concrete dust or the remnants of the construction trash. Cement dust should be flush using chemicals.
Some experts believe that stains, especially entering into the coating, can be laundered using water and vinegar, and to give it an additional shine – cork, lubricated paraffin.
Beautiful examples in the interior
An amazing carpet may seem decoration of the Metlah tiles of spacious halls or living rooms. Geometric pattern can be used as a design of a one-photon tile, harmonizing with it in color scheme.
Bright and beautiful terraces, the eyes of a juicy color and intricate weaveting of the pattern on your country site or dacha will be a sign of your taste.
Facing a fireplace with colored tiles – the perfect solution. The apron-bump of heat for the fireplace in warm colors or the original platform in front of it can also be decorated with Metlah tiles.
The brooms are perfectly combined with other construction materials, which further reveals the possibilities of this wonderful facing material. Using stone, tree or even parquet you will get a unique design in a sophisticated style, connecting these noble materials with the most durable tiles.
Choosing a Metlah tile for the design of your own dwelling, you get the magnificent quality in tandem with amazing decor.
Metlah tile laying process See next video.