Jack – a popular tool that uses almost every car enthusiast. The unit allows you to cope with almost any, even the most unforeseen situation, and helps to quickly correct breakage. The jack must be in the car in case the need for repair will arise, and there will be no settlement or car service nearby.
It is not always possible to purchase a high-quality jack. Therefore, if necessary, it can be done with your own hands. Important in the manufacture of providing the required level of safety of the future device. It is worth considering how to create a jack.
The main task of the jack is the rise of the vehicle wheels for their subsequent replacement. The tool is used both for professional repair work and for home replacement wheels with their own hands. Through the work of the jack, repair work in certain compartments under the car, providing a lift of the machine.
It is noteworthy that the jack is popular not only in the automotive sphere. It is involved to install various designs and during construction work or repair of various equipment. Allocate the following types of jacks:
- Mechanical. The rise is carried out by pressing the lever on the handle. Used not so often, however, they differ compactness and lack of physical effort.
- Hydraulic. Distinctive feature of the instrument – the principle of its work. Wheel rise is ensured by incoming pressure generated by working fluid. Such jacks are popular.
- Pneumatic. Compressed gases are responsible for the operation of the device. The camera by means of the pressure generated increases, which allows you to raise the car.
If you wish, you can make any of these jacks using suitable tools and materials. Homemade jacks are also popular.
Selection of material
The main thing is that it is necessary to ensure in the homemade design – it is to achieve her strength. Therefore, for the manufacture of a frame, such materials should be used as:
- Steel chawliers;
- PVC pipe profiles;
- Metal rods from profile steel;
- wheels that ensure the movement of the object;
- rubber part for the bowl;
As the main tools and materials will be required:
- apparatus for welding;
- Bulgarian equipped with grinding and cutting circles;
- set of tools.
Also near the roulette, ruler and other measuring instruments. Additionally, it is recommended to prepare the marker so that you can mark measurements.
How to do
If there is a desire, then with your own hands it turns out to make almost any jack. Therefore, it is necessary to consider in detail what is necessary to create a specific model.
The most common type of lifting tools. Different with high lifting capacity, so it is often used during the repair of trucks or SUVs.
The design of the device includes:
The device case is of different shape and length. The best option for the manufacture of the unit will be involved in hardened steel, which will ensure the necessary strength.
There are several holes in the case. They provide:
- T-type cylinder;
There is also a handle in the form of the letter T, which ensures the descent of the items. The displacement of the device contributes to polyamide wheels, which provide great opportunities for maneuver.
You can collect the hydraulic acids with your own hands in a few hours. To create a device, you will need to prepare:
- apparatus for welding;
- machine equipped with a grinding disk;
- Steel profiles.
Manual equipment assembly is made in several stages:
- First you need to make a support platform. It will be located the mechanism of the aggregate. To create a platform, it is necessary to cut 4 parts with a length of 300 mm from a rectangular profile, whose cross section is 50×50 mm. Details must be postponed by walls to each other and cook to ensure their fixation.
- Next to the queue – stops and racks. For their manufacture, it will also be necessary to cut 3 parts from the steel profile. At the same time, it should be pre-calculated for the stops, and the length of the rack should not exceed the width of the support platform. The connection of the elements provides welding.
- The last stage – the manufacture of a convenient removable stop, providing pressure to other elements. To create the item, it will take several segments of the steel strip, the thickness of which should not exceed 3-5 mm. The length of each stop must be equal to the distance that is formed between the design racks. Installation and fixation of the stops are performed using welding and fasteners.
If required, the distance that is formed between the focus and beam can be reduced.
Before making such a tool, it is recommended to pay special attention to the strength indicators, since it is precisely the sustainability of the future jack. therefore It is important to collect the device so that it subsequently has fallen anywhere and did not leave during operation.
Independent manufacture of such a jack will not require special efforts. The procedure does not take much time. For manufacture, you need to fight each other two steel rails under the angle so that they formed a pyramid with a truncated end – a trapezium. It will be a design support. Then you need to make two bases of the mechanism – at the top and bottom. For the manufacture, a steel sheet is suitable with a thickness of up to 5 mm.
The third stage is to ensure the bases of holes intended for welding nuts. Also, the hole is made in the lower basis, where it is necessary to install a mechanical bar, which provides rotation. Additionally, you will need to make a knob.
The mechanism is recommended to do from steel parts with high strength indicators. Additional connection of the metallic cable to the rush jack will help replace the winch.
As a basis for the manufacture, take a bottle jack, which is a simple design, and execute it to alteration. The height of the pickup of such an aggregate is 23 cm, which makes it possible to lift trucks.
Bottled jacks during operation will use working rods, What provides the lift of the machine using the provided lever. In motion, the lever leads a hydraulic cylinder installed in the design.
The garage jack is collected in several stages:
- First make a rack using a channel 12.
- Next occurs the assembly of the lifting mechanism and the basis. To do this, you will need to use the channel 10 mm.
- In front of the design, mounted rollers. Suitable standard, which can be found in washing machines.
- For the manufacture of a cup of jack, you can take an element of a car bump. Splits are made from twigs, the diameter of which does not exceed 20 mm.
Judging by what the construction assembly is carried out, the principle of operation of the rolling or scissor jack is similar to the bottle. The only difference lies in the axis on which the cylinder is moving. In the updated unit, it makes horizontal. Such a name tool received due to its appearance. He resembles a cart on wheels.
The following elements are provided in the design of the screw jack:
- two shoulders;
The assembly is based on the steel sheet, the cross section area is 2.63 cm2. In the corners of the base, 4 holes are drilled to install fasteners that will fix the basis.
For the manufacture of the rotation shaft take metal rods, the diameter of which does not exceed 12 mm. It is important that at one end of the element there was a thread, and on the other – the latch, which provides for the attachment for fixing the pin.
The latter is made by the axis, which ensures the rotation of the shoulders – upper and lower. Additionally, the sides are installed pins equipped with a flat cylindrical head. Sloples use pin for fastening. Completes the process of installing the retainer.
This is a jack, in the design of which a pneumatic cushion is provided. The manufacture of the instrument will not take much time and effort. In addition, the drawing of the aggregate design is interesting, which will make an unusual assembly.
With the help of powerful jacks perform accurate installation, so the unit is popular in many areas. The shell has a flat shape, represents the basis of the device. During operation, compressed air is supplied to it, ensuring an increase in.
To create a mechanism, you will need to prepare:
- Pillow used in trucks;
- bearing ball;
- bolt from the wheel of the vase;
The procedure is carried out in several stages:
- First in the provided holes of the pillow mounted fastening bolts. Previously each bolt is drilled.
- Next you do the hole in the wheel bolt Vase. It will be used as valve.
- The third stage implies the connection of all elements. The output is closed by a ball, which will prevent air flows during the operation of the aggregate.
To take advantage of the device, the pump will be required. The unit should be placed under the bottom of the car. Additionally, that the device does not move from place, you need to prepare a bar.
Last variant of the self-made lift. A distinctive feature is the complexity of manufacturing such a device with their own hands, so far from every wizard will decide to take advantage of this option.
Electrical type jack combines:
- lever mechanisms;
- Electric drive.
For the manufacture of such a jack, you can use the motor for windows. It is recommended to pull out the drive and cable from the design, leaving inside the gearbox and motor. Additionally, it will be necessary to prepare a head and a screw jack, which will be used as a basis for creating a housing.
The task of assembling an electric jack – prevent the need to create any physical effort during the use of the device. Mounting jack can be made from steel strips of medium thickness, which must be pre-trigged. Fixation of strips is carried out using welding.
For how the homemade jack is working for the garage, only the person who was engaged in its manufacture. So in any case, Whatever confidence, the creator of the jack has not possess, it is recommended to use insurance – another lifting device, If it comes to conducting the repair work of the engine or pallets under the vehicle body.
Jack – Survived tool for lifting cars. Therefore, if it was decided to collect the aggregate with your own hands, you should come to the case responsibly.
How to create a rod jack, look in the following video.