Work at the height is an integral part of many professions. This type of activity implies strict compliance with the rules of security and the mandatory use of safety devices that will help avoid injury and death. Manufacturers produce a wide range of safety lines that differ in the price range and design. Before the start of use of this device, it is necessary to carefully examine its features and the field of use.
Features and destination
Insurance sling – a special device for working at an altitude, whose task to prevent workers breakdowns and their drop from height. This element connects the thickness belt with the support structure or other locking fixtures.
Constructive features of land depend on the level of danger, activity, as well as from the required range of free movement.
Scope of the safety device:
- restoration work;
- repair at height;
- construction and installation work;
- Extreme and sports sports.
The safety element has the following functional load:
- positional – for construction, installation, repair and restoration work at height;
- Insurance – ensuring security when moving;
- Mitigating – reduction of dynamic impact in the event of a breakdown and fall.
Given the wide range of safety lines and various purposes, manufacturers produce the following types of devices.
- Insurance – for positioning in the area of work to prevent falling. Scope – Work at a height of no more than 100 m.
- Adjustable shock absorber jerk – for insurance at an altitude of more than 2 m. The design features of a simple element with a shock absorber – the presence on the synthetic tape of the seams with different threads of the thread, which are broken when falling, except the last.
Also, the strip can be single or double, with a length regulator and with different amounts of carbines. The following materials can be used as basic raw materials:
- Synthetic rope;
- Braided textile;
- Kapron tape;
- steel chains;
Depending on the type of rope used, the product may be of the following types:
- twisted with steel inserts.
Feature of cable and ribbon slop – presence of protective metal or plastic coached.
Textile parts are covered with special refractory and water-repellent compositions that are more than 2 times prolong the life of the product.
Also, models can be unintended, twenty and multiplayer. Two-deck safety sling is most in demand and popular.
Instructions for use
Before proceeding to the operation of the device, it is necessary to carefully examine the instruction manual, and the design of safety devices must necessarily comply with the scope of application. If the height does not exceed 100 cm, then experts recommend applying positional and retaining elements, at a higher level it is better to use safety devices with shock absorbers. The main condition – the length of the product should not exceed the height of the working area.
Work in conditions of increased temperature regime is best carried out with metal insurance. Despite reliability, their use is impossible when working with electrical installations. When contacting alkalis, it is better to use products from the categorous tapes, and the acid surfaces do not come into contact with Lavsan’s insurance. The following factors also influence the choice:
- the level of resistance to adverse work conditions and aggressive environments;
- temperature Range;
- Level of resistance to mechanical damage.
When operating safety elements, it is necessary to follow the following sequence of actions:
- visual inspection of the sling with the possible detection of defects and damage;
- checking textile parts on flexibility;
- Checking COUCH, seams, anchor loop, joints and arms.
In case of identifying even minimal mechanical, thermal and chemical damage, it is strictly forbidden to use product data. Ignoring this requirement can lead to irreparable consequences. It is also impossible to use those slings that have lost their elasticity, even in small areas.
The change in flexibility will sign the change in the color range of products.
It is unacceptable to use a product with stretched, twisted or damaged seams. It is impossible to carry out independent repair or alteration of the structure. If the adjustable bracket is present, then it is necessary to check its serviceability, and also make sure that there are no rust and cracks. Just make sure of the absolute serviceability of the device, it can be commissioned, and the deformed devices are subject to destruction.
Labor protection specialists recommend paying attention to that the safety rafters are subject to annual audit with the subsequent enhancing information to the account. Products that have not passed a mandatory technical inspection are also removed from operation. The duration of the work is directly influenced by storage conditions.
Metal structures should be in dry well-ventilated rooms in which there are no temperature fluctuations, as well as powerful heating devices.
Before the safety lines are sent for long-term storage, they must be cleaned of dirt and carefully sucked. Unacceptable joint storage of devices with combustible chemical compositions. In the process of storage, it is necessary to carry out regular lubrication of metal elements.
Work in areas with elevated complexity requires special attention to the most accurate compliance with the rules of security, especially if it concerns high-altitude work. To minimize the risks of injury, as well as the preservation of the life and health of employees, it is necessary to use safety lines. Manufacturers produce a wide range of product data, the correct choice of which depends on the scope of application and working conditions. Before use, Strings must carefully examine the instruction manual and strictly follow all the recommendations.
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