How to rub the seams on the tile?

How to rub the seams on the tile?

Paul repair is always accompanied by stacking finish coating. And this must be done so that it pleases the eye, it was practical and served a long time in different conditions: in apartments and houses, at enterprises, shopping centers, offices, various organizations. Here is a worthy result of work. Currently spent technology and many years of construction of builders make it possible to successfully solve this task, correctly choose materials, for example, in premises with high humidity or high random indicators.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

How to rub the seams on the tile?

How to rub the seams on the tile?

Tile often use as an finishing decorative coating not only for the floor, but also for walls, countertops, other surfaces, for facade works. This is one of the most practical and durable materials. A variety of textures, richness of the palette of shades, the possibility of combining and creating various effects make it possible to designers create beautiful and stylish compositions, stunning imagination.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

How to rub the seams on the tile?

How to rub the seams on the tile?

For what is needed?

An important component of laying decorative tile is tiled seams.

Grout performs the following functions:

  • Fills seams between tiles, masks irregularities, chips and other small defects.
  • Acts as a waterproofer, preventing the penetration of water and moisture under the tile and the destruction of the floor and walls.
  • Prevents breeding bacteria, mold formation, fungus.
  • Bonds the entire surface, gives the completed and neat look.
  • Can act as an element of decor, making a bright contrast tile, emphasizing its geometry.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

Grouts are sold in the form of a dry mixture for water dilution or in hermetically closed jars in the form of thick paste.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

How to rub the seams on the tile?

Training

The tile is laid, withstanding 7 days – time after laying, for which the tile glue is completely dried, now you can start a grout.

For this you need:

  • Remove fixing crosses.
  • Clear edges and seams from garbage, dirt, dust, tile glue residues with a spatula or screwdriver.
  • Speuthes and hold wet cleaning.
  • Dry surface.
  • On the porous clinker tile, it is necessary to stick along the edges of the Malyary Scotch. Grouting badly rubs off with porous tiles.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

How to rub the seams on the tile?

How to rub the seams on the tile?

An important step in preparation is the right choice of grouting and calculation of the consumption of material

Choosing a composition

Grouts differ in their composition and characteristics, features of use.

When choosing, such parameters should be taken into account:

  • Width of interchanger gaps.
  • Humidity level and room temperature.
  • Presence of chemically aggressive media, detergents.
  • High Patency, Various Mechanical Loads.
  • Impact of ultraviolet.
  • Tile texture and color.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

Bulk mixtures are divided into several species.

  • Cement grout Has two subspecies: sand-cement and portland cement. Sand-cement consists of fine sand and cement, from all kinds it is the most affordable for the price, used for seams width more than 5 mm. The grainy abrasive structure scratches smooth surfaces, so not compatible with glazed tiles. The cement-sandy mixture is gradually chosen, can absorb moisture, crack. If you need to remove from the seams, these properties will help to easily clean the gaps between the tiles. Lower the slope of the tile can be by treatment with dried seams by hydrophobic impregnations.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

The second subspecies contains cement, various plasticizing, polymer and slowing drying additives. Such a grip is used to fill narrower seams, 3-5 mm wide. Reinforce the waterproofing properties can be, diverting powder not with water, and liquid latex. The properties of the mixture allow you to use it on the glazed types of tiles, plasticizers in the composition make the filling of the seams easier and better. Cement grouts are recommended to use in dry rooms.

This type of paste is not used under the conditions of exposure to aggressive chemicals, constant exposure to water, for example, in production with the use of acids, in pools. The finished mixture is quickly grasped, so it is necessary to use it within 2 hours after breeding.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

  • Pushed on the basis of furana or epoxy resin. Furanic resin component of the base is mixed with a special hardener and is used mainly in industrial premises with large loads and complex operating conditions.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

Epoxy resin and hardener can connect with sand, coloring pigment, portland cement.

The cost of such a mixture above, but also the advantages are obvious:

  • Absolute resistance to moisture and water, ultraviolet, easy to clean, does not absorb dirt, does not fade.
  • Neutrality to chemical and temperature impacts, used in baths, pools, bathrooms.
  • Resistance to abrasion and other mechanical loads.
  • High decorativeness. The mixture add sparkles, silver and gold powder and sand, mother of pearl, luminescent compositions, which allows you to achieve various visual effects.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

How to rub the seams on the tile?

Epoxy grout mixed immediately before working in small portions, the time of it is grappling ranges from 5 to 20 minutes. This viscous material, its application requires fast work and skills.

Recommended for wide seams from 6 mm, bright design solutions, perfectly suitable for ceramic and glass mosaic, can also be used for external work.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

How to rub the seams on the tile?

  • Polyurethane or polymer. Sold in the finished form and is an aqueous dispersion of polymer resins into which pigments are added. This mixture is easily applied using a special syringe and tolerates harsh temperature drops, for example, turning on-off the warm floors, where the tile is often used as a finish coating due to its thermal conducting properties.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

  • Silicone sealants Used for junctions between the sink in the kitchen and the tile table, laminate and floor tiles. For aquariums and edges of the bath.
  • Special grouts with specific properties, For example, heat-resistant shallow clay and cement mixtures for the manufacture of furnaces.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

How to rub the seams on the tile?

How to calculate the number?

The composition is selected, you can go to the store, buy a mixture and rub the stitches on the tile. There is a special formula, which calculates the consumption of a clutter mixture in kilograms per 1 m2.

Consumption (kg / m2) = (a + c) / (a ​​+ c) xn x d x coefficer. x 10%

How to rub the seams on the tile?

In this formula:

  • A – Length Tile, mm.
  • B – width, mm.
  • N – thickness, mm.
  • D – width of the seam, mm.
  • Coef. – The density coefficient of the grout mixture. Equal to 1.5-1.8.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

Preparation of mixes

For breeding a solution of dry powder, a small clean capacity and a drill with a nozzle mixer is required. Broken mixtures with water or liquid latex strictly according to the instructions on the packaging of a particular grout. Typically take 1 kg of dry components about 200-300 ml of water. We gradually add water, stirred, then add a portion, so gradually prepare the whole mixture. According to the consistency, it must resemble sour cream. If the water pour more norms, too liquid mixture cracks, and very thick – will not fill the entire seam, and the emptiness will remain.

The mixer thoroughly penetrate the composition before receiving a homogeneous mass. In epoxy and polymer, you can intervene colored pigment or various decorative additives according to the plan of the customer or designer.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

How to rub the seams on the tile?

The first batch is better to breed in small quantities to check the flow, the quality of the mixture, the slope rate. If a ready-made grout acquired, it is necessary to postpone part of the finished paste into another smaller container, hermetically closing the cover of the factory bank. Long to store the finished solution is impossible, as it is covered with a film and loses its properties. Then it is impossible to use it. Recommended to breed a portion so as to lose 1.5 m2.

Before rubbing the seams, moisturized, wiping the wet sponge, do not need to handle the surface of the primer.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

Subtlety of the process

Moisture, which is applied to gaps between the seams, provides better adhesion when applied to the mixture. For the glazed types of tiles such a procedure is optional.

In the rooms of continuous use (in the toilet, bathroom, in the kitchen), you can start cutting the seams 1 day after laying the tile so as not to torment the tenants for a whole week. In other rooms it is necessary to wait 7 days, and only then make a grout. Before the main works requires the treatment of gaps by antifungal composition. After processing, the composition dries during the day.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

Epoxy mixture is chemically aggressive to work with it, protection means. Epoxy putty need to close the seams very quickly and deftly, otherwise it will freeze and come into disrepair.

To apply polymer pastes, a syringe is needed, which can be done with your own hands. To do this, take a dense polyethylene package and cut off its corner so that it turns out a small hole for the output of the polymer. Then put a little mixture and squeeze, filling the intercutric seams.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

How to rub the seams on the tile?

What do you need?

To work, you should prepare the following tool:

  • Pure small container in which a portion of the solution is mixed, you can use tray.
  • Drill with a mixing nozzle for thorough mixing of components.
  • Pelvis with warm clean water to wet the seams before work.
  • Rubber spatula, which fill the gaps, or raw grater.
  • Large rigid sponge, painting brush for wetting and sweeping garbage and dust.
  • Clean rag, preferably soft.
  • Individual chemical protection: respirator, safety glasses and rubber gloves.
  • A piece of electric cable with a diameter of a little less than the width of the seam or a special molder for giving the seams of a beautiful shape.
  • For polyurethane compositions Includes a special means for cleansing tiles and sponge.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

How to rub the seams on the tile?

How to rub the seams on the tile?

Guide for applying

To properly fug the floor and walls, you need to know the basic rules.

They are also suitable for cement mixtures and polyurethane:

  • Movement when rubbing goes not along the edge of the tile, but across, perpendicular to the seam, the horizontal band is made on the wall first, and then vertical.
  • Dilute or dial ready-made paste with small portions, covering area of ​​about 1.5 m2.
  • Apply a lump mixture to the area of ​​the gap and fill in the seam more paste to fill all empties and smear the corners as much as possible. When the entire gap will be filled, the spatula will start to meet a certain resistance.
  • Do not forget to wet the edges, keep a culinary grater at an angle of 30-40 degrees to the tile.
  • Spend 3-4 times on the seam, thoroughly rubbing the grout, then the mixture will fill the entire gap.
  • Surplus the solution must be removed by a spatula.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

After 5-15 minutes, the seams will die a bit, but do not solidify it completely, then you can align the seams with a rigid sponge, evenly pressed on it so that the layer of the grouting was lower than the total level of tiles by 0.2 – 0.3 mm. The sponge should not be moistened so that dark spots do not appear on the surfaces of the seams. Against the background of a brighter main tone, they look inactively and can spoil the whole view of the finished tile. Rinse the sponge is necessary after each seam formed. You can give a seam with a neat view using a molding or a piece of cable.

A special sponge need to wash off the divorces, the residues of the solution from the tile, after the frozen it will make it much more difficult. Special detergents are used to remove excess polyurethane rates. A day later, the surface will dry completely and harden. You can wash the tile full of any detergent.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

Epoxy paste rub is harder, since it is more viscous and quickly free. If you do not have time to remove the remnants, you will have to cut them with a knife. It is recommended to entrust the application of such pastes to experienced specialists. If you decide to apply independently, you can first work on a small area, test the mixture at the time of setting and cook at once all auxiliary tools for cleaning.

After complete drying, the grout is treated with various impregnations to improve operational properties. The impregnations increase the water-repellent properties of the seams, strengthen them, prevent the appearance of mold and fungus, improve the general view. You can apply impregnation with a thin brush.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

Useful advice

Experienced masters give valuable recommendations to correctly correct errors and flaws when performing work, as well as for successful overcoming complex places and achieving a brilliant result.

In the corners and various hard-to-reach places to rub the seams are necessary with the help of a special little spatula. The gaps between the bathroom, washing, shower and tiles are recommended to lure silicone sealant for reliability and better waterproofing. So that silicone does not blurred tiles, the edge is protected by painting scotch. Apply sealant and align the seam using a wet spatula. Then remove the surplus silicone, and to spare the greasy scotch.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

To achieve a glossy beautiful shine on a tile, it is possible to make an independent solution of the following ingredients:

  • Toothpaste.
  • Lemon juice.
  • Dish.
  • Ammonia.
  • Salt.
  • Powder mustard.
  • Table vinegar 6%.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

How to rub the seams on the tile?

How to rub the seams on the tile?

30 minutes after fugging, they take one or more components, mix and bred with water. Then wet the soft sponge in the solution and wipe the surface of the tile. With the slightest stubborn solution, the solution should be replaced, we take a new pure portion. Then additionally rubbed with a dry cloth after complete drying. You can spray on the tile of glasses and mirrors to clean.

Silvering of the grout may begin at any stage, even in the process of applying the mixture. Such deformation of frozen seams is most often occurring when the cement mortar is used.

There are several reasons for cracking:

  • Breeding and mixing the grouting mixture was not carried out according to the instructions, the proportion of the ingredients was broken.
  • Hitting the frozen surface of hot water.
  • The solution is very liquid, a lot of water has been added.
  • The base of the floor under the tile is not sufficiently rigid, for example, wooden.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

In this case, it is necessary to urgently correct the situation, otherwise the entire gap with time will get out. You can clean the gap and update the seam, but the cracks will appear again. Experienced masters recommend rubbing dry powder into cracking rapid seam. Add dry components to the remaining portion, quickly strain.

To prevent destruction, when preparing the composition you need to achieve homogeneity, the viscosity must be average. After measuring the solution you need to wait 5 minutes, then re-stirred. You can not open windows and windows for venting, use hot water when wetting.

It is important to read the instructions carefully, comply with the specified proportions.

How to rub the seams on the tile?

If the tile is replaced or darkened, it is necessary to clean the gaps. It is possible to mechanize the process: there is a special professional machine for fines.

When adhere to technology and proper use of fixtures, beautiful smooth seams will be obtained, and the decorative coating will delight the eye for a very long time.

How to properly rub the stitches on the tile, look in the video below.

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