Making lining at home is suitable exclusively for those who have at their disposal a lot of free time, has patience and perseverance. From this article, you find out the smallest details of its manufacture with your own hands, while significantly retaining your budget, since the discrepancy in the price between the clapboard and the unedged board is significant. Positive aspects of the cladding are visible to the naked eye: it is primarily the low cost of the material itself, and since the installation process is extremely simple, then there is no need to hire a working brigade, you can cope with your efforts.
Before taking for the manufacture of lining, it is recommended to understand what material you have the case. Data knowledge will be useful for independent acceptance of optimal solutions while working at home.
The process itself takes place in several stages.
- Production of boards. A whip is taken as the basis – the trunk, which was already cleaned from the root and bitch. With the help of a belt or disk sawmill, the whip is collected according to the specified parameters. The thickness of the board takes an approximate value within fifteen millimeters, and for the width of one hundred millimeters.
- Drying lumber. Fresh wood has plenty of moisture. In the process of transportation, sawing or storage may be more or less conspited or accumulate moisture in its composition. In addition, wood is a hygroscopic material, that is, it is able to absorb water vapor from the air. For use in construction work requires maximum dry wood material. In order to reduce waste, moisture and minimize the risk of cracking board, this stage is extremely important.
It happens in a specialized chamber drying.
- Sorting. Lumber is sorted in accordance with the quality. For the production of lining, the board is selected, the quality is not lower than class B (second grade). The difference of varieties is based on the external defects of the board, their availability or absence.
- Production of lining. At this stage, a powerful quadrilateral planing machine is involved. Due to various mills and knives, up to four planes are processed at a time, that is, in two minutes, the necessary profiles are obtained.
- Quality control, accommodation and storage. On this process of obtaining lining on production is over. This routine work does not imply difficulties in the presence of the necessary equipment. To preserve the quality of the lining, it is required to properly create a place to store this material. Dry smooth room with a canopy installed, it is possible to use a conventional film covered over the boards. It is important to provide systematic ventilation.
It is advisable to install pallets in advance.
Where the cladding is used?
No need to list all positive sides of the lining. In building materials stores, it is the most popular material for decorative and finishing works with walls and ceiling, applied both inside and outside. The lining is made from different types of wood, with which its further use is connected. For example, linden or alder is operated in the trim of the walls of the sauna due to moisture-proof properties and resistance to sharp fluctuations in temperature.
The lining of spruce and pine is used mainly for interior decoration due to low humidity and sustainable temperature from two to thirty degrees.
To begin with, you need to choose and prepare a large and powerful machine for work. Practical acquisition will be the second machine. Due to the fact that even the most powerful machine after a period of time will begin overheat, let it be possible to dry and cool will be a mandatory working point. The necessary characteristic of the machine is no lower than one kilowatt. It requires the execution of two main functions – it is cut and fug in, that is, the alignment of the wooden surface.
Having preferred any model, focus on the presence of a backlash – gap, in places where parts are regulated. A high-quality woodworking machine, for example, an American, does not exceed the width of fifteen – twenty centimeters. But also a high-quality ruler and cooling system.
You should not give preference to a machine tool with an aluminum table and a ruler.
Aluminum has a tendency to leave black marks on wood. There is a chance to apply stripes on the finished product of a fuzzy saw. As a result, defects adversely affect the appearance of the material after processing, and the finished lining need to paint when it was possible to do with colorless varnish. Specialized casing designed to work on the base of the saw in order to not blur the wood when as the table and ruler does not have protective devices.
Making lining from alder manually can, for example, a milling mill or circular. Milling method better.
The homemade material made in this way has good technical indicators.
Sizes of lining
First of all, it is necessary to choose the desired size of the uncircumcised board. The desired length is set, relying on the average length of those boards that are at your disposal, and from the required length. Molding length of more than two meters is extremely hard to process, in connection with this, this kind of length is economically unprofitable. But by and large, any length can be used.
The most unprocessed board, which is sometimes sent straight to the garbage, can transform into a beautiful parquet made with their own hands. It will save your pocket from extra costs and will delight your eye not worse than the store acquired in the store. Then it is necessary to determine the width of the lining. With a narrow board, the lining will be wide, that is, one lining – one board. With a wide board – two narrow lining.
Many experts claim that the use of a width of seven – ten centimeters is many times more practical. Do not forget that the lining that you use should be the same in width.
High-quality material is made, for example, by this method. like brash.
Making lining with your own hands
Safety is the first thing worth mentioning. In no case is not recommended to wear clothes with decorative details. Convenient simple robe without unnecessary elements – the best option. If possible, put the protective glasses. The saw should be in a special casing with a sprinkler, which will simplify you crucified and will protect you when using the machine. Monotonous work often shifts the vigilance of the worker, and in this case there is a probability of accidentally cutting not what was required. Therefore, be attentive to overheating of the motor.
To do this, cut the board by the batches first on the one hand, and then you will be thrown over the other.
The process itself begins with the lines of direct lines, for which the side side of the boards will be cut down. It is recommended to use green or blue pencils, it is necessary so that the lines are clearly visible, in case the wood is raw and starts to shine. For cutting the boards, lay it on the machine table top so that the previously marked lines were smooth. At the end of the board, make the body focus and push it straight on the blade saw. Many have a sawing circle in order to simplify the cutting process, giving preference to the circles with a large diameter.
It is important to follow the board, it should not clamp a circle.
For cutting the other side of the board, the machine must be reconfigured. To do this, set the ruler on the required width. The usual thing is to use two clamps, for fixing in the process of processing. Then the second side of the board on the configured ruler is cut, when the side is cut, without using a ruler at the output will appear siled. Postpone them in a separate place, they will use us for RESEK.
For those who are interested in how to determine the width of the rails, the answer is simple, for this there is a pavement lining, which will be used instead of a ruler.
It makes no sense to find out the width to a millimeter, as it does not affect the quality of the lining.
The board becomes smooth and smooth after the Fougalization Procedure. This is an extremely important stage and requires no less attentiveness and concentration. To do this, it is necessary to reconfigure the machine. Plastered boards one after another, strictly on one side. The boards that curled during the planing in the spiral are immediately emitted, because they are no longer subject to further operation. To get smooth and identical boards in width, consider how many times you needed to carry out the machine and repeat the same number with each new board, applying the same effort.
When working with the other side, minor differences in thickness will be invisible.
In conclusion of the processing of the board you need to make grooves. Get them using cutters or small diameter saw circle, but it is necessary to install it. It is worth using it only if you do not have cut mills, since the method is quite time-consuming, additional equipment setup is required.
The first thing you want to do is set up a ruler, To do this, lift and lower the table until you set the necessary depth for the groove. After that, drink the groove on both sides of the board. No need to drink grooves strictly in the middle of the board, making the groove a little closer to the surface – the feeling of more thin lining appears visually than it actually is.
Realization of balances
Deferred previously unrealized boards will be transformed into the rails that will be involved for fixing the lining when it is assembled. Being a docking material, the rake is not obliged to be the same length as the lining. Length in this case does not play a role, as the place of the junction is hidden behind the clapboard. But the rake should be less than the groove.
Thanks to the curvature, the rail will be perfectly fixed in the grooves, in connection with this it is not placed, with high-quality saw, the rake is quite smooth.
If the appearance stands for you in the first place, remove on both sides of the chamber of the chamfer. It will take a large amount of time. But making it, the result will immediately rush into the eyes. Lifetime lining tentatively from fifteen to twenty years. Subject to the processing of its specialized protective agent from fungus, rot and insect the durability of the lining at times increased.
Molded lining at home will save your pocket from excess spending, give the room more aesthetic and attractive species. Do not forget that the lining is a material with a high thermal conductivity and is an environmentally friendly material, which means that there will be no harmful toxic substances at high heights of the temperature.
For more information on this issue you can find out, looking at the video a little below.