How to make Faneru?

How to make Faneru?

Plywood without exaggeration can be considered one of the most popular and sought-after materials worldwide. Its a huge advantage is that it is perfectly processed even without complex factory equipment – almost any skillful owner can work with her. You should know about the features of the product and methods of its production.

How to make Faneru?

Peculiarities

In addition, many people think that plywood is a certain standard material, but in fact it is different depending on the production method and useful purpose. This material is classified by processing type.

  • FK. Such sheets are able to withstand moisture. Plywood layers are holding together thanks to the carbamide adhesions. The use of sheets is very widely: from the lining under the flooring in rooms with high passability to the walls of the walls inside buildings, furniture and drawers.
  • FSF. A variety of material with even higher moisture resistance, which is achieved due to glue on phenol formaldehydes. FSF – a more reliable and durable product that is suitable even for roofing works.
  • FBS. Such plywood is manufactured by impregnating wood with a special resin capable of dissolving in alcohol. Such processing contributes not only to the improvement of the moisture-resistant properties of the sheet, but also immunity to the temperature differences. FBS can not be called nonsense, but it resists fire better than the above-described “relatives”.
  • FBA. Excellent choice for those who cares about environmental environmental: safe glue on albumin and casein is used in production. Natural materials, however, create a noticeable drawback: such a plywood is afraid of moisture.
  • Bv. In all characteristics, it is similar to the FBS, but somewhat inferior to it in terms of moisture resistance.
  • Fof. The same FSF, but the hot outside of very dense paper, which is saturated with resin.

How to make Faneru?

How to make Faneru?

How to make Faneru?

And plywood sheets are classified by the presence of defects on the veneer, from which the material is made. For this purpose, Roman numbers from I to IV are used, where I variety is the best and minimum number of defects, and IV allows for a solid coating with flaws, provided that the relief of the edges does not exceed 5 mm. At the same time, for facing works and, in order to save it, many manufacturers make one side noticeably better and smooth than another. In this case, the grade is indicated by a fractional number, for example, 2/4, where one side of the grade II, and the other has flaws.

How to make Faneru?

Main types of press equipment

Although the processing of plywood does not require a large number of complex equipment (and therefore the material is widely used by masters at home), the production of such sheets is technologically harder. The process uses a large number of different tools:

  • Calibration machines and cleaning of wood raw materials, various cutting units, and sometimes special baths, if the wood is predefined to soften;

How to make Faneru?

How to make Faneru?

  • Automatic machines for peels used for cutting wood for veneer;

How to make Faneru?

How to make Faneru?

  • Special knives, Including guillotine type, due to which the veneer tape cuts into fragments of the required length in the size of the future sheet, and today’s machines can not only cut, but also independently put such pieces in the stack;

How to make Faneru?

  • Tunnel dryer – It is necessary in order for the wood veneer to dry correctly, without deforming during the drying process;

How to make Faneru?

How to make Faneru?

  • aggregate for glue production, which in most modern modifications does not only mix the adhesive, but also causes it to the surface of the veneer;

How to make Faneru?

  • bonding machines – A veneer alignment on the dimensions and the form of the future sheet, sequentially wet layers with glue and impose them to each other;

How to make Faneru?

  • Pressing machines – In most industries, hot and cold press are separately applied;

How to make Faneru?

  • Equipment for fitting in form – allows you to remove excess so that almost the finished sheet fully corresponded to the declared length and width;

How to make Faneru?

  • Various equipment for possible subsequent processing – Used only if some unusual sheet is required, for example, perforated or special.

How to make Faneru?

Technological process of manufacture

The technology of the production of plywood consists of many consecutive steps, which, can be mastered by the efforts of a relatively small enterprise. Consider more detailed as rounded and relatively thin logs turn into flat sheets of fairly large size.

How to make Faneru?

Materials

Plywood raw materials has far from the last meaning of how high-quality a sheet. Each type of wood variety has its own operational characteristics, therefore various material is made from various wood.

Plywood is made from both deciduous and coniferous rocks, some types of wood apply most often.

How to make Faneru?

How to make Faneru?

Birch

Perhaps, The optimal solution for the production of plywood sheets – no wonder of many manufacturers praise precisely for birch products. Such wood is very dense and durable, she does not even break down and cracks and does not crack.

Thanks to these properties, the resulting plywood stove is much less cracking at any processing, it can be cut and drilled to spoil without risk.

How to make Faneru?

Alder

If the material is planned to be used on the street, and it will inevitably be subject to regular exposure to a large amount of moisture and temperature drops, then the veneer from alder, perfectly opposing a drying, will be as if the way. Such raw materials are not deformed, despite any weather conditions. At the same time, the tree of alder is quite expensive, because the Phaneur from it in its pure form will almost not meet.

It is present in the form of additives to plywood made of cheaper wood species.

How to make Faneru?

Linden

Such wood is good in that it is found quite often even in those regions where there are no thick forests, while the linden veneer is similar to varieties that are described above.

The lime logo is relatively easy to cut on veneer – sheets are smooth and neat, they do not crack and do not bend.

How to make Faneru?

Coniferous breeds

Among the representatives of conifers The most common pine and spruce are most suitable for the production of plywood sheets, Although the fir, cedar and larch are also used. If we talk about the quality of wood, then coniferous varieties are usually criticized: the logs are characterized by inhomogeneity, the aromatic rings are heterogeneous, so the veneer is often cracking and is rained unevenly than especially “sinful” pine. Such a plywood structure predictably makes it less durable, but the product is still attractive in cases where the design does not exceed a large load. This plywood weighs much less, and it is easier to transport.

In addition, the trunks of coniferous trees from nature are impregnated with various resins that scare the pests and prevent the appearance of mold.

How to make Faneru?

Each variety of wood has both advantages and disadvantages. To solve the problem, many modern producers make one sheet of several wood breeds, mounted layers of veneer.

Gluing

The company’s full cycle rarely purchases veneer to just glue it – Recycling begins with logs. First of all, such raw materials on a special automated line passes cleaning from the crust and trimming of the bitch. After that, the barrel is cut into fragments, convenient for subsequent veneering.

In the process of delivery, wood can purchase unequal humidity, and the veneer will cut it unevenly. To avoid the problem, Slices of wood are soaked in bath tubs to which substances that improve the beneficial properties of wood add. After that, pieces are sent to the briefing machine, where sharp blades from their surface removes veneer.

How to make Faneru?

How to make Faneru?

Veneer in most cases has the appearance of either tape or sheets. In this form, it is reusable for fragments, convenient for the formation of planned-sized products. Already cropped veneer passes through a special conveyor, where he blows up with hot air and acquires the level of humidity not more than 4-6%. After that, most often manually, the veneer sorting is made in size of pieces.

Then go directly to gluing. The adhesive substance is applied only on that layer, which will be inside the thickness of the sheet, its “cladding” is superimposed on top, not being lubricated with glue. Depending on which thickness of the product is required, the manufacturer can add more exterior layers, but at the same time the glue always widespread the one that in the next step will be the core.

For further compaction of the material it is pressed. The pressing method depends on the type of glue used: it is either 6 hours at a stable temperature (cold press), or a quick compression with heating and high pressure (hot press). Lamination and grinding completes production process.

How to make Faneru?

How to make Faneru?

Manufacturers in Russia

Plywood remains worthy competitors to plastic panels, and at the same time enjoys wide consumer demand. Many characteristics of the material directly depend on the blesshood of the manufacturer. So, Plywood from Asian countries in Russian markets does not use much popular, as it is low-quality.

The process of manufacturing the product is relatively simple, and Russia is precisely the country where the lack of mainly raw materials in the form of wood is not observed, so we actively produce Phaneru. To understand the reader, on whose goods it is worth paying special attention to, select the several most popular factories.

  • Syktyvkar plywood factory. The Komi Republic is one of the most striking examples of the Russian region with a huge amount of forests, therefore it is not surprising that they make high-quality Faneru. This manufacturer has its own segment of goods, from which he prefers not to be embarrassed, namely: the plywood sheets of a large format that are actively purchased by furniture manufacturers.

At the factory, they understand that not only large factories will work with their products, so part of plywood is intentionally laminated.

How to make Faneru?

  • OGK “Sveza”. The group includes 6 companies that together are able to provide the consumer widest assortment of various wood products, and even in different regions of our immense country.

In the model ranks of plywood, you can pick up sheets for any needs, but especially highly masters appreciate the Birch Fane of “Sveza”.

How to make Faneru?

  • GK “United Panel Group”. Another union of companies engaged in massive supplies of the products of the woodworking industry to the market. Due to the scale of production, a huge number of different sheet options can be offered to the buyer’s choice: there are 27 formats and 3 decisions of the thickness among standards.

As in the case of the previous manufacturer, the main specialization of the company – sheets made of birch veneer, but the laminated plywood of this brand is also highly appreciated.

How to make Faneru?

Video review of the production process of plywood you can see below.

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