- Types of vinyl wallpaper
- Advantages and disadvantages of the coating
- Dimensions and notation
- Surface preparation
- What glue to use?
- Technology and string
- How to start?
- How to stick wide wallpaper?
- Casting on corners
- Job or brand?
- -How to put the seam?
- Covered ceiling
- How much should you dry after pasting?
- If bubbles are formed
- Beautiful examples in the interior
Vinyl wallpapers The last decades continue to confidently conquer the market in Russia and around the world. They are practical, inexpensive and look very colorful.
Types of vinyl wallpaper
Distinguish several types of vinyl wallpaper. The method of their production is easy: a polyvinyl chloride coating is applied on a paper or fliesline basis, then the canvas is processed in a high-temperature oven.
Silk screen of vinyl wallpapers is created using hot stamping. Light, falling on a similar surface, refracted from different angles, which is why the amazing effect occurs.
Such wallpapers are highlighted by their rich assortment and a variety of shades and textures; they are expensive.
The warranty is given to the product:
- With a phlizelin basis up to 15 years;
- On paper-based dates twicear.
The coating is not afraid of temperature drops, wet cleaning with the use of soap mortar. The last decade in the market is especially popular with embossed vinyl wallpapers of hot embossing on paper and flieslinic basis.
Causes of increased demand:
- a large assortment;
- contrast and color;
- Easy mounting.
Vinyl wallpapers have a base made of paper or phlizelin.
The top layer is a vinyl coating, varies by such parameters:
Causes of popularity worldwide:
- good resistance;
- low price;
- lack of toxins;
- Easy wash.
It looks very advantageous for silk-screen printing in the bedroom or in the living room. When silk screen printing, the top layer is reliably protected, so the original color is preserved for a long time.
Advantages and disadvantages of the coating
Wallpapers are made based on paper or phlizelin.
The advantage of this type of wallpaper is that the material:
- It has the most different texture and colors;
- Looks good;
- does not contain toxins;
- successfully can hide a variety of irregularities of walls.
Before proceeding to sticking vinyl wallpaper, it is recommended to know in detail what this material is.
Thanks to the PVC layer, the thermal conductivity is 0.15 W, which is close to the characteristics to the plasterboard. The minimum cost of such wallpapers starts from 420 rubles per square meter.
On the flizelin-based basis, the product is more expensive (percent of 25)
Disadvantages of vinyl wallpaper:
- sealed, air does not pass through the surface;
- severe by weight;
- It is impossible to glue indoors with high humidity, there is a danger of development under the plated mold.
Dimensions and notation
The size of the roll of vinyl wallpapers is mostly standard. Width 1 meter, and length 10 m. But there are exceptions.
On corporate products there is a marking on a roll, carrying information about the quality of the material. The output is informed which roll is width and length.
- A – acrylic on paper basis;
- B – classic paper (duplex, simplex);
- BB – vinyl, in the manufacture of foaming was used;
- PR – flat vinyl, made using pressing;
- RV – relief vinyl;
- TKS – is the basis of fabric;
- Page – structural;
- Stel – glass.
The letters are often present symbols. Each sign means one of the characteristics.
For example, the presence of wave-like lines reveals the degree of moisture wall resistance. If the wave-like trait is only one, then such a product is afraid of moisture, it can only worsch once.
Moisture-resistant – this is the presence of three wave-like lines. If there is an icon: the whole sun, then it means that the product is not superfront, will survive quickly.
If there is an icon: an integer sun and a + sign, then they are superbly withstanding radiation by ultraviolet.
If two sun icons are each other, it means that the wallpaper is perfectly resistant to the effects of sunlight.
Vinyl – with high humidity in the room, they tend to stretch, so before sticking vinyl wallpaper, the walls of the walls should be prepared.
If remnants are present:
- concrete “kleks”;
then they need to be removed.
It is recommended to study the top layer of the wall. To do this, a wide tape is taken a piece of it passes on the wall, puts away with a sharp movement.
Skotcha’s flap should not remain microparticles if they are still present, it is safe to argue that the previous plaster in a bad condition.
Before working the entire wall it is recommended to carefully overload with a putty with bactericidal additives. It will be the best guarantee that after a couple of years, the coating will not “bloom” and the fungus or mold under it. Before work, you should also check the wall plane, as far as it can absorb moisture. At night to the wall attached with the help of a celofan film. After a day, it is removed if the film is condensate from the inside, this suggests that the wall is not quite prosperous.
Poor quality shoes of wallpaper due to the presence of microdesto on the surface. If the wall is bad to prepare, then such cavities will be larger and actually the sheet will stick only half or percent for thirty. Very often the irregularities of the walls is the cause of poor-quality shoes of wallpaper. So that the wallpaper serve for a long time, the wall should be aligned perfect.
In rooms where elevated humidity is present, the likelihood of appearance on the walls of mold is great. Before sticking the walls, it is necessary to primitive so that after a short time under the wallpaper did not go the process of development of fungus.
The preparation of the walls includes the following phases:
- cleaning of walls;
- first priming;
- shp clashing;
- Second priming.
Especially thoroughly clean the surface, it can be:
- Old stucco;
- Concrete walls.
The latter is easier to handle, the most difficult wall of red bricks
What glue to use?
Wallpaper glue is divided into 3 groups.
- For paper wallpapers, processed starch with additives against fungus is available:
- Special glue for wallpaper with fliesline base, there are antiseptic components in it.
- Glue universal – they can be glued to any kind of wallpaper.
Since vinyl wallpaper can have different bases, then the adhesives are also distinguished.
Paper base is more technological, working with it is easy and glue choose to choose.
The cheapest adhesive composition is a hubby, cooked from flour and starch. It can be done independently.
Marking should be present that this composition is suitable for use on paper basis. Glue wallpaper on a fliesline basis better than the same fliesline glue and buy it better at the same manufacturer who released the wallpaper.
If this option is impossible, then it is permissible to purchase:
- “Methilan Flizelin Premium”;
- Kleo Extra;
- Quelyd – Special Flizelin.
It is important to keep in mind that there are heavy and lightweight canvases, respectively, and glue can also differ in this parameter. It is recommended to carefully read the instructions, manufacturers always indicate: for which wallpapers this product is intended.
Technology and string
The order of sticking is simple: bands with adhesive glue are tightly pressed against the wall plane, it is very important to prevent the appearance of bubbles, as well as irregularities.
Vinyl wallpapers are glued using a special composition. Mounting is made to join, the brackets glue vinyl is categorically rebel, they are dense, they will be visible to the seams, which is unacceptable.
How to start?
It is necessary to start the process from the preparation of the workplace. Laying the sheets on top of the old one, it is impossible to thoroughly prepare the wall plane and only then to start smearing.
Important detail: Much depends on what room wallpaper will be. Relief wallpapers for the kitchen are not recommended due to high humidity.
The texture accumulates actively microparticles and sheets quickly flex.
For the kitchen, smooth wallpapers are best fit, which can be easily wiped with a wet sponge.
How to stick wide wallpaper?
Wide meter sheets are still rare, but such a format, in fact, does not differ from ordinary sizes. Plus lies in the fact that the number of joints between sheets is noticeably reduced, it is easier to stick, labor costs are noticeably less.
Foreign manufacturers offer formats for walls twice than domestic width.
- The price is noticeable below;
- less labor costs;
- easier to customize seams.
- There are difficulties in installing, especially for beginners;
- work can prevent the youngest wall deformations.
If the room is non-standard sizes, there are certain difficulties in fitting.
Casting on corners
Two canvases should not be combined together in the area of corners. At the angle should be glued with a leaf of a mustache with an allowance of no more than five centimeters.
All joints are tightly pressed against the surface, only then you can seclude them.
Punching in the corner of the billboard does not represent much difficulty even wallpapers:
- Marking is applied;
- The vertical line is properly applied, which is from an angle at the same distance as the roll width;
- glue is applied on the wall, also the same width is applied with a layer of glue to the inside of the canvas;
- canvas glued;
- The second canvas glues over the brass.
After the second sheet is glued, the plane should be thoroughly rolled with a rubber roller to avoid air pockets that may arise under the wallpaper.
Be sure to follow the vertical feature, there should be no distortion.
Job or brand?
Stowing an approach with trimming and selection of the picture is technologically simple: the method makes it possible to create a wall of wallpaper in the corner almost invisible, but if the wallpaper with big drawings, then such a technology does not fit.
In order to mount their brass, it is necessary to use special glue that will be applied to the very edges of the canvas. The first sheet is processed, the bass is mounted with an admission to 2 centimeters.
Wallpaper paste begins with the angle. Pre-make a detailed markup: how “will” fall “. On the wall at the top of the angle, an indent is made of no more than two centimeters per width of the wallpaper and then put a mark. Then the level is lowered and the vertical line is carried out. It will be a kind of lighthouse, which will occur leveling sheets during operation.
-How to put the seam?
When working, special attention should be paid to the joints. They should be well treated: it is unacceptable to penetrate the surface of the air, otherwise, after a short time, “bubbles” will form in these sites and they will fall back from the wall.
When installing wallpaper, you must need a companion and high stepladder. Partner will be:
- serve sheets;
- maintain the canvas;
- press the cloth with a brush.
To under the wallpaper there is no air, press them to the wall during installation follows from the center to the edge. Uneven wallpaper remnants are neatly removed using a special building knife.
Before glue wallpaper on the ceiling, it is necessary to study its surface.
It should be sized and stuck again:
All ceiling defects will have to be aligned with such a consideration so that the angle with the walls and the ceiling is exactly ninety degrees. After the work is completed, it will be necessary to primitive the plane with a special primer that deep penetrates the surface.
If there is a large percentage of moisture in the room, then it will be necessary for another priming with a special composition, which eliminates mold and fungus.
On the ceiling there is a markup under the width of the sheet and glue is applied, neatly the surface of the wallpaper is smoothed by roller.
After the sheets are pissed, you should wait a couple of days and therefore glue the plinth and borders
How much should you dry after pasting?
Manufacturers argue that the vinyl products on a fliesline basis will dry by two days, here the ideal conditions are mentioned by default:
- temperature from 10 to 25 degrees;
- Humidity does not exceed 55%.
So as not to risk, it is better to wait another three days. That is, the drying of the walls should be lay from 5 to 7 days. It is better to withstand this period, because it will be a guarantee that the sheets will last a long time and will not spoke.
When complying with such deadlines, it is worth considering that the 4th day wallpaper should dry without any air exchange, then another 2-3 days will need to have an extra moisture weathered.
If bubbles are formed
The reasons for the appearance of bubbles on the wallpaper:
- Wallpapers were glued incorrectly, “bags” with air remained under the surface;
- Walls on which wallpaper installation occurred was not prepared properly.
Clear bubbles can be removed using simple tools. This is done like this:
- acute knife.
PVA glue pumped into the syringe, a sharp knife on the problem area of wallpaper is made by a small incision. Air comes out, the resulting cavity is filled with small portions glue. Then the plot is neatly spilled by roller.
Beautiful examples in the interior
One of the recent currents in the design of the premises: the use of different colors on the walls. Alternation of different colors creates a festive atmosphere, gives a piquant variety. Often, such techniques make it possible to hide the wall defects. Often it creates alternation of drawings and colors.
With such a combination, a number of rules are required:
- The ceiling must be high, then you can choose a large drawing and light tones. If the ceilings are low, then light wallpaper background will allow visually to increase the size of the room.
- For premises where ceilings exceed 3.2 meters, a larger pattern should be used, which is stretched noticeably in width. It is also permissible to differentiate different colors and shades on different walls. Horizontal strips “Large” ceilings and make a room noticeably wider.
- Different colors of wallpapers are used to underline the separation of space. In the bathrooms and bathrooms it makes sense to mount the light wallpapers that will “push” the room and at the same time create a peaceful mood.
- A similar principle can be applied in the nursery: different colors of wallpapers can emphasize the place for games, sleep and watching cartoons.
How to glue vinyl wallpaper? Economically and fast! Look at the video.