Practically in every home the bathroom is decorated with ceramic tiles on the walls and tiles on the floor. Sometimes, of course, there are options with a putty for painting and linoleum, but it is extremely impractical options, and any owner tries to fix it as soon as possible, replacing everything on the tile, all that can. But sometimes the tile falls off, and the room loses its appearance. But there is nothing corrected, there is a way out, it will be discussed in the article.
Causes of tile dugs
Before eliminating the defect, it is necessary to understand the cause and nature of the defect. It is possible to divide this conditionally into three categories: low-quality repair, low-quality materials, service life.
Under poor quality or unfair performance, we understand the violation of the tile laying technology. For example, the master glotted tile is not under the comb, but on the point, and in an amount less than required. With points that are evenly distributed, almost nothing will be, but sometimes the masters chase for money, making everything quickly and without self-dedication. Tile, glued to 2 – 3 points fall off after a while, especially if there was a mechanical impact on it. Such a defect is easily calculated by the tapping, voids should not be in sound.
If the tile fell off, and it can be seen that it was glued under the comb (single-level solid adhesive under it), and the glue was left on the tile, most likely, this is due to the fact that the master is inexperienced, experienced do not allow such a children’s mistake, glued to the tile on the gypsum material (Splashka). Splash and glue: that tiled, which is drywall, do not have a clutch completely, the question: fall off or not, it’s not worth it. Fall off, the question is how fast. To eliminate this defect, unfortunately, you will have to remove the product until the wall will be under it or the shtacke will disappear.
Judging by the statistics, it is better to remove the entire wall of the tile and cleaned from plastering materials, after which the technology is observed.
Under poor-quality materials it is understood mainly tile glue with an outdated amount, with incorrect storage conditions or improper ratio of components. Such glue will hold a much smaller period, if at all. Such a defect is eliminated by removing the whole wall and eliminating the problem material.
In addition, sometimes it happens that the tile itself fails for various reasons. Many many make space near the fireplace, boiler or other heating systems with a high temperature of work from ordinary tile and heat-resistant tile glue. Glue withstands the load temperature, but the tile begins to crack, so it is necessary to pay attention to this factor when buying.
Life time. It is no secret that any material has its own service life, after which the risk of defects is increasing several times.
There is only one solution – an update by repairing and replacing both material and tiles, with preliminary surface purification.
Tiled work preparation
After dismantling the tile in the bathroom, including outdoor, it is recommended to make waterproofing of the floor, which is on the walls on the walls, the nestiness is from 20 to 30 cm. After which the walls of the wall on which there is no waterproofing is worth passing deep penetration. It is necessary to check the floor level, determine the slope, if there is a drain, and, if necessary, withdraw the floor to the desired level with plane observing. The same applies to the walls, only when taking into account that large (more than 2 cm) plots are molded with tiled glue.
After that, it is necessary to check the materials, their shelf life and the quantity so that the work turned out immediately, and did not disappear due to the lack of materials.
As for the wooden houses and structures, the tile is placed on special compositions by type of elastic glue or liquid nails.
Selection of the necessary tools and materials.
To work on the tile, you need not so much tools as it may seem:
- spatula toothed, cape (10 cm) and normal (25 cm);
- Rubber hammer (cynicha);
- A pair of buckets (for solution and water);
- Tassel painted;
- crosses and other fixing materials;
As for the purchase of a new tile, it all depends on the budget, desire and preservation of the previous tile, which can be cleaned of glue. In any case, the old tiles will have chips and cracks from drops or physical influences, because it will have to replace. But the restoration of tiled masonry is the same way that the same as for the old tile (subject to her sacrifice) and for the new tiles.
Second, which is necessarily for the purchase of materials, is the adhesive component.
The clutch with the surface depends on its type, under different types of material surfaces there are different types of adhesive component.
- Bulk materials. Or tiled glue. One of the most popular materials for this type of work. There are several varieties that differ in the composition affects the fixation and the slope rate, frost resistance.
- Liquid Nails. Elastic, easy to use, fast option. But this type of material can be glued with single falling tiles, as it sticks, but does not cover the protective layer surface.
- Mastiki. Practically not used in civil engineering. Have high resistance to compression and deformation. Used in the mining industry and industries with unstable seismic conditions.
- Cement mortar. Very high strength, low elasticity. Basically applied in outdoor work, in floor tiles.
Restoration and repair
We begin with preparation, which includes: cleaning the surface from the old material, tiles, isolation. Using a spatula or perforator with a spatula, we clean the surface from the old glue or other materials, after which we re-pass the spatula, the slope of the surface. In cases where pebbles or part of the adhesive old composition remain still, some are advised to soak in warm water, but the most effective method is still a hammer and a neat material chopping.
It also happens that the glue or the composition that the repairmen used is non-standard, and neither the hammer, nor the perforator not to remove it. More precisely, these sites can be spent quite a long time. The more rational will use a turbine with a special disk, although the usual disc on concrete is suitable. But it is worth using it carefully, so as not to damage the extra elements, such as wiring, pipes or accidentally not to cut the partition.
Also removed almost all types of adhesive material, with the exception of special. For example, there was a case when in Soviet times the tile was glued with glue for helicopter blades. Of course, it turned out to be dismantled only with the help of acids, but the likelihood that such material falls to you is practically reduced to no.
After cleaning to a smooth surface from the adhesive, you need to walk the skin, clearing from small elements. As soon as these stages are completed, proceed to priming. It is recommended to use deep penetration soil to improve the clutch with the surface and creating a protective film. The composition is to leave for 24 hours, after which you can start by installing.
Cleaning the old tile in the bathroom from the composition is made carefully, a spatula or turbine, the main thing is not to break the special relief of the tile and do not destroy directly the tile itself. Polished from the residues to the skin, but you can use a special nozzle on DShM (it is worth putting protective glasses when working on such technology).
If the tile has moved again, it is better to contact the master.
- Making sure to grasp the primer, prepare the adhesive solution, tile.
- With the help of a toothed spatula, we apply a solution on the tile, applied under the comb. The thickness of the layer must be 3 – 4 mm.
- We post the first row in a circle (the lowest row) under the level and plane. Outdoor tiles at this point must be ready, as the level we take exactly from there.
- Between the tiles insert crosses, in each slot two pieces, one should be closer to the top, the second closer to the floor.
- For a day, leave for grabbing. It is necessary that the tile does not swam and retain both its plane and level.
- After time (24 hours), proceed to laying the rest of the layers, but for greater quality it is not recommended to lay out more than 5 rows at a time, due to the fact that there is a risk that a row will sail. Crossings this time insert into the crosshair.
- When all the material is laid, throwing crossbars and proceed to seal the seams. To do this, we need a fugue, plastic spatula and wet rags. From the remains of the fugue on the tile, we get rid of this rag immediately after applying.
If everything is done in compliance with technology and with high-quality materials, the tile will hold even more shelf life of materials.
How to perform partial restoration?
The principle is practically no different from the usual laying, but only with the calculation that the standing tile should also be checked and, if there are defects, should be dismantled. When preparing a platform for laying a tile worth being more neat, trying not to damage the nearby tile. Fugu It is worth picking up at the color available, in order not to create visual discomfort and avoid unnecessary issues about the repair. You can stack the joints of the old tile with a new painting ribbon before foggy. Otherwise, the principle of laying the tile is very similar, and nothing complicated here.
About how to lay a tile can be viewed in the following video.