How to cut the glass and other materials in glass cutter?

Do without glass cutter when cutting glass is much more difficult than to use it. There are several methods that allow cutting glass without glazing, many of them are easy, but take away the time from the master whose work is put on the stream.

Training

To cut the glass with glass cutter quickly and efficiently, glass sheet is pre-cleaned. The new sheet of glass needs only wiping. The best result will give a crumpled sheet of the newspaper – newspaper paper does not leave the villion, despite the fact that it is in itself – a dusty environment. Glass, dirty newspaper, will remain dry. The quality result of washing is achieved with the help of non-abrasive detergents that remove most of everyday pollution and divorces, but preserving a glossy, perfectly smooth surface.

Previously installed in the glass window, which was thrown together with the frame, requires careful removal of traces of paint, fat and t. D.

Fat is easily removed by kerosene, dried paint can be considered a razor blade, a stationery knife, or remove 646 solvent. He will cope even with dried paint. Traces of mounting foam can be removed using any fuel and lubricant material. After cleaning, wash wave a complete drying of the glass.

Second stage – glass markup. Particularly difficult in cutting and separation segments in the form of curves of lines used in a decorative glass, installed in special cases. These cases and require careful calculation. Perhaps you will need two different glassworks, differing from each other in the form and execution of the working part. A competent and individual approach will reduce the amount of waste or and do without them.

As a workplace, use a table with a tabletop from chipboard or natural wood, covered in place where the glass leaf, dense and thick matter is lying. She will not give glass to press dust and sutics, which are easy not to notice when cleaning the table. And also hobs it not perfectly smooth surface to which the glass sheet does not fit everywhere.

Features of working with different types of glasses

Before cutting glass with glass cutting, make sure that you are the type you work in front of you. It does not matter, the old one or new – on its surface should not be traces of foreign substances and particles that interfere with cut it carefully and evenly. Calem glass cut at home can not. Tempered, it is no longer subject to processing: it is easy to smash, t. To. Such a glass leaf lost properties inherent in conventional window glass.

Its unsuitability of cutting with the power of a bending impact, exceeding similar power from a simple glass of 7 times. Being resistant to breaking, it resists any mechanical effects in T. C. and cutting.

Even a diamond glass cutter will not help: the master of the master involuntarily changes the effort when pressed.

The slightest shift will immediately lead to a crack that diverges in all directions. Cutting the tempered glass is carried out only on particularly accurate machines that do not allow lateral and tangential overload, easily converting a wounded sheet into a small closer, consisting of cubic stupid fragments. Sheets and tempered glass products are processed before calcining, depriving the glass of the ability to cut apart, not cracking in all directions.

Corrugated (corrugated, wavy, patterned) glass is cut with a smooth side. Trying to cut a sheet with a decorative, “figure” side, the master will not succeed in the continuity of the furrow, in which this sheet breaks. Intermittent groove at best, make a lines of cracking uneven, in the worst – a section of the glass leaf simply breaks. Its cutting is better to entrust the roller glass cutter having spinning around its axis, perfectly smooth blade.

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Plexiglas obtained from acrylic, noncritical to breaking, but its surface is easily covered with small “bar” scratches. It may shortly lose transparency, becoming matte.

Scratching the furrows is possible even with the help of an ordinary steel nail. Rassed hot spicy knife also helps to quickly cut the canvas without spending special efforts.

Acrylic glass is easily saw and cuts, even standing on the edge and possessing a thickness of no more than 2 mm, heated the knife in this case is not necessary. Thumb transparent acrylic easily cut through a grinder or saw machine. And sharpened or file will allow quickly and high qualityly align the edge at the required cut slicing line.

Large sheets exceeding several square meters, the glass plates are cut using devices that supply fluid under high pressure. The plexiglass is easy to cut with the help of a constantly split thin wire stretched into the string – it quickly and smoothly enters it, like a fishing line in the butter at a temperature of 5-10 degrees of heat.

Precautionary measures

When cutting glass, without using protective gloves and glasses, the worker can and hands cut, and the eyes of a glass and small fragments to clog. It is forbidden to try to cut a glass leaf, putting it on your knees or doubtful reference design. Glass can not be transferred over the edge with bare hands – sharp as a scalpel, edges cut the skin for a fraction of a second. Rimming the leaf, it takes it not for one edge, but for two. Large leaf with non-accurate transfer easy break.

Shoes and pants must be closed – with a random drop, unprotected skin is easily cut. There are cases when a worker with careless movements dissects with sharp edges on the hands or legs of the veins and leaves for a long time from further work. Protective suit or overalls should be made of tight fabric – it will protect the body of a person from injuries. After working, shoes and clothing must be shipped – this will prevent the separation of glass particles at home or object territory, their accidental waypons.

Technology cutting

Despite the seeming survival, cutting glass is not a complex business for a person who, having worked for an hour and more, has mastered and has the necessary skill. Cutting glass sheets – not the work where a rush and efficiency go hand in hand. For the success of the process, speed and strength must be coordinated with each other. The newcomer, for the first time in the life of the glass cutter, is practiced on fragments or segments that are waste from the main cutting and not represent any value.

The more uniform is the cut-off line, the glass cutter, the sheet, the sheet will break the sheet when trying to be led by this feature.

The guide line on which cutting is performed is applied by felt-tip pen or with a glass fiberglass. In the overwhelming majority, if it is not a decorative window with the original frame, the curvature of which is arbitrary, the line is carried out according to the ruler. Before starting work, make sure that the glass cutter is working and efficient.

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Normal

For the discharge of a furrow, which is performed by the chip, use roller, diamond or glass cutter with oil supply. From the beginning and to the end of the marked line of the furrow, it is stuck with uniform speed and effort. Cutting item should not be blunted. Effort – just above average. The furrow should be translucent, without interrupts and not too deep.

Excessive effort is able to quickly remove the cutter. One of the right results is a slight crackling. Recommended when the furrows breaks down to retreat half astimeter from the previous mark and perform a new retirement. It is optimally starting with a little effort and quickly tying the desired level of exposure to glass cutter on a glass sheet. Newbie Quickly it will go and soon will cut the sheet behind the sheet.

The battered sheet is stacked and kept so that the furridge moves somewhat from the edge of the table. That the scurrying of the furrows is done correctly, indicates even glass china.

Gradually increasing the intensity (strength) of the tapping of the glass cutter or the hammer in the place where the groove was carried out, the appearance of a smooth crack, which rises the glass in the right direction. When the crack gets to the opposite edge, a piece of glass will be separated itself. It is not recommended to span a glass with small fragments – it will complicate the separation of the desired and unnecessary parts of the glass sheet.

If the tapping of the glass cutter did not give results, put the match or toothpick in the course of the line. The worker presses on the glass on both sides of the bobbin. When the glass does not crack over the cut line, the one is combined with the edge of the table. Hand in a protective glove having a decaying effort on a glass sheet. When unsuccessful third attempts, this sheet should be cut with glass cutter re. It is possible to change the glass cutter or replace the blocked roller new.

If there is no glass cutter, you can use the brown of concrete instead of it. If the roller or oil glass did not come up, then it is necessary to resort to diamond. The new furrow cuts forward with a fully suitable and worker, and not worn glass cutter. With a break too narrow band of the excess sheet to be removed, they are cleaned with the help of the passage or side. Sharp edges in order to prevent injury to blown up with the help of sandbreaks or grinding bars with a small graininess.

Figured

The figure line is a zigzag, a wave, a broken or curve in any form. So cut, for example, stained glass, serving as a scenery. Figure cutting glass is used to lad out a glass mosaic, for example, on not frozen, just laid cement plaster. The cutting process is not much more difficult than conventional cutting.

Figured cut is made by a pre-harvested pattern. Oval, smooth line is made on lecturer from chipboard or plywood. The milestone is fixed on a glass sheet through bilateral scotch – he will not give her to move on the glass during the cutting. The glass cutter is from the exact line of cutting on average by 2.5 mm. Having made a groove of a given curvature, with the help of glass cutter or hammer glass sheet. The separation of a piece inside the sheet may require additional stuffing with glass cutter from the external edge of the sheet to the inner section of the cut.

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How to cut other materials?

For acrylic glass, glass cutter is not needed. It is an organic material suitable for cutting and rocking with other cutting tools – up to a simple knife. Thickened, more than 2 mm, acrylic sheet is written several times in the same place. The neat layer on the line is made due to the attenuation, thinning of the material at the point through which the cut line passes.

Tile or thin tile are cut in glass cutter as well as ordinary glass. Tile is made of burned clay. Thin, up to 3 mm, sheets and squares of the tile can be cut in conventional glass cutter no worse than the simple window glass.

Porcelain tens is much thicker than a simple tile. For its cutting, a universal tool is used – fiberglass.

This is a reinforced and increased (in size) option of conventional glass cutter, which has a bigger than that of a simple tool, and thickened along the axis of rotation roller (wheels). In some cases, the number of rollers reaches five – than them are more, the longer the messenger method of cut materials.

Outdoor tiles without the formation of extra chips is cut with roller glass cutters or diamond. Like any product from burned clay, ceramic tile is easily cutting with glass and tile cutters, a grinder or saw machine. To cut the bottle, any glass cutter is suitable, except for circular, as well as folk methods based on sharp heating and cooling glass. In the latter case, the glass itself will burst from the temperature drop, if it is not tempered, but the cut line will not be completely smooth.

Useful advice

The secret of successful cutting lies in the following.

  1. In case of lack of roller or oil glass roller resource, purchase diamond. His feature is that the master longer learns to work with him. To adjust the concrete product, often the feasibility of a test furrow reaches 200 m. From the angle of sharpening and the orientation of the edges, how fast the worker will work with the diamond most effectively.
  2. If you got a diamond glass cutter, consider under the magnifying glass of the edge of the cutting edge for the presence of jar and chip. Diamond is recognized by the shape of the teeth – gently and hard, plus steep diogran. Gunning and straight edge must be addressed to the master.
  3. The task of the master is to determine the slope in which the pairing of the cutting line will be extremely lightweight. The groove from the diamond is significantly thinner than from the roller, and the cutting process itself is characterized by a glass ringing, and not crackling.
  4. Diamond deviation at least for degrees is unacceptable – the furrow will get smaller, blurred edges on both sides. When Skole are formed irregularities of the edge in need of additional smoothing. Diamond glass cutter is able to cut out not one crosswise kilometer glass – over the cut slicing line.

For cutting the perfect round glasses, a circular glass cutter will be required. But it is not always possible to find it in local construction stores. Alternative – Application of conventional glass cutter with a round wooden pattern.

Not every Master will learn to cut the glass quality from the first time. Practice will quickly develop a certain skill with a novice. Unsuccessful attempts are better to go on glass residues formed after cutting by another master.

How to cut the glass, look next.

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