How to breed putty for walls?

Question how to breed putty, often asked people who decided to make repairs on their own. Shp clashing is one of the important preparatory stages, on which the quality of the final result depends. Not everyone can afford the prepared compounds, so the construction markets are offered a huge selection of dry powders, which, subject to the correct breeding proportions, will be able to become a worthy alternative to expensive. It is on how to make a spacure mixture for walls at home, and it will be discussed in this article.

How to breed putty for walls?

Peculiarities

Dry putty mixture is a powdered material, which includes binding components, the main filler and different additives. Before applying to the leveling wall, it should be dissolved with water in the ratio, which on the package indicated the manufacturer.

How to breed putty for walls?

Dry putty has a number of indisputable advantages:

  • long service life;
  • resistance to different temperatures (can be stored both in warm and cold rooms);
  • the ability to control the consistency;
  • low cost;
  • ease of use;
  • Easily transportation.

How to breed putty for walls?

Prepared solution cannot be used:

  • with high humidity, since over time it will begin to flap from the walls;
  • with sharp drops of temperatures that will quickly lead to its softening.

How to breed putty for walls?

Dilute and mix putty specialists recommend a drill with a special mixing nozzle. With its help, the mass is more homogeneous than when using sweater.

How to choose?

When buying a dry putty mixture, it is worth paying attention to the following points:

  • Safety – the composition should include substance harmless to human health;
  • adhesion – the adhesion with the leveling surface should be good;
  • convergence – the formation of a smooth surface should occur without the use of additional means and materials;
  • resistance to external influences;
  • The possibility of grinding.

How to breed putty for walls?

In addition, when choosing, you need to decide on what stage of the finishes you are planning to use the leveling coating.

Depending on the purpose of the plaster, the following types are:

  • Basic (Start). It is carried out all the rough surfaces of the surface: corrected irregularities, close the slits, fill the depressions. This composition is applied with a layer of up to 7-8 mm thick. If the flaw from the first time could not be eliminated, then the layer is replaced. After such an initial alignment, the surface is smooth and slightly due to the large-scale components of the putty.
  • Finish. It is intended for finishing surface surface and bringing it to perfectly smooth state. Its once delight a thin layer on a pre-dried starting putty.
  • Universal. It is used both for rough and fine works, but is distinguished by increased cost and not always due to efficiency.

How to breed putty for walls?

The main component of the mixture has an important meaning to where and under what conditions it will be used.

Depending on the composition, the putty happens the following types:

  • Cement. Used when finishing facades of buildings, as well as wet and unheated premises: bathrooms, kitchens, pools, basements. It is moisture resistant and resistant to extreme temperatures. After applying on the wall, such a putty begins to shrink greatly, with the result that the layers of the solution have to be applied again for better alignment. The speed of frozen is small and is 28-30 days, which significantly slows down the finish process.

How to breed putty for walls?

How to breed putty for walls?

  • Gypsum. Designed for dry rooms inside the building: living room, bedroom, corridor. In this case, the solution on the surface dries over several days, but it is also rapidly decomposed under the influence of moisture.
  • Polymer. It is a universal mixture for alignment of polyurethane, cement, concrete and gypsum surfaces. It combines the properties of cement and gypsum plaster, resulting in a high cost.

How to breed putty for walls?

How to breed putty for walls?

  • Oil-glue. It is applied before staining on concrete, wooden and plastered surfaces.
  • Water-dispersive. Used for partial leveling of bases from various materials: wood, aerated concrete, brick.
  • Polyester. Used when working for metal, wood, paint and varnish, concrete, natural stone. It is successfully used for sealing holes and through holes, getting rid of rust and corrosion. It is characterized by such a composition of good clutch, increased strength and water resistance.

How to breed putty for walls?

How to breed putty for walls?

Proportions

The diluted solution of putty must be characteristic consistency and density. To achieve this, it is necessary to observe the correct ratio of water and dry matter. For each type, these proportions differ.

Gypsum-based formulations are bred in a ratio of 1: 0.8, that is, 1 kg will be 0.8 liters of liquid. For cement formulations, water will be 2 times less: 0.37-0.42 l per 1 kg. 1 kg of polymer putty bred 0.25 liters of liquid.

How to breed putty for walls?

How to breed putty for walls?

Depending on the situation, water consumption can be changed. Thus, when basic finish requires a thicker composition, so liquids are allowed to use less. With a decorative finish, a liquid mixture is used, respectively, water will need more.

How to breed putty for walls?

Please note that water to dilute is necessary to take room temperature.

Process technology

The process of cooking the mixture at home should be started with the preparation of the necessary tools.

You will need:

  • A spacious bucket with high walls without rounded angles (plastic, enamelled or galvanized);
  • Drill with a nozzle;
  • scales;
  • painting brush or spatula.

How to breed putty for walls?

To properly make a putty with your own hands, you should follow the following procedures:

  • Fill the bucket required amount of water.
  • Circular movements of it wept to wet the remaining dry walls of the container.
  • Dry mix weigh and gently fall asleep into the water. Then leave for 3-5 minutes so that it is a little risks.
  • Slowly immersed drill and begin to knead the solution, moving the micro-mounted nozzle in a circle, right-left, up-down.

How to breed putty for walls?

  • Having achieved the desired consistency, stop the knead. We consider the supreme residues of a mixture from the bucket walls with a spatula or brush. We repeat the kneading.
  • The cooked mass do not touch 10-15 minutes, let her swell.
  • Add 1 st. L. PVA glue, which will make the solution softer and more elastic, and the layer superimposed on the surface is stronger and more reliable.
  • We repeat the kneading.
  • Drill removed, omit into another container with water and run for 1-2 minutes. In this way, dirt from the nozzle will instantly delete.

How to breed putty for walls?

If you have no mixer available, you can mix the mixture manually. In the dried bucket, smear dry powder putty and then gradually pour water. We carry out circular movements, gradually moving from the center to the edges. If the solution has too liquid consistency, then a mixture is added to it, if too thick – still water.

Please note that in this case, the putty is embanked, and the liquid is poured. If you do vice versa, as with a mechanical kneading, lumps will appear on which it will be difficult to get rid of.

How to breed putty for walls?

The above method is suitable for compositions based on cement and polymers.

Gypsum spacing breeding is made in several other way:

  • In the bucket embroider 7 triggers and poured them with the same volume of fluid. Thoroughly mix all;
  • Add the remaining parts of the mixture and water and mix everything to the state of homogeneity;
  • Leave a solution for 2-3 minutes for swelling and mix all all.

How to breed putty for walls?

How to breed putty for walls?

Unlike other types of plaster plaster Very capric. After drying over time, it can crack due to a number of reasons: violations of production technology, non-compliance with the correct proportions of components, thin layer of application (less than 5 mm), dirty treated surface.

How to breed putty for walls?

Stages of breeding putty with fiberglass do not differ in particular complexity.

At the same time, the following sequence of actions should be followed:

  • Move to the warm room. Temperature on the thermometer should not be below 18 and not higher than 25 degrees Celsius.
  • Opening the jar with the composition, thoroughly mix it so that the solvent will rose up.
  • Prepare a clean container and get a piece of the mixture to work there, and the rest close the lid. Since the divorced composition instantly dries, divorge this amount that you can work out in 10 minutes.
  • Add hardener.
  • Stir all the spatula. The composition should be dense and homogeneous.

How to breed putty for walls?

How to breed putty for walls?

As a rule, such well-known firms as Novol, Sea-Line, QuickLine, indicate the packaging the correct proportions of breeding putty with hardener. If the manufacturer did not mention it, then the masters recommend using electronic scales of increased accuracy or their own eye. The amount of hardener should be 3% of the total putty mass.

How to breed putty for walls?

This ratio can be determined by the following in a simple way:

  • From the tank, the spatula is gaining a mixture and immediately shift it to another spatula.
  • We divide the mass in half. 50% remains in each part.
  • One of the parts divide the same way again. It turns out 25%.
  • Repeat the procedure. It turns out 12%.
  • The resulting slide is evenly divided into 4 parts, thereby obtaining the required 3% hardener.

How to breed putty for walls?

Observe the correct proportions when it is very important: if you add too much hardener, its excess will not join the interaction with the particles of the spacing composition, as a result of which, after applying on the surface, a divorce and spots will appear. When the hardener is lacking, the solution will be watery, it will hardly be superimposed on the basis and uneven hardens.

How to breed putty for walls?

Useful Tips and Recommendations

When working with putty, experts recommend adhere to the following rules:

  • Knead the mixture should be gradually. Start with low speed, slowly increasing momentum. Such actions will help to avoid the appearance of lumps and bubbles.
  • After kneading, leave the solution for several minutes, and then stir it again. Thus, the components are better grabbed.
  • Use only clean capacities and tools. Compounds of the particles of the old and new mixture will lead to a violation of the consistency and the elasticity of the future composition, which adversely affects the quality of the finish.

How to breed putty for walls?

  • Do not immediately make a large amount of putty, otherwise it quickly dries and grab lumps. If you are inexperienced by water to water a whole pack, then leave a quarter of the mass for further work, and the remaining part is reclining into a thick-walled container and close the lid tightly in order to avoid drying.
  • When buying, look at the shelf life of putty. The mixture with the expired date of implementation is rapidly collapsing, poorly smeared over the surface and stick to the spatula, which complicates the work and affect the durability of the finish.
  • Take the mixture in specialized construction stores or hypermarkets.

How to breed putty for walls?

How to breed putty for walls?

  • Combine mixes of different firms. If you buy many packs of expensive putty, you do not have the opportunity, it is allowed to mix it with a lower value. Thus, you can get a better framework for finishing.
  • Wash the mixer only to the nozzle down. Otherwise, water drops or residues of the solution will fall under the cartridge, with the result that he quickly degrees.
  • To remove excess moisture from tools, use only soft rags without porcel.

How to breed putty for walls?

Video structure on how to breed putty, see below.

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