Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

Diamond spraying files are used in production and production. With their help, you can process stone, metal and other materials. There are different types of tools, so the selection depends on the features of the work and specific tasks.

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

What is it and for what you need?

Filed apply for layer-by-layer processing materials. With this tool, the surface or part is performed to remove the surplus and give the item. And also there are varieties that are used for sharpening knives and chains for saws.

The design of the tool is simple. He has a working part, as well as a handle that is fixed on the shank. Production use alloyed chromium steel and unallociated improved, from the material brand depends the strength of the tool. Pens are made of wood or plastic.

Diamond file is distinguished by the presence of a special coating that replaces a notch with cutting teeth. Application of such a tool is advisable when working with hardened steel with a large carbon content and other high-strength materials. In the form of diamond noodles coincide with ordinary, non-spraying.

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

When choosing it is worth paying attention to the size of the grains – the speed of the opil and the degree of roughness depends on it after processing.

Review of species

Different tools with spraying can differ significantly in terms of characteristics, despite the fact that they are all used to work on metal. Some are needed for roughing, others – for finishing grinding or lying small parts. According to GOST 1513-67, Nadfili must have label indicating the main parameters. Tools can be divided into groups for a number of signs.

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

In form

The view of the profile indicates what purpose one or another file is suitable. Permissible forms are established by the State Standard. There are quite a lot of them, which allows you to choose tools for different stages of work.

Flat, with blunt nose:

  • possess a rectangular shape;

  • have 4 faces, 2 of which are wide, and the rest are narrow;

  • fit both for processing smooth surfaces and for opiled grooves and other hard-to-reach places.

There are also flat noodles with a sharp nose. They are distinguished by another form of the operating part of the working part, otherwise they possess the same features as stupid products.

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

Rhombic:

  • upper corners – dull;

  • there are diamond faces;

  • Scope of application – processing of parts with versatile corners.

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

Square products are needed for rectification of the grooves of a rectangular shape. All faces at the worker tool.

Three-edged files are two types:

  • Ostropy – are suitable for processing outdoor grooves in small parts, all faces are involved in the work;

  • Stupid – they can have both one working side and all three; The last option is more popular.

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

Round tools usually have a sharp tip. They are suitable for scolding relief elements. Similar in the form – oval models, they can be processed rounded parts.

To size

Product parameters are usually indicated in marking. It can contain three digits, for example, one of the popular sizes of 140x70x3, where 140 mm – the length of the product, and 70×3 mm – its cross section. As well as in demand for files with parameters 140x50x3. In some forms, the cross section is indicated by one digit, for example, a round feet of 4 mm.

The length of the products can be different, but most often the tools are used for 80 mm, 120 mm, 160 mm. If necessary, you can buy a file from 100 mm to 450 mm.

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

In terms of graininess

Depending on the appointment, the propulsion coating may be different. It is worth paying attention to the density of grains. If there are few them, then after processing the product will be rough, and with a fine-grained file you can make a surface smooth. For convenience, color marking is applied to the tool handle:

  • Red – the density of grains ranges from 160 to 80 units;

  • Blue – graininess ranging from 80 to 55;

  • If there is no markup, the coating can have 50-28 grains per 1 cm2.

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

You can use different files alternately – from coarse-grained to fine-grained to give the product the desired view.

Diamond Nadfili Release Domestic and Foreign Companies. It is better to give preference to proven brands that deserved a good reputation.

  • “Bison”. Russian company produces manual and mechanical tools for more than 20 years. Diamond spraying files are presented in the “Expert” and Master series. Tools are sold in dials and separately. Available options for different shapes and sizes.

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

  • Vallorbe. Production is located in Switzerland, the company was founded in 1899. Tools are made of alloy steel high quality. The assortment contains files from 50 cm long.

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

  • Stayer. This is a German brand. In the catalog of goods you can find tools of different shapes – square, round and semicircular, triangular. Products are sold by the pieces and sets, the grids in most of them are plastic.

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

  • Matrix. The brand belongs to the Germans, but production is in China and in Taiwan. Among the products there are files of all running sizes: 80 mm, 150 mm, 200 mm and others.

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

  • Vira. Russian company, in the market since 2004. Specializes in building and plumbing tools. Products correspond to GOST, also the manufacturer complies with the German standard DIN. Files are made of durable high carbon steel.

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

Child Nuances

Tools are sold individually and in sets. If you need a few files for different types of work, it will be advisable to purchase a set. As a rule, it includes 6-10 supules with the most popular forms and sizes.

  • Kit from the manufacturer Sparta With number 158255. Includes 10 instruments. Suitable for finishing steel, ceramic products, glasses.

  • Set from Stayer – 1603-10-H6_Z01. It includes 6 legs with comfortable handles. They can be used when working with wood or metal.

The cost of sets depends on the number of tools. Good options can be found at affordable prices within 300-500 rubles per set, but it is worth keeping in mind that they are calculated on domestic, and not professional use. Such tools are suitable for repairing in the farm, for sharpening knives, crocheu processing.

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

In addition to the knowledge of the technical characteristics necessary to select a suitable file, you should also pay attention to a number of nuances that will help evaluate the quality of the product.

  • Inspect the tool from all sides. The form must be correct, without curvature. During hardening, the products can be brought – this is considered a marriage, so this copy is not necessary.

  • Invalid the presence of rust and pollution on the surface. Have a good tool, the color will be uniform.

  • Cracks and other defects – unambiguous marriage, but sometimes they are not visible. To determine the presence of internal damage, knock down the solid surface. If a clean sound is heard, without a bounce, then everything is in order.

  • It is important that the spraying was quality. Take two tools and, slightly pressing, spend one of them differently. Good spraying will not erase from such an impact, will not start crumble and does not change color.

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

Pay attention to the instrument handle. It must be comfortable, not slippery, about 1.5 times longer than the shank. If you choose between wooden and plastic options, then the second preferably. They are easier, do not crack and do not rot, do not destroy from contact with oil or gasoline.

If the handle was still damaged, then in stores where the files sell, you can find suitable parts for replacement. Although some craftsmen make them independently. Handles are pulled out of wood and even from old toothbrushes.

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

Tool care

Food sets are usually sold in a plastic or soft casing that will be suitable for storing instruments. Do not put them in a bunch, because because of the friction about each other they can fade. If you independently make a storage case, there must be separate nests for each.

And also do not forget to clean the tools after work, keep them in a dry place to avoid the appearance of rust. Clean the file from the oil can be using charcoal. Sattail the surface, and then walk the brush.

When buying a new nadfil, load it gradually. Start with softer materials, and then proceed to solid metals. So the teeth are blunting less.

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice

These uncomplicated measures will help you extend the service life of the files.

Description of diamond files and secrets of their choice in the video below.

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