Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

The use of natural wood in different production is a very expensive option and not to each buyer for pocket. In order to preserve natural resources and reduce the cost of production, materials that externally resemble natural wood, and expensive breeds. Such material is a veneered plywood. Consider in more detail the characteristics and use of veneered plywood.

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

What it is?

Plywood itself is a material that consists of glued particles of natural wood. Despite its natural origin, in its original form of plywood has no attractive appearance and produced from the cheapest wood. So that she acquires a beautiful appearance and has been in demand from producers, it is refined.

This is done using a veneer that is produced on the basis of natural wood does not have bitch and equipped with moisture-resistant properties with an ideal surface.

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

The veneer is a thin layer of natural wood, which is glued to the surface of plywood and makes it decorative and in demand. It varies according to the method of production. He can be several types.

  • Sawn is the most expensive and high-quality, since in the process of its manufacture it turns out a lot of waste. Initially, for this species used valuable wood, but due to and so expensive, technology is now based on inexpensive wood so that the price of the species is more affordable.
  • Strogian is the cheapest option. It is made of the most popular coniferous and hardwood wood. Veneer has a thickness of 0.2-5 mm. The technology of making a veneer made of caps wood, which gives the original texture and beautiful drawing.
  • For the production of implant veneer Used soft wood varieties, such as birch, oak, pine and others. Manufacturing technology is based on a thin layer cutting from a round line in the form of a ribbon. Such a veneer is very high quality and indispensable in the production of products with a large area, but it is not distinguished by decorative qualities.

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

Sponied plywood production technology is quite complicated. Plywood cleaned from dust. Then a special carbamide formaldehyde glue is applied to it. They process the surface on both sides. Veneer placed so that the drawing of independent “shirts” clearly went to each other. After that, Phaneur with a veneer is determined in a special vacuum or hot press for the press, after which it is subjected to final processing – this is a carriage, cutting and grinding.

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

In accordance with the functional accessory, the veneered plywood is divided into two types:

  • Furniture lumber with beautiful appearance and easy to handle mechanically;
  • Construction plywood made of thickened veneer with good strength and durability indicators. It is used only as a facing and structural material.

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

Finished veneered plywood, depending on the selected type of coating, can be different varieties.

  • Grade B is the highest and expensive. It can be covered with transparent varnish. It is used to create furniture, interior decoration and toys.
  • Grade S is average between b and bb. It must be varied and painted. It is used to create furniture and interiors.
  • Grade BB. It is allowed small bitch, and there is a lightweight discoloration. It needs to be painted and varnished. It is used for the production of furniture and transport.
  • In a variety CP Disollaration is allowed, there may be elements of inserts, synthetic smears are used, there may be small cracks. The variety is the cheapest, used under construction facing in the manufacture of furniture and various types of packages.

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

Advantages and disadvantages

Veneered plywood is absolutely harmless and environmentally friendly material, since its coating is made of natural material. It does not have an unpleasant odor and does not cause allergies. In the process of producing material, a variety of coloring and surface pattern can be achieved, which is very important for the manufacture of furniture of other appointments.

Different varieties of wood are used – from expensive and up to the cheapest. This is what is reflected in the value of the material.

During its processing, you can achieve a variety of configuration of the product and structure, it easily lies and lights well. Products from veneered plywood have the appearance of a natural tree, but their cost is significantly lower than its analogue, so they are in demand. In many products, the drawing with a beautiful texture is correct and correctly selected, which gives them an excellent appearance. The material is distinguished by practicality, resistant to temperature fluctuations and high humidity, the surface does not crack and is not deformed. It can be combined from several types of wood, it has a wide size and color series.

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

It is worth paying attention to the following flaws:

  • That a veneer plywood served as long as possible, you need to know that its surface is afraid of direct sunlight, under their influence it can change color;
  • In order not to damage the surface from this material, it is necessary to eliminate cleaning products with chemical additives;
  • Since a separate sheet has its own individual pattern, sometimes it is very difficult to choose a drawing in the joints;
  • Products made from expensive veneer types, it may be oak, ash, beech, still have a high cost;
  • Since the thickness of the sheet is not very thick, the material is not used in supporting structures; To improve the quality of veneered plywood, varnishes, natural oils and other compositions, with which moisture resistance and wear resistance are improved.

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

Review of species of veneered plywood

Veneered plywood is divided into several species corresponding to the type of wood raw materials.

Oak

Plywood, veneered oak, is the most popular option for the design of modern interiors and the creation of furniture. It has rich shades of brown tone, a positive texture and a special high porosity. This species has weak flexibility, high strength, and the thickness of the natural coating is from 0.3 mm to 0.6 mm. In the production of the basis of the waterproof birch plywood. Plates are obtained by the “hot” pressing method.

To avoid sending glue on the seams, the sheets glued in the edge on a special machine, and all the plates are calibrated.

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

Ash

Plywood, veneered ash, is characterized by a poorly pronounced pattern, in which light brown color with a light brown or olive tint is usually dominated. The color transition is very weak and vague. The texture is pronounced, since impressive vessels are present in her natural wood. The material requires staining, after which the drawing becomes very contrast. This species is highly flexible, does not form cracks at temperature fluctuations. Sheet thickness is 4 mm and more with a veneer thickness of 0.5 mm.

This species is used to produce door shells, parquet and other interior facing options.

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

Buk

Veneered Plywood Book is characterized by a white surface with a yellowish-red sweat, which over time can change the pink-brown tint. The material is unstable to moisture, since the beech has a hygroscopic structure. For the joints of the seams, a special moisture-resistant glue is used, which increases moisture resistance during wetting plates. Fibers are located perpendicularly, which prevents the cutting of the sheet.

This plywood is resistant to temperature drops from -40 to + 60 ° C.

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

Scope of application

Veneered plywood is an environmentally friendly material, therefore used to cover the interior, framing countertops, in the production of wooden stairs, manufacture doors and many other options. Plywood has a reliable basis, and with a veneer you can achieve excellent strength, natural color shades and wood pattern. Due to its inexpensive cost and attractive appearance, it has been widely used in the manufacture of furniture. In this case, she must have security. This is usually Plywood of the FC brand, which is produced on the basis of carbamide glue. For furniture used veneer from birch, as it has the best strength characteristics.

For the facing of furniture, the fanner of the highest varieties is used, and in places where all parts of the furniture are hidden, low-grade sheets can use.

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

As well as veneered Phaneur applied in construction to create temporary buildings and formwork, for the foundation, decorative panels, which are necessary for sound insulation, to cover the lectures, special working offices, trading rooms, playground equipment. In the automotive industry, it is used to cover the floors and body of trucks, car dealers, manufacture of trailers, internal scenery of yachts. With it, it is created by decorative boxes, beautiful elements for packaging, it is used in the arrangement of shops, to create equipment for hotels, furniture for cafes and restaurants, hairdressers and other types of business. Cheap varieties create billboards and automotive signs on the roads.

They are widely used in premises to create a natural tree type with an attractive natural design.

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

Characteristics and use of veneered plywood

Review of veneered plywood See next video.

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