A very attractive solution for self-building can be a seven house. It is necessary to take into account the main advantages and disadvantages of the shepherd house, its main projects. And also have to study the features of plastering walls and construction of the foundation, facade trim tiles.
Pros and cons
It is believed that the construction of a house from the shelling (differently from the sheek) is the best solution for the Crimean Peninsula and areas with similar conditions. It’s really, Unique and unique material, characterized by impeccable environmental purity. All the art of modern engineers does not allow to reproduce it for sure. Moreover, during the development of the sewer, satuned salt and iodine from sea waters. Therefore, to live in the house from such blocks is not only safe, but also useful.
IMPORTANT: Build a home is quite appropriate and from the Dagestan type of shell. Such a material consists of one-piece shells of the ancient marine inhabitants, as well as from their fragments.
Some experts believe that a significant iodine concentration helps protect against radioactive emissions. Not a fact that it is so, but much more important is that rodents will not be treated in the shell walls. An important role is played by a large number of pores: thanks to them improves the maintenance of optimal microclimate.
In favor of the sewer also testifies to the excellent permeability for steam. This allows you to provide “breathing walls”, that is, a full gas exchange. In addition, this breed is easily processed both gasoline and manual saws. Many masonry, in general, work light ax – and achieve excellent results. Since the shell rock is very heavy and dense, it easily extinguishes foreign sounds from the outside; Noise absorption inside the house is achieved due to increased porosity.
Part of the builders argues that The sewer perfectly absorbs harmful substances passing with air flow. This breed is obliged to all the same numerous pores. It is also important that the rikushnyak does not light up. In this parameter, it is far ahead of many ultra-modern materials, to understand the combustible properties of which are difficult even to professionals. As for frost resistance, This material is approximately equal to the classic ceramic brick, it is twice as higher than that of cellular concrete.
It is worth noting also Comparative ease of shells. But it is important to understand that The density of the material can vary. In any case, construction from it happens easily and quickly. An experienced brigade ends the installation of houses from scratch area to 100 m2 for 45-60 days. In favor of the sewer, his attractive appearance is also testifies; In the appearance of such a breed, both ultra-modern and natural motives are combined.
Mold and other fungi do not settle in the shell rock. Reliable protection from them provide iodine and salt inclusions. The adhesion of this material is quite high, and additionally increases it helps washing with clean water.
However, without this treatment, a plaster cement-sandy solution is easy to apply.
But even on such a list, the benefits of shell dwellings do not end. Their cost is relatively low, especially if you compare with high-level capital buildings. The most advantageous use of the sewer in the regions where it is mined (and in other places where delivery takes no more than 24 hours).
And yet, even such material has quite serious flaws. The most significant of them is a relatively low bearing capacity.
True, it directly depends on the breed brand. The essence is simple: if a two-story, attic one-story housing is built or a single-storey house with monolithic overlap, you will have to navigate at least 25 stamp. And it is better to use the 35th category of raw materials at all. When complying with the basic rules and careful selection of material, many buildings, even without the help of the supporting columns, are flawless decades.
Separate buildings in Crimea retained complete suitability for life even after the earthquake of 1927.
Modern shell structures have much more chances to resist during seismic oscillations. Developed already solutions with reinforced concrete foundations and columns, with floor reinforcing belts. Additionally, it is worth considering:
- Insufficient strength of fixing fasteners in the sewer of the 15th brand;
- probable geometry error in career mining (which is easily adjusted);
- excess water absorption (compensated by special processing);
- Easy cropping and damage with illiterate, careless circulation.
Which houses can be built?
Make a project of the house from the sewer is not labor. Such projects are distinguished by a very large variety. Flexibility and simplicity of processing allow you to create an arbitrary contour. Rakushnyak apply in:
- single-storey and two-storey buildings;
- registration of basement floors;
- Construction of single-storey attic buildings.
Each constructive solution will require the selection of stone brand. It is estimated by the ratio of mass and mechanical reliability. The weakness of a shell house is always always balconies. They are created using a special reference plate.
From console attacks, experts are recommended to refuse, but they can be replaced with niche and hiding in the geometry of the facade balconies (loggias).
Rakushnyak apply in the design of “European” houses with tiled roofs. It will be appropriate and for buildings with imitation Gothic. This material is equally well manifests itself both with year-round habitats in the house and with a purely seasonal use of it.
In any case, it will be necessary to separate the facade. In pure form such material is not enough.
Basics of construction
Carnish housing is undesirable to build in Polmal. This rule is valid even in single-storey small-sized buildings. The fact is that The thickness of the carrier structure is less than 25 cm when using piece blocks unreliable. Especially great difficulties arise when trying to suck in the farm. And about the full-length top floor and you do not have to think; Save similarly unwise.
Walls made of shelling, most often made with seamless texture. Similar finish allows you to save significantly. Inside the building, the finishing of sawn polished tiles is most often used.
The color of the breed itself may vary, like its strength. Therefore, you can pick up exactly the type of material that is necessary in a particular case.
For the base and the foundation of the shell house, regardless of its size, it is necessary to apply the raw materials of the M35. But sometimes they are made from completely other materials:
- monolithic reinforced concrete plate;
- concrete tape;
- strong wood;
- Natural Stone of Other types.
In rare cases use clay foundation. But you can finally choose a suitable solution if you consider:
- Features of the construction;
- The composition and characteristics of the soil;
- The depth of the land.
The most reliable solution always turns out to be a ribbon or booton. To compensate the saturation of the sewer with water, the base must be made as above. The minimum allowable level is 40 cm. Additionally, it will be necessary to form a good waterproofing in a horizontal plane.
When calculating the foundation, it will be necessary to take into account the level of seismic activity in a particular area.
The construction of the walls of the house of the sewer takes no longer than the traditional block construction. To keep the building better heat, it is recommended to perform a two-row masonry. In some cases, blocks orient a wide line inside. Despite the improvement of the thermal quality of the building, it significantly increases the cost of work. So that the two-layer structure was more reliable, between its parts lay a metal grid.
In addition to applying plaster, often the facade cladding is made by laying the brick. The airbag appear in this case guarantees excellent heat shield. Brick is sometimes replaced by the facing siding of the ventilated type, under which slab or rolled insulation.
ATTENTION: For the greatest savings and improvement of practical properties, the house is better to stucked outside and skiing from the inside. Any other techniques are unlikely to be required.
Important: Only the maximum accurate building level should be applied. Another recommendation from “experienced” – knead a masonry solution in the steel bucket (plastic too unreliable). Of particular importance is the smooth output of the corner of the walls. This procedure is complex, and without solid experience of stone work it is undesirable. It is worth correctly setting blocks in the corners – and the further formation of a number is simplified significantly.
Block walls width into one stone “tied up” every 4 rows. For this purpose, there are two receptions: a tychic layout of blocks and the use of masonry grid 5x5x0.4 cm. The use of dressings will ensure the increased strength of the wall at home and will make it monolith.
Use the most strong variety of stone is not recommended; Better in the formation of jumpers, main walls and inter-storey floors strictly observe the main construction rates and rules.
Disclinance of smallclock masonry:
- Each stone must overlap the other at least on the ¼ minimum of them;
- Masonry seams in all directions must have a width of 9-15 mm;
- The first row certainly lay out the tych;
- Under the overlap also put a twitch row;
- All wall laying seams are saturated with solution.
The top row of the wall is used as a base for a roof, and here it is necessary to especially carefully detect defects. Through a dry screed form a hardening belt (poured concrete inside formwork). Reinforcement makes from steel grid or rods. Concrete strengthening belt put all over the perimeter. The roof itself is made in the same way as in other types of buildings.
However, Sveom is somewhat different. For brick dwelling, there is enough 30 cm, and in the shell house it should be 70 cm. Facial roofing material is selected to their taste, but the tile is most often used. More modern option – Metal tile. The top of the house is predominantly red.
Separate the walls from the inside with plasterboard – not the most reasonable solution. Drilling breaks and without that unstable stone construction. Indisputable classic is shuttering. Under it there is no need to even apply a hardening grid.
The final layer after preparation is made on cement-sand or on a plaster basis. Choosing it is determined by the moisture degree in the room, also take into account the required layer thickness.
Small thickness of plaster makes appropriate mechanized gypsum finish. With a greater thickness, use manual work. And you can also perform:
- trim facade tiles;
- coating with facing brick;
- decoration of silicate brick;
- Finishing siding.
Calculation of how much 100 sq. m rikushnyaka, nested. The typical unit is taken equal to 38x18x18 cm. Secondary non-rigorous walls make in Polmal. Often practiced insulation of mineral wool, a layer of its minimum is 5 cm. And you can also warm the house with polystyrene foam; Plastering is applied over it.
Walking can be done by Tyrsoy. It is recommended to apply the smallest fractions. Best of all – “flour” with dominance of limestrial substances. A few more advice:
- Under the insulated layer we need silicon hydrophobizers;
- It is worth using a multicolored stone for finishing;
- In the classic style of the bottom of the house are covered with large uneven stones, and the rest is made in light smooth coatings;
- Applying Tiles 30-60 mm.
About the advantages and minuses of the shells, see the following video.