Cable meters: features, types and their characteristics

When conducting electrical installation works, such a tool is often used as a cable meter – this is a compact device that helps gently cut the electrocabilities. Before buying a caverter, it is necessary to take into account the characteristics and varieties of the device as a whole, the features of the products of various firms, as well as the rules for working with it.

Main functions

Such a tool is very popular for installation and dismantling cables. This device looks like pliers, only equipped with special sharp sponges from the inside, with which the cable usually is usually reserved. And also this tool can have additional compartments to remove insulation with lived. However, not all models of the cable cutter are equipped with this feature. There are models of devices that are used for laying high-voltage electrolytes.

This tool is intended to work with a very wide range of wires. Such models of the cable cutter are produced, which can snack the following wires:

  • reinforced cable with a large cross section;
  • reinforced fibers;
  • copper cables;
  • Aluminum cables;
  • optical fiber;
  • Type cables;
  • armored;
  • Coaxial.

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    Important! It must be remembered that there is no universal tool that can work immediately with all types of materials. For each of them you need a special type of device. If you use the cable cutter not for the purpose, then, most likely, it will quickly come into disrepair.

    Varieties

    In the market for electrical work, various types of cable meters are presented, which differ from the convenience of use and the price segment. Each type of device has its own unique set of characteristics. It is worth considering more popular views.

    • Special attention deserves Device capable of working with wires under voltage. It is distinguished by the fact that it is equipped with reliable insulation, minimizing the risk of contacting the hand of the master with the surface of the cable. Professional models of this type are commonly used only if there is a special dielectric material on the hand of the installer, for example, rubber gloves.
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    • The greatest distribution is obtained by mechanical or manual types of tools. They have small sizes, as a result, and low weight, and are used mainly in domestic purposes. Such cable cutters can eat wires whose diameter does not exceed 2 cm. The exact range of the device is usually represented on its handles in the form of “D = … mm” inscription, where there is a specific number of millimeters in place …

      Materials with which manual cable cutters can work are limited to copper and aluminum. It is not recommended to cut the cable, which includes a cable, as well as a steel screen. Such wires can deform the blade tool. The caverter is usually written on the handle, for which materials it is intended.

      Mechanical electricians themselves are divided into several species.

      • Electrical scissors have a design similar to the stationery analogue. But their blades are shorter and tight. Such a tool is usually used in the repair of electronics, as well as household appliances, which often includes small thin wires.

      • Lever nippers The most similar to appearance with pliers and are equipped with small rounded inside blades. This design allows you to cover the large area of ​​touch when cutting the cable. And also on the inner sides of the handle can be special notches intended for stripping wires.

      • The most powerful of manual cable cutters is sectoral option, In the design of which there is a snoring mechanism. It allows you to cover a rather thick cable. The lever shoulder in such models is usually increased due to the fact that it consists of long tubes. Such a feature of the design reduces the load on the hand of the wizard when working.
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      • Hydraulic cabler It is a much more massive device that achieves 7 kilograms by weight. It is used to work with the power line, located in the air or underground. The tool is able to cut very thick wires, since the metal density for the blades in its design exceeds the density of materials included in such wires. Hydraulic cable was called because it consists of a hydraulic cylinder that will pull the rod if you pump a handle. It provokes a strong compression, as a result of which the wire is perove. The handle itself is a hydraulic cylinder, the rod of which the blade moves the impetus, while the hydraulic fluid is pumped with a thin lever. It is impractical to use a similar type of cables for snacking thin wires. The process becomes uncomfortable due to the fact that the device is not compact. And this design also works quite slowly with the calculation of cable snacking with a large diameter, for example, 160 mm and even 250 mm.

      • Electro-hydraulic models differ from the previous on the pressure method on the hydraulic cylinder. Analogue of the lever in such tools is an electric motor, and the hydraulic fluid is downloaded only after pressing one button. Similar devices for cutting electrical wires are divided, in turn, on rechargeable and network. Rechargeable possesses a removable battery that allows you to work where there is no power supply network. Network devices work only when connected to the outlet, therefore, cannot be used outdoors. The weight of such structures is the biggest. But their distinctive advantage is the fastest speed of work.

      Before you choose the cable, it is recommended to familiarize yourself with the characteristics of the goods most in demand in the electrical equipment market.

      • Cable cutters knipex Characterized by a long service life. They are often equipped with details for stripping cables with one residential. Some models such as Knipex KN-9511200 are capable of cutting both thin and denser wires.
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      • Tools of the company “ZUBR” Made from durable materials. They are easy to operate, as well as capable of cutting the wires carefully. Buyers allocate the Master model 23343-15, which is distinguished by high quality at a very democratic price. However, it is not suitable for processing armored cable.

      • German quality is represented in cable cutters GROSS. For example, the GROSS 17725 model can operate under voltage reaching 1000 V. And also an additional advantage is a design that prevents the ability of the cable to slip out. The instrument handles are very convenient, and the blade is covered with a special anti-corrosion layer, which will provide a long service life of the caverter.

      • Rigid specializes in the release of cable cutters of a ratchet type. Such a mechanism makes the cutting process of wires easier, thereby providing not only productive, but also a comfortable work.

      How to use?

        Cable work can be carried out both by professional electricians and amateurs depending on what kind of work. Non-professionals can engage in cutting cable that is not under voltage only in living conditions. For this you need to perform the following actions algorithm:

        1. Make sure the electricity in the apartment is disabled;
        2. If you are dealing with an electrical appliance or household appliances, make sure that it is not turned on;
        3. Carefully calculate the case of the cable cut, because the error may finally break the equipment or require reworking the entire system;
        4. Place the cable into the space between the blades and cut it on the scheduled place with the movement of the cable handles.

        Looking through the lists of the best tools for cutting the cable, as well as given the features of the upcoming work, you can choose the highest quality tool with manual, hydraulic or electrical drive.

        See more about Cabells in the video below.

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