All you need to know about nails can be painted in many volumes. But briefly describe what nails are, what kind of nails and sizes in GOST, how to score them neiler, it is necessary. There are a number of other issues of attention: what a notch is made near the hats, how many nails in 1 kg and so on.
What it is?
The official determination of the nail – “Hardware with an acute working part and a rod”. The form of such products may differ significantly. Basically, they are used to connect wooden structures. However, occasionally this fastener is in demand and when connecting other materials. It is known that when the very first nails appeared, they were not made from metal.
At that time, the melting of metals was the case extremely difficult and practiced mainly for more responsible tasks. Metal nails invented in the Bronze Age.
Then the practice of their castings either forging was widely widespread. Later, mastered the use of wire. A massive cheap product nail was not earlier than the beginning of the XIX century, when machine production came to replace the manual.
In antiquity, this thing looked at all as now as now. She was devoid of hats and had only a cylindrical part. Such products, however, was used even in shipbuilding many centuries.
There was a separate specialization – Blacksmith-nail. And in each country there were thousands of such masters, and they could not complain about the lack of appeals. And today, this product is in demand everywhere.
How nails make?
On nails for construction needs (the most massive type) in Russia acts GOST 4028-63. There are written sizes and symbols, design features. For the production of such hardware, it is necessary, first of all, the wire, and, accordingly, the equipment that can be created correctly. Preferably, manufacturers buy low carbon steel wire. Another material is used only for a strictly defined task circle.
Technology varies depending on emerging requests and applied standards. At the same time, a more complex option implies molding cap under pressure on a special rotary press. A simpler approach – shock impact on the workpiece. Nothing near the cap is not focused, it is only a side result of the clamp in a special mechanism.
Sequence of operations:
- inspection of raw materials and checking the strength of steel;
- Laying bay on unwinding device;
- Running wire for the installed length;
- Capture of metal clamping cheeks;
- Formation of a hat under the action of the drummer;
- formation of the isge;
- throwing out nail outside;
- Cleaning and closing the surface in the happatry drum.
There are different types of nails.
This is a product that in the representation of most people is associated with the term “nail”. A hat reminiscent of a cone, either having a straight form, is attached to the smooth body. The release of construction nails is carried out on a huge scale. Depending on the use on the street or inside buildings, the surface can cover the protective layer or refuse to use it.
In favor of building fasteners, their low price and a variety of dimensional series also testify.
They also have an alternative name: twisted nails. The name is associated with the execution of the functional rod (a screw cutting is applied). As in the previous case, there is division of products for internal and external work. Such a hardware is in demand for the connection of structures subject to strong deformations. Twisted nails often buy when you need to work with fiberboard and chipboard.
Roofing, slate and tall
They are intended to be understood by the title, for the maximum reliable connection of roofing materials with the base. This requires not only corrosion resistance, but also the usual mechanical reliability. So-called Toler Buttons Apply To Fix Tole and Ruberoid. Their hat not only eliminates the gap of a soft pliable material, but also makes it stronger to hold it. The design is similar to the execution of the usual stationery buttons, however, the product is noticeably larger in size.
Flexible tile is visually similar to a simple runner. But for her necessarily needed special fasteners. They are made of galvanized metal. Roofing nails are also distinguished:
- intended for a pneumatic pistol.
It is believed that this is another name of the heroic methization. This fastener has a very powerful performance. The rod is equipped with transverse notches, inclined at an angle of 65 ° toward the edge.
When the grumble nail is booming, it can be pulled out only with serious material destruction. All such products have a zinc coating.
Finishing, they are joinery, nails are needed during finishing works inside the house. They can be mounted to Paneur and window frames. Chrome fasteners has a silver color. Length reaches 25 cm, and the cross section of the rod varies from 0.09 to 0.7 cm. Sometimes the hat is equipped with a removable, facilitating the clipping element.
In addition to chrome plated, there are still devoid of coatings, galvanized and copper options. The hat at the finish methiza is less than that of its construction counterpart. It takes off in the material completely. As a result, improved appearance is provided. Construction Blowjob allows you to guarantee and safety.
As it is easy to understand the name, such nails look especially good. They are often used when building elegant designs and designer elements. For the manufacture of such fasteners, durable reliable materials are released.
There are options with a small head or with a round cap. Geometry Hats may also differ.
Technically, a dowel represent a sleeve or a sleeve. Modern attachments of this kind were far away from the wooden tube “Cook” used in former times. It is quite possible to install them in the hardest materials. When administered inside the design expands and maintains reliably. Usually, other hardware is introduced into the dowels.
Shoemal nails are not related to construction and repair work. But nevertheless they really need. Without such products, it would be unthinkable to imagine the production of shoes. Among them there is an additional division of types:
The last option, in turn, is divided into formats:
- K (needed for fastening and when assembling heels);
- Ka (in demand in automatic production);
- Nzh (for heels of women’s shoes);
- About (apply in heavy shoes of narrow special purpose);
- HP (for fastening rubber machines to a leather basis);
- KV, KVO.
Upholstery nails are used in furniture production.
They must be attached securely, but at the same time not to stand out visually. Upholstery nail, competently selected, allows you to achieve a chic external result. By choosing their layout, it will turn out to be issued even the designer original drawing. Length relatively small.
Mansion stand drum nails. They are intended for pneumatic tools. Most often, these fasteners are collecting pallets and drawers. In some cases they are bought to mount the framework elements and engage in draft trim. Drum nails:
- easy to use;
- reliable and firmly combine materials;
- Do not reduce overly the resource of the pneumatic tool.
Forged nails in the past could be found in any house. But they were used not so much for mounting as in the quality of hooks. On them hung home inventory, clothes. Mounted in a jamb door nail turned into the simplest castle. Today forged hardware of this kind actively collect.
In some cases, enjoy wooden nails. They are needed for carpentry and joinery. It’s above all about the impudent. Basically, they are released solid wood. Logs are combined with round or square elements.
The first type is more expensive, but easier, the second, despite the low cost, causes problems when installing.
Stolyes often enjoy and drifts. These are mainly rods with smooth or corrugated execution. They are pinched either insert into the holes. Copper nails many older habitual iron, but because of the high costs were gradually ousted. The reason is simple: for a long time they managed to manually manually, which turned out to be extremely laborious. Brass nails are:
- models with a large hats;
- Decorative products for upholstered furniture.
Sizes and weight
The easiest way is to calculate the amount of 1 kg for nails that meet the Russian standard 4028-63. So, the smallest of them, the size of 0.8×8 mm, pulled in the amount of 1000 pieces of only 0.032 kg. Remarkable hardware 1×16 mm, which weigh exactly 0.1 kg. Usually the box weighs 50 kg (excluding their own mass). Other indicators for nails themselves:
- for size 1.6×40 typical weight of 0.633 kg;
- Hardware of the value of 1.8×50 mm weigh 967 g;
- at a rate of 3.5 per 90 mm mass increases to 6.6 kg;
- 4 mm 100 mm long rods pulled by 9.5 kg;
- The biggest nail stipulated by the standard in the amount of 1000 units weighs 96.2 kg.
Tips for choosing
The range of nails is not exhausted by the positions. And first of all, it is necessary to evaluate the necessary length, that is, how deeply it is necessary to engage the methols in the ground. It should also be accurately defined with the targeted product purpose so that its execution corresponds to that the fastening is reliably, and the material did not destroy. Metal nails are suitable only for dry rooms.
More versatile galvanized or chrome products, brass and copper are more effectively protected from corrosion, but they are more expensive.
How to score?
Wine purchased nails in the wall is not so easy. First, it is necessary to post a methyz to the right place and knocking slightly on the hat. If it bent when she is invested, then you need to straighten the problematic place with pliers and continue to work. It is important to remember that when connecting parts and attaching something to the wall it is necessary to drive fasteners for 2/3 to the bottom item.
To fix mounted designs with a hat, it is better to divert a little toward the ceiling. This will increase the stress resistance. When installing wooden floors in all boards, except first, nails are patched at some angle. Therefore, the boards will pull up to go to them. The exception is the situation when it is necessary to withstand a strictly defined clearance.
In addition to the hammer, you can use a pneumatic neuler, he is a navit. It is worth clicking on the starting element, as the piston shakes the methome. Blow allows you to drive it to the whole depth. Sometimes you can drive in a minute 120-180 nails. They are charged in advance in the drum or shop (the first option is roomy, but also harder).