All about rubber crumb tiles

The tile of rubber, finely crushed, has unique characteristics. In its comfort, the safety of use and aesthetic appearance, it simply has no competitors among the materials for covering the country areas, sports fields and many other.

Advantages and disadvantages

The widespread tile of rubber crumb tiles indicates that it has a huge spectrum of advantages and excellent performance characteristics. Like any material, it has its pros and cons.

Consider positive parties.

  • Diverse range of colors, which allows you to place a platform in any style.
  • Panels are available in various versions – driving water and waterproof. This allows you to lay it as indoors, so used for external coatings.
  • High strength of products from rubber crumb allows them to use them intensively at least 5 years, and under normal conditions – at least 15.
  • Safety and reduced injury in sports. Rubber panels spring, and when falling the risk of getting an injury is much smaller than on other types of coverage. Thanks to this property, they are the main material in the arrangement of children’s and sports grounds.
  • Ecological safety of rubber crumb panels. In production, materials are used harmless to humans, therefore their application is allowed for almost any needs.
  • Rubber coating has an anti-slip effect, which significantly reduces the risk of injury during ice, snow or rain.
  • Tile installation and its disassembly to spend easy. It can be easily removed and put in another right place without losing the form and reliability of products.
  • Such a tile perfectly copes with adverse weather conditions in the form of frost, precipitation, sharp changes in temperature and other, while maintaining its strength and aesthetic appearance.
  • No special efforts required for care. It is enough to simply wash it with any detergents – and it will look again, as if only from the store.
  • There are no special requirements for transportation.
  • Since rubber coating perfectly resists the effects of ultraviolet rays, it will look like a new very long time.
  • In production, old rubber tires are used, which allows them to dispose of in huge quantities, cleaning the environment. This is a big step to protect nature.
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Now let’s go to the negative moments. Like all products having a rubber, these panels are well lit. But since in most cases they are used for outdoor coatings, this factor is not as critical to abandon their use.

The following drawback is quite high cost. The price depends on many nuances, such as thickness, color, components and other factors.

If you compare the list of advantages and minuses, then the second is much smaller. It makes the tile of rubber crumbs very popular, and in some areas simply non-alternative.

Methods of production

For the manufacture of tiles of rubber crumbs, special equipment and premises will be required. The latter should be an area of ​​at least 100 m2, besides heated – in the cold period, the temperature in it should not be descended below +5 degrees Celsius.

The main attention requires the means of producing rubber panels. From their quality and power will depend on the initial amount, which will be required to begin. You can buy everything separately, but it is better to purchase a full line assembly. It will make it easier and unifies the process.

Now there are various sets for this, but at least you will need:

  • mixer – for mixing various components;
  • Thermoshkafa – to dry out products;
  • Press hydraulic – to form products;
  • forms;
  • conductor – for punching holes for binding elements;
  • Forming table and locking stand.

This is the most necessary equipment for deploying production. With it, it is already possible to start the production of coating based on rubber crumbs of various thickness and sizes.

At the moment, the stoves make three different methods.

Cold

This method is considered classic, it was developed the very first and is considered to be outdated.

The process consists of 2 stages. The mixture thoroughly mixed in the mixer is bottled by selected forms located on a special table. Then there is a high pressure pressing (about 5 tons) and moving into a drying cabinet, where at a temperature of 55-60 ° C, a drying is carried out during at least 6 hours. Then the forms are disassembled – and products are ready for operation.

This method has the following advantages: the equipment is widespread and available, you can make a tile on a small scale.

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The minuses include the need to constantly monitor the process, a rather large percentage of marriage and a high price.

Hot

The hot pressing method is considered the most progressive. The first stage coincides with the previous way, and the difference in pressing panels. The prepared composition is placed in metal forms, heats up to a temperature of + 120 … 220 ° C and simultaneously pressed.

Based on product parameters The process takes from 3 to 20 minutes. During this time, the adhesive composition is evenly spreading along the mixture, creating a more reliable connection between rubber crumbs. This technology allows you to get tiles with better characteristics than when cold.

Advantages: Wide selection of products, low cost, excellent quality panels and a small percentage of marriage in production.

Disadvantages There are also: the equipment is quite expensive, and employees must have appropriate qualifications.

Thermochemical

This is the newest method that allows you to get products that meets all the requirements, even the most stringent. The difference from the first two technologies is that, if necessary, it is possible to set the necessary parameters. In other words, products from one material may have different density indicators, hardness, elasticity and other parameters.

The process occurs in this way:

  • Grinding rubber is mixed with glue;
  • Depending on the requirements for the panels, the necessary components are added;
  • Placing in forms, heating and pressing (can take from 2 to 10 minutes).

Upon completion, we obtain the products of the highest quality, ready to operate.

The advantages are the same as with a hot method, plus the ability to produce specialized type coatings. Cons also coincide, and even additionally need to constantly monitor the production process.

What happens?

Rubber crumb tiles differ in thickness, sizes and shape. The most popular is rectangular or square, but is also available in the form of “blocks”. Sometimes you can meet exotic types of rubber panels in the form of “puzzles” equipped with special fasteners around the perimeter.

On the parameters of tiles from rubber, the form does not affect and choose it on the basis of the future purpose.

The surface of the panels can be smooth or ribbed, with different patterns, which, except for an anti-slip effect, allows you to give a track or sidewalk an unusual view.

Color solutions A lot, and most popular colors: brown, black, terracotta, red, yellow, green.

Sizes and weight

All rubber crumb tiles are made according to TU 2533-001-0171450779-2012, it contains all requirements for products. The sizes of panels can be diverse, occur from 200×100 mm to 1000×1000 mm, of various thickness and mass.

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The most demanded tiles 500×500 mm. Depending on the thickness, they are stacked either on a solid coating (10-30 mm), or on a bulk base (40-45mm) on the street.

Dimensions, mm

Weight, kg

500x500x10

2.25

500x500x16

3.5

500x500x20

4.25

500x500x30

6,4

500x500x40

7,4

500x500x45

eight

All tile of rubber can be used both as paving and garden tracks, and she also perfectly showed itself as a street coating in the courtyards.

Technology laying

Stacked such a material in several ways.

On the base of bulk materials mounted a tile of 40 and 45 mm thick. The process is very similar to the laying of ordinary concrete. To do this, you should prepare a sandy-gravel pillow at 10 cm, it is very good to catch her. The perimeter of the tracks or platforms is denoted by a border of both rubber and concrete. After that, laying plates. Panels are fastened with special locks among themselves.

Installation on a solid base is suitable for panels with a thickness of 6-45 mm using polyurethane glue. The substrate is cleared from dust. Before gluing on the surface, the base is ground. Glue with a spatula, then starting the tile from the middle.

After installation, you need to wait about 48 hours – at this time to walk on the panels undesirable. And also need to monitor that during installation under the tile did not get air. If he suddenly got there, then it is possible to remove it, tightly pressing the product from the center to the edge.

When installing on a solid reason, it is necessary to think about the slope so that water on the surface can be delayed.

When laying on the ground, the bias is not required – water will go naturally through the tile and then through drainage into the soil.

How to choose the right tile of rubber crumb, you can learn from the video below.

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