Often, in the process of repair work, the need for the creation of partitions. Such structures allow forging zoning indoors. They can be made of a variety of materials. Today we will talk about what the main features are partitions from a bar, and how you can make them.
Advantages and disadvantages
Brous partitions have a number of important advantages, among which the following are allocated.
- Allow you to zonate space. Interior partitions made of wood are carrying structures, they are intended only for separation into separate rooms.
- Ecology material. The bar will not allocate harmful substances in the process of exploitation of harmful substances. Such material is considered absolutely safe.
- Light technology mounting. To create partitions from such a material, you can not refer to the help of professionals, anyone can make them independently.
- Beautiful appearance. Often, the surface of the bar is used as an interesting accent in the interior of the room. In addition, if desired, such partitions can be nicely decorated.
- Low cost. Such material can be attributed to the group of budget.
Despite all the advantages, such partitions have some disadvantages that should also be taken into account.
- Need for especially careful processing. Bar, which will be used in the manufacture, should be prepared well. In advance ensure noise insulation, protection against moisture, temperature differences.
- Dependence on humidity level. Sometimes even when providing protection against water, the tree begins to absorb liquid, which leads to the expansion of the material, later the wood will begin to deform, the wall plane will bend.
Such structures are self-supporting buildings, as they are not subjected to large loads emanating from roofing and overlaps located between the floors. The following requirements are presented to partitions from the bar:
- a small total mass;
- the minimum possible thickness;
- sufficient level of strength to hold suspended structures;
- ensuring good sound insulation of one room from another;
- Assembly of parts that are normally combined with carriage enclosing elements.
Brous partitions most often serve as room structures in an apartment or house for zoning common space. Such structures can be made Complete option. You can also make a partition with a door. They are more often used for large rooms. As a rule, for this, the models in 150×150, 40×40, 50×50, 50 per 100 millimeters are acquired.
Sometimes such partitions act as Room frame. Frame options are considered the cheapest option. They will afford any person. Exist Frame-shield models. They are formed by several layers.
Such partitions differ in great weight. They should not be used as structures for frame room. Sometimes such structures make from OSB sheets.
Another type is the timber Solid partition. It is a design consisting of several large boards, which are mounted in a vertical position using a tower. Fixation occurs with a special strapping.
Tools and Maintenance Materials
If you want to collect and install the septum yourself, then you first need to prepare all the necessary devices and materials for this:
- wood hacksaw;
- Drill with a special tree drill;
- a hammer;
- building level;
The technology of manufacturing such structures from the bar will depend on the specific type of construction. Consider how to make and establish a simple frame model. First you need to form the basis of the 50×50 mm timber. According to the bearing wall covering, from which the design will go, vertical lines are created, they must be placed in parallel on the ceiling and each side. The facility made will be the basis for the future partition.
Then you need to mount the bar, start from the side departments in a vertical position from the floor. Connections are made using wood screws. After that, approximately 10-15 centimeters from the ceiling and form a strut across the entire width of the coating. The design is attached to the top of the elongated screws.
In the lower part to the flooring in parallel, another timber is attached. His ends are fixed with lateral parts. All connections are recommended to produce metal corners. After that, the pencil is worth noting the exact location of the opening. When all the marks are made, in the direction from the top to the lower beam, there are two vessels at the distance of the intended opening.
Next in the frame skip Additional Brucki (Step should be 60-70 centimeters). Do it needed in a vertical position. Between these elements, create spacers from a shortened timber. In place above the opening it is better to make another strut.
The framework of the frame is better to make GVL or GKL sheets.
In the process of design, you should take care of creating a heater layer. Between Wood Material and Insulation, it is necessary to pair polypoletor. It is necessary in order to protect the inner part of the negative impact of moisture.
Some partitions are fixed with spike and groove. In this case, in the main wall, it is necessary to turn the straight line in the main wall, then half of the side of it marks half from the width of the spike.
Schip should be carefully shaped from the ends in the bar. This can be done with a simple saw or hacksaw. Spike height should be approximately 35-50 millimeters. In the wall on two extremely made lines form a groove on the corresponding depth. In the grooves necessarily laid flapping or passion.
The first timber is installed on the floor, which is pre-stelted with a jute ribbon. The material is screwed to the floor covering by tree screws. Further, the drill make holes under the heated. After that, they laid the second timber spikes in the groove. Thus make to the end of the partition.
If the framework was provided in the framework, then you need to install hard items. They are attached to the upper structures of the design with metal corners. A similar type of partition will be the best option when creating a facility from a profile bar.
When building such partitions, installation in the grooves without spikes is possible. In this case, the wall to which the design will be attached, draw straight in the vertical position.
From it retreating half from the width of the bar, after which two more parallel straight lines are drawn.
At extreme straight, the grooves form, its depth should be 30-50 millimeters. Next into the made groove put the jute and insert the ends of the bar. Installation is carried out using brazing with jute. When the design is fully assembled, it makes the joyt. If you have been pre-insulation with a special ribbon consisting of libolok, then such a procedure can be skipped.
It should be remembered that there are two main installation methods. For any buildings from different materials, an installation of already ready frame design is possible. In this case, it will only be necessary to fix the structure on the walls, the floor and to the ceiling. Make it can be a dowel-nail.
The second option of the installation can be used only for finished log cabins. In this case, the partition is better to build right on the spot. To do this, make accurate marking. Further on the lines made, the bars will be fixed, which will be a framework, and after the rest of the rest. At the end you can add decorative elements.
When erecting such partitions Do not forget about insulation, isolation and protection. To do this, in the resulting voids, a rack mineral wool or foam. You can use another insulating material. Sometimes similar partitions create in bathrooms with sharp temperature differences. In this case, the design should not contain any metal additional elements.
How to mount the frame walls (partitions) in the house of glued timber, look in the video.