To date, finishing materials are presented in a huge assortment, while the HDF panels use special demand. They have high operational properties and easy to install. The material is widely used for decorative design rooms, using it you can create an original design.
HDF panels – popular facing material, which is produced in the form of dense stoves. The HDF abbreviation has formed from the English expression High Density Fiberboard, which means translated into Russian “Highly chicken fibreboard”. Sheet panel has standard dimensions of 2070x695x3 mm, it is produced from cropping array that is cleaned, dried and crushed. After that, the mixture is formed and sent to the press. The production of panels grinding and decorating (on the front of the material, the image is applied and covered with varnish). The main advantages of the HDF panels include:
- Good resistance to different impacts (when the fat, boiling water, steam, water and mud, the decor continues to maintain its original appearance);
- durability and durability – experiencing high loads, reliably serve up to 15 years;
- Environmental purity – material is available only from natural raw materials and does not contain toxic substances in its composition;
- A huge selection of design – panels have a variety of coloring and decor, which allows them to be used to decorate any interior;
- Easy to use – the material is easily cleaned and does not require much care;
- Quick installation – To install the plates, it is enough to perform cutting, after which they are fixed to the surface.
Besides, HDF panels have anti-corrosion properties. As for the shortcomings, there are practically no of them if not considered only the high cost. The price depends on many factors, it usually increases the photo printing, which is placed to order. When choosing this finishing material, you need to take into account the reviews about the manufacturer, since on the cheap panels with the time the top layer of varnish yellow.
Comparison with other materials
HDF finishing plates are sometimes confused with MDF panels. Despite the fact that these 2 types of materials externally have similarities, the difference between them still has. Highful XDF has a thickness of no more than 3 mm, MDF also has an average density, a thickness of up to 6 mm is produced. Warm plates are safe for health and moisture resistant. In the manufacture of MDF panels, various chemical additives are used, and they quickly swell when exposed to steam, water.
If you compare the decorative material with fiberboard, it is largely superior to the Fiberboard, as it stands for heavy loads. The finish, made by the HDF panels, is not exposed to deformation, which cannot be said about DVP, which can quickly break or crap.
Where are applied?
Wall panels of HDF are recently extremely popular because they not only have high performance properties, but also allow you to create an original design in the premises. Most often, this finishing material is often used in individual spheres.
- Furniture manufacture. Panels can be used to make cabinet designs.
- Decorative design of surfaces. The panels are suitable for plating walls in the kitchen, they can be facing the kitchen apron, perform the skin. And the material is used for cladding the ceiling, the plates are installed on a pre-assembled crate. HDF with imitating film under the expensive tree species is often installed on one wall in a living room or a combined kitchen with a dining room for zoning space.
- Making doors. Panels are applied to the frame for the decor of the facial surface. In addition, the material is often mounted outside the entrance doors.
The HDF panels are in demand and when laying floors, speaking a draft base. They can also be used to eliminate irregularities and on other surfaces (ceiling and walls). Little weight and strength make the material indispensable when finishing salons of various vehicles.
Review of species
Sheet material is presented in the market with several varieties. Frequently used in finishing works Grinding plates, their smooth surface, if desired, can be covered with transparent varnish or paint. From such panels make perfopopanel in workshops and base under floor covering. Grinding panels HDF are also used in the production of cabinet furniture, of which the bottom of the boxes and walls of the bedside tables, lockers.
Decorative panels are also in great demand, on the surface of which several layers of colored varnish are applied. They are also available with imitation of natural wood. Surface covering such materials give the interior of the premises refined.
Separate attention deserve the HDF panels made on the basis of wood with laminated coating. They are well suited for decorating interroom doors and furniture design, kitchen apron. Particularly beautifully rudded surface plates. Panels can be lined with walls in the living room and bedroom.
Warm panels are produced in a varied decor, while the models with photo printing and drawing are applied. Image application occurs by the method of ultraviolet printing, it can have several types of design.
- Monochrome option. The panel is selected and colors corresponding to the interior of the room (two-color gamma is allowed). Usually, dark shades are used for the background, and for the image of the drawings – light.
- Full color decoration. The drawing is made in saturated, multicolored, which gives the plates a special kind.
- With 3D effect. Panels differ in bulk pattern. On their surfaces usually depict landscapes and fruits. For better effect, the HDF is covered with several layers of varnish.
There are often on sale and laminated plates, they are covered with a synthetic film that imitating a natural array. They are characterized by durability and moisture resistance, so well suited for walls of walls in the kitchen, in the bathroom and toilet.
The HDF panels are universal finishing material, with which you can independently transform the interior of the premises. To make decorative finish perfectly in the room style, when choosing plates, you need to take into account their color and texture. Installation of the HDF panels is simple, so everyone can cope with it.
The installation of the material is made similar to the installation of other finishing plates. They can be attached to the base, planting for glue or fixing to the crate of self-drawing.
It is worth noting that the last installation option is commonly used when creating boxes (for disguising communications) or for decoration of walls having a large irregularity. To properly fasten the sheet material on the surface, some rules should be held.
Installation on glue
Prior to the start of finishing work, you need to prepare a tool: drill with a cutter, plumb, pencil, meter, grinder, level and screwdriver. Then prepare workplace. For this, the furniture is cleaned, the walls are cleaned from dust, dirt, old finish and processed by primer. To correctly cut the panels, they are performed to the wall, then measure measurements, outlines space for switches and sockets. Cutting panels need to be taken carefully because the material can crumble. Holes for socket cut cut cut.
The glue composition is evenly applied to the material from the wrong side, it is important to ensure that the cavities are not formed, they may worsen adhesion. The edging profile is attached to the base with self-drawing, the panel is adjusted under it. Decorative material must be pressed tightly to the wall until it attaches to it, spoke to the remnants of glue are selected with the help of a Cyan.
To ensure reliable fixation, it is recommended to additionally install the corner and connecting profile. All joints are processed by sealant. During installation work, you can not forget about verification for irregularities, as it is easy to eliminate defects in the installation process, and at its end – problematic.
Mounting with screws
This method is considered uncomplicated and rapid. Preparation and cutting plates are carried out as when assembling material for glue. The only difference is in this case, first in the wall drill holes, then they score a dowel in them and screw the panels. Places where dowels are driven, should accurately coincide with places designed to screw the screws.
Many masters instead of conventional self-tapping screws use special dowels called “quick installation”. For installation in the finishing panels, holes drill and clog fasteners. To hide hats of self-tapping screws, apply special plugs. They need to be sealing for sealant. Ends the mounting of the fastening strip, it will provide solid fixation and protection of the joints from moisture, dirt.
Installation on the crate
This method is usually used in the case when the walls are too uneven or there is a need to hide under the finish of communication. The crate is made from both profiles and wooden plates. This type of installation does not require prior preparation of the foundation, that is, old cladding can be left. Measurements and cutting material are carried out in the same way as in the above installation methods.
Before the start of the cladding should be prepared. They are covered with oil and dried. It is necessary to improve the operational characteristics of the wood. Rakes are attached to the self-tapping screws, a distance of 400-450 mm is made between them. They must be vertically and horizontally. The installation of the processing of joints with a sealant is completed, it will provide the best strength.
In the next video, it is told about the XDF panels.