All about glue timber

Construction is a rather complicated process that requires not only skills and special skills, but also the use of suitable high-quality materials. Popular building material for a long time is glued bar. In today’s article, we will talk about what it is what the distinctive characteristics and varieties of the material exist, as well as for what purposes and in which areas it is used.

All about glue timber

All about glue timber

What it is?

The glued timber is a building material that is produced from thin wooden boards, which glued together (such boards are usually called lamellas). Specialists note that this building material belongs to the category of high-tech. The properties of the glued bar are regulated in detail in such a document as GOST. So, according to the standards of the GOST The length of the material should be 6 meters, and the shape of the section should be rectangular. However, in some cases, deviations from these indicators are possible.

On the modern construction market you can find several types of glued timber, which differ in their intended purpose. For example, certain types of material may have special spikes and grooves that are designed to connect. Such a timber is called profiled (or German).

If the bar is completely smooth, then it is called Finnish.

All about glue timber

All about glue timber

Depending on how the lamellas are connected to each other during the production of glued timber, the building material is divided into several categories. We list the main ones:

  • Horizontal (In this case, two lamellas are connected horizontally, and the glue does not interfere with natural air permeability);
  • Vertical (Lamins are connected vertically, and the seam itself gives the element additional rigidity);
  • Salon (Such material consists of six layers).

Of particular interest is the technology of manufacturing building material. In its characteristics, it is quite complicated, in addition, the production process is long. However, the quality result is guaranteed 100%.

All about glue timber

All about glue timber

All about glue timber

The process of production of glued timber can be divided into several stages:

  • Selection of boards without defects (necessarily absence of bitch);
  • Drying of a tree in a special device until the level of moisture of the raw material will exceed the figure of 10%;
  • trimming boards to the necessary forms and lengths;
  • Assembling lamellae (it is very important that the direction of the lamella fibers is mirror);
  • coating with glue parts;
  • displaying the entire design under the press;
  • cutting profiles and deepends (this stage is relevant if the profiled construction material is carried out);
  • The final processing of a bar with special materials that are intended to prevent rotting processes.

All about glue timber

All about glue timber

Pros and cons

Like any other building material, glued timber has both advantages and disadvantages. These characteristics should be examined as carefully and carefully before you decide to purchase and use the material – so you reduce the possibility of further problems.

To begin with, consider the advantages of building material.

  • Low wood moisture. Due to this indicator, the timber does not dry over time, does not be twisted with the screw and not covered with cracks (which is usually due to the presence of internal voltage). Accordingly, if you use this material during the construction of a private house, you can be sure that the shrinkage will be minimal. In this regard, it is allowed to immediately install windows and doors.
  • Economy. Using glued timber during construction significantly reduces construction time. This is primarily due to the fact that the material is quite easy to use.
  • Small mass. Thanks to a relatively low weight, mounted the structure you can, using the so-called “lightweight” foundation.
  • Aesthetically attractive appearance. After you complete the construction of a building or facility from a glued bar, you can make sure that it does not require additional refinement. After all, the material itself originally has an attractive appearance. In addition, the lack of the need for finishing significantly saves your budget.
  • Thermal conductivity. The glued timber has good thermal conductivity indicators, therefore there is no need for additional insulation (it must only be used between the crowns). It should also take into account the fact that the larger the cross section of the bar, the less thermal conductivity.
  • Durability. The long service life of the building material is explained primarily by the fact that during its manufacture it is processed by special protective substances.
  • Low fire hazard. This characteristic is determined by the properties of glue, which is used in the manufacture of material.

All about glue timber

All about glue timber

However, even despite the presence of such a number of advantages, it should be remembered about the existing shortcomings.

  • High price. The high price of the building material is caused by a complex and long-term process of its manufacture, large amounts of waste and marriage, as well as high demands that are extended to the equipment required for the production of glued timber. Accordingly, when buying, you must consider: if you offer a cheap material – most likely, this is a fake.
  • Ecological danger. Glue that is used to connect lamellae, often has toxic characteristics and can be dangerous to the environment.

As you can see, the merits of the material significantly exceed its disadvantages. However, at the same time, it should be remembered that the listed disadvantages can be so significant for some users that they will refuse to purchase a bar (in particular, its high cost). In any case, the choice always remains for you.

All about glue timber

All about glue timber

What is different from other materials?

When building a house (or any other structure) an important question arises about what building material is better to choose. For example, many think about what the difference between such materials, like a brick and aerated concrete, profiled log and rounded log. And it is also important to determine the differences that may occur when building a frame of glued or ordinary timber.

The most important differences in the glued timber from other building materials include several characteristics.

  • During the production of the construction materials under consideration, the most important drying procedure is carried out. Due to this glued bruis, such characteristics as high strength and resistance to the negative effects of the external environment will be characterized (for example, excessive moisture or ultraviolet rays).
  • The surface of the bar is perfectly smooth, which is quite a rare advantage among existing building materials.
  • Despite the fact that the glued timber is not a solid tree, in its appearance, it is not inferior to the natural breed.
  • The glued timber is subjected to minimal deformation (and this rule is relevant even in the case of long-term use of the material in adverse climatic conditions).
  • The glued bar in the production process is necessarily treated with the compositions that prevent such negative influences as mold and fungi, and also protect the material from pests.

Due to the presence of such distinctive characteristics, the glued timber is very popular among builders (both experienced specialists and newcomers).

All about glue timber

All about glue timber

Views

Today, in the market you can find several varieties of construction glued timber: for example, structural, warmed (and with various types of insulation), dry, hollow, with grooves, and without them, seamless and many others. All these types differ in their characteristics, such as thermal conductivity, section, shrinkage ratio, texture, environmental friendliness, density. Consider several material classifications.

All about glue timber

All about glue timber

By water resistance

First of all, the glued timber varies in its water resistance indicators. When buying a material, you need to navigate the climatic indicators of that region in which you plan to carry out the construction of a glued timber structure.

Obviously, the higher the indicators of air humidity and the more often the precipitation, the higher the water resistance indicators (and vice versa) must be.

All about glue timber

On ecological purity

Environmental purity of material depends more on what glue was used to connect lamellae. For that To familiarize yourself with this parameter, be sure to read the labels, and if necessary, contact the seller-consultant.

All about glue timber

Operating classes

Suitable in your particular case class of operation of the glued bar will depend on what purpose you will use the material. So, Operating classes will differ for the material used to build temporary partitions or capital structures (in the latter case it should be higher).

Due to the large variety and rich assortment of the material, each buyer will be able to choose this option that will most comply with its needs and preferences.

All about glue timber

All about glue timber

Materials

The glued bar can be made of lumber from different wood varieties. Accordingly, when buying a material, it is necessary to pay attention to this factor, since it directly affects the characteristics and properties of the building material.

Consider several popular options.

  • Cedar. I should immediately say that this wood variety is very expensive. In this regard, it will be available not to every person (it all depends on the economic and social situation in society). At the same time cedar has a number of positive characteristics. For example, the breed includes valuable wood essential oils that form a positive climate inside the construction. In addition, cedar is very durable and resistant to different negative influences from the outside. And the material has disinfecting properties.

All about glue timber

All about glue timber

  • Spruce. The distinctive characteristics of the spruce can be attributed good sound insulation properties, as well as warm and cozy yellow.

All about glue timber

All about glue timber

  • Pine. The glued bar of the pine is the most popular, common and demanded building material. This is due to the presence of a large number of positive characteristics of the material, namely: affordable price, attractive appearance and strength. However, it is also worth remembering that this breed has disadvantages: for example, it is often possible to observe the presence of such defects, like swirls or resin pockets.

All about glue timber

All about glue timber

  • Larch. Wooden glued bar from larch has elevated resistance to negative external influences. In addition, the material is characterized by an attractive appearance. It is worth noting that only external lamellas of timber is usually made from larch. This is associated with a high price of raw material.

In addition, among the minuses, there can be poor air permeability and increased resininess.

All about glue timber

All about glue timber

  • Oak. This material for the manufacture of glued timber is used infrequently, since its processing is expensive (as well as the price of the oak itself). If you want to purchase an oak glued bar, then you will most likely have to purchase it under the order. In addition, not every factory has the equipment that has the ability to process the oak breed.

All about glue timber

All about glue timber

Gabarits

During the construction of any construction from the glued bar, it is very important to correctly produce calculations. In this case, measurements can be made in various units that are denoted in different ways: for example, a cube. m, kg, m3 and so on. It is worth considering not only the desired indicators of your future facilities, but also the properties of the immediate building material. So, in the market you can find a wide and narrow bar, which will differ in length.

If necessary, you can carry out the production of material under the order. However, in construction stores you can find glued bar of standard dimensions:

  • Door – 82 by 115 mm;
  • Warmed wall – from 100×180 to 160×180 mm;
  • tangled wall – from 180×260 to 270×260 mm;
  • Window – 82 by 86 mm;
  • carrier – length up to 12 m, thickness up to 30 cm.

All about glue timber

All about glue timber

Scope of application

The use of glued bars is quite wide and varied. For example, Building materials are used for construction and design (both interior design and facades outside, on the street) such structures as:

  • Private houses and elite cottages;
  • Baths and saunas;
  • Arbor;
  • cafe and bars;
  • Auxiliary buildings, overlaps and other products.

All about glue timber

All about glue timber

All about glue timber

Manufacturers

The production of elite glued timber is carried out not only in Russia, but also abroad. For example, companies from Finland and Karelia are popular. We offer you review the rating of popular manufacturers of glued timber:

  • Lameco Lht Oy – This Finnish company produces products that meets all modern environmental requirements;
  • “Contio” – the distinctive characteristic of this brand can be considered the fact that a rare arctic pine is often used in the course of production;
  • Timber Frame – The company has existed in the market since 1995, during which time it managed to prove well and gain confidence and love by consumers;
  • FinnLamelli – Brand from Finland has a wide range, thanks to which each user can pick up the best option;
  • “Module of Tree” – for the production of this company are characterized by democratic prices;
  • LLC “GK Priozersky Lockerbomb” – The manufacturer offers buyers of 6 sizes of glued timber;
  • Honka – Products of this Finnish brand are popular in 50 countries around the world.

The presence of such a large number of manufacturers of building material is explained by its widespread and demand among consumers.

All about glue timber

All about glue timber

All about glue timber

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